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Surah Ta-Ha

(Moses) said: My Lord! relieve my mind And ease my task for me; And loose a knot from my
)tongue, That they may understand my saying. (20:25-28

18:11-14

Therefore, We covered up their (sense


of) hearing (causing them, to go in deep
sleep) in the Cave for a number of years.
)(11
Then We raised them up (from their
sleep), that We might test which of the
two parties was best at calculating the
)time period that they had tarried. (12
We narrate unto you (O Muhammad
SAW) their story with truth: Truly! they
were young men who believed in their
Lord (Allh), and We increased them in

)guidance. (13
And We made their hearts firm and
strong when they stood up and said:

"Our Lord is the Lord of the heavens and


the earth, never shall we call upon any
ilh (god) other than Him; if we did, we
should indeed have uttered an enormity
)in disbelief. (14

Word-by-word Review
13.

Who
believed

youths

Indeed
they
were

In Truth Their story

14...

their hearts

on

And We made
Firm

To you

narrate

And We increased them


in Guidance

We

In their
Lord

Surah Muhammad

)Similar Ayahs to (18:13

While as for those who accept guidance, He


increases their guidance, and bestows on
)them their piety. (47:17

Surah Al-Fath


He it is Who sent down As-Sakinah


(calmness and tranquillity) into the
hearts of the believers, that they may
grow more in Faith along with their
)(present) Faith. (48:4

Surah Al-Tawba

As for those who


believe, it has
increased their Faith,
and they rejoice.
)(9:124



18:15-17

"These our people have taken for worship lihah


(gods) other than Him (Allh). Why do they not
bring for them a clear authority? And who does
more wrong than he who invents a lie against
)Allh. (15
(The young men said to one another): "And when
you withdraw from them, and that which they
worship, except Allh, then seek refuge in the
Cave, your Lord will open a way for you from His
Mercy and will make easy for you your affair (i.e.
will give you what you will need of provision,
dwelling)." (16) And you might have seen the
sun, when it rose, declining to the right from
their Cave, and when it set, turning away from
them to the left, while they lay in the midst of the
Cave. That is (one) of the Ayt (proofs, evidences,
signs) of Allh. He whom Allh guides, is rightly
guided; but he whom He sends astray, for him
you will find no Wal (guiding friend) to lead
)him (to the right Path). (17

Word-by-word Review

A lie?

15.

Allah against

invents Than one


who

Is more
wrong

And who

17.

& whoever

Then he is the
guided one

Allah

A Guide

guides

whoever Signs of Allah Was


from

A protector For
him

That

Never will you He lets go


find
astray

Similar incident

18:15-17

Allah concealed His Prophet Muhammad and his Companion Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, when they
sought refuge in the cave of Thawr.
The Quraysh idolators came in pursuit, but they did not find him even though they passed
right by him.
When the Messenger of Allah noticed that As-Siddiq was anxious and said, "O Messenger of
Allah, if one of them looks down at the place of his feet, he will see us,'' he told him:
O Abu Bakr, what do you think of two who have Allah as their third ?
And Allah said:

If you help him not, for Allah did

indeed help him when the disbelievers

drove him out, the second of the two;

when they were in the cave, he said to

his companion: "Do not grieve, surely,

Allah is with us.'' Then Allah sent down

His tranquillity upon him, and

strengthened him with forces which
you saw not, and made the word of

those who disbelieved the lower, while

the Word of Allah became the higher;

and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
()
(9:40)
The story of this cave (Thawr) is far greater and more wondrous than that of the people of
the Cave.

Word-by-word Review
13.

Who
believed

youths

Indeed
they
were

In Truth Their story

To you

narrate

And We increased them


in Guidance
15.

A lie?

Allah against

invents Than one


who

Is more
wrong

And who

We

In their
Lord

Word-by-word
9.

8.

7.

QUIZ 18:13 &15


6.
5.

4.

1. 13.

2.

3.

10.

g)To you

k)We

b)In Truth

h)narrate

a)Indeed they were

c)Who believed

17.

n)invents

l)Is more
wrong

j)And who

16.

i)And We increased them in


Guidance
e)Their story

15.

m)against

14.

o)A lie?

f))In their Lord

d)youths

13.

11.

p)Allah

12.

15.

q)Than one
who

18:18-19

And you would have thought them awake, whereas


they were asleep. And We turned them on their right
and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth
his two forelegs at the entrance. Had you looked at
them, you would certainly have turned back from
them in flight, and would certainly have been filled
)with awe of them (18
Likewise, We awakened them (from their long deep
sleep) that they might question one another. A
speaker from among them said: "How long have you
stayed (here)?" They said: "We have stayed (perhaps) a
)day or part of a day." They said: "Your Lord (Alone
knows best how long you have stayed (here). So send
one of you with this silver coin of yours to the town,
and let him find out which is the good lawful food,
and bring some of that to you. And let him be careful
)and let no man know of you (19

18:15-17

Abu Talhah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger
of Allah (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) said, "The angels do not
enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.''
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
Riyad-us-Salehin 1684.
Commentary:
Angels here means angels of mercy whose visit is a blessing for
homes, because the angels who supervise us and record our deeds
are with us all the time.

18:20-21

"For if they come to know of you,


they will stone you or turn you
back to their religion, and in that
"case you will never be successful.
)(20
And thus We made their case
known to (the people), that they
might know that the Promise of
Allh is true, and that there can be
no doubt about the Hour.
(Remember) when they (the
people of the city) disputed among
themselves about their case, they
said: "Construct a building over
them, their Lord knows best about
them," (then) those who won their
point said (most probably the
disbelievers): "We verily shall
build a place of worship over
)them." (21

Word-by-word Review

21...

that

In it

about them We made known And


That they
similarly
might know

There is No
doubt

About The
Hour

And
that

Is True The Promise of


Allah

18:20-21

The Prophet (SAW)said :


Allah has cursed the Jews and the Christians who took the graves of their
Prophets and righteous people as places of worship
Fath Al-Bari 1:634/ Ibn Kathir

Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu
alayhi wa sallam) forbade that the graves should be plastered (made into
permanent structures), used as sitting places (for the people) or building over
them.
[Muslim].
Riyad-us-salehin: 1767.

The Commander of the faithful `Umar bin Al-Khattab , when he found the grave
of Danyal (Daniel) in Iraq during his period of rule, he gave orders that news of
this grave should be withheld from the people, and that the inscription
containing mention of battles etc., that they found there should be buried.
Ibn Kathir: Al Bidayah Wan-Nihayah

Similar incident

Surah Al-Baqara

18:20-22

Or like the one who passed by a town and it had tumbled over its roofs. He said: "Oh! How
will Allh ever bring it to life after its death?" So Allh caused him to die for a hundred years,
then raised him up (again). He said: "How long did you remain (dead)?" He (the man) said:
"(Perhaps) I remained (dead) a day or part of a day". He said: "Nay, you have remained (dead)
for a hundred years, look at your food and your drink, they show no change; and look at
your donkey! And thus We have made of you a sign for the people. Look at the bones, how
We bring them together and clothe them with flesh". When this was clearly shown to him, he
said, "I know (now) that Allh is Able to do all things." (2:259)
The city was rebuilt seventy years after the man (`Uzayr) died, and its inhabitants increased
and the Children of Israel moved back to it. When Allah resurrected `Uzayr after he died, the
first organ that He resurrected were his eyes, so that he could witness what Allah does with
him, how He brings life back to his body.
He had grapes, figs and juice, and he found them as he left them; neither did the juice spoil
nor the figs become bitter nor the grapes rot.
Uzayr observed the bones of his donkey, which were scattered all around him to his right
and left, and Allah sent a wind that collected the bones from all over the area. Allah then
brought every bone to its place, until they formed a full donkey made of fleshless bones.
Allah then covered these bones with flesh, nerves, veins and skin. Allah sent an angel who
blew life in the donkeys' nostrils, and the donkey started to bray by Allah's leave.'' All this
occurred while `Uzayr was watching,
Tafsir Ibn Kathir

18:22

(Some) say they were three, the


;dog being the fourth among them
and (others) say they were five,
the dog being the sixth, guessing
at the unseen; (yet others) say they
were seven, the dog being the
eighth.
Say (O Muhammad SAW): "My
;Lord knows best their number
none knows them but a few." So
)debate not (about their number
except with the clear proof
(which We have revealed to you).
And consult not any of them
(people of the Scripture, Jews and
)Christians) about (the affair of
)the people of the Cave. (22

1. Qatadah said that Ibn `Abbas said:


"I am one of the few mentioned in this Ayah; they were seven. ''

18:22

2. Ibn Jurayj also narrated that `Ata' Al-Khurasani narrated from him,
"I am one of those referred to in this Ayah,'' and he would say: "Their number was
seven.''

3. Ibn Jarir recorded that Ibn `Abbas said:



(none knows them but a few.)
"I am one of the few, and they were 7
The chains of these reports narrated from Ibn `Abbas, which say that they were
seven, are Sahih.
Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Allahs Apostle (SAW) said,


I have not left anything that will bring you closer to Paradise and keep you further
away from Hell, but I have certainly taught you about it.
Abdur-Razzaq 11:125
Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Word-by-word Review

21...

that

In it

about them We made known And


That they
similarly
might know

There is No
doubt

About The
Hour

And
that

Is True The Promise of


Allah

QUIZ 18:21

Word-by-word

8.

7.

6.

5.

4.

2.

3.

11.

10.

1.

21...

9.

e)Is True

a)The Promise of
Allah

d))And that

c)That they might


know

f)About
The Hour

g)There is No
doubt

l)In it

h)about them

j)And
similarly

b)that

l)We made
known

The Story of the People of Al-Kahf


1. The king
ordered them to
appear before
him

2. Allah made
their hearts
firm and
strong

7. He did not recognize


anything in the Town.
People saw his coin and
thought he had found a
treasure. They took him
to the new Muslim King.

8. King greeted and


embraced them. They
rejoiced and spoke with him,
then bid farewell to him and
went back to sleep, then
Allah caused them to die.
And Allah knows best.

3. King gave them some time


to think-Allahs kindnessbecause during that time they
managed to escape to the
Cave

6. When they woke up


they didnt realize how
long they were asleep
and sent one to buy
pure food and warned
him to be careful.

9. The door of their


cave was sealed
over them and
some powerful
people insisted on
building a Masjid
over it

18:11-21
4. Allah
caused them
to sleep in
the cave, for
many years.

5. -Cave faced North,


-Their eyelids did not close
-Allah turned them on
their right and left sides
-Dog at the threshold

10. A group of people said


that the souls would be
resurrected but not the
bodies, so Allah resurrected
the people of the Cave as a
sign and proof of
resurrection.''


Allah knows best