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SPELLING COMPETITION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL TENOM DISTRICT LEVEL 2009 WORD LIST ROUND 1 (Adjectives)

No.

WORD aggressive ['gres. v]


Meaning : behaving in an angry and violent way towards another person Sentence : Men tend to be more aggressive than women. If I criticize him, he gets aggressive and starts shouting.

01

triangular [tra'.gj.lr] 02
Meaning : condition of one things Sentence : The play is performed on a triangular stage.

furious ['fj.ri.s] 03

Meaning : extremely angry Sentence : I was late and he was furious with me. He's furious about/at the way he's been treated.

delicate ['del..kt] 04

Meaning : needing careful treatment, especially because easily damaged Sentence : Peaches have delicate skins which are easily bruised.

pyramidal [p'rm..dl] 05
Meaning : having a pyramid shape Sentence : I saw pyramidal tins in a shop window.

impressive [m'pres.v]

06

Meaning : having a strong effect on somebody or something especially through size, grandeur or importance. Sentence : That was an impressive performance from such a young tennis player. There are some very impressive buildings in the town.

ancient ['en.tnt] 07
Meaning : of or from a long time ago, having lasted for a very long time Sentence : People have lived in this valley since ancient times. History, ancient and modern, has taught these people an intense distrust of their neighbours.

extraordinary [k'str:.dn.r.i] 08
Meaning : very unusual, special, unexpected or strange Sentence : He told the extraordinary story of his escape. Her voice had an extraordinary hypnotic quality.

leisurely ['le..li] 09
Meaning : describes an action that is done in a relaxed way, without hurrying Sentence : We enjoyed a leisurely picnic lunch on the lawn.

imaginative ['md..n.tv] 10
Meaning : new, original and clever good at producing ideas or things that are unusual, clever or showing skill in inventing Sentence : The architects have made imaginative use of glass and transparent plastic.

feminine ['fem..nn] 11
Meaning : acting, or having qualities which are traditionally considered to be suitable for a woman Sentence : The current style in evening wear is soft, romantic and feminine.

poisonous ['p.zn.s] 12

Meaning : very harmful and able to cause illness or death Sentence : Can you tell the difference between poisonous mushrooms and edible varieties?

graceful ['gres.fl] 13

Meaning : behaving in a polite and pleasant way Sentence : She finally apologized, but she wasn't very graceful about it.

generous ['den.r.s] 14

Meaning : willing to give money, help, kindness, etc., especially more than is usual or expected Sentence : It was most generous of you to lend me the money. She's been very generous with her time.

indignant [n'dg.nnt] 15
Meaning : angry because of something which is wrong or not fair Sentence : He became very indignant when it was suggested he had made a mistake.

cowardly ['ka.d.li] 16

Meaning : behaviour when someone cannot prevent his/her fear. Sentence : This was a particularly brutal and cowardly attack. They are guilty of a cowardly failure to address the problem.

energetic [en.'det.k] 17
Meaning : having or involving a lot of energy Sentence : I tried aerobics but it was too energetic for me.

artificial [:.tf.l] 18

Meaning : made by people, often as a copy of something natural Sentence : The clothes made of artificial fibres.

reasonable ['ri:.zn..bl ]
Meaning : Acceptable based on or using good judgment and therefore fair and practical Sentence : We have a strong team and a reasonable chance of winning the game. If you tell him what happened, I'm sure he will understand that he is a reasonable man.

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prosperous ['prs.pr.s] 20
Meaning : successful, usually by earning a lot of money Sentence : In a prosperous country like this, no one should go hungry.

huffy ['hf.i] 21
Meaning : angry and offended Sentence : I told her she had made a mistake and she got huffy with me.

movement ['mu:v.mnt] 22
Meaning : a change of position Sentence : He made a sudden movement and frightened the bird away.

invisible [n'vz..bl] 23

Meaning : impossible to see Sentence : These bacteria are invisible unless viewed with a microscope.

complicated ['km.pl.ke.td] 24

Meaning : involving a lot of different parts, in a way that is difficult to understand Sentence : The rules are rather complicated to follow. I had to fill in this really complicated form.

miserable ['mz.r..bl] 25
Meaning : very unhappy Sentence : She is miserable living on her own.

Permanent 26

['p:.m.nnt]

Meaning : lasting for a long time or forever Sentence : She is looking for a permanent place to stay. The disease can cause permanent damage to the brain.

delicious [d'l.s] 27
Meaning : having a very pleasant taste or smell Sentence : The delicious smell of freshly-made coffee came from the kitchen.

comfortable ['kmp.f.t.bl]
Meaning : describes furniture and clothes that provide a pleasant feeling and that do not give you any physical problems relaxed and free from pain Sentence : That is a comfortable bed/sofa. I don't feel comfortable in high heels.

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balanced 29

['bl.ntst]

Meaning : to be in a position where you will stand without falling to either side, or to put something in this position Sentence : The committee is evenly balanced, with six members from each party.

dangerous ['den.dr.s] 30
Meaning : describes a person, animal or activity that could harm you Sentence : I have never played ice hockey, it is far too dangerous.

SPELLING COMPETITION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL TENOM DISTRICT LEVEL 2009 WORD LIST ROUND 2 (Verbs)

No.

WORD apologize [pl..daz]


Meaning : to tell someone that you are sorry for having done something that has caused them inconvenience or unhappiness Sentences : I must apologize to Isobel for my lateness.

01

accompany ['km.p.ni] 02

Meaning : to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something Sentences : Would you like me to accompany you to your room? "May I accompany you to the ball?" he asked her.

investigate [n'ves.t.get] 03
Meaning : to examine a crime, problem, statement, etc. carefully, especially to discover the truth Sentences : Police are investigates allegations of corruption involving senior executives.

distinguish [d'st.gw] 04
Meaning : to notice or understand the difference between two things, or to make one person or thing seem different from another Sentences : It's important to distinguish between business and pleasure.

celebrate ['sel..bret] 05
Meaning : to take part in special enjoyable activities in order to show that a particular occasion is important Sentences : We always celebrate our wedding anniversary by going out to dinner.

marching [m:.t] 06

Meaning : to walk with regular steps keeping the body stiff, usually in a formal group of people who are all walking in the same way Sentences : The soldiers marching 90 miles in three days.

collapse [k'lps] 07
Meaning : to fall down suddenly because of pressure or lack of strength or support Sentences : All chairs collapse for easy storage.

identify [a'den.t.fa] 08
Meaning : to recognize someone or something and say or prove who or what they are Sentences : Even the smallest baby can identify its mother by her voice.

demonstrate ['dem.n.stret] 09

Meaning : to show; to make clear Sentences : These figures clearly demonstrate the size of the economic problem facing the country.

transform [trns'f:m] 10

Meaning : to change completely the appearance or character of something or someone, especially so that they are improved Sentences : Whenever a camera was pointed at her, Marilyn would instantly transform herself into a radiant star.

demolish 11

[d'ml.]

Meaning : to completely destroy a building, especially in order to use the land for something else Sentences : A number of houses are demolished so that the supermarket could be built.

emigrate ['em..gret] 12
Meaning : to leave a country permanently and go to live in another one Sentences : How long ago did your parents emigrate?

leaping [li:p] 13
Meaning : to make a large jump or sudden movement, usually from one place to another Sentences : I leaping up to answer the phone. The dog leaping over the gate into the field.

resemble [r 'zem.bl] 14

Meaning : to look like or be like someone or something Sentences : You resemble your mother very closely.

contradict [kn.tr'dkt] 15
Meaning : to state the opposite of what someone else has said, or to be so different from another fact or statement that one of them must be wrong Sentences : If you're both going to lie, at least stick to the same story and don't contradict each other!

co-operate [k'p.r.et] 16
Meaning : to act or work together for a particular purpose, or to help someone willingly when help is requested Sentences : I find it very hard to dress my two years old daughter when she refuses to cooperate.

interrupt [n.trpt] 17
Meaning : to stop a person from speaking for a short period by something you say or do, or to stop something from happening for a short period Sentences : We had to interrupt our trip when we heard John's mother was ill.

interfere [n.t'fr] 18
Meaning : to involve yourself in a situation when your involvement is not wanted or is not helpful Sentences : It's their problem and I'm not going to interfere.

prohibited [pr'hb..td] 19
Meaning : to officially forbid something Sentences : Parking is strictly prohibited between these gates.

volunteer [vl.n'tr] 20

Meaning : to offer to do something that you do not have to do, often without having been asked to do it and/or without expecting payment Sentences : The Health clinic is relying on volunteer to run the office and answer the telephones.

freeze [fri:z] 21

Meaning : to preserve food by storing it at a very low temperature so that it becomes hard Sentences : I will freeze any food that's left over.

estimate ['es.t.mt] 22
Meaning : a guess of what the size, value, amount, cost, etc. of something might be Sentences : The number of people who applied for the course was 120 compared with an initial estimate of between 50 and 100.

imitate ['m..tet] 23
Meaning : to behave in a similar way to someone or something else, or to copy the speech or behaviour, etc. of someone or something Sentences : They produce artificial chemicals which exactly imitate particular natural ones.

awaken ['we.kn] 24
Meaning : to stop sleeping or to make someone stop sleeping Sentences : The sounds of gunfire awaken them from sleep.

hesitate ['hez..tet] 25

Meaning : to pause before you do or say something, often because you are uncertain or nervous about it Sentences : If you need anything, don't hesitate to call me.

squeeze [skwi:z] 26
Meaning : to press something firmly, especially from all sides in order to change its shape, reduce its size or remove liquid from it Sentences : Cut the lemon in half and squeeze the juice into the bowl.

astonish ['stn.] 27
Meaning : to surprise someone very much Sentences : What astonish me was that he didn't seem to mind.

kneel [ni:l] 28
Meaning : to go down into, or stay in, a position where one or both knees are on the ground Sentences : She kneels down beside the child.

exterminate [k'st:.m.net] 29
Meaning : to kill all the animals or people in a particular place or of a particular type Sentences : Once cockroaches get into a building, it's very difficult to exterminate them.

abandon ['bn.dn] 30

Meaning : to leave a place, thing or person forever Sentences : We had to abandon the house. We were sinking fast, and the captain gave the order to abandon ship.

SPELLING COMPETITION FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL TENOM DISTRICT LEVEL 2009 WORD LIST ROUND 3 (Science & Mathematics)

No.

WORD hygienic [ha'di:.nk]


Meaning : the degree to which people keep themselves or their surroundings clean, especially to prevent disease Sentence : It isn't hygienic to let the cat sit on the dining table.

01

symmetry

['sm..tri]

02

Meaning : the quality of having parts that match each other, especially in a way that is attractive, or similarity of shape or contents Sentence : The design of the house had a pleasing symmetry, its oblong shape being picked up in its elongated windows.

microorganism [ma.kr':.gn..zm] 03

Meaning : a living thing which on its own is too small to be seen without a microscope Sentence : Bacteria are one of the microorganisms.

abstract 04

['b.strkt]

Meaning : existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object Sentence : Truth and beauty are abstract concepts.

chemical 05

['kem..kl]

Meaning : any basic substance which is used in or produced by a reaction involving changes to atoms or molecules Sentence : The government has pledged to reduce the amount of chemicals used in food production.

approximate ['prk.s.mt] 06
Meaning : not completely accurate but close Sentence : He approximate cost will be about RM600.

kinetic 07

[k'net.k]

Meaning : involving or producing movement Sentence : Switching on the ceiling fan will produce electric and kinetic energy.

denominator [d'nm..ne.tr] 08

Meaning : the number below the line in a fraction Sentence : In the fraction , 4 is the denominator.

sterilize ['ster..laz] 09
Meaning : completely clean and free from dirt and bacteria Sentence : The operation must be carried out under sterilize conditions.

subtraction [sb'trk.n] 10
Meaning : the process of removing one number from another Sentence : The test involves simple calculations, such as addition and subtraction.

aluminium [l.j'mn.i.m] 11
Meaning : a light metallic element which is silver in colour and used especially for making cooking equipment and aircraft parts Sentence : We take all our aluminium cans for recycling.

calculation 12

[kl.kj'le.n]

Meaning : result of calculating Sentence : The calculations that you did/made contained a few inaccuracies.

magnetic [mg'net.k] 13

Meaning : with the power of a magnet Sentence : Each worker has to carry a magnetic plastic entry card.

dimensional [-da.ment.n.l] 14
Meaning : measurements in different directions Sentence : The pupils need to find the perimeter of composite two-dimensional shapes.

oxygenate ['k.s.d.net] 15
Meaning : to add oxygen to something Sentence : Fish tanks often have a pump which oxygenates the water.

percentage [p'sen.td] 16
Meaning : an amount of something, often expressed as a number out of 100 Sentence : Interest rates have risen by two percentage points.

apparatus [p.'re.ts] 17

Meaning : a set of equipment or tools or sometimes a machine which is used for a particular purpose Sentence : The student checked their science apparatus to make an experiment.

decimal 18

['des..ml]

Meaning : relating to or expressed in a system of counting based on the number ten Sentence : If you calculate the result to two decimal places, that should minimize any possible errors.

constellation [knt.st'le.n] 19
Meaning : any of the groups of stars in the sky which seem from Earth to form a pattern and have been given names Sentence : Southern Cross is the constellation that point to the South.

diameter [da'm..tr] 20
Meaning : the length of a straight line that reaches from one point on the edge of a round shape or object, through its centre, to a point on the opposite edge Sentence : The diameter measures twice the radius.