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Revision Maslows Hierarchy of Needs

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs


Match the categories with words or phrases from A and the associated needs from B.
B A

Esteem, Love & Belonging, Physiological, Safety, Self-Actualisation

achievement, air, clothing, drink, family, food, friendships, fulfilment, personal growth, protection, recognition, relationships, reputation, security, shelter, sleep, stability, status, warmth, work groups

Maslows Hierarchy of Needs


Self Actualisation - personal growth, fulfilment Esteem - achievement, recognition, reputation, status Love & Belonging - family, friendships, relationships, work groups Safety - security, protection, stability Physiological - air, clothing, drink, food, shelter, sleep, warmth

On which theories are the assumptions below based?


Most people...

1 Dislike working. 2 Need to be supervised at every step, with controls put in place. 3 Are motivated by the desire to do a good job. 4 Take responsibility and are motivated to meet their goals. 5 Have to be controlled, forced, and threatened to work effectively. 6 Need to be enticed to produce results; otherwise they have no ambition or incentive to work. 7 Consider work as natural and solve work problems imaginatively. 8 Avoid responsibility and need to be directed. 9 Seek and accept responsibility and do not need much direction.

McGregors Theory X and Theory Y


Answers

1 -X 4 -Y 7 -Y

2 -X 5 -X 8 -X

3 -Y 6 -X 9 -Y

Maslow on McGregors Theories


Only one of the statements below is true. Which is it? a. Maslow recommended that all organisations should apply Theory Y in order to allow workers to achieve selfactualisation. b. Maslow concluded that Theory Y could not be applied to everyone as some workers need the security of being told what to do and they don't always want responsibility. c. Maslow said he believed that Theory X was a more practical approach to management as it fulfilled workers' basic needs.

Maslow on McGregors Theories


Statement B is true

b. Maslow concluded that Theory Y could not be applied to everyone as some workers need the security of being told what to do and they don't always want responsibility.

Company Structure Discussion p.21 Read and discuss the Lead-in questions

Company Structure Discussion Think of manufacturing, financial services and software development. How do you think these industries are different from 20 or 30 years ago? What opportunities and threats are possible through advances in technology and globalisation?

Discussion Explain Student A: Chain of command Student B: Functional structure Student C/both: What sort of companies might chain of command and functional structure suit, and why?

Discussion Explain Student A: Chain of command Student B: Functional structure Student C/both: What sort of companies might chain of command and functional structure suit, and why?

Functional Departmental Structure

Divisional Departmental Structure

Company Structure Discussion P.23 Questions 1 - 3

Vocabulary Make verbs from the following adjectives:

Adjective
flat long short strong weak wide narrow high

Verb
flatten

Vocabulary Make verbs from the following adjectives:

Adjective
flat long short strong weak wide narrow high

Verb flatten
lengthen shorten strengthen weaken widen narrow heighten

Discussion Student A: What is involved in flattening hierarchies and delegating responsibility? How are big and small companies different? Student B: What is matrix management? How could you deal with any weaknesses? Student C/both: How might teams be used to achieve tasks, why would they be split up and what are their potential weaknesses?

Matrix Structure

Company Structure Discussion P.23 Questions 4 - 7

Company Structure Discussion P.24 Discuss questions 1-12

Company Structure Discussion P.25 Discuss questions 1-10

Homework Read Unit 4: Managing across cultures Text p. 26-27 AND Unit 6: Women in Business Text p. 39