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ESP

Electronic Stability Program

Starting MY1996

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327 HO 05 ESP (WJB,GC) 02-26-04
Objectives
At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:
1. Explain the function of and purpose for ESP
2. Describe the customer interface with ESP
3. List the hydraulic and electronic components used for ESP
4. Describe the ESP build up, holding and reduction control
modes

These technical training materials are current as of the date noted on the materials, and may be revised or updated without notice. Always check for revised or updated information.
To help avoid personal injury to you or others, and to avoid damage to the vehicle on which you are working, you must always ref er to the latest Mercedes -Benz Technical Publication and follow all
pertinent instructions when testing, diagnosing or making repair.
Illustrations and descriptions in this training reference are based on preliminary information and may not correspond to the final US version vehicles. Refer to the official introduction manual and WIS
when available. Copyright Mercedes-Benz USA, LLC, 2004
WIS document numbers shown apply to WIS Version USA/CDN at date of writing. 2
Reproduction by any means or by any information storage and retrieval system or translation in whole or part is not permitted without written authorization from Mercedes -Benz USA, LLC or it's
successors. Published by Mercedes -Benz USA, LLC Printed in U. S.A.
Contents

Purpose of ESP 4
Driving with ESP 7
ESP Electronic components 9
Six ESP control modes 19
Diagnosing Included ESP Functions 23
Other Functions Related to ESP 24
ESP block diagram 25

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Purpose of ESP

1. Prevent oversteer and


understeer
2. Increase safety by
providing stability

It does this by applying the


appropriate brake(s)

4
Advantages
• Improved starting and acceleration capability
• Improved stability when:
• braking
• accelerating
• coasting
• cornering
• Shortens stopping distances in corners or on slippery surfaces
• Informs driver of slippery conditions
• ABS, ASR, EBR and ESP functions are combined in one control unit
• ABS, ASR, EBR and ESP basic components are combined in one hydraulic
unit
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Improved Braking Stability

Additional ESP system sensors provide for further


enhanced braking stability.
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Driving with ESP

• Warning lamp flashes when ESP operates.

• The throttle control portion of ESP can be


switched off with ESP OFF rocker switch.
This will illuminate the warning lamp continuously.
(may provide better traction in deep snow or when
snow chains are mounted)

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Understeer and Oversteer
ESP monitors the vehicle’s traction and handling, using sensors to
detect wheel speed, understeer and oversteer

Understeer Oversteer
Vehicle does not turn as sharply as Vehicle turns in more sharply than
desired. The vehicle seems to “plow” desired. The rear of the vehicle
straight ahead. ESP will brake the swings outward. ESP will brake the
inside rear wheel. outside front wheel. 8
ESP Electronic Components

A1e17 ABS malfunction indicator lamp N47-5 ESP, BAS and SPS control module
A1e41 ESP and ABS warning lamp N49 Steering angle sensor
A1p13 Multifunction display N72/1s1 ESP OFF switch
A7/3n1 SBC control module X11/4 Diagnostic data link connector
B24/15 Lateral acceleration and yaw rate
sensor 9
Steering Angle Sensor (N49)
W220 shown
•N80 - Steering
column module
• A45 - SRS &
horn clock spring

Signals the desired steering angle to ESP.


Front wheels must be
ESP also recognizes cornering by monitoring straight when removing
input from the 2 front wheel speed sensors. and installing A45 10
Early Version Steering Angle Sensor (N49)

a – 9 evenly b - 8 apertures
spaced light & barriers
emitting diodes arranged in a
(LEDs) specific pattern
a b

Must be re-initialized after the battery is disconnected, 11


because N49 has a T.30 power connection.
Late Version Steering Angle Sensor (N49)

W220 Shown

Screw

N80 = Steering column module 12


Lateral Acceleration Sensor (B24/2)

ass sor
icm sen
t ll
gne Ha
Ma

Produces a signal corresponding to the cornering forces. 13


Yaw Rate Sensor (N64)

Measuring element:

• Hollow cylinder vibrates by


means of piezo elements
• Vibration patterns change due to
rotary motion of vehicle
• Changes are used as a measure
of Yaw rate of the vehicle
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Yaw: to turn around the vertical axis
Combined Lateral Acceleration & Yaw Rate
Sensor (B24/15)

Location shown on 211 chassis

Senses rotational speed of the


vehicle about the vertical axis and
the lateral acceleration.

When this component is replaced, adaptation must be performed.


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(refer to WIS: AD42.45-P-3000-2A)
Stop Lamp Switch (S9/1)

Two position switch:


N.O. and N.C.

It is self-adjusting
(NOTE: be sure to pull it
all the way out before
installing.) 16
Stop Lamp Switch Service Note

• ESP fault codes C1200, C1201, C1202 may be set if the stop lamp
switch is misadjusted (implausible signal as compared to BAS
diaphragm travel sensor input)
• Check switch voltage supply
• Ensure correct switch part number is installed
• Adjust as per DTB 33/00 (5-26-00)

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CAN Communication

CAN communication with:


• ME-SFI
(for torque reduction)
• ETC - Electronic Transmission Control
(utilized for calculation of the ESP regulation)

18
Six ESP Control Modes

1. Normal mode
2. ABS mode (pressure holding and reduction)
3. ASR mode (pressure build up, holding, and reduction)
4. EBR mode (slight throttle opening)
5. ESP “OFF” mode (switches off throttle control)
6. ESP mode (pressure build up, holding, and reduction)

19
ESP Pressure Build Up

Example:
Right front wheel
requires braking
• y18,y19 close
y19
• BAS applies
~5bar pressure
(Note: brake light
y18 suppression relay
activated)
• m1 activated
y22 • y22 opened
• y6 closed
20
ESP Pressure Holding

Example:
Right front wheel
• y22 closed,
preventing
pressure build up

21
ESP Pressure Reduction

Example:
Right front wheel

• y18 is opened
• Pressure
returned to the
master cylinder

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Diagnosing Included ESP Functions:

• ABS – Anti-lock Brake System


• ASR – Acceleration Slip Regulation
• EBR – Engine Braking Regulation
Pre-ESP • EBD – Electronic Brake Force Distribution
systems • ETS – Electronic Traction System
• ESP – Electronic Stability Program
Post-ESP • BAS – Brake Assist System
systems • 4ETS – 4MATIC

To diagnose a function contained within ESP using DAS,


you may have to begin at the ESP menu.
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Other Functions Related to ESP

• PML (SPS) – Speed Sensitive Steering


• CAN communication
• Electronic Accelerator (EA) intervention
• Electronic Transmission Control (ETC)
intervention
• Sensotronic Braking Circuit
• Distance (DTR)
• Airmatic, ABC, SAS suspension

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ESP Block Diagram
Power Return pump Relay
Circuit 31 K40/
Terminal 61 Hydraulic control
Stop lamp switch unit A7/

Parking Brake sw. ESP warning lamp


Front VSS N47/ ESP MIL
Rear VSS ABS MIL
Yaw Sensor
Lateral Sensor CAN-C (VSS)
Steering Angle
Pressure Sensor Data Link (X11/4) 25