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MIDSHIP SECTION
INTRODUCTION

Midship section design is in accordance with Part 4, Chapter 9 of Lloyds Register,


Rules and Regulations for Classification of Ships, which has been revised to include requirements
for Double Hull Oil Tankers. These requirements reflect regulation 13F of Annex I of MARPOL
73/78 with the other features. Fig.1 is a typical midship section of a double skin tanker.

Figure 1 - Typical midship section of a double skin tanker


1.1. Definitions
(1)

Rule length, in m, is the distance, in meters, on the summer load water line
from the forward side of the stem to the after side of the rudderpost or to
the center of the rudder stock, if there is no rudder post. L is neither to be
less than 96% nor to be greater than 97% of the extreme length on the
summer load water line.

97% of extreme length of LWL = 229.89m


(2)

Breadth at amidships or greatest breadth, in meters.


B = 42.0 m

(3) D

Depth is measured, in meters, at the middle of the length L, from top of the keel
to top of the deck beam at side on the uppermost continuous deck.

(4)

= 22.0 m

= 14 m

T is the summer load draught in m, measured from top of keel.

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(5)

LPP

Distance

in

on

the

summer

LWL

from

foreside

of

the

stem

to

after

side

of rudder post, or to the center of the rudder stock, if there is no rudder post.

(6)

LPP

= 233 m

CB

Moulded

block

coefficient

at

draught

corresponding

to

summer

waterline, based on rule length L and moulded breadth B, as follows:


moulded displacement (m3) at draught T
CB

=
L.B.T

(7)

The

width

of

plating

supported

by

the

primary

member

or

secondary

member in m or mm respectively.
(8)

be

The effective width, in m, of end brackets.

(9)

bI

The

minimum

longitudinal

distance

bulkhead

from

measured

side

shell

to

inboard

at

right

the

inner

angles

hull

to

the

or

outer

centre

line

at summer load water line, in m


(10)

le

Effective

length,

in

m,

of

the

primary

or

secondary

member,

cargo

tank

boundary

and

measured

between effective span points.


(11)

ds

The

distance,

in

m,

between

the

the

moulded

line of the side shell plating.


(12)

The load height applied to the item under consideration, in m.

(13)

db

The

distance,

moulded

line

in
of

m,
the

between
bottom

the
shell

bottom
plating

of

the

measured

cargo
at

tanks

right

angles

and

the

to

the

bottom shell plating.


(14)

kL, k :

Higher tensile steel factors. For mild steel, kL, k may be taken as 1.

(15)

Moment

of

inertia,

in

cm3,

of

the

primary

or

secondary

member,

in

primary

or

secondary

member,

in

association with an effective width of attached plating.


(16)

Spacing of secondary members, in mm.

(17)

Overall span of frame, in mm

(18)

Thickness of plating, in mm.

(19)

Section

modulus,

in

cm3,

of

the

association with an effective width of attached plating.


(20)

L1

Length of ship in meters, but need not be greater than 190m.

(21)

CW

Wave head, in m.

(22)

RB

Bilge radius, in mm.

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(23)

FD,FB :

Local

scantling

respectively.

reduction

factor

above

neutral

axis

FD

= 0.67, for plating and 0.75, for longitudinals

FB

= 0.67, for plating and 0.75, for longitudinals

(24)

Specified minimum yield stress, in N/mm2

(25)

Maximum compressive hull vertical bending stress, in N/mm2

(26)

T1

T but to be taken not less than 0.05L m

and

below

neutral

axis

= 11.495 m
(27)

hT1

T + CW m but need not be taken greater than 1.36 T

(28)

hT2

T + 0.5CW m but need not be taken greater than 1.2 T

(29)

c1

60 / (225 165 FD) at deck; 1.0 at D/2; 75 / (225 150FB) at base `

line

of ship
(30)

c2

165 / (345 180FB) at deck; 1.0 at D/2;

165/(345 180FB) at base line of

ship
(31)

sin, where is the roll angle in degrees


sin
R

(32)

D1

= (0.45+0.1 L/B)(0.54 L/1270)


=0 .358

D, in m, but is to be taken not < 10 and need not be taken >16


D1 = 16m
sin = (0.45 + 0.1L/B)(0.54 L / 1270 )
R = 0.358

(33) dDB

Rule depth of center girder, in mm

(34)

SS

Span of the vertical web, in m

(35)

tW

Thickness of web, in mm

(36)

tB :

Thickness of end bracket plating, in mm


1.1.2. Class Notation

Vessel is designed to be classed as +100 A1 Double Hull Oil Tanker ESP. ESP means
Enhanced Survey Program. This is for seagoing tanker having integral cargo tanks for carriage of oil
having flash point > 60o C.
1.1.3. Cargo Tank Boundary Requirements
Minimum double side width (ds) in m

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ds

0.5 + (dwt/20,000) or ds = 2.0 m

whichever is lesser. But ds should not be less than 1 m.


ds

0.5+(95,000/20,000) = 5.25 m

Double side width is taken as 2.0 m to get the required ballast volume.
ds

2.0 m

Minimum double bottom depth (dB)


dB

B/15 or dB = 2.0 m

whichever is lesser
dB

= 42/15 = 2.8

A double bottom height of 2.0 m is provided to get the required ballast volume.
dB

2.0 m

Structural configuration adopted has a single centerline longitudinal bulkhead. According


to Maritime Law of India (Appendix V111:63, Regulation 24), Length of cargo hold shall not exceed
10m or (0.25bi /B +0.15) x LL (for longitudinal bulkhead provided at centerline), whichever is greater.
[LRS Part 4, Chapter 9, Section 1.3.9]
(0.25bi /B +0.15) LL

35.85 m

For length of cargo tanks and tank boundaries refer General Arrangement Plan.
Type Of Framing System

The bottom shell, inner bottom and deck are longitudinally framed (for L > 75m). The
side shell, inner hull bulkheads and long bulkheads are also longitudinally framed (L > 150m). When
the side shell in long framed, the inner hull bulkhead is also to be framed longitudinally. Primary
members are defined as girders, floors, transverses and other supporting members.
LONGITUDINAL STRENGTH
Design vertical wave bending moment

(P3, C4, S5.2)

The appropriate hogging or sagging design hull vertical wave bending moment at
amidships is given by the following:
Mw
Where,

f1 f2 Mwo

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M wo

0.1C1 C2 L2 B (C b + 0,7) kN m

Cb is to be taken not less than 0,60


C1 is given in Table 4.5.1 = 10.163
C2

1, (also defined in 5.2.2 at other positions along the length L)

f1

ship service factor. For unrestricted sea-going service f 1 = 1,0

f2

1,1 for sagging (negative) moment

f2

for hogging (positive) moment

1.025

0.110.1631(229.89) 242(.825+0.7)

3440180.424 KNm

1-1.13440180.424 =-3784198.47

11.0253440180.424 =3526184.935

1.9C b

M wo

Mw

(C b + 0.7)

(sagging)
(hogging)

Permissible Still water Bending Moment


Ms

fsnCwL2B(CB+0.7) KNm

fsn

0.072

Cw

10.75-{(300-L)/100}3/2

Ms

0.07210.163(229.89)242(0.825+0.7)

247692.991 KNm

for sagging bending moment

Hull Moment of Inertia

(P3, C4, S5. 8)


(| M s + M w |)

Imin

3L

139.373 m4

kL

10 5 m4

Minimum Hull Section Modulus [LRS Part 3, Chapter 4, Section 5]

The hull midship section modulus about the transverse neutral axis, at the deck or keel is
to be not less than
Z min

f1KL C1L2B (CB + 0.7) x 10-6 m3

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

f1

ships
the

service
service

factor.

restriction

T
and

be
in

any

specially
event

For unrestricted sea going service f1 = 1.0


f1 taken as 1
For M.S; KL

1 [Part 3 Chap.2 Sec 1.2]

C1

10.75 [(300-L)/100] 1.5 for 90<L<300m

10.163

CB

Block Coefficient = 0.825

Zmin

34.4018 m3

Hull Envelope Plating

Itemization of parts is shown in figure 8.2.

Fig.2

For longitudinally framed system [LRS Part 4, Chapter 9, Section 4]

O/C = 235/175 = 1.34

1720.5{(1-1/)/O} for < 2

56.53

s/J + 2.0

spacing of deck longitudinals = 850 mm

56.53

1) Deck plating

considered
should

not

depending
be

less

than

upon
0.5.

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17 mm

2) Sheer strake
The greatest of the following is to be taken:
a)

0.0042 s hT1k

spacing of longitudinals = 700 mm

hT1

1.36T = 19.04

1, for mild steel

15.17 mm

s/J + 2 = 17 mm

17 mm

Selected t

17 mm

or
b)

3) Side shell above mid-depth


The greatest of the following is to be taken:
a)

0.001s(0.059L1 + 7) FD/ kL

spacing of side shell longitudinals = 700 mm

FD

0.67 (refer DEFINITIONS)

L1

190 m (refer DEFINITIONS)

kL

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

12.67 mm

0.0042 s hT1k, whichever is greater

hT1

19.04 m, as shown in pervious sections

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

15.18 m

Selected t

16 mm

or
b)

4) Side shell below mid-depth

The greatest of the following is to be taken:

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a)

0.001s (0.059L1 + 7) FB/kL

12.67 mm

0.0042 s hT1k

spacing of shell longitudinals = 850mm

15.18 mm

Selected t

16 mm

But not less than

5) Bottom shell and bilge

The greatest of the following is to be taken:


a)

b)

s/J + 2.0

spacing of bottom and bilge longitudinals = 850 mm

56.53

17 mm

0.0052s

hT2

1.8-FB
T + 0.5CW m but need not be taken greater than 1.2T

16.52

FB

0.67 (refer DEFINITIONS)

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

16.61 mm

Selected t

17 mm

hT2k

6) Keel Plating

Keel plating should be equal to thickness of bottom shell + 2 mm


t
but need not exceed t
Selected t

19 mm,

25 k = 25 mm

19 mm

Width of keel plate is to be not less than 70B mm, but need not exceed 1800 mm and is
to be not less than 750 mm. ( LRS part 4, chapter1,table 1.5.1)
70B

2940mm

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1800 mm

t0 / 2-FB

t0

0.005s kh1

spacing of inner bottom longitudinals = 850mm

distance in m, from the plate in consideration to the highest

7) Inner bottom Plating

point of the tank, excluding hatchway.


t0

0.72 (h+Rbi)

19.4

0.36 (refer previous sections)

b1

B/2 = 21 m

18 mm

8) Inner hull plating


same as outer shell,t = 18mm
Hull Framing [LRS Part 4, Chapter 9, Section 5]
1) Bottom Longitudinals

The section modulus of bottom longitudinals within the cargo tank region is not to be
less than greater of the following:
a)

Z = 0.056kh1sle2F1FS cm3
K

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

h1

(h0

(0.00L1

D1/8),
+

but

0.7)

in

m,

no

case

whichever

be
is

taken
greater

less
&

than
need

L 1/56
not

be

or

taken

greater than (0.75 D + D1/8), for bottom longitudinals.


h0

distance

in

m,

from

the

midpoint

highest point of tank, excluding hatchway.


=

22 m

D1

16 m (refer DEFINITIONS)

h1

18.5 m

of

span

of

stiffener

to

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

s
le

spacing of bottom longitudinals = 850 mm

s,

where

le

effective

span

of

longitudinals

assumed to be supported by web frames spaced at 5s, where s


spacing in midship region = 850 mm

b)

le

4.25 m

F1

Dc1/(25D-20h)

c1

75/(225 150FB), at base line of ship.

FB

0.75 (refer DEFINITIONS)

c1

0.667

distance of longitudinal below deck at side, in meters

22 m

22m (refer DEFINITIONS)

F1

0.1334

FS

1, at upper deck at side and at the base line

2121.84 cm3

0.0051kh3sle2F2 cm3

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

h3

ho+ Rbi

b1

21 m

(0.45+0.1 L/B)(0.54 L/1270) = 0. 358

22 m

h3

29.52

but not greater than or equal to,0.75D+Rbi


= 24.02
Therefore h3 = 24.02
Z

1880.79 cm3

Greater of the two is to be taken, i.e. Z = 2121.84 cm3


Selected Half bulb section of scantling 430x21 .
2) Deck Longitudinals

which
basic

are
frame

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The modulus of deck longitudinals within the cargo tank region is not to be less than
greater of the following:
a)

0.056kh1sl2eF1FS cm3 ( LRS, part 4,chapter 9,5.3.1)

1 (refer DEFINITIONS)

h1

(h0

h0

0 ( for deck longitudinals)

L1

190 m

D1

16

L1/56

3.39

h1

L1/56

850 mm

le

4.25m

F1

Dc1 / (4D + 20h)

0 (for deck longitudinals)

c1

60 / (225 165FD) at deck

FD

0.75 (refer DEFINITIONS)

c1

0.593

F1

0.1475

Fs

1, at upper deck at side and at baseline of ship

429.9 cm3

0.36

bi

B/2

21m

h3

h0 + Rbi

7.56 m

850 mm

le

4.25m

F2

Dc2 / (D + 2.18h)

c2

165 / (345 180FD)

FD

0.75

c2

0.785

F2

0.785

(h0 + D1/8)

D1/8),

but

in

no

case

be

3.39

b) Z = 0.0051kh3sl2eF2 cm3

(refer DEFINITIONS)

taken

less

than

L 1/56

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464.7 cm3

Greatest of the two is to be taken, i.e. Z = 464.7 cm3


Taken half bulb section of scantling 260x12.
3) Side Shell Longitudinals

( LRS part 4, chapter 9,5.3.1)

From standardization point of view the side shell is divided into longitudinal fields as
shown in fig 8.2. Design of the longitudinals for each field is done using the information for the
lowest longitudinal in each field.

Fig. 1.3 Plate fields for the determination of side,


inner hull and CL bulkhead longitudinals

The modulus of side shell longitudinals within the cargo tank region is not to be less than
greater of the following:
a)

0.056kh1sle2F1Fs cm3

b)

0.0051kh3sle2F2 cm3

h1

(h0

850 mm

le

4.25m

FD

0.75

D1

16

L1

190m

L1/56

3.39

where,
+

D1/8),

but

in

no

case

be

taken

less

than

L 1/56

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distance of longitudinal below deck at side, in meters

h3

h0 + 2xRb1

For side longitudinals above D/2,


F1

Dc1 / (4D + 20h)

F2

Dc2 / (D + 2.18h)

For side longitudinals below D/2,


F1

Dc1/(25D-20h)

F2

Dc2/(3.18D-2.18h)

Table 1.1 Determination of scantlings of side longitudinals


Item

REG 1

REG 2

REG 3

REG 4

ho

10

15

20

D1

16

16

16

16

h1= h0+D1/8

12

17

22

h3

20.12

25.12

30.12

35.12

F1

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

F2

0.73

0.73

0.73

0.73

Fs

a) Z

722.211

1238.076

1650.768

2063.46

b) Z

1141.82

1427.62

1656.25

1884.89

Taken Z

1141.82

1427.62

1656.25

2063.46

Section

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Scantling

370x13

400x14

430x15

430x21

Z of taken section

1150

1450

1800

2150

1.2.4.

Inner Hull, Inner Bottom And Longitudinal Bulkheads

The inner hull, inner bottom and longitudinal bulkheads are longitudinally framed.
The symbols used in this section are defined as follows:
b1

the greatest distance in meters, from the centre of the plate panel
or midpoint of the stiffener span, to the corners at top of the tank
on either side.

c1

60 / (225 165FD) at deck

1.0 at D/2

75/(225 150FB), at base line of ship

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c2

h
(a)

165/(345 180FB) at deck

1.0 at D/2

165/(345 180FD) at baseline of ship

load height, in meters measured vertically asfollows:

for bulkhead plating the distance from a point one third of the height of the plate panel above its lower edge to the
highest point of the tank, excluding hatchway

(b)

for bulkhead stiffeners or corrugations, the distance from the midpoint of span of the stiffener or corrugation to the
highest point of the tank, excluding hatchway
h1

(h + D1/8), but not less than 0.72(h + Rb1)

h2

(h + D1/8), in meters, but in no case be taken less than L1/56 m .

h3

distance of longitudinal below deck at side, in meters, but is not to


be less than 0

h4

h + Rb1

h5

h2 but is not to be less than 0.55h4

t0

0.005s kh1

t1

t0(0.84 + 0.16(tm/t0)2)

tm

minimum value of t0 within 0.4D each side of mid depth of


bulkhead

1) Longitudinal Bulkhead Plating

For the determination of scantlings of longitudinal bulkhead plating [16, Part 4, Chapter
9], the fields in fig. 1.2 are assumed.

Region1
b1

21 m

3.33

h1

5.33

t0

0.005s kh1

11.85 mm

10.27 mm

but not less than t1

t0
2-FB

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t0 (0.84+0.16(tm / t0 )2

11.85 mm

b1

21 m

6.66

h1

10.18

t0

13.56

t1

t0 (0.84+0.16(tm / t0 )2

13.56 mm

t1

( Selected 12 mm)

Region2

( Selected 14mm)

Region3
b1

21 m

9.33

h1

11.33

t0

11.38t1 = t0 (0.84+0.16(tm / t0 )2

14.78 mm

12.81 mm

t1

14.78 mm (selected 15mm)

b1

21 m

12

h1

14

t0

15.91

13.79 mm

t1

t0 (084+0.16(tm / t0 )2

15.91 mm (Selected 16mm)

Region4

2) C.L Longitudinal Bulk Head Longitudinals and Inner Hull Longitudinals


Inner hull and longitudinal bulkheads are to be horizontally stiffened. The modulus of
longitudinals is not to be less than greater of the following:

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(a)

Z = 0.056kh2sl2eF1 cm3

(b)

Z = 0.0051kh4sl2eF2 cm3

The inner hull and bulkhead plating is divided into various strakes for the determination
of center line bulkhead longitudinals and inner hull longitudinals.
L1/56

3.39

850 mm

le

4.25m

Table 1.2 Determination of scantlings of CL longitudinal bulkhead


longitudinals .
Region 1

Region 2

Region 3

Region 4

b1

21

21

21

21

10

14

18

h2

12

16

20

h4

12.488

17.488

21.488

25.488

F1

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

F2

0.73

0.73

0.73

0.73

Z1

722.211

1238.076

1650.768

2063.46

Z2

713.81

999.6

1228.24

1456.88

Taken Z

722.211

1238.076

1650.768

2063.46

Section

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Scantling

300x14

370x16

430x15

430x21

Z of taken section

740

1300

1800

2150

Table 1.3 Determination of scantlings of inner hull longitudinals


Region 1

Region 2

Region 3

Region 4

b1

21

21

21

21

10

14

18

h2

12

16

20

h4

18.536

23.536

27.536

31.536

F1

0.12

0.12

0.12

0.12

F2

0.73

0.73

0.73

0.73

Z1

722.211

1238.076

1650.768

2063.46

Z2

1059.51

1345.31

1573.94

1802.58

Taken Z

1059.51

1345.31

1650.768

2063.46

Section

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Half bulb

Scantling

370x13

400x14

430x15

430x21

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Z of taken section

1150

1450

1800

2150

3) Inner Bottom Plating and Longitudinals

The inner bottom is to be longitudinally framed and the inner bottom plating thickness is
to be
t

t0 / 2-FB

t0

0.005s kh1

20 m

D1

16

0.36

h1

h + D1/8 = 22m

t0

20mm

18.12 mm

Selected t

18 mm

The modulus of longitudinals is not to be less than greater of the following:


(a)

(b)

0.056kh2sl2eF1 cm3

20 m

D1

16 m

h2

h + D1 / 8 =

c1

0.667

F1

0.095

2063.46 cm3

0.0051kh4sl2eF2 cm3

h4

h + Rbi = 31.536m

c2

0.785

F2

0.64

but minimum value of F2 = 0.73


Z

2063.46 cm3

22 m

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. Hence, Half bulb section of scantling 430x21 is taken having section modulus of 2150
cm3.
1.2.5. Primary Members Supporting the Hull Longitudinal Framing
1) Centre girder

(LRS part 4 chapter 1,8.3.1)

(a) Minimum depth of centre girder


dDB

28B + 205 T mm

dDB

1943.04 mm

Given 2.0m.
(b)

Minimum thickness of centre girder( LRS, part 4, chapter 9,14.2.5)


t

Given thickness

(0.008 dDB + 1) k

17 mm

17 mm

2) Floors and Side Girders ( LRS part 4, chapter 9,14.2.5)


=

(0.007dDB + 1) k

15 mm

but not to exceed 12 k

12 mm

given thickness

12 mm

12 mm

3) Deck Transverses
Section modulus of deck transverses is not to be less than
Z

53.75 (0.0269sL + 0.8) (ST + 1.83)k cm3

4.25 m

233 m

ST

span of transverse

13.3 m

53.75 (0.269 4.25 233+ 0.8) (13.3 + 1.83) 1

22313.4 cm3

The section selected is a T-section with scantlings as follows

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

1500X25 web and 300X25 flange with the section modulus as 25400 cm3
4) Vertical web on centerline longitudinal bulkhead

Section modulus of vertical web is to be not less than


Z

K3shsSs2k (sm3)

K3

1.88

4.25

hs

distance

between

the

lower

span

point

of

the

vertical

is

to

be

web

and the moulded deckline at centreline, in meters

Ss

18 m

span

of

vertical

web,

in

meters,

between end span points.

13 m

24575.64 cm3

Taken 1500x 300x 25/25, with Z = 25400 cm3


1.2.6. Primary Members End Connections [LRS Part 3, Chapter 10, Section 3]

The following relations govern the scantlings of bracket:


(a + b) 2l
a

0.8 l

0.8 l

90

(14 +Z Z)- 1

mm

1) Bracket connecting deck transverse and inner hull


l

(14 +Z Z) - 1

90

mm

90 { 2 ( 25400 / [ 14 + 25400]) 1}

2088.0 mm

a 0.8l

1670.4 mm

b 0.8l

1670.4 mm

and

measured

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

Given a

2300 mm and b = 2000 mm

thickness of web itself

= 21 mm

Flange breadth to be not less than


bf

40 (1 + Z / 1000) mm, but not less than 50mm

40 (1 + 25400 / 1000 )

1056 mm

2) Bracket connecting deck transverse and center line bulkhead web


l

(14 +Z Z) - 1

90

mm

90 { 2 ( 25400 / [ 14 + 25400]) 1}

2088.0 mm

a 0.8l

1670.4 mm

b 0.8l

1670.4 mm

Given a

2300 mm and b = 2000 mm

thickness of web itself = 21 mm

Flange breadth to be not less than


bf

40 (1 + Z / 1000) mm, but not less than 50mm

40 (1 + 25400 / 1000 )

1056 mm

3) Bracket connecting center line vertical web and inner bottom plating
l

90

90 { 2 ( 25400 / [ 14 + 25400]) 1}

2088 mm

1670.4 mm

b 0.8l

1670.4 mm

Given a

2300 mm and b = 2000 mm.

tb

thickness of web itself = 15 mm

0.8l

(14 +Z Z)- 1

Flange breadth to be not less than

mm

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

bf

40 (1 + Z / 1000) mm, but not less than 50mm

40 (1 + 25400 / 1000 )

1056 mm

1.2.7. Section Modulus Calculation


Table 1.4 Section Modulus Calculation
AREA(m2)

20
20

N
O:
2
2

AL

A L2

I own(m4)

0.924
0.374

LEVE
R
22
15.25

19.404
5.2734

0
0.818

0.323

6.75

1.938

17

0.56695

0.008

2635

17

0.08959

1.15

2365
3600
18000
2800

20
19
18
18

2
1
2
2

0.10406
0.0684
0.648
0.1008

21
0
12
3.71

INN BOT PLATE


CENTRE GIRDER
SIDE GIRDER
CL BKD reg 1
CL BKD reg 2
CL BKD reg 3
CL BKD reg 4
WING TANK HORI.GIRDER 1
WING TANK HORI.GIRDER 2
WING TANK HORI.GIRDER 3

17000
2000
2000
5000
5000
5000
5000
370*13
400*14
430*15

18
17
12
12
14
15
16

2
1
6
1
1
1
1
2
2
2

0.612
0.034
0.144
0.06
0.07
0.075
0.08
0.0139
0.0162
0.0188

2
1
1
19.5
14.5
9.5
4.5
9
14
20

0.118482
8
45.89046
0
93.312
1.387421
3
2.448
0.034
0.144
22.815
14.7175
6.76875
1.62
1.1259
3.1752
7.52

SHEERSTRAKE PLATE
KEEL PLATE
INN HULL PLATE
MARGIN PLATE

0.00453
6
0.10302
9
2.18526
0
6.48
0.37396
8
1.224
0.034
0.144
1.17
1.015
0.7125
0.36
0.125
0.227
0.376

447.216
86.97837
5
14.71668
8
3.628E-05

8500

19

BOTTOM SHELL PLATE

16675

BOTTOM BILGE PLATE

DECK LONGITUDINALS

260*12

50

0.2065

21.87

4.13

98.76831

INNER HULL LONGITUDINALS

IH 1
IH 2
IH 3
IH 4
IH 5
IH 6
IH 7
IH 8
IH 9

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01628
0.01628
0.01628
0.01628

19.15
18.3
17.45
16.6
15.75
14.9
14.05
13.2
12.35

0.266568
0.254
0.242
0.231
0.219
0.242
0.228
0.214
0.201

5.104
4.661
4.238
3.835
3.453
3.614
3.213
2.836
2.483

ITEMS

L(mm)

B(mm)

DECK PLATE
SIDE SHELLPLATE

21000
8500

SIDE SHELLPLATE

370*13
370*13
370*13
370*13
370*13
400*14
400*14
400*14
400*14

0.818
0

0.0082
0
5.46
0.029
0
0.011
0.008
0.125
0.146
0.15625
0.1666
0
0
0

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I


IH 10
IH 11
IH 12
IH 13
IH 14
IH 15
IH 16
IH 17
IH 18
IH 19

400*14
430*15
430*15
430*15
430*15
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

0.01628
0.01882
0.01882
0.01882
0.01882
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024

11.5
10.65
9.8
8.95
8.1
7.25
6.4
5.55
4.7
3.85

0.187
0.2
0.184
0.168
0.152
0.174
0.153
0.133
0.112
0.092

2.153
2.134
1.807
1.507
1.234
1.261
0.983
0.739
0.53
0.355

BOTTOM LONGITUDINALS

430*21

40

0.444

INNER BOTTOM
LONGITUDINALS

430*21

34

0.408

0.816

1.632

S1
S2
S3
S4
S5
S6
S7
S8
S9
S 10
S 11
S 12
S 13
S 14
S 15
S 16
S 17
S 18
S 19
S 20
S 21

370*13
370*13
370*13
370*13
370*13
400*14
400*14
400*14
400*14
400*14
430*15
430*15
430*15
430*15
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21
430*21

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2

0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01392
0.01628
0.01628
0.01628
0.01628
0.01628
0.01882
0.01882
0.01882
0.01882
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024
0.024

19.15
18.3
17.45
16.6
15.75
14.9
14.05
13.2
12.35
11.5
10.65
9.8
8.95
8.1
7.25
6.4
5.55
4.7
3.85
3
2.15

0.266
0.254
0.242
0.231
0.219
0.242
0.228
0.214
0.201
0.187
0.2
0.184
0.168
0.152
0.174
0.153
0.133
0.112
0.092
0.072
0.051

5.104
4.661
4.238
3.835
3.453
3.614
3.213
2.836
2.483
2.153
2.134
1.807
1.507
1.234
1.261
0.983
0.739
0.53
0.355
0.216
0.11

BKD 1
BKD 2
BKD 3
BKD 4
BKD 5
BKD 6
BKD 7
BKD 8
BKD 9
BKD
10
BKD

300*14
300*14
300*14
300*14
300*14
370*16
370*16
370*16
370*16
370*16

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.0058
0.0058
0.0058
0.0058
0.0058
0.00807
0.00807
0.00807
0.00807
0.00807

19.15
18.3
17.45
16.6
15.75
14.9
14.05
13.2
12.35
11.5

0.111
0.106
0.101
0.096
0.091
0.12
0.113
0.106
0.099
0.092

2.126
1.942
1.766
1.598
1.438
1.791
1.593
1.406
1.23
1.067

370*16

0.00807

10.65

0.085

0.915

SIDE LONGITUDINALS

BULKHEAD LONGITUDINALS

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I


11
BKD
12
BKD
13
BKD
14
BKD
15
BKD
16
BKD
17
BKD
18
BKD
19
BKD
20
BKD
21

430*15

0.00941

9.8

0.092

0.903

430*15

0.00941

8.95

0.084

0.753

430*15

0.00941

8.1

0.076

0.617

430*15

0.00941

7.25

0.068

0.494

430*15

0.00941

6.4

0.06

0.385

430*21

0.024

5.55

0.133

0.739

430*21

0.024

4.7

0.112

0.53

430*21

0.024

3.85

0.092

0.355

430*21

0.024

0.072

0.216

430*21

0.024

2.15

0.051

0.11

53.0416

912.233

6.239

Height of the neutral axis, hNA

AL

A
53.042

6.239

8.502 m from base line

Ah2 + IXX

912.233 + 7.371

919.604 m4

I KEEL - A x (hNA)2

919.604- 6.239x (8.502)2

468.65 m4

Moment about keel,


I KEEL

Moment about neutral axis,


I NA

Section modulus about deck,


INA
ZDECK

=
=
=

Section modulus about keel,

h DECK
468.65
21-8.71
37.788m3

7.3708

Department of Naval Architecture & Ocean Engg, IMU , M.Tech(NA&OE), Batch- I

ZKEEL

=
=

Required section modulus, ZMIN

INA
hNA
468.65
8.507
55.124m3

34.402 m3

Here ZDECK and ZKEEL are getting more than the minimum section modulus required. So the design is
satisfactory.
The maximum hull vertical bending stresses at deck, DECK, and keel, KEEL, are given by the
following, using the appropriate combination of bending moments to give sagging and hogging
stresses:
DECK =( |Ms+Mw|x 103) / ZDECK N/mm2
= 94.347 N/mm2
KEEL = (|Ms+Mw|x 103 )/ ZKEEL N/mm2
= 67.271 N/mm2