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Embedded Temperature Based Fan Speed Controller using 89C51 Microcontroller


This project is a standalone automatic fan speed controller that controls the speed of an electric fan according to our re uirement! "se of embedded technolog# ma$es this closed loop feedbac$ control s#stem efficient and reliable! Micro controller %&T89C51' allo(s d#namic and faster control! )i uid cr#stal displa# %)C*' ma$es the s#stem user+friendl#! The sensed temperature and fan speed le,el ,alues are simultaneousl# displa#ed on the )C* panel! -t is ,er# compact using fe( components and can be implemented for se,eral applications including air+ conditioners. (ater+heaters. sno(+melters. o,ens. heat+e/changers. mi/ers. furnaces. incubators. thermal baths and ,eterinar# operating tables! &T89C51 micro controller is the heart of the circuit as it controls all the functions! The temperature sensor )M05 senses the temperature and con,erts it into an electrical %analog' signal. (hich is applied to the micro controller through &*C! The analog signal is con,erted into digital format b# the analog+to+digital con,erter %&*C'! The sensed and set ,alues of the temperature are displa#ed on the 11/2+line )C*! The micro controller dri,es control rela#s b# means of ")3 dri,er circuit to control the fan speed (ith the help of high (attage tagged (ire (ound resistor! Single pole dabble thro( %S4*T' rela#s are connected to the micro controller through a ")3 dri,er circuit! The rela#s re uire 12 ,olts at a current of around 55 m&. (hich can not pro,ided b# the micro controller! So the ")3 dri,er circuit is added! The rela#s are used to operate the electrical fan or for operating an# other electrical de,ice! 3ormall# the rela#s remain off! &s soon as pin of the micro controller goes high. the rela#s operate

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This project uses regulated 56. 555m& 7 126. 555m& po(er suppl#! 8855 and 8812 three terminal ,oltage regulators are used for ,oltage regulation! Bridge t#pe full (a,e rectifier is used to rectif# the ac out put of secondar# of 2059126 step do(n transformer! This project is useful in process industries for maintenance and controlling of Boilers temperature!! Bloc* Diag+am: Embedded Temperature Based Fan Speed Controller using 89C51 Microcontroller

Temp Sensor

&*C )C* *ispla#

Contrast Control

Cr#stal &T89C51 MC" ;eset circuit ")3 *ri,er

Control ;ela# Control ;ela# Control ;ela# Control ;ela# Tagged ;esistor Control

)oad :3 9 :FF -ndicator

<56 to all sections ;egulator www.svsembedded.com Step Bridge Filter do(n <126 to ;ela#s SVSEMBEDDEDsvsembedded@gmail.com, ;ectifier Circuit ;egulator T9F CONTACT: +9 !! 9"9 #$#%9&, +9 !! '(")$#("#9