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Presented by:

Administrator ORLAN A. CALAYAG National Food Authority, Philippines

ASEAN Regional Conference on Food Security 08-10 October 2013 in Penang, Malaysia

CONTENTS OF THE PRESENTATION


I. The Philippine Rice Situation

II. Key Challenges in Attaining SelfSufficiency III. Governments Strategies in Meeting the Challenges of Food Security IV. Future Directions: Export Potential

Philippine Rice Situation

Rice has the foremost political & economic significance in the country

Philippines: Paddy Production, Area Harvested and Yield by Ecosystem Calendar Year 2008 - 2013
Paddy Production in 000 MT
3,500

Area Harvested in 000 Has.

Yield in MT/Ha.
4.50 4.00 3.50

20,000 18,000 16,000 14,000 12,000 10,000 8,000 6,000 4,000

Irrigated

Rainfed

3,000

2,500 3.00 2,000 2.50 2.00 1.50 1,000 1.00 500

1,500

0.50
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013*

0 2,000 0

Area Harvested (Irrigated)

Area Harvested (Rainfed) Yield (Rainfed)

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013*

Yield (Irrigated)

For the past five (5) years, paddy production registered an average growth of 1.89% or equivalent to roughly 16,714 TMT per annum Attributed mainly to improvement in countrys productivity and area harvested to paddy at an average of 0.52% and 1.32%, respectively 75% of the increase in production came from irrigated areas while only 25% from non-irrigated areas
Source of Basic Data: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), As of 25 September 2013

Philippines: Rice Production, Consumption and Importation In Thousand Metric Tons (TMT) Calendar Year 2008 - 2013
14,000
96.00

12,000

94.00

10,000

92.00

I n

90.00

8,000
88.00

I n P E R C E N T

T M T 6,000

86.00

4,000

84.00

2,000

82.00

0
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013*

80.00

Rice Production

Consumption

Importation

Self-Sufficiency Level

Total food usage for 2008-2012 averaged at 12,498 TMT which shows that the 10,864 TMT average production could not really keep up with the demand Importation of an average of 1,672 TMT per year is imperative
Source of Basic Data: Bureau of Agricultural Statistics (BAS), As of 25 September 2013

Key Challenges in Attaining Self-Sufficiency

A) GEOGRAPHICAL SETTING
Total land area of 30 M. Has. is mainly mountainous with extensive coastal lowlands. only about 47% is agricultural land About 33% or 4.759 M. Ha. is devoted to rice production 3.252 M. Ha. is irrigated & 1.507 M. Ha. is rainfed There are few large plains or navigable rivers The country feeds about twenty one (21) persons per hectare of area harvested to rice The islands are volcanic in nature, being part of Pacific Ring of Fire, and are mostly mountainous Has a tropical wet climate dominated by rainy/wet season (May to October) and a dry season (November to April) Sit astride the typhoon belt and is visited by an average of 22 typhoons per year

B) WEATHER PATTERN/ CLIMATE CHANGE


Estimated Damages and Production Losses in Paddy Due to Calamities Calendar Year 2008-2012 AREA TOTALLY AREA AFFECTED PRODUCTION LOSSES YEAR DAMAGED (In Ha.) (In Metric Tons) (In Ha.) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 365,985 591,582 706,971 930,536 198,670 70,086 84,869 125,052 215,849 87,293 303,287 469,471 875,429 1,162,572 147,355

TOTAL

2,793,744

583,149

2,958,114

C) MEETING THE INCREASING DEMAND


100,000 95,000 90,000 85,000 80,000 75,000 70,000 65,000 60,000 55,000 50,000 45,000 80.0 100.0 120.0 140.0

40,000 35,000 30,000 25,000 20,000 15,000 10,000 5,000


2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

60.0

40.0

20.0

Population Count

Total Food Requirement

Per Capita Consumption

Population, Total Food Requirement and Per Capita Consumption are generally on the uptrend with an average annual increase posted at 2.07%, 3.19% and 1.23% respectively

D) PRODUCING MORE WITH LESS


To ease the pressure of feeding a growing population, the primary challenge is to produce more output per unit of input through the promotion of:

E) SETTING-UP OF INVESTMENTS IN PUBLIC GOODS


To maximize yields, other equally important ways to boost production includes:

Governments Strategies in Meeting the Challenges of Food Security

FOOD SECURITY in staple


cereals in times and places of natural or man-made calamity/emergency

SUPPLY AND PRICE STABIZATION

Provide rice to a calamity-stricken area within 48-hours response time Restore or maintain for 2 weeks the price of rice at levels immediately prior to the calamity

Stable supply of rice in the market


Retail prices at reasonable levels for consumers Farm-gate prices that enables farmers to get a fair return on their investment

In general, the NFA performs its mandate thru the following marketing activities:

ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve (APTERR)


A regional cooperation scheme among ASEAN countries, China, Japan and Republic of Korea (ASEAN Plus Three) which is aimed at strengthening food security and reducing poverty in East Asia. Total Earmarked rice stocks to the APTERR is placed at 787,000 MT comprising of the following: ASEAN Countries Indonesia - 12,000 MT Brunei - 3,000 MT Malaysia - 6,000 MT Cambodia - 3,000 MT Philippines - 12,000 MT Lao PDR - 3,000 MT Singapore - 5,000 MT Myanmar - 14,000 MT Thailand - 15,000 MT Vietnam - 14,000 MT Plus Three China Japan Rep. of Korea Countries - 300,000 MT - 250,000 MT 150,000 MT

Initial agricultural projects under PPP: Food Supply Chain Postharvest Facilities Rice processing and trading centers Irrigation, hydro-electric and other multi-purpose facilities

Philippines Rice Export Potential

The government is hopeful that the envisioned self-sufficiency in rice will be realized in one (1) to two (2) years time. Beyond 2013, the aim is to strengthen national resilience in staples production to impacts of climate change. If the 2013 rice production target will be attained, the country may well be self-sufficient. Production surpluses are projected beyond 2013 and such may have potential for the export market. The Department of Agriculture is initially embarking in the exportation of organically grown, aromatic, colored, heirloom or traditional rice varieties in limited volume. The country has already exported a total of 106.55 MT of premium and organic black rice varieties to the following countries:

Singapore Dubai Kuwait & Hong Kong Germany, Hong Kong, Canada & Netherlands

45 MT 35 MT 15 MT 11.55 MT

Thank you!!!