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Update on ISO Cleanroom Standards 14644 & 14698


Conor Murray Chairman - Irish Cleanroom Society Head of Delegation for Ireland at ISO TC 209

Conor Murray Bio


Conor Murray, an Engineer by profession is an independent Technical Expert on GMP Cleanrooms and Biosafety Labs Conor is a founder member and Chairman of the Irish Cleanroom Society, (ICS). Conor is a past Chairman of the ICCCS, (International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies) and currently Chairman of the ICEB, (International Cleanroom Education Board) Conor is Head of Delegation for Ireland representing the NSAI at ISO TC 209 and is on WG 01 & WG 02 Conor is Convener of Sub Group 13, (Cleanrooms) on the Health Care Standards Consultative (HCSC) committee Conor's particular areas of expertise include Green and Energy Efficient Modular Design, Lifecycle Sustainability, Process Integration, RABS and Fast Track Clean Build Construction

Presentation Content
Irish Cleanroom Society ISO 14644 & 14698 Overview ISO DIS 14644 -1 & -2:2011 WG 01 14698 -1 & -2:2003 WG 02

Irish Cleanroom Society


www.cleanrooms-ireland.ie

Irish Cleanroom Society


The Irish Cleanroom Society (ICS) is a not for profit membership subscription based organisation formed in 1998 to represent cleanroom professionals in Ireland The ICS is affiliated to the International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies (ICCCS) The primary focus is to promote best practice knowledge and skills, understanding and harmonisation of cleanroom and contamination control technology and standards among users and professionals in Life Sciences, Healthcare, Food, Microelectronics and Micromanufacturing

ICS Objectives
Promote the development of cleanroom and contamination control technologies throughout Ireland Heighten the awareness of cleanroom and contamination control technology among all users inc industry, educational, institutional establishments, government bodies & the public Assist in the standardisation and harmonisation of cleanroom and contamination control Organise seminars, exhibitions and peer to peer forum workshops for the dissemination of knowledge & experience gained in cleanroom and contamination control technology Represent Ireland on the international stage

ICS & Education


Education and Training are at the core of ICS activities The ICS has been a major contributor to the CTCB-I (Cleanroom Testing and Certification Board International) since its inauguration in 2002 and has provided nearly 20 Cleanroom Technology and Testing courses with over 200 candidates from Ireland and around the world Since 2005 the ICS has helped lead the ICEB initiative of the ICCCS to accredit, harmonise & licence cleanroom training courses across national cleanroom societies with the emphasis on certification through examination

ICS on the International Stage


The ICS represents Ireland at international level on ISO TC 209 for cleanroom standarisation where Ireland is a voting member Conor Murray is Head of Delegation for Ireland & a subject matter expert on the TC & a number of WGs The ICS is an active member of the ICCCS, International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies ICS an active member of the International Cleanroom Education Board (ICEB) Ireland hosted the 21st biennial symposium in 2008

ICS Linkages in Ireland


The National Standards Authority of Ireland are the Irish representative body in CEN and ISO Standards organisations Their Health Care Standards Consultative (HCSC) committee has established a subcommittee, SC 13 concerning cleanrooms The Irish Cleanroom Society play a leading part in this. Conor Murray is Convener of SC 13 and represents Ireland at ISO TC 209 concerning Cleanrooms and associated controlled environments The ICS works closely with FAS on cleanroom training and up skilling

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ICS Initiatives - Education


International Cleanroom Education Board (ICEB) Part of International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies (ICCCS) Set up in 2007 ICS playing a significant leadership role internationally CTCB-I initiative set up with S2C2 in 2001 CTCB-I now includes Scandinavian Countries (R3) of Norway, Sweden and Denmark & The Netherlands (VCCN) Capturing interest from the US, Baltic, Far East, South Africa, Egypt

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ICS Initiatives - Education


5 ICEB accredited courses Cleanroom Testing CTCB-I (03 250) Advanced Cleanroom Technology - CTCBi (05 100) Airborne Particle Counting CTCB-I (08 20) Introduction to Cleanrooms - SSE (09 50) Cleanroom Cleaning - FLO (09 40)

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ICS & International Associations

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ICS Initiatives - ISO TC 209


Participation in Working Groups in TC 209 on cleanroom standards WG 01 - revision of ISO 14644 - 1 & 2 Classification by total airborne particles WG 02 - revision of ISO 14698 Biocontamination

(Irish Biocontamination Mirror Group)


WG 03 - revision on ISO 1464 - 3 Metrology

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ICS & ISO TC 209

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ISO 14644 & 14698 - Overview

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ISO 14644 & 14698 Standards


ISO Document ISO-14644-1 ISO-14644-2 ISO-14644-3 ISO-14644-4 ISO-14644-5 ISO-14644-6 ISO-14644-7 ISO-14644-8 ISO-14698-1 ISO-14698-2 Title Classification of Air Cleanliness - 1999 Testing for Continued Compliance to -1 - 1999 Test Methods & Metrology - 2005 Design, Construction & Start Up Cleanroom Operations Terminology - 2007 Separative Enclosures Classification of Airborne Molecular Contamination - 2007 Biocontamination: General Principles - 2003 Biocontamination: Evaln & Interpretation of Data - 2003 Status
WG01 WG01 WG03

2001 2004
SG06

2004
WG08 WG02 WG02

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ISO 14644 & 14698 Standards


ISO Document ISO-14644-1 ISO-14644-2 ISO-14644-3 ISO-14644-4 ISO-14644-5 ISO-14644-6 ISO-14644-7 ISO-14644-8 ISO-14698-1 ISO-14698-2 Title Classification of Air Cleanliness - 1999 Testing for Continued Compliance to -1 - 1999 Test Methods & Metrology - 2005 Design, Construction & Start Up Cleanroom Operations Terminology - 2007 Separative Enclosures Classification of Airborne Molecular Contamination - 2007 Biocontamination: General Principles - 2003 Biocontamination: Evaln & Interpretation of Data - 2003 2 new standards under development to cover SCP via WG9 & -9 and SCC via WG8 & -10 Status
WG01 WG01 WG03

2001 2004
SG06

2004
WG08 WG02 WG02

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ISO 14644 TD Proposal


Deals with the role of an ISO 14644 Technical Document as an Overview, Introduction, Explanation and Context in dealing with updates and changes to ISO 14644 & ISO 14698 re airborne and surface cleanliness classification by total particles, viable, chemical and nano particles
Approved in Milan 2011- to be presented to ISO TC 209 in Zurich, September 2012

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ISO 14644 Issues


Historical development and focus on Airborne Particles New standards deal with surfaces, chemicals and nanoparticles Need backward compatibility Where to put the history, context, perspective, objectives, usage & application notes

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ISO 14644 Issues


Existing definition of cleanroom relates to airborne particles ie total particle concentration in air New definition needs to address the concept of a controlled environment where the control could be total particles, viables or chemicals in air and/or on a surface

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ISO 14664/ 14698 Structure


Total Particles Airborne Surface ACP SCP Viable Biocontamination ACV SCV Chemical ACC SCC Nanoparticles ACN ? SCN ?

Total Particles Airborne Surface 14644-1 14644-9

Viable Biocontamination 14698-1 14698-2 14698-1 14698-2

Chemical 14644-8 14644-10

Nanoparticles 14644-? 14644-?

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ISO Support Standards


Standard 14644-2 14644-3 14644-4 14644-5 14644-6 14644-7 14698-? Existing Testing for Ongoing Compliance to 14644-1 Test Methods Design, Construction & Startup Operations Terminology Separative Devices New Testing for Ongoing Compliance to 14644-1 Supporting Test Methods Design, Construction & Startup Operations Terminology Separative Devices Supporting ?

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ISO DIS 14644 -1 & - 2

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ISO DIS 14644 -1 & -2


Apply good science and statistics Remove confusion and inconsistencies Simplify terms Use more precision Use a Table for Classification instead of the universal formula

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ISO DIS 14644 -1 Copenhagen


DIS Vote May 11 unanimous but > 200 comments Differences over no of samples for confidence level and maximum area to determine classification Differences over method of selection of sample locations, application of statistics random selection Differences over treatment of 5 micron particles Differences over normative use of ISO 21501-4

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ISO DIS 14644 -2 Copenhagen


DIS Vote May 11 unanimous Decided to remove classification and keep to Periodic Testing & Monitoring Agreed that Classification and Periodic Testing are NOT the same amount of testing Differences over inclusion of Differential Pressure

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ISO 14698 -1 & -2:2003 - Biocontamination WG 02

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ISO 14698 -1 & -2: 2003

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ISO 14698 Issues


ISO 14698 not in line with ISO 14644 No Tables of Classification Not up to date with Risk Assessment & Risk Management techniques (eg ICH Q9 QRM) No Check Lists of Things to Consider Not up to date with technology advances in Rapid Microbiological Methods (RMM) & Instantaneous Microbiological Detection (IMD) (eg ATP, Bioluminescence)

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ISO 14698 Issues


Cannot Monitor a process into Control Not enough clarity on differences, issues and guidance on Aseptic vs Non Sterile applications Not enough guidance on Airborne vs Surface biocontamination risks and control Overall seen as not easy to read & use

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ISO TC 209 Preliminary Work Items WG02


IS O/T C 2 09 N 187 Re so lution s from ISO/ TC 20 9 M ee ting 9-10 No v em be r 2007

R sol utio ns de l' IS O / T C 20 9 (1 9 m e ru nion, 9 et 1 0 Nov e mbr e 2 00 7)


Re so lution 1 IS O/T C 209 reso lv es th at W G 2 co m m ence s w ork on thes e tw o doc um ents : a. C lassi fication of airb orne bi oc onta m inatio n in c leanroo m s, inc luding m etho ds of m eas ure m ent a nd their v alida tion. b. C lassi fication of s urf ace bioc ontam inatio n in c le anroo m s, including m ethod s of m eas ure m ent a nd their v alida tion. At t he appropriat e time during the de velopm ent of these docu m ents, t he position of IS O 14 698 Parts 1 a nd 2 sh ould b e cons idered, as w ell as a Risk M anage m ent St andard. (All in fa vor)

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ISO Standard Principles


ISO Standards are NOT industry specific Birds Eye view from 25,000 feet Normative (Must do) & Informative (Should do) Based on good science with clear and independent guidance Short & concise, easy to read & use Check Lists, flow charts, suggested methods, options on best practice methods, choices, examples.

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ISO Working Group Principles


Working Group is a team of international experts nominated by each member country Terms of reference set by TC 209 Duration varies but typically 2 - 5 years Act as Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) in their field

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ISO Working Group Principles


Capture best science and international expertise Get all the toys on the table and play with them Everything on the table Open dialogue encouraged until the end Let good science prevail

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ISO 14698 Challenges - Limitations of Quantitation


Current measurement technologies limited to orders of magnitude resolution, especially in low density populations Species recovered using these technologies limited due to incubation methodology (inc media, temperature, pH, aerobic/anerobic, etc.) Environmental microbiologists recent research indicate that some species are inter-dependant & one species will not culture successfully without the presence of the other

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ISO 14698 Challenges - Diversity of People


People are the greatest source of biocontamination Unpredictability and uncertainty of Human behaviour 80% of the species found in the human upper respiratory tract cannot be recovered

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ISO 14698 Challenges - Issues in clean spaces


Below limit of resolution for current technologies i.e. 1 cfu recovered may be indicative of 1cfu or perhaps >10cfu, impossible to accurately and repeatably determine Risk of false positives high due to likelihood of accidental contamination during collection and incubation

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ISO 14698 Challenges - Process/ Application Specific


In some cases, all species are considered harmful In some cases there is background counts of cfu of species considered normal and nonharmful In some cases, some species are considered objectionable and are not tolerated at all

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Aseptic Processing - 5m Particles & EU GMPs


In Grade A and B zones, the monitoring of the 5.0 m particle concentration count takes on a particular significance as it is an important diagnostic tool for early detection of failure. ... consecutive or regular counting of low levels (of 5.0 m) is an indicator of a possible contamination event and should be investigated. Particles 5.0 m could be skin particles carrying biocontamination

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ISO 14698 - Proposed New Structure

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New ISO 14698 Flowchart

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New ISO 14698 Flowchart

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New ISO 14698 Flowchart

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Proposed New ISO 14698 -1 - Establishing Control


Risk Analysis/ Assessment Risk Management Establishing (Risk) Control

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ISO 14698 - Establishing Control Step 1


Identify typical, non-harmful species - typical in cleanroom - not harmful to product or application/customer Identify objectionable species - atypical in cleanroom - harmful to product and/or harmful to customer

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ISO 14698 -Establishing Control Step 2


For normal, non-harmful: - establish typical background counts, e.g. <10cfu - establish acceptable incidence of higher than normal counts, where maximum limit is defined - anything above incidence rate or maximum triggers investigation

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ISO 14698 - Establishing Control Step 3


For Objectionable: - establish acceptable incidence, including maximum number process will tolerate - anything above incidence rate or maximum triggers investigation

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ISO 14698 - Establishing Control Step 4


Classify your process/cleanroom: Normal, non-harmful - species - by background counts - by acceptable incidence of higher than normal (maximum limit is defined) Objectionable - establish acceptable incidence, including maximum number process will tolerate per incidence

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ISO 14698 - Airborne Classification


Class *Airborne limit In Operation cfu/m3

ACVx 1 ACVx 2 ACVx 3 ACVx 4

<10# < 100 < 1000 < 10000

1. *Combined with an appropriate incidence rate 2. x is the species of interest 3. # still under discussion (added error by air collection method) 4. Intermediate classes are permitted, eg SVCx 3,5

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ISO 14698 - Surface Classification


Surface Contamination Class (SCV) SVCx 1 SVCx 2 SVC x3 SVCx 4 SVC x5 *Surface Count Limit (CFU) Sampled Area

<4 <40 <40 <300 >300

1 m2 1 m2 1 cm2 1 cm2 1 cm2

1. Numbersareopenforfurtherdiscussion 2. *Combinedwithanappropriateincidencerate 3. x isthespeciesofinterest 4. Intermediateclassesarepermitted,egSVCx3,5

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ISO 14698 - WG 02
Next meeting Zurich Sept 2012 New Work Item Proposal (NWIP) Formal Vote required for approval ISO timetable of CD, DIS FDIS, & IS over 3 years

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Thank You for Your Attention