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PETROLEUM PROCESSING AND PETROCHEMICALS

2001 8

32 8

MIP

( , 100083)

, ,

, , :
, ,
12. 4 , 6 , RON MON
1. 3 , ( ) 15% ,
:

20 ,

, ;

,
(

, , ,
, (

0. 08%

) ,

80% ,

( ) 40% ~ 65% ,

,
,

( )

( )

40% , ( )

2. 5% ,

35% ,

,
MIP[ 1] ( Maximizing Iso-Paraffins)

,
, ,
[ 2]

1,

: 2000-12-04; : 2001-01-11
: , 1987
,

2001

32

, ;

( 1 ) ,

, ,

, ,

; ,
, ,

1 1
, ,

, ,

,
;

2 ( 2 )

n-C 10H 22

n-C 7H 16 + C3H 6

i- C 8H 16

lgK E( )

4C 6H 12

510

2. 04

2. 46

2i-C 4H 8

1. 68

2. 10

3C6 H14 + C 6H 6

12. 44

11. 09

11. 22

10. 35

0. 32

0. 25

C 6H 12 + 3i-C5- H 10

3C 5H 12 + C 6H 6

1-C 4H 8

1-C 4H 8+ i- C 4H 10

i-2-C 4H 8

1-C 4H 8

454

i- C 4H 8

( 510
527

)/

kJ mol- 1
33 812

2. 23

35 514
- 115 713
- 77 278

0. 09

- 5 142

0. 236

i-C8 H18

- 3. 3

2 , 2 ,

, ,

,
,
,
,

,
, ,

,
,

, ;
,

RAG- 1
,

, ,

2 ,

, ,

3
,
2 ,

,
37% ,

. MIP

3. 54% 5. 88% ,
,

500

530

/ h- 1

10

78

3. 58

2. 95

22. 59

28. 08

47. 82

40. 63

3 ,
1. 95% , 98% ,

11. 99

11. 69

87. 43% ,

6. 02

8. 58

8. 00

7. 64

33. 10% , 26. 75% , 26. 46% ,


, 15. 00 ,

)/%

0. 43

8. 08

8. 21

9. 08

6. 44

4. 69

1. 53

4. 18

RON

90. 2

93. 7

MON

79. 3

81. 2

30. 04

25. 99

25. 55

49. 20

37. 67

18. 71

5. 88

3. 54

31. 79

15. 17

6. 74

6. 10

)/%

450

24. 25 ,

, , 2
,
,

[ 3] :

2 ( 3 ) ,
,

0. 45

, ,
, ,

6. 36

87. 43

3. 82

0. 21

1. 50

0. 23

)/%

) /%

26. 75( 18. 67)

26. 46( 50. 71)

38. 69( 23. 09)

5. 59( 4. 99)

33. 10( 18. 10)

8. 10( 7. 53)

49. 20% 25. 55% ;


15. 17% 31. 79% ,

2001

32

4, MIP

[ 4]

4 , MIP FCC

, ,

71. 54% 68. 17%

,
; ,

, 3. 08%
2. 97% 6. 47% 6. 17% ;

22. 02% 21. 69% , ;

, ,

16. 92% 15. 33% , 45. 07%

43. 70% , ;

6. 44% 10. 14% , ; (

,
5 MIP FCC

+ ) 67. 09% 65. 39% ,

MIP
, FCC
4

MIP

4 , MIP

( + + ) 84. 01%
80. 72% , ,

FCC

, 27. 2% , FCC
39. 6% 12. 4 , (

)/%

3. 08

2. 97

16. 92

15. 33

) 6. 4 , 6
; 24. 5% , FCC

45. 07

43. 70

32. 78% 8. 28

22. 02

21. 69

15. 0% , , MON

6. 44

10. 14

6. 47

6. 17

1. 3, RON , MIP

/ %

71. 54

68. 17

( + ) / %

67. 09

65. 39

( + + ) / %

84. 01

80. 72

,
,

0. 761 4

0. 759 7

1 129

1 329

; ; FCC

42

16

( ) / %

86. 96

86. 52

MIP ; MIP

( ) / %

12. 92

12. 95

1. 1

1. 8

> 1 000

572

( 20

) / g cm - 3
- 1

( ) / g g

( ) / g g- 1

/ gI ( 100g) - 1
/ min

FCC
MIP

,
6
,
,

MON

79. 8

78. 5

RON

91. 7

91. 7

28. 94

25. 43

8. 42

9. 5

24. 5

32. 78

37. 56

31. 52

41. 6

35. 2

27. 2

39. 6

31. 2

25. 2

) /%

, ,
,
MIP,
, ,
,

( ) / %

LV-23;

1 .

. MIP

. , CN 1232069A. 1999

1237477A. 1999

Julius Scherzer. Octane-Enhancing, Zeolitic FCC Catalysts: Scientifi c

. . , CN

and Technical A spects. Cat al Rev- Sci Eng, 1989, 31( 3) : 215~ 354

4 .
. , CN 1245202A. 1999

A MODIFIED FCC PROCESS MIP FOR MAXIMIZING


ISO- PARAFFINS IN CRACKED NAPHTHA
Xu Youhao, Zhang Jiushun, Long Jun
( Research I nstitute of Petroleum Processing , Beij ing 100083)

Abstract

A concept of two different reaction zones was proposed based on the FCC react ion mechanism

and verified by the experimental results of a fixed- fluidized bed reactor. The concept was used to design a novel reactor
with corresponded operation measures. Further experiments were conducted on the newly designed pilot plant riser reactor. In comparison with the conventional FCC at similar condit ions, the pilot plant results showed that the olefin content in the cracked naphtha dropped by 12% and both of iso- paraffin and aromatics increased by about 6v% , and its
MON increased by 1. 3 unit with RON unchanged. The cracked naphtha had a longer induct ion period and its sulfur
content decreased by 15% .
Key Words: catalytic cracking; riser reactor; react ion mechanism; gasoline stock; olefin

, ,
( 3) : 12 5

4 ,
, ,

, 3
, ,

270kt/ a
2000 12 ,2000 12 31

44. 15% , 18. 15% ,


7. 5 , 95. 84%

189kt/ a 1993 9

, 20kt/ a MTBE
MTBE
1997 70kt/ a ,

BF3

BF3 ,

270kt/ a:
( 1) : ADV

69 ,

, ,

59
69 , 75 ,

( 2) :
,
,
Triconex TS3000

, 5 000t
, ,
, , ,
500t ,
,