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Agilent E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform for GSM and GPRS

Data Sheet

The Agilent Technologies E6474A Network Optimization Platform is a scalable, integrated, air interface measurement system. This system is used to support integration and maintenance of networks, obtaining comprehensive call performance and quantifying the end-users experience for both voice and data. The system includes extensive GSM and GPRS measurements as described in this document. Depending on the selected hardware options, the E6474A system can make measurements on E-GSM900, GSM850, DCS1800, PCS1900, dual-band GSM/PCS1900 or dual-band GSM/DCS networks. A PC interfaces to a maximum of four test mobile phones (or two phones for simultaneous data and trace measurements). System software controls the phones to make and record userselected GPRS and GSM measurements and phone messaging. GSM/GPRS measurements from Sagem's range of test mobiles and Motorola's T720i / T280i are supported on the E6474A platform. The Agilent GSM digital receiver or third-party scanner can be used in conjunction with the E6474A allowing correlation of RF measurements and phone measurements. A GPS receiver, which is integral to the Agilent receivers, may be used to obtain positioning information that is collated with the measurement results. The system can also be configured for use with a pen-tablet computer for indoor measurements without GPS. Logged data can be exported to mapping software for analysis.

About this document

This document gives detailed information on the features accessible on the E6474A GSM and GPRS drive test system and associated software and hardware options. Wireless data measurements are fundamental in the verification of the technologys end-to-end performance within a GPRS network; this capability is enabled through E6474A-700 and E6474A-710. Additional details are provided in the Agilent Wireless Data Measurement data sheet, literature number 5988-1507EN. System software The E6474A system software is a user-friendly Microsoft Windows-based application designed to reside on a laptop. It is scalable and provides flexible measurement capabilities. Through a selection of licensing options it is possible to configure the software to provide GSM and GPRS phone-based measurements, GSM receiver-based measurements and IP/application layer data measurements. With the multiple phone measurements license it is possible for the system to control up to four test mobile phones simultaneously (two for simultaneous data and trace). It is possible to expand your system at any time by adding software licenses or hardware to the base product. Multiple measurements can be made simultaneously. All the measurements can be displayed in real-time and logged to a database. Indoor measurement capability, without the need for GPS navigation, can be added by selecting the indoor measurements software license option. Refer to the E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform configuration guide, literature number 5988-2396EN, for detailed option information.

GSM and GPRS overview

E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform GSM and GPRS options

E6474A-200 GSM phone measurement software license E6474A-210 GSM receiver/ scanner measurement software license E6474A-220 GSM receiver/scanner and phone measurement software license E6474A-230 GSM TechTool phone measurement software license E6474A-250 GAIT phone measurement license E6474A-270 GSM receiver/scanner and GAIT phone measurement software license E6474A-600 GSM/GPRS phone measurement software license E6474A-620 Combined GSM receiver & GSM/GPRS phone measurement software license E6474A-010 Multiple test mobile software license E6474A-030 Indoor measurement capability software license E6474A-700 Data measurement software license E6474A-710 Data measurement server software license E6474A-090 E6474A software - CD only, no license key provided (E74xx to E6474A upgrade) E6474A-259 GSM850 System Kit E6474A-609 GSM/GPRS System Kit The system software has phone measurement ability for a single test mobile phone, enabled with software license E6474-200 or -220 (for GSM only) or with software license E6474A-600 or -620 (for GSM and GPRS). If multiple phone control is required for benchmarking with two or more networks, E6474A-010, multiple phone control software license, must also be ordered. A number of different views are available from the view menu to enable the display of measured or calculated data. The views should be arranged within the main window before starting a data collection test, although they can be opened and closed during a test. This section gives details of the views associated with: GSM phone measurements GPRS phone measurements Phone message logging GSM receiver measurements Common platform measurement features will be discussed in a subsequent section.

Measurement software

GSM/GPRS measurement views

GSM phone measurements


The following views are available for all supported frequencies using either the GSM or the GPRS tracking phones. GSM Properties setup GSM Channel Change Monitor view GSM Signal view GSM Signal Parameters view Neighboring Cells view AMR View (Motorola mobile only) These views display subsets of the following GSM parameters:GSM Parameter Mobile State Channel BSIC MCC LAC Cell ID MNC TCH Description Displays mobiles service state (No Service, Dedicated or Idle) Displays the broadcast channel in use on the serving cell. Indicates the serving cell base station identity code (BSIC). Displays the Mobile Country Code Displays the Location Area Code. This value is displayed in decimal units. Displays a unique hexadecimal number assigned to the serving cell. This value is displayed in decimal units. Displays the Mobile Network Code. Displays the unique TCH channel number(s) being used by the phone during a call. When hopping is used during a call, this text box is empty, and all TCH channels display in the Hopping list. Indicates the power being used for transmission by the phone. This is a value from 0-31. Displays the service signal strength (dBm) measured over a full set of traffic and SACCH frames. Displays the service signal strength (dBm) measured over a sub set of 4 SACCH and 8 SID (Silence Descriptor) frames. Displays the service signal quality. This will be a value from 0-7 measured over a full set of traffic and SACCH frames. Displays the service signal quality. This will be a value from 0-7 measured over a full set of traffic and SACCH frames. Displays the discontinuous transmission state. This can be ON or OFF Frame Erasure Rate. The percentage of lost or bad speech frames. This field is not displayed if the attached mobile does not support frame erasure measurements. The FER range is 0 to 100%. Note: Motorola phones only support FER if AMR mode is enabled. Displays the timing advance being used during a call. This is given in bit periods and can have a value from 0-63. Displays the timeslot being used by the network during a call. This can be a value from 0-7. Displays the logical channel type used Displays the actual and network assigned downlink signaling flag counter. Radio Link Timeout Counter. The initial display being the maximum value as defined by the network. This displays the actual and maximum values. Displays type of frequency hopping used Displays the Mobile Allocation Index Offset value Displays the Hopping Sequence Number Display number of hops made during a call This list contains the available hopping channels for the GSM network. The list is passed from the network to the phone.

Tx Level RxLev (F) RxLev (S) RxQual (F) RxQual (S) DTX FER

TA TSlot Type of channel DSF RLT

Hopping MAIO HSN Hops Hopping List

C1 C2

Mobile reported path loss criterion parameter, used for cell selection and reselection Reselection criterion parameter. C2 is a function of C1 and is used in cell reselection only

A custom view is also available enabling users to constuct multiple views displaying user selected parameters. Up to 40 parameters can be selected per custom view. The control and measurements covered by each of the views are detailed below: GSM Properties setup The data collection options are selected using the GSM Properties dialog box and are required to be configured for each mobile connected to the system. It contains multiple tabbed pages, which enable the user to select data collection options (properties) for the mobile device. GSM Channel Change Monitor view The GSM Channel Change Monitor view displays the signal parameters before and after a handover. The Handover Form and Cause, Traffic Channels 1 and 2, Power Class, and the BCCH for neighbors 1 through 6 are displayed, as detailed below: Form Cause (Handover Causes) LAC C1 C2 BCCH BSIC Cell ID DTX RxLev (full) RxQual (full) Hop MAIO HSN Time Slot T Ch1 T Ch2 TxPower TA PWRC FER

Note: This view is available with Sagem measurements only.

GSM Signal parameters view The following measurements are displayed in this view: Cell LAI TCH Hopping list RsLev full RxLev sub DTX RxQual full C1 C2 DSF (actual\max) RLT (actual\max) TxPower Timing Advance

The user can optionally select Channel Number or Cellsite Name for display. A cellsite database is required in order to display cellsite names. GSM Signal view The following measurements are displayed in this view: Mobile State Mobile Measurements Serving Cell: TCH BCCH Tx Level BSIC RxLev (F) MCC RxLev (S) LAC RxQual (F) Cell ID RxQual (S) MNC DTX FER TA TSlot Type of channel DSF RLT

Frequency Hopping: Hopping MAIO HSN Hops Hopping List

Neighboring Cells view The following parameters for the current serving cell and six neighboring cells are displayed as text: BCCH and BSIC RxLev in dBm C1 C2 The values of the following parameters are displayed graphically FER RxQual RxLev (for the current serving cell and six neighboring cells)

Motorola T720 AMR Measurements View The following AMR (Adaptive Multi-rate) related measurements are displayed in this view, these measurements are not available from the Sagem test mobiles:C/I Is the Carrier to Interference Ratio as reported by the mobile. The mobile measures the C and I, burst by burst , in counts of 10 and it is reported every 200m. The Frame Erasure Rate based on SACCH and TCH (Speech, FACCH, RATSACCH, SID or SID update) blocks. The Frame Erasure Rate is based on SACCH block and all SID_UPDATE frames for both Half and Full Rate operation. Indicates the Codec Mode in use on the D/L. Shows the Codec Mode Command sent on the D/L. indicates the Codec Mode Indicator to be sent on the next Uplink Frame. Shows the Codec Mode Request to be sent on the next Uplink Frame. Shows the Adaptive Multi-rate speech version. The Initial Codec Mode Indicator is used to identify which Codec Mode to use when starting an AMR Voice Call. Indicates which Codec mode to commence the AMR Voice call. Indicates the Set of codec (ACSActive Codec Set) modes that are available for the phone to use during the AMR Voice call. Threshold levels to be used by the phone in the decision making process of the AMR call as to when to change codec modes. Hysteresis values used along side the thresholds to prevent undesirable fast switching of the codecs in use along with a settling time.

FER (Full) FER (SUB) CMI (Downlink) CMC (Downlink) CMI(Uplink) CMR (Uplink) MS Version IMCI Start Mode Active Codec Modes Bitmap Threshold 1 to 3 Hysteresis 1 to 3

GPRS phone measurements


The E6474A system extracts measurement parameters from the GPRS tracking phone. The following GPRS specific views display these measurements and are available for all supported frequencies. GPRS QoS Info GPRS RLC / MAC Info GPRS Misc Info PBCCH views The measurements covered by each of the views are detailed below: GPRS QOS View GMM Service State

Displays the GPRS mobility state. Values displayed are Stand By, Ready, Idle, No Service Displays the state of the MS during the GPRS connection and call. Values displayed are; Not GPRS Attached, GPRS while IMSI attached, GPRS Only attached, Combined GPRS Attached Displays the data throughput when TBF is open. This value is calculated, over a one second window, from the RLC ACK/N-ACK on the blocks of data sent and received. The calculation includes retransmission and header bits. Displays the mobile calculated retransmitted blocks on the uplink and downlink. Measurements are made when TBF is open and are calculated over a 1 second period Displays the total number of blocks transmitted during a call

Attach State

RLC Information RLC/MAC UL & DL Data Throughput (kb/s) current and maximum

UL & DL Retransmitted Block Rate (%)

UL & DL Total Block Transmitted

Downlink Block Error Rate (%) LLC Information: LLC UL & DL Data Throughput (kb/s)

Displays the percentage block error rate for RLC. The values shown are a percentage of the blocks sent on the downlink with bad CRC over the reporting period Displays the data throughput. This value is calculated from the RLC ACK/N-ACK on the blocks of data sent and received. This calculation does not include the LLC header bits and retransmissions are not taken into account when in LLC Acknowledge mode. Displays the re-transmitted frame rate. The GPRS phones report this value only when the phone is operating in LLC acknowledge mode. Displays the total number of frames transmitted during a call

UL & DL Retransmitted Frame Rate (%)

UL & DL Total Frames Transmitted

GPRS RLC MAC Information View MS GPRS Class* Displays the multislot class being used by the mobile during a call. Refers to timeslots that are available for Downlinks + Uplink . RLC Mode Display the RLC mode during a call. C Value (dBm) Displays the received average carrier level. RxQual Displays the service signal quality on the GPRS downlink. This is a value from 0-7 measured over a full set of traffic and SACCH frames. MS O/P Pwr Indicates the power being used for transmission by the phone. This is a value from 0-31. Sign Var (dB) * Displays the signal variance parameter SIGN_VAR calculated by the mobile station. High values may lead to poor data connections.

Alloc Mode *

Displays the type of timeslot allocation being used (Dynamic, Fixed or No Allocation) Access Burst Displays the type of burst allocated by the network. Values shown are 8 bit or 11 bit. This is part of the SYSINFO13 message passed during the RACH onto the network. Pwr Cntl Channel Displays the power control measurements being performed on this channel. NCO (Network Control Order) Displays the network cell selection process used. Cntl Ack Type Displays the packet control acknowledge format being used. Split PG cycle Displays the power control types used during a call. PrAccessThld Priority Access Threshold - Displays the packet access priority level allocated by the network. RLC/MAC uplink and downlink information: TBF * Displays the temporary block flow (TBF) status for Uplink and Downlink. When the TBF is OPEN, the block frame is being transmitted. TFI Displays the temporary flow identifier (TFI) indicator for the Uplink and downlink. TFI is valid when the TBF is OPEN Timeslot Allocation Represents the timeslots being used for the Uplink and Downlink. Coding Scheme Displays the coding scheme being used for the Uplink and Downlink. * Note: These parameters are not available from the Motorola mobile.

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GPRS Miscellaneous Information View GMM Information: GMM Service State * Attach State P-TMSI TLLI *

RAC MNC LAC MCC NMO T3314 LLC Information: LLC Mode LLC SAPI Ciphering Algorithm: Ciphering Key Kc Seq. No

Displays the service state of the GMM service (Stand By, Ready, Idle or No Service) Displays the state of the MS during the GPRS connection and call. Displays the packet TMSI for the current cell being used by the mobile. This displays the temporary logical link layer identifier. The TLLI is only available in the first three uplink RLC data blocks. Displays the routing area code. Displays the mobile network code. Displays the location area code being used by the serving cell. Displays the mobile country code. Displays the network mode of operation. Displays the GMM ready timer (in seconds). Displays the acknowledge mode for each PDP context. (Ack or UnAck). Displays the SAPI value for each PDP context the LLC SAPI has used. Displays the algorithm used during a call. Displays the ciphering key (Kc) value used during a call. This value is displayed in an eight-bit hex format. Displays the allocated encryption sequence number.

SM/SNDCP Information: SM State Displays the connection state (PDP Inactive, PDP Active Pending, PDP Inactive Pending or PDP Active) SNDCP Compression * Displays the compression type being used. IP Address Displays the network allocated IP address for your mobile device. NSAPI Network Service Access Point Identifier. Reliability Class Displays the negotiated reliability class for the current session. Prec. Class Precedence Class - Displays the negotiated Precedence class for the current session. Radio Priority Displays the radio priority allocated by the network. Delay Class Displays the negotiated Delay class for the current session. Mean Tput: Displays the network negotiated throughput. Values are displayed in bytes per hour. Peak Tput Displays the network negotiated peak throughput. Values are displayed in bytes per hour. * Note: These parameters are not available from the Motorola mobile.

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GPRS PBCCH Measurement Views

Phone-based measurements that are specific to the GPRS Packet Broadcast Channel attributes are displayed via three Views supplied with the E6474A software platform:

PBCCH - Serving Cell View PBCCH Neighbor Cells View PBCCH - Packet Mode Information View The measurements associated with these views are described below and are only applicable through the use of a PBCCH capable mobile and network. Agilents E6474A Network Optimization Platform supports Sagems OT190 and OT199 PBCCH capable test mobile handsets. PBCCH - Serving Cell View This view displays information about the active serving cell and associated cell reselection criteria measurements. The following parameters are available on this view: Serving Cell: ARFCN MNC Cell Reselection: RA Reselect Hyst (dB) C31 C31 Hyst RxLev Access Min (dBm) HCS Serving Cell: HCS Threshold (dBm) PBCCH Channel: Timeslot PSI Count LR PSI1 Repeat Period
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MCC BSIC

Cell ID LAC

Cell Reselect Hyst (dB) C32 C32 Qual MS TxPwr Max (dBm) Priority Class Channel PSI Count HR

PBCCH - Neighbor Cells View This view displays information about the top six neighbor cell power and their cell reselection measurements. The following parameters are available on this view: Serving Cell: ARFCN Neighbor Cells: BCCH PSI1 Repeat Period Reselect Offset (dB) Temporary Offset (dB) Rx Level (dBm) Rx Level (dBm) PBCCH Timeslot Penalty Time (secs)

PBCCH - Packet Mode Information View This view displays packet broadcast channel and related configuration information, when operating in Packet mode. The following parameters are available on this view: PBCCH Channel & PCCCH Channel: Hopping ARFCN TSN MAIO Hopping List General Information: BCCH Mode Timeslot HSN

PRACH Parameters: Retransmission counter Persistence Level TX_INT (slots) S Max retrans per Radio Priority [1-4] Configuration BS_PCC_CHANS Page Mode Non DRX timer DRX timer MAX BS_PAG_BLKS_RES SPLIT_PG_CYCLE BS_PRACH_BLKS Paging group PCCCH_GROUP

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Data measurement

A significant number of the GPRS measurements shown in the above GPRS phone measurement section are only valid during data transactions. A method of supplying controlled uplink and downlink data to the GPRS mobile is therefore required. Agilent has developed integrated data sequencing and measurement applications which are available under E6474A-700 and -710 as outlined in the "Additional Options" section of this document. For detailed information on the data measurement capabilities, refer to the Agilent Wireless Data Measurement product overview, literature number 5980-2310E and the Agilent Wireless Data Measurement data sheet, literature number 5988-1507EN. The E6474A extracts, decodes and displays the messaging to and from the test mobile. The messages are presented in separate views: GSM Layer 2, GSM Layer 3 and GPRS RLC/MAC. The user has the ability to pause the decode stream and to expand to the next level of decode detail, including the message hex dumps and frame number. Filter control is also provided for Layer 3 messages. The decoded messages can be selected for textual export via the E6474A's export wizard. The three protocol logging views are further discussed below. GSM Layer 2 This view displays the Layer 2 messages as they occur. Individual messages can be decoded while a test is running or being played back by clicking the plus box next to the message. A Pause/Resume control is provided. Additional features are available via the Properties dialog tab, giving the user the ability to change the text font. GSM Layer 3 This view displays the Layer 3 messages as they occur. Individual messages can be decoded while a test is running or being played back by clicking the plus box next to the message. A Pause/Resume control is provided. Additional features are available via the Properties Dialog tab, giving the user the ability to change the text font and color-code of Layer 3 message types. A powerful message filtering capability is provided as well as a message notification feature, where the user can request up to five Layer 3 message types in pop-up views (message boxes) as they occur. Decoded Layer 3 messages can be exported enabling off-line analysis.

Phone Message logging

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GPRS RLC MAC messages


This view displays the GPRS RLC/MAC messages as they occur. Individual messages can be decoded while a test is running or being played back by clicking the plus box next to the message. A Pause/Resume control is provided. Additional features are available via the Properties Dialog tab, giving the user the ability to change the text font.

GAIT Measurements

Software licenses E6474A-250 and -270 give access to three GAIT specific views: GAIT Signal view, GAIT Neighbors view and GAIT Layer 3. The parameters available in these views corespond to the GSM versions with additional information relating to GAIT State. They are designed to assist the user in the transition of TDMA to GSM.

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GSM receiver measurements

The GSM receiver measurement function of the E6474A software is enabled by software E6474A-210, -220, -270 and -620. The receiver component of the E6474A system is capable of measuring E-GSM900, GSM-R, GSM850, DCS1800 and GSM1900 channels, depending on the receiver hardware connected. The measurements are independent of network parameter settings. The following views are available for the Agilent E645xx GSM receivers CW/Channel Power BCH Channel Analyzer Interference Analyzer Spectrum Analyzer

The controls listed below are available for each receiver measurement class: Measurement interval Time Distance Averaging Running Group Measurement interval defines the duration between measurements. This can be specified in terms of time (for example, execute a measurement every 200 milliseconds), or distance (for example, execute a measurement every 10 meters). Receiver measurements covered by each of the views are detailed below.

CW/Channel Power

The E6474A system can measure the peak power (CW power) at user-defined frequencies within a user-defined resolution bandwidth. The system can also measure the total power (channel power) within a user-defined bandwidth at a user-defined set of frequencies. Channel power differs from the CW power measurement in that the total power is integrated across the specified channel width. The user can define the frequencies to be measured in two different ways:

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Frequency entry methods

List: Enter an arbitrary list of frequencies. Trace: Enter a start frequency, step size and count. The system measures at the start frequency, at the (start + step) frequency and lastly at the (start + (count - 1)*step) frequency. For example, if the start frequency is set to 900 MHz, the step size is set to 1 MHz, and the count is set to 4; then measurements are made at 900 MHz, 901 MHz, 902 MHz and 903 MHz. Frequencies can be specified in terms of frequency units or channel number. The CW/Channel Power view has four display modes: Channel Power Trace In this mode, the Channel Power bars are displayed according to the frequency/channel settings in the measurement controls. Channel Power List In this mode, the Channel Power bars are displayed according to the frequencies or channels in the user list in the measurement controls. CW Power Trace In this mode, the CW Power bars are displayed according to the frequency/channel settings in the measurement controls. CW Power List In this mode, the CW Power bars are displayed according to the frequencies or channels in the user list in the measurement controls. Measurement controls Resolution bandwidth (CW Power only) 8.36 kHz to 950 kHz in wideband mode 1.68 kHz to 190 kHz in narrowband mode Frequency Arbitrary list (list) Start / step / count (trace) Channel width (Channel Power only) IF bandwidth 1.25 MHz (wideband mode) 200 kHz (narrowband mode) E-GSM/GSM-R/GSM850 30 kHz to 35 MHz in wideband mode 5 kHz to 35 MHz in narrowband mode DCS1800 30 kHz to 75 MHz in wideband mode 5 kHz to 75 MHz in narrowband mode GSM1900 30 kHz to 60 MHz in wideband mode 5 kHz to 60 MHz in narrowband mode

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BCH Channel Analyzer

The BCH Channel Analyzer view is used to display all of the channels in a selectable frequency range. The start and stop frequency are displayed and selectable. A user list scan capability and a measurement averaging capability are also available. The following measurements can be performed: All BCH Displays the full range of amplitude of all ARFCNs within the specified range. The system measures the power of all GSM channels in the user selected range. The results are displayed as a trace, with one point for each channel. If 20 or fewer channels are found in the range, they are displayed as a bar graph with amplitude versus frequency. Top N Displays the amplitude of N ARFCNs for an all BCH measurement, with the highest powers. The system measures all of the GSM channels in the user selected range and returns the N strongest GSM channels received, where N is a user-defined variable from 1 to 20. The results are displayed in a bar graph of amplitude versus frequency or a line graph of amplitude versus time. If a measured channel is a broadcast channel, the BSIC can be decoded. User list Returns power measurements from a user-defined list of frequencies or channels. There can be up to 40 ARFCN defined in the list. The user inputs or imports a list of up to 40 GSM channels to be measured. The measurements are displayed in a bar graph of amplitude versus frequency or a line graph of amplitude versus time. If a measured channel is a broadcast channel, the BSIC can be decoded. It is also possible to display the highest powers of the top N ARFCNs from this list.

The user list of frequencies can be imported from a text file. This allows regularly used sets of channels to be stored for quick loading into the application.

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Measurement controls Carrier frequency Frequency Channel Measurement types All BCH TopN BCH User list of channels TopN on user list

Display controls Power display (Y-axis parameter) Amplitude in dBm Amplitude in RxLev number Show value (bar graphs only) Power in dBm Power in RxLev BSIC BER Cell name Measurement results GSM carrier power BSIC BER 1

Markers (trace displays only) Multiple markers Delta markers To max function Drag and drop

Interference Analyzer

The Interference Analyzer view measures the power of a serving channel and the upper and lower adjacent channels. Typically, the carrier frequency of the adjacent channel interference measurement is linked to the serving channel of the phone. When the phone is handed-off to a new channel, the adjacent channel interference measurement tunes to the new channel. The Interference Analyzer interference measurement can also be used independently from the phone. A user can define a specific channel to measure along with the associated upper and lower adjacent channels. Adjacent channel interference may arise from other cells/sectors in the network. Two independent adjacent channel interference measurements are provided in a single view. This is intended for two phone configurations. Each adjacent channel interference measurement can be linked to one of the phones.

An estimated BER is calculated based on the number of bit errors in the mid-amble of the synchronization burst.

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Measurement types Adjacent channel measurement The E6474A can make adjacent channel interference measurements. For two user selectable channels, it can return the ratio in dB of the power in each channel to that in the immediately adjacent channels. The measurement can return either the peak power or average power over the eight time slots. Co-channel measurement For a single-user selectable broadcast channel, the E6474A can return the total power in the channel, primary carrier to interference ratio, fading and show a bar graph of symbol delay spread. It can also decode the BSIC of the primary and secondary signals in the channel.2 Measurement controls Measurement types Adjacent channel analysis (average or peak power) Co-channel analysis Co-channel carrier frequency Frequency Channel Adjacent channel carrier frequency (A and B) Frequency Channel Display controls Show value (bar graphs only) Power in dBm Measurement results Adjacent carrier (A) Ratio in dB of power in C / C+1 Ratio in dB of power in C / C-1 Adjacent carrier (B) Ratio in dB of power in C / C+1 Ratio in dB of power in C / C-1 Co-channel Measurement status: No error, No FCH, No SCH, bit errors Total power received in channel in dBm Primary power in dBm of strongest signal path Peak deviation fading in dB from primary power Ratio of primary power / interference in dB (C/I) Primary BSIC: provided C/I > 2 dB Secondary BSIC: provided 2 dB < C/I < 10 dB (typical) Symbol delay spread (multi-path) graph Power in dBm at +/- 1 to 6 symbols offsets

Ability to decode the secondary BSIC is dependent on the received signal characteristics at the instant the measurement is made. Performance is optimal while stationary and will degrade with speed. The primary BSIC and C/I are much less affected by vehicle speed.

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Spectrum Analyzer

The Spectrum Analyzer view is a graph that shows a range of frequencies (or channel numbers) and their power levels. The spectrum display provides the controls listed below. Frequencies can be specified in terms of frequency units or channel number. Measurement controls Frequency, tunable range1 E-GSM900 receiver 880 to 915 MHz (876 to 917) 925 to 960 MHz (921 to 962) GSM-R receiver 876 to 915 MHz (876 to 917) 921 to 960 MHz (921 to 962) GSM850 824 to 849 (820 to 851) 869 to 894 (865 to 896) Frequency, maximum span EGSM900/GSM-R/GSM850 41 MHz DCS1800 85 MHz GSM1900 70 MHz IF bandwidth 1.25 MHz (wideband mode) 200 kHz (narrowband mode Resolution bandwidth 8.36 kHz to 950 kHz (wideband mode) 1.68 kHz to 190 kHz (narrowband mode) Markers Multiple markers Delta markers To max function Drag and drop

DCS1800 receiver 1710 to 1785 MHz (1705 to 1790) 1805 to 1880 MHz (1800 to 1885) GSM1900 receiver 1850 to 1910 MHz (1845 to 1915) 1930 to 1990 MHz (1925 to 1995)

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Spectrum noise floor (characteristic)* Narrowband mode / 300 kHz span Wideband mode / 300 kHz span Narrowband mode / 25 MHz span Wideband mode / 25 MHz span

Average -139 dBm -131 dBm -130 dBm -125 dBm

Peak -138 dBm -130 dBm -129 dBm -123 dBm

Spectrum measurement allows some out-of-band tuning above and below specified frequency ranges. These extended ranges are shown in paranthesis (). The performance is not specified in these ranges. Characteristic noise floor increase is 2 dB with respect to specified range. Characteristic amplitude accuracy is unchanged with respect to specified range.

E64xx Properties dialog box

The E64xx Properties dialog box is used with Agilent E645xx receivers only. The Properties dialog box enables the user to select which views (measurements) to display and to adjust for the desired parameter characteristics or limits.

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Features common to the E6474A platform

View Management

There are a number of features that are common to the E6474A platform software and that are available in all technologies. These features include the ability to record and playback data sets, export the data to post-processing software packages, display parameters on time charts and route maps and define flexible alerts and alarms, based on user requirements. These features are detailed in this section: View management Cell naming Report generator Call Statistics view GPS Data recording and playback Data export Link editor Measurement Parameters view Custom view Alarms view Time charts Route map view A view management tool is available to enable a reduced number of views to be presented to the drive-test technician. Specific views can be selected or deselected for display. The phone-based measurements and receiver-based broadcast channel analyzer provide cell naming features. The cell naming features are dependent on the user providing a text file database with position and cell configuration information. Where the cell ID is known, for example in the phone serving cell measurement, this is used to correlate with the cell name in the database. Where no cell ID is known, for example in neighbor cell measurements or receiver based measurements, a "best guess" algorithm is implemented. This algorithm makes use of the geographic location, ARFCN and BSIC to attempt to determine which cell from the database is the best match. The format of the cell database is a text file with the following fields: Cell name Longitude Serving ARFCN TCH ARFCN Latitude Cell ID Azimuth A number of Cellsite database formats can be imported, including:- TXT, Agilent StationInfo files, ICS, AXF, BXF, CDB, MDB, HP

Cell naming

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Report generator

The E6474A system provides fast and easy report generation. The Report generator command is available at any time during logging, Live Update mode, or when replaying a data file. All of the active views are captured, and an HTML document is created that contains a screen capture of each active view. Each report includes a header section and a dialog box prompts the user to enter the header information listed below. Smart defaults and persistent information are used (marked *), so minimal text entry is required. There is no limit to the number of reports that can be generated. Header elements: Report title* User name Company Time* Date* Location* defaults to current GPS fix Comments user entered notes Call Statistics are displayed in the Call Stats view. The Call Stats view shows the call termination classifications and counts, and call progress messages. For a system with multiple phones, each device is represented by its own column. Technology (technology of the device) Label (shows device label) Total calls # of good calls # of blocked calls # of dropped calls # of no service calls (shows the total number of calls that could not be placed or completed due to the loss of network service.) # of no communication calls Progress (A message indicating the call progress is displayed in this field) The Agilent E6474A system has the ability to work with several types of GPS interfaces. The system is compatible with the communications protocols listed below. The physical interface is RS-232 with a DB9 connector. Supported GPS navigators include Agilent Direct Connect GPS/DR Navigation, Garmin GPS II Plus and Trimble Placer GPS 455DR. Details of Agilent-supplied navigator hardware is provided in the "Additional Options" section of this document. Compatible protocols TAIP TSIP NMEA The PC clock is synchronised to GPS clock, on selection of Live or Record mode, if a valid GPS device is configured. This synchronization can be disabled.

Call Statistics view


GPS

24

Data recording

The following commands appear on the Log pull-down menu. The commands are also available as buttons on the main tool bar. Command Replay Reverse Replay Slow Replay Fast Replay Fast Reverse Replay Slow Reverse Replay Start Live Mode Start Logging Pause Stop Single Step Mode Single Step Action Start replaying a data file. Play back a data file in reverse (2x to 7x). Reduce the playback speed. (/2 to /7) Increase the playback speed. Increase the reverse playback speed (2x to 7x). Reduce the reverse playback speed. (/2 to /7) Start displaying data. Data is not logged. Initiates a data recording. Pause data collection or replay. Stop data collection or replaying a data file. Pauses replay until Single Step is selected Enables user to step through the database in playback mode when Single Step Mode is activated

Note: All parameters enabled on the mobile or receiver at system setup will be recorded during logging, not only those selected for display. A summary of additional record and playback features is listed below: Pause/resume Survey markers and user notes -- Survey markers and user notes can be entered on the route map during a data collection test. Automatically numbered survey markers -- When enabled, the software automatically adds the following markers when logging: 11 Start of Test 12 Start of Data Collection 13 End of Data Collection 14 End of Test 15 Pause 16 Resume Playback of a database does not require a license key

25

Data export

A number of commercially available post-processing tools can directly read the E6474A SD5 database file. Data can also be exported to comma or TAB delimited ASCII text files. The export function provides flexible filtering and binning capability that defines the specific data to be exported and with what lat/long, datum and time formats, including: Position formats Signed decimal degrees Decimal degrees with direction Deg: min: sec with direction Signed deg: min: sec UTM GPS datums at export The following GPS datums are available for use when exporting the data: WGS 84 (World Geodetic System) OS36 (GB) AGD 86 SAD 69 (Brazil) AGD 84 SAD 69 (Mean) European Tokyo (J6) Hu-Tzu-Shan Tokyo-Korea NAD 27 (North American) WGS 72 (World Geodetic System) NAD 83 (North American) Ireland 1966 This feature allows phone and receiver parameters to be linked to allow common measurement criteria to be tracked on the display. Examples: Link a phones carrier channel to its adjacent channels, provided by the scanner/receiver. The carrier and adjacent channel signal are displayed graphically in the Adjacent Channels view. Note: You can link up to 10 phones with their adjacent channels. Link scanner/receiver channel measurements to phone channels/bands. Link CDMA scanner/receiver PN measurements to the phones PN increment. Link PN scanner measurements to GPS lock conditions. Link phone neighbor lists to scanner/receiver inputs. The Measurement Parameter view is an Explorer-style view of the system devices and their measurement parameters. When a data stream is required for entry into a dialog box, the Measurement Parameters view opens, enabling the user to select a parameter and automatically generate the data stream required. The Measurement Parameters view is initiated by the Alarms view, Time Chart view and Route Map view, as described in the following three sections:

Parameter link editor

Measurement Parameters view

26

Custom View

Custom view gives the user flexibility to create customized views by selecting parameters required and displaying them in a tabular format. Up to 40 parameters can be applied per view and multiple views can be created and saved for reuse. The Alarms view is used to configure alarms that are triggered by parameters received during a test that meet user-defined criteria. Parameters collected as integer values or messages, from connected phones, receivers or GPS navigation hardware, can be used to initiate alarms; these parameters are selected using the Measurement Parameter view. The user can choose any one or all of the following actions to occur on an alarm: A .WAV audio file can play A marker can be written to the database file, and displayed in the Route Map and Time Chart views A pop-up message box can be displayed Measurements can be paused or stopped Each alarm event is also tabulated on the Alarms view as it occurs. Fifty pictorial survey markers are available to depict alarm events within the Chart and Route Map views. Alarms require set-up prior to a database collection in order to enable survey markers during playback. The Alarms view enables the user to create simple or complex conditions to trigger an alarm. The following are examples of how an alarm can be generated: Monitor a single parameter for a single set of criteria. When the criteria are met, an alarm is generated. Monitor a single parameter and logically "AND" up to five sets of criteria. When all sets of criteria are met, an alarm is generated. Monitor several parameters, each with a single set of criteria. Each parameter can generate its own sound when the criteria are met. Monitor several parameters, each with multiple logically "ANDed" sets of criteria. Each parameter can generate its own sound when the criteria are met. Monitor a parameter that is collected as a text message and generate an alarm when the message changes. Configure multiple instances of the Alarms view. Use one for each device. Alarm configurations can be shared using export and import commands from the Alarms
27

Alarms view

view. These alarm configurations are stored as .MSF files. The E6474A software is supplied with over one hundred predefined .MSF files. By default these are stored at C:\Program Files\Agilent Technologies\Shared\Alarms. Some examples of GSM / GPRS specific predefined alarms are shown below: GSM Adj Channel A Interference Alarm.msf GSM BCCH Change Alarm.msf GSM Blocked Call Alarm.msf GSM Low RxLev Sub Alarm.msf GSM Co-Channel Interference Alarm.msf GSM GPRS MM Attach Reject Alarm.msf GSM GPRS SM Request PDP Context Activate Reject Alarm.msf GSM GPRS MM Routing Area Update Reject Alarm.msf The Chart view is used to display measurements using a graphical display. Once configured the user can see measurement information displayed relative to time, in both live and playback modes of operation. Up to 24 user-selected measurements can be displayed simultaneously, as four groups of six parameters. Multiple chart views can be displayed.

Chart view

The user-configurable options are initiated in the Chart view Properties dialog box. General Chart Properties enable selection of: Measurement averaging period, measurement update rate, x-axis (time) span, display/hide markers, display/hide legends and background, border and grid colors. Specific Chart Properties enable selection of: Device and measurement series, y-axis max and min per measurement, chart display on/off, y-axis scale display on/off, Draw method, Fill In Method and plot line colors.

28

Route Map view

The Route Map view shows current position and the route traveled on a map as data is collected. Several layers of information can be displayed, including signal parameters (selected via the Measurement Parameter view), survey markers, and notes. Basestation locations, with site names and sector orientations, can also be plotted on the map when linked to the appropriate cellsite naming database. There are two types of route maps The Route Map, used with a GPS navigator - included with the E6474A platform The Indoor Route Map, used without a GPS navigator - supported by E6474A-030 (indoor measurement software license). The following route map features can be switched on or off: Channel List, Zoom Buttons, Current Position Buttons, Layer Buttons, Indoor Navigation, Map Scale, Compass, Status Bar, Button Bar, and Color Scheme. Layer Menu The following layers are supported by the route map view, the properties of these layers are accessed by right-clicking the associated button: Cellsite - This shows the name and properties associated with the cell. A cellsite database must be selected to show this layer. Map Picture Layer - This shows the selected .bmp map. Street Map Layer - This shows the selected .map or .mif map. Note that TAB files are also supported through conversion to .mif format User Notes - This shows notes that have been entered. Survey Markers - This shows Survey Markers that have been entered. Current Position - This shows current lat/long position. Signal - This shows the color code related to the signal strength attribute and the letter associated with the channel attribute as set-up via the Measurement Parameter view in signal properties. The number of signal buttons available depends on the technology of the tracking phone, to a maximum of three.

29

Route Map Properties This dialog box enables the user to configure a number of route map properties, such as the units of measure (U.S. or metric), the distance represented by one pixel, the background color, and the border characteristics of the Route Map view.

Additional options

This section is designed to give a brief overview of relevant additional options. Please refer to the E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform configuration guide, literature number 5988-2396EN, for comprehensive configuration details. Data measurement software license, E6474A-700 The data measurement capability utilizes a client / server architecture, where the client is the test mobile and laptop combination and the server is a remote computer connected to an IP interface within the network. The data control and measurement user interface resides on the client laptop. The Agilent E6474A system is designed to allow a single server to support several clients. The data measurement sequence controller allows the user to construct flexible transmit and receive data geometries with programmable delays for both UDP and TCP mechanisms. Ping, Trace Route and multiple FTP and http transactions can also be included in the sequence. Full data measurement functionality on both transmit and receive paths (e.g., application throughput, IP throughput, IP bit error rate, data fragmentation and delay) will only be supported with the purchase of both E6474A-700 and -710. E6474A-700 can be used without the Agilent server software E6474A-710. This will enable the sequencing of access to public ftp and http sites enabling the measurement of total bytes downloaded, time to download, and data throughput at the application layer.

Software

30

Data measurement server software license, E6474A-710 The server is the target for the above data measurement option (E6474A-700). It calculates transmit path measurement results, as detailed above, and transmits them together with the requested data pages back to the mobile client for analysis and characterization. E6474A-710 requires the purchase of at least one data measurement software license (E6474A-700) and will support several option 700s. The E6474A-710 software resides on the server and, once installed, can operate unmanned. For detailed information on the data measurement capabilities, refer to the Agilent Wireless Data Measurement product overview, literature number 5980-2310E and the Agilent Wireless Data Measurement data sheet, literature number 5988-1507EN. Multiple phone control, E6474A-010 The Agilent E6474A-010, in addition to either the phone measurement license or the phone and receiver combination license, extends the system to support up to four test mobile phones simultaneously. Use of multiple phones can significantly improve optimization efficiency. Some applications of multiple phone configurations include: Simultaneously evaluate performance on multiple frequencies Execute origination, termination, and dropped call testing simultaneously Execute measurements on your network and competitive networks simultaneously Indoor measurement software license, option 030 Agilent E6474A-030 enables the system to operate using a touch tablet PC, without GPS, to make phone and receiver-based GSM wireless measurements inside of buildings. While walking through a building, waypoints are recorded on a floor plan of the building. Measurements are interpolated between waypoints. Indoor measurements require a BMP format floor plan or sketch of the building to be measured. An essential part of the indoor measurement system is a pen tablet computer, which allows the user to correlate measurements with positions on a floor plan. Refer to the E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform configuration guide, literature number 5988-2396EN. Indoor measurement features Autoscale Autopan Auto legend Ability to link phone or receiver measurements to plot Waypoints with interpolation Moveable waypoints The Analysis Reporter option is a simple-to-use report tool, which is integral to the E6474A platform. It works on automatically generated export files, using both phone and receiver data, and can quickly generate comprehensive network performance overview and detailed network analysis reports and histograms including, for example, performance summary reports, call quality analysis reports, details on performance per call, neighbor and handover summary and drill-down, aggregate Ec/Io vs RxPower and many more. Analysis Reporter currently supports GSM, GPRS, cdma2000, UMTS and data measurements on a single E6474A-758 product option." Agilent Technologies offers the Actix DV dedicated post-processing solution for GSM/GPRS with product numbers E6474A-751 (for GSM/GPRS) and E6474A-753 (for GSM/GPRS and UMTS). This tool is designed to enable network engineers to visualize and troubleshoot network problems with maximum effectiveness. Features such as event navigator, view synchronization, protocol stack browsing and drill-down, and chart and map visualisation enable specific events to be diagnosed in detail, whilst a range of standardized reports represent measurement summaries from up to a days worth of data. For further information please refer to Actix DV for Agilent Overview (5988-9147EN).

Analysis Reporter

Actix DV for Agilent

31

Hardware

Outdoor GPS navigation support The Agilent E645xC range of receivers include GPS navigation capability. The Agilent Direct Connect GPS, with dead reckoning is also available as E6473B-030 (with mag mount antenna) and E6473B-031 (with permanent mount antenna) options. The E6474A 0ptimization platform supports TAIP, TSIP and NMEA compatible third party GPS receivers including Trimble Placer GPS 455 receiver with dead reckoning and Garmin II. The key features of the Agilent supplied GPS receivers are tabulated below: E645xC receivers 8 channel GPS receiver Mounted inside Agilent RF receiver enclosure SMA antenna connector Bulkhead mount antenna with cable Magnetic mount antenna with cable Differential compatible Not dead reckoning compatible Agilent E6473B-030 and -031 12 Channel GPS receiver Dead reckoning Heading sensor Interconnect cables to Direct Connect hub interface Magnetic or permanent mount antenna option

Note: With the Agilent E645xC receivers, an external GPS source may be used with the receiver even though an internal GPS exists within the receiver housing. This is valuable when differential or dead reckoning measurements may be needed. Only one GPS source can be used at any given time. Test mobile phone hardware The E6474A system software can control up to four test mobile phones. If more than one test mobile phone needs to be controlled simultaneously, it is necessary to have the E6474A-010 multiple phone software license. The GPRS test mobile phone options are available as follows: Agilent E6473B-740 - GSM/DCS Dualband GPRS test mobile Agilent E6473B-741 - GSM/PCS1900 Dualband GPRS test mobile Agilent E6473B-721 - GSM/DCS Dualband GSM test mobile Agilent E6473B-720 - GSM/PCS1900 Dualband GSM test mobile Motorola T720i and T280i mobiles are not resold by Agilent. The test mobiles are supplied with a cables and a breakout box for direct connection to the PC. A main charger and two batteries are also provided. Agilent high speed direct connect hub kits E6473B options 015 and 021 to 024 Agilent offers a high speed direct connect hub (E6473B-015) and associated in-vehicle kit (E6473B-021), and portable kits (E6473B-022, -023 and -024) for use with the E6474A system. The Agilent high speed direct connect hub consolidates PC communication cabling and provides charging/powering for up to two phones and two receivers/one scanner. The phone ports are dual serial ports and can handle both trace and data. The maximum achievable data rate from the serial ports is 460 kbps. The Agilent high speed direct connect hub also provides three downlink USB ports. Multiple hubs can be cascaded via the USB connections.

32

Phone specific cables are required for use with the Agilent high speed direct connect hub. For GSM/GPRS they include: E6473B 825 - Sagem OT96M/ OT190/ OT199 data/trace phone interface cable E6473B 827 - Sagem OT76M/OT96M/ OT160/OT169/OT190/OT199 voice/trace phone interface cable E6473B-829 - Motorola T720i/T280i interface cable E6473B 850 - Nokia 6340i interface cable Refer to the Agilent Direct Connect Hub Product Overview for further information. GSM receiver and scanner hardware The Agilent GSM receiver hardware is available with the following model numbers: E6451C GSM 900 MHz band RF receiver E6453C 1800MHz GSM/K-CDMA receiver at 1.8 GHz E6454C CDMA/GSM PCS band receiver at 1.9 GHz E6458C GSM850 receiver at 850MHz Third-party GSM scanner hardware is available with the following model numbers: E7468A GSM dualband scanner at 850 / 1800 MHz

Computer hardware requirements

The Agilent E6474A system requires a PC. The PC requirements differ depending on the hardware configuration and on which parameters are being selected. Recommended minimum PC specifications: Windows 2000 or XP (inc XP for Tablet PC) 600MHz PIII, 256MB RAM RS-232 DB9 serial port or USB Port Parallel port or USB Port (for software key) PCMCIA slot or a USB connection (for multiple hardware support) 500 MB hard disk space CD-ROM drive recommended for installation 1024 x 768 display resolution minimum" One-year warranty on hardware components and one year of application support is included with a purchase of an Agilent E6474A drive test system. Extended warranty may be purchased through options W3x and W5x. Extended warranty cannot be purchased for supplied mobile phones from Agilent.

Warranty

33

Support options

For the E6474A software licenses the following support options are included for the first year: Agilent Call Center phone support, four hour response time or less Telephone assistance and web training on specific topics Software updates On-site training and start-up assistance is not included with the E6474A options, it is orderable seperately as H7211A-209. The Agilent Advantage Integrated Customer Care Program allows customers to upgrade to more comprehensive product support options. For the program summary and options, refer to literature number 5988-4793EN. Summary of E6474A GPRS and data measurement capability for typical configurations The following table summarizes the option to feature mapping supported by the E6474A product range:
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GSM

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GSM

GSM phone measurement (-200 & 220) and GSM or GPRS test mobile GSM/GPRS phone measurement (-600 & 620) and GPRS test mobile GSM/GPRS phone measurement (-600 & 620) and GPRS test mobile and Data Measurement (-700) GPRS phone measurement (-600 & 620) and GPRS test mobile, Data measurement (-700) and Data measurement server (-710) Data measurement (-700) and Data measurement server (-710) and commercial non-test mobile phone

GPR

34

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Additional Agilent literature

Product Overviews Agilent E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Drive Test System Product Overview 5988-3558EN Agilent Indoor Wireless Measurement Systems Product Overview 5968-8691E Agilent Wireless Data Measurement Product Overview 5980-2310E Agilent Direct Connect Hub Product Overview 5988-3176EN Configuration Guide E6474A Wireless Network Optimization Platform Configuration Guide 5968-2696EN Data Sheet Agilent Wireless Data Measurement Data Sheet

5988-1507EN

35

www.agilent.com

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Microsoft is a U.S. registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. For more information about Agilents network optimization solutions go to: www.agilent.com/find/networks

Information subject to change without notice. Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2003 Printed in U.S.A. September 25, 2003

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