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CONTENTS

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

10

2.1

013

2.2

013

2.2.1

013

2.2.2

014

2.2.3

015

2.3

017

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2.3.1

017

2.3.2

018

2.3.3

020

2.3.4

021

2.3.5

022

2.4

022

2.4.1

022

2.4.2

024

2.4.3

026

2.4.4

028

2.4.5dB

030

2.4.6

031

2.4.7

031

2.5

033

2.6

036

2.6.1

036

2.6.2

038

2.6.3

040

2.6.4 Shannon Capacity

042

2.6.5

043

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2.6.6

045

2.6.7

045

2.7

047

2A

050

2B

051

2CAMFM
PM QAM

054

057

057

3.1

063

3.2

064

3.3

066

3.3.1

067

3.3.2

069

3.4

071

3.5

072

3.5.1

073

3.5.2

074

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3.5.3

075

3.5.4

078

3.5.5

080

3.6

081

3.7Common Channel Signaling SS7

082

3.8

083

3.9

084

3.10

085

3.11

085

3.12PSTN

086

3.13PBX

087

3AAT&T

088

089

4.1

092

4.2

093

4A

097

100

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5.1

102

5.2

103

5.3

105

5.3.1

105

5.3.2

105

5.3.3

106

5.4

106

5.5

107

5.6

108

5.7

109

5.8

110

5.9

110

112

6.1

116

6.2

118

6.3

120

6.4

121

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6.5

124

6.6Call Blocking and Call Dropping

125

6.7

125

6.8

126

6.9Mobility

126

6.10

127

6.11

129

6.12

130

6.13

130

6.14

131

132

132

7.1

136

7.2

137

7.3

138

7.4GPS

140

7.5

141

7.6

141

7.7

142

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142

8.1

144

8.2

145

8.3

146

8.4

147

8.4.1

148

8.4.2

148

8.4.3

149

8.4.4

150

8.4.5

151

8.4.6

152

8.4.7

157

8.4.8

159

8.4.9

160

8.4.10

160

8.4.11

161

162

162

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9.1

166

9.2

168

9.3

170

9.4

171

9.5

172

9.6

173

9.7

177

9.8

178

178

10.1

182

10.2

183

10.3 184

185
187

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2-1
2-2

017
019

2-3
2-4

MOS

022
032

2C-1
3-1

QAM

057
068

3-2
3-3

Call Processing

075
076

3-4
4-1

POTS Call Model (Originnating Side)

080
096

4-2
POTS Call Model (Terminating Side)
4A-1

097
100

7-1
7-2

139
140

8-1
8-2

147
153

8-3
8-4

1
0

154
154

8-5

18XY 18XYZ

159

1-1
1-2

002
003

1-3

Mechanical Telegraph

004

1-4

(a) (b)

005

2-1
2-2

(a) (b)

015
016

2-3

017

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2-4

018

2-5
2-6

(a) (b)

021
021

2-7
2-8

(a) (b)

023
025

2-9
2-10

Do

025
027

2-11
2-12

(a) (b)

029
029

2-13
2-14

034
035

2-15
2-16

VoIP

037
037

2-17
2-18

AM FM

038
039

2-19
2-20

040
041

2-21
2-22

(a)
(b)

041
042

2-23
2-24

A/D

046
048

2-25

(a) (b)

048

2-26

(a) (b)

049

2B-1

(a) (b)
(c)
052
(a) (b) 052

2B-2
2B-3

(a) (b)
(c)
053

2C-1

0 1 PM (a) 0
(b) 1

055

2C-2

PM (a)0 = 00 (b)90 = 01
(c)180 = 10 (d)270= 11

055

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3-1

(a) (b)

062

3-2
3-3

063
065

3-4
3-5

065
068

3-6
3-7

069
070

3-8
3-9

Switching Fabric

072
073

3-10
3-11

074
077

3-12

PBX

088

3-13

(a)
(b)VPN

088

4-1
4-2

Half Call
FSM

094
095

4-3
4-4

POTS
POTS Call Model

095
096

4A-1 AND(a) (b)

098

4A-2 (a)
(b)
099
5-1

104

5-2

(a) (b)

106

5-3
5-4

107
111

6-1
6-2

(a)
(b)

119
121

6-3
6-4

122
122

6-5
6-6

123
124

6-7

GPRS

132

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7-1

136

7-2
8-1

139
147

8-2
9-1

ITUE.164

153
167

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1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

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1-1 Internet

Tr a n s m i t t e r
Receiver

Transmitter

Receiver

1-1

1.1

1-2

0 1 1 0

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1-2

100

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Protocol

M e c h a n i c a l Te l e g r a p h

1-3

Mechanical Telegraph

1-3MechanicalTelegraph

1.2

19

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1-4

Te l e t y p e w r i t e r, T T Y

TTY

(a)

(b)
1-4(a)(b)

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TTY
Internet

TTY

1.3

Te r m i n a l
Transmission NetworkSwitch

ADSL Modem
CPECustomer-Premises Equipment

1980

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1.4

Alexander Graham Bell, 1847-1922 1876

Elisha Gray1835-1901

Antonio Meucci
1871 Talking Telegragh
caveat Renew Caveat
2002 Antonio Meucci
Antonio Meucci renew

AT&T

SBC

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1.5

1.5

1000
60100 2030

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Common Battery

1.6

1. Laszlo Solymar, Getting the Message: A History of Communications, Dec. 1999, Oxford
University Press.

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009
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1.
2.
3.

4.

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. .
, 2013.11

ISBN 978-957-11-7329-0 ()
1.
312.16

102018216

5DG9

Introduction to Communication Networks for Practitioner









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