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Code No: RR411806 Set No.

1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
NUCLEAR METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
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1. (a) What is mass defect? Derive the relevant expression for mass defect calcula-
tion.
(b) Calculate the binding energy of an alpha particle. Express the result both in
Mev and ergs. (Mass of the Neutron: 1.00897 amu;
Mass of the proton: 1.00758 amu;
Mass of the Helium Nucleus: 4.0082 amu) [8+8]

2. (a) Describe the early and delayed somatic effects of radiation.


(b) Explain the genetic effects of radiation damage. [8+8]

3. What are the important elements of a nuclear reactor? Explain all of them in
detail. [16]

4. (a) Explain the desirable properties of a coolant used in a nuclear reactor.


(b) What do you mean by cladding material. Discuss critically about cladding
materials. [8+8]

5. (a) What is carnotite? Give the chemical formula of it. give the metallic elements
present in the mineral.
(b) Explain the important physical and metallurgical characteristic properties of
plutonium. [8+8]

6. What is a spent fuel? What are the various methods available to reprocess the
spent fuel. Explain them fully. [16]

7. With the help of a flow sheet and necessary chemical reactions, Explain the pro-
duction of nuclear grade zirconium. [16]

8. (a) What are the important properties of plutonium.


(b) Explain the recycling scheme for plutonium in a thermal reactor. [7+9]

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Code No: RR411806 Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
NUCLEAR METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) What is half life period. Explain the significance of half life period. Derive on
expression for calculating the half life period.
(b) What do you mean neutron cross section? Explain the significance of neutron
cross section. [8+8]

2. (a) Explain the biological effects of radiation and the damage caused due to radi-
ation.
(b) Write a short notes on ‘Radiation protection standards’. [8+8]

3. How are nuclear reactors classified based on fuel materials. Explain them in detail.

[16]

4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following coolants

(a) Water as coolant


(b) liquid metal as coolant
(c) gas coolants
(d) organic liquid as coolants. [4x4]

5. (a) What is carnotite? Give the chemical formula of it. give the metallic elements
present in the mineral.
(b) Explain the important physical and metallurgical characteristic properties of
plutonium. [8+8]

6. (a) Write down the flow sheet and explain for the production of thorium form
beach sands.
(b) Explain the important properties of thorium. [10+6]

7. With the help of a flow sheet and necessary chemical reactions, Explain the pro-
duction of nuclear grade zirconium. [16]

8. (a) What are the important properties of plutonium.


(b) Explain the recycling scheme for plutonium in a thermal reactor. [7+9]

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Code No: RR411806 Set No. 3
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
NUCLEAR METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. (a) Compare and contract between Nuclear fission and Nuclear fusion.
(b) What is rate of radioactive decay ?Derive the expression for decay constant.
[8+8]

2. What are X-rays and gamma rays. Explain the interaction of these rays with matter

[16]

3. How are nuclear reactors classified based on fuel materials. Explain them in detail.

[16]

4. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the following coolants

(a) Water as coolant


(b) liquid metal as coolant
(c) gas coolants
(d) organic liquid as coolants. [4x4]

5. (a) What are the primary minerals of uranium. Give their chemical formulae.
(b) Explain the occurance of minerals of uranium and write their general charac-
teristics. [8+8]

6. (a) What is meant by enrichment of uranium? Explain.


(b) Explain the following methods of uranium enrichment.
i. gas centrifuge process
ii. electromagnetic enrichment process. [4+6+6]

7. With the help of a flow sheet discuss the production of nuclear grade zirconium
sponge form pure zirconia. [16]

8. (a) What are the important properties of plutonium.


(b) Explain the recycling scheme for plutonium in a thermal reactor. [7+9]

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Code No: RR411806 Set No. 4
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, February 2007
NUCLEAR METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

1. Write short notes on the following

(a) Compton effect


(b) Mass number and atomic Number.
(c) Structure of Nucleus.
(d) Isotopes. [4x4]

2. (a) Explain the effects of radiation on fissile and non-fissile materials.


(b) How can one say that a reactor is in critical state?
(c) Explain how the detection of radiation takes place. [6+5+5]

3. How are nuclear reactors classified based on fuel materials. Explain them in detail.

[16]

4. (a) Describe how the fuel may be arranged in a thermal reactor.


(b) What are the requirements of the fuel cladding utilized in a reactor? Explain
them. [8+8]

5. (a) What are the primary minerals of uranium. Give their chemical formulae.
(b) Explain the occurance of minerals of uranium and write their general charac-
teristics. [8+8]

6. Write an essay on nuclear fuel resources in India. [16]

7. What are the chief sources of Beryllium. What are the various methods used for
the extraction of Beryllium. Explain any one of them in detail. [16]

8. Discuss the cost of producing electricity form any nuclear power station in India.
Compare the cost of production of nuclear power, with that of electricity produced
form thermal power plants. [16]

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