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M.

Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY
(Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education) (Under Section 3 of UGC Act 1956) (Accredited byNAAC with B Grade with a CGPA of 2.81) Anand Nagar,Krishnankoil-626 126. Virudhunagar District,Tamil Nadu, India

M.TECH (CAD/CAM)
CURRICULUM AND SYLLABUS

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY (Kalasalingam Academy of Research and Education) Anand Nagar, Krishnankoil 626 190 DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CURRICULUM FOR M.Tech (CAD / CAM) SEMESTER I Course Name Applied Mathematics Computer Application in Design Finite Element Analysis Design of Hydraulics and Pneumatics systems Rapid Prototyping and Tooling Elective I CAD Laboratory SEMESTER II Course Name Industrial Robotics and Expert System Integrated Mechanical Design Product Design and Development Strategies Integrated Manufacturing Systems Flexible Manufacturing Systems Elective II CAM Laboratory SEMESTER III Course Name Elective III Elective IV Elective V Project Work Phase I Total SEMESTER IV Course Name Project Work Phase II

Course Code THEORY MAT5009 MEC5001 MEC5002 MEC5003 MEC5004 MECxxxx PRACTICAL MEC5081

L 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 Total 18

T P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3

C 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 20

Course Code THEORY MEC5005 MEC5006 MEC5007 MEC5008 MEC5009 MECxxxx PRACTICAL MEC5082

L 3 3 3 3 3 3 0 Total 18

T P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3

C 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 20

Course Code THEORY MECxxxx MECxxxx MECxxxx PRACTICAL MEC6098

L 3 3 3 0 9

T 0 0 0

P 0 0 0

C 3 3 3 6 15

0 18 0 18

Course Code PRACTICAL MEC6099

L 0

T 0

P 36

C 12

Total Credit = 67
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

LIST OF ELECTIVES M.Tech (CAD / CAM) Course Code MEC5011 MEC5012 MEC5013 MEC5014 MEC5015 MEC5016 MEC5017 MEC5018 MEC5019 MEC5020 MEC5021 MEC5022 MEC5023 MEC5024 MEC5114 MEC6001 MEC6002 MEC6003 MEC6004 MEC6005 MEC6006 MEC6007 MEC6008 MEC6009 MEC6010 MEC6011 MEC6012 MEC6013 MEC6014 MEC6015 MEC6016 MEC6017 MEC6018 MEC6019 MEC6020 MEC6021 MEC6022 MEC6023 MEC6024 MEC6025 MEC6026 Course Name Mechatronics in Manufacturing Systems Computer Aided Process Planning Data Communication in CAD/CAM Performance Modeling and Analysis of Manufacturing System Tribology in Design Advanced Machine Tool Design Modern Techniques of Materials Characterization Heat Treatment Techniques Computational Fluid Dynamics Corrosion Engineering Composite Materials Technology Metal Cutting Theory and Practices Artificial Intelligence Flexible Competitive Manufacturing Systems Design of Heat Exchanger Design of Material Handling Equipments Total Quality Management Tero Engineering Maintenance Management Research Methodology Quality Engineering Precision Manufacturing Technology Value Engineering Supply Chain Management Metrology and Non Destructive Testing Advanced Strength of Materials Advanced Optimization Techniques Purchasing and Material Management Inventory Systems Advanced Engineering Metrology and Measurements Manufacturing System Design and Simulation Design of Cellular Manufacturing System Production and Operation Management Design and Analysis of Algorithms Mechanical Testing of Materials Plastic Processing Technology Applied Materials Technology Advanced Mechanisms Design and Simulation Industrial Safety Management Operations Scheduling Design for Manufacture and Assembly L 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 T 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 P 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 C 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

Semester I MAT5009 APPLIED MATHEMATICS L 3 T 0 P 0 C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM), M.Tech (Energy) and M.Tech (ASE)] ONE-DIMENSIONAL WAVE EQUATION Laplace transform methods for one dimensional wave equation - displacements in a string - longitudinal vibration of an elastic bar - Fourier transformation methods for one dimensional heat conduction problems in infinite and semi-infinite rod. LAPLACE EQUATION Laplace equation - properties of harmonic functions - Fourier transformation methods for Laplace equation - solutions for Poisson equation by Fourier transform method. VARIATION AND ITS DERIVATIVES Variation and its properties - Euler's equation - functional dependent on first and higher order derivatives - functional dependent on functions of several independent variables some applications - direct methods - Ritz and Kantorovich methods. SOLUTION OF LAPLACE EQUATION Solution of Laplace's and Poisson equation on a rectangular region by Liebmann's method - Diffusion equation by the explicit and Crank Nicolson - implicit methods Stability and Convergence criterion - solution of wave equation by explicit scheme. SCHWARZ - CHRISTOFFEL TRANSFORMATION The Schwarz - Christoffel transformation - Transformation of boundaries in parametric form - Physical applications - Application to fluid flow - Application to heat flow. Text Book 1. Sneddon, I. N., Elements of partial differential equations, McGraw-Hill, 1986. References 1. Spiegel, M. R., Theory and problems of complex variables with an introduction to conformal mapping and its applications, Schaum's outline series, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1987. 2. Sankara Rao, k., Introduction to partial differential equations, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi, 1995. 3. Elsgolts, L., Differential equation and calculus of variations, Mir Publishers, Moscow, 1966.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5001

COMPUTER APPLICATION IN DESIGN

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER GRAPHICS FUNDAMENTALS Output primitives (points, lines, curves Etc.,), 2-D transformation (Translation, scaling, rotators) windowing, and view ports clipping transformation. INTRODUCTION TO CAD SOFTWARE Writing interactive programs to solve design problems and production of drawings, using any languages like Auto LISP/C/FORTRAN etc., creation of surfaces, solids etc., using solid modeling pack (prismatic and revolved parts). VISUAL REALISM Hidden line - surface and solid removal algorithms - shading coloring - introduction to parametric and variational geometry based on softwares and their principles creation of prismatic and lofted parts using these packages. ASSEMBLY OF PARTS Assembly of parts, tolerance analysis mass property calculations, mechanism simulation. SOLID MODELLING Rapid prototyping, data exchange, documentation, customizing solid modelling system. Text Book 1. William M. Neumann and Robert F. Sproul Principle of Computer Graphics, McGraw Hill Book Co. Singapore, 1989. References 1. Donald Hearn and M. Pauline Baker, Computer Graphics, Prentice Hall, Inc., 1992. 2. Mikell, P. Groover and Emory, Zimmers W. Jr., CAD/CAM Computer - Aided Design and Manufacturing, Prentice Hall, Inc., 1995. 3. Ibrahim Zeid, CAD/CAM - Theory and Practice, McGraw Hill, International Edition, 1998.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5002

FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] INTRODUCTION Historical background, weighted residual methods - basic concept of FEM variational formulation of boundary value problems - Ritz method - finite element modelling element equation - linear and quadratic shape functions - bar, beam, elements application to heat transfer. HEAT TRANSFER AND FLUIDMECHANICS Basic boundary value problems in 2 dimensions - triangular, quadrilateral, higher order elements - Poisons and laplaces equation - weak formulation - element matrices and vectors - application to solid mechanics, heat transfer, fluid mechanics. ISO-PARAMETRIC ELEMENT Natural co-ordinate systems - lagrangian interpolation polynomials - isoparametric, elements - formulation numerical integration one dimensional - two dimensional triangular elements - rectangular elements - illustrative examples. PLANE STRESS AND STRAIN Introduction to theory of elasticity - plane stress - plane strain and axisymetric formulation - principle of virtual work - element matrices using energy approach. STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS APPLICATIONS Dynamic analysis - equation of motions - mass matrices - free vibration analysis - natural frequencies of longitudinal - transverse and torsional vibration introduction to transient field problem - non linear analysis - uses of softwares - h and p elements - special element formulation. Text Book 1. Reddy, J. N., An Introduction to the Finite Element Method, McGraw Hill, International Edition,1993 References 1. Segerlind, L. J., Applied Finite Element Analysis, John Wiley, 1984. 2. Rao, S. S, Finite Element Method in Engineering, Pergamon Press, 1989. 3. Chandrupatla and Belagundu, Finite Element in Engineering, Prentice Hall of India Private Ltd, 1997. 4. Cook,Robert, Davis, et.al, Concept and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, Wiley, John and Sons,1999. 5. George, R. Buchaman, Schaum's Outline of Finite Element Analysis, McGraw Hill Company, 1994.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5003

DESIGN OF HYDRAULICS AND PNEUMATICS SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

OIL HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS AND HYDRAULIC ACTUATORS Hydraulic power generators - selection and specification of pumps, pump characteristics linear and rotary actuators - selection, specification and characteristics - pressure direction and flow control valves - relief valves, non return and safety valves - actuation systems. HYDRAULIC CIRCUITS Reciprocation- quick return- sequencing- synchronizing circuits - accumulator circuits Industrial circuits - press circuits - hydraulic milling machine - grinding, planning, copying, forklift, earth mover circuits - design and selection of components - safety and emergency mandrels. PNEUMATIC SYSTEM AND CIRCUITS Pneumatic fundamentals - control elements, position and pressure sensing -logic circuits switching circuits fringe conditions modules and these integration - sequential circuits cascade methods - mapping methods - step counter method - compound circuit design combination circuit design. SPECIAL CIRCUITS IN PNEUMATICS Pneumatic equipments - selection of components - design calculations - application fault finding - hydro pneumatic circuits - use of microprocessors for sequencing - PLC, low cost automation - robotic circuits. Text Book 1. Antony Espossito, Fluid power with Applications, Prentice Hall, 1980. References 1. Dudleyt, A. Pease and John, J. Pippenger, Basic Fluid Power, Prentice Hall, 1987. 2. Andrew Parr, Hydraulic and Pneumatics, (HB), Jaico Publishing House, 1999. 3. Bolton, W. Pneumatic and Hydraulic Systems, Butterworth Heineman, 1997.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5004

RAPID PROTOTYPING AND TOOLING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

BASICS FOR RPT Introduction - need for time compression in product development, product development conceptual design development detail design prototype tooling. CLASSIFICATION OF RPT PROCESSES Classification of RP systems, stereo lithography systems principle process parameters process details machine details, applications - Direct Metal Laser Sintering (DMLS) system principle process parameters process details machine details, applications. RPT PROCESSES Fusion deposition modeling principle process parameters process details machine details, applications - laminated object manufacturing principle process parameters process details machine details, applications. ADVANCES IN RPT Solid ground curing principle process parameters process details machine details, applications. 3-dimensional printers principle process parameters process details machine details, applications, and other concept modelers like thermo jet printers, sanders model maker, JP system 5, object Quadra system. RAPIT TOOLING Laser Engineering Net Shaping (LENS), Ballistic Particle Manufacturing (BPM) principle - introduction to rapid tooling direct and indirect method, software for RP STL files, magics, mimics - application of rapid prototyping in medical field. Text Book 1. Donald, E. Lacourse, Handbook of Solid Modeling, McGraw Hill Inc., New York, 1995. References 1. Chowiah, M. P., Agile Manufacturing, International Conference on agile Manufacturing, Bangalore, Feb. 22-24, 1996, Tata McGraw Hill Pub. Co., Ltd., New Delhi, 1996. 2. Marshall Burns Automated Fabrication, Improving Productivity in Manufacturing, PTR Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Delhi, 1993. 3. Rapid Automated Prototyping, An Introduction, Industrial Press Inc., New York. 4. Paul F. Jacobs, Rapid Prototyping and Manufacturing Fundamentals of Stereo Lithography, I Edition, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Dearborn, Michigan, 1992.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5081

CAD LABORATORY

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3 using

Exercises in Modeling and Analysis of Mechanical Components and assembly

Parametric and feature based Packages like PRO-E / SOLIDE WORKS /CATIA / NX / ANSYS / NASTRAN etc. Equipments for CAD Laboratory 1. 2. CAD Workstations CAD, 3D Modeling Software with assembly, Mechanism simulation and drafting modules : : 10 Nos 10 Nos

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

SEMESTER II MEC5005 INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS AND EXPERT SYSTEMS L 3 T 0 P 0 C 3

INTRODUCTION AND ROBOT KINEMATICS Definition need and scope of industrial robots robot anatomy work volume precision movement end effectors sensors - robot kinematics direct and inverse kinematics robot trajectories control of robot manipulators robot dynamics methods for orientation and location of objects. ROBOT DRIVES AND CONTROL Controlling the robot motion position and velocity sensing devices design of drive systems hydraulic and pneumatic drives linear and rotary actuators and control valves electro hydraulic servo valves, electric drives motors designing of end effectors vacuum, magnetic and air operated grippers. ROBOT SENSORS Transducers and sensors sensors in robot tactile sensor proximity and range sensors sensing joint forces robotic vision system image gribbing image processing and analysis image segmentation pattern recognition training of vision system. ROBOT CELL DESIGN AND APPLICATION Robot work cell design and control safety in robotics robot cell layouts multiple robots and machine interference robot cycle time analysis - industrial application of robots. ROBOT PROGRAMMING, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND EXPERT SYSTEMS Methods of robot programming characteristics of task level languages lead through programming methods motion interpolation - artificial intelligence basics goals of artificial intelligence AI techniques problem representation in AI problem reduction and solution techniques - application of AI and KBES in robots. Text Book 1. K. S. Fu, R. C. Gonzalez and C.S.G. Lee, Robotics Control, Sensing, Vision and Intelligence, McGraw Hill, 1987.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 10

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

References 1. Yoram Koren, Robotics for Engineers, McGraw-Hill, 1987. 2. Kozyrey, Yu., Industrial Robots, MIR Publishers Moscow, 1985. 3. Richard, D. Klafter, Thomas, A. Chmielewski, Michael Negin, Robotics Engineering An Integrated Approach, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1984. 4. Deb, S. R., Robotics Technology and Flexible Automation, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1994. 5. Mikell, P. Groover, Mitchell Weis, Roger, N. Nagel, Nicholas G. Odrey, Industrial Robotics Technology, Programming and Applications, McGraw-Hill, Int. 1986. 6. Timothy Jordanides et.al, Expert Systems and Robotics, Springer Verlag, New York, May 1991.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 11

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5006

INTEGRATED MECHANICAL DESIGN

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

DESIGN CONCEPTS Phases of design - standardization and interchangeability of machine elements tolerances for process and function, individual and group tolerances - selection of fits for different design situations, design for assembly and modular constructions - concepts of integration. SHAFTING Analysis and design of shafts for different applications - preparation of production drawings integrated design of shaft, bearing and casing - design for rigidity. GEARS Principles of gear tooth action - gear tooth failure modes - stresses and loads - component design of spur, helical, bevel and worm gears - design for sub assembly - integrated design of speed reducers and multi speed gear boxes - application of software packages. CLUTCHES Design of automobile clutches disc clutches cone clutches. BRAKES Dynamic and thermal aspects of vehicle braking - integrated design of brakes for machine tools, automobiles and mechanical handling equipments. Text Book 1. Juvinall, R L.C., Fundamentals of Machine Component Design, John Wiley, 1983. References 1. Newcomb, T. P., and Spur, R.T., Automobile brakes and braking systems, Chapman and Hall, 2nd Edition, 1975. 2. Maitra G. M., Hand Book for Gear Design, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985. 3. Shigley, J. E., Mechanical Engineering Design, McGraw Hill, 1986.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 12

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5007

PRODUCT DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION TO PRODUCT DESIGN Nature and scope of product engineering - creative thinking and organizing for product innovation criteria for product success in life cycle of a product. MODELING AND SIMULATION Modeling and simulation - role of models in product design - mathematical modeling similitude relations - weighted property index. MATERIAL SELECTION Problems of material selection-performance characteristics of materials - materials selection process - economics of materials - cost versus performance relations - weighted property index. DESIGN CONSIDERATION Functional and production design - form design-influence of mechanical loading and material on form design - design consideration of gray castings, malleable iron castings, aluminium castings, pressure die castings, plastic moulding, welded fabrications, forging and manufacture by machining methods. TOLERANCE AND ANALYSIS Influence of space, size, weight, etc., on form design, aesthetic and ergonomic considerations - dimensioning and tolerancing a product-functional production and inspection datum - tolerance analysis. Text Book 1. Jones, J. C., Design Methods, John wiely and sons, 1980. References 1. Dieter, G. E., Engineering Design, McGraw Hill, 1983. 2. Robert Matouseek, Engineering Design, Blackie and Sons Ltd., 1963. 3. Niebel, B. W. and Draper, A. B., Product Design and Process Engineering, McGraw Hill, 1974. 4. Harry Peck, Designing for Manufacturing, Sir Issac Pitman and Sons Ltd., 1973.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 13

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5008

INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

BASICS OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEM Objectives of a manufacturing system-identifying business opportunities and problems classification of production systems-linking manufacturing strategy and systems-analysis of manufacturing operations. GROUP TECHNOLOGY Part families-parts classification and cooling, group technology machine cells-benefits of group technology - automatic identification system, barcode technology, automated data collection system. PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL Introduction - cost planning and control-inventory management - material requirements planning (MRP)-shop floor control - factory data collection system - process planning function CAPP - computer generated time standards. COMPUTER MONITORING Types of production monitoring systems-structure model of manufacturing process process control strategies, direct digital control, supervisory computer control - computer in QC - contact inspection methods, non-contact inspection methods, computer-aided testing, integration of CAQC with CAD/CAM. INTEGRATED MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Definition - application - features - types of manufacturing systems-machine tools materials handling system-computer control system - DNC systems manufacturing cell flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) - the FMS concept, transfer systems, head changing FMS, variable mission manufacturing system, CAD/CAM system - human labour in the manufacturing system-computer integrated manufacturing system benefits rapid prototyping - artificial intelligence and expert system in CIM. Text Book 1. Groover, M. P., Automation, Production System and CIM, Prentice-Hall of India, 1998. References 1. David Bedworth, Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing, McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1998. 2. Yorem Koren, Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems, McGraw Hill, 1983. 3. Ranky, Paul, G., Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Prentice Hall International 1986. 4. R.W. Yeomamas, A. Choudry and P.J.W. Ten Hagen, Design rules for a CIM system, North Holland Amsterdam, 1985.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 14

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5009

FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION TO FMS Basic concepts, advantages, components and examples of FMS - distributed numerical control (DNC) - communication between DNC computer and MCU. DATA PROCESSING Distributed data processing in FMS - computer network protocols - interfacing of CAD and CAM - part programming in FMS tool data base - clamping devices and fixtures data base, tool management system part alignment and work mounting errors - surface description method for automated design and robotized assembly. GROUP TECHNOLOGY Part families-parts classification and cooling, group technology machine cells-benefits of group technology - automatic identification system, barcode technology, automated data collection system HANDLING SYSTEMS: Material handling systems - ASRS - AGVs features of industrial robots - robot cell design and control. INTERFACING Interfacing of computer - machine tool controllers and handling systems communications standards - programmable logic controllers (PLC's) interfacing computer aided project planning - inventory control Text Book: 1. Groover, M. P., Automation, Production System and CIM, Prentice-Hall of India, 1998. References: 1. Paul Ranky., The design and operation of FMS, IFS publication. 1983. 2. Viswanathan, N and Nahari, Y, Performance modeling of automated manufacturing systems, Prentice Hall, 1992.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 15

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5082

CAM LABORATORY

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

Practice in part programme and operation of a turning center Practice in part programme and operations of a machine center Tool planning and selection for machining center / turning center Programming using CAD softwares Practice in NC programming languages Simulation and machining using CNC / DNC machine tools Use of FEM packages Practice on computer aided measuring instruments Use of advanced CNC machining packages Diagnosis and trouble shooting in CNC machines

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 16

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5011

MECHATRONICS IN MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION TO MECHATRONICS Introduction to mechatronics systems - mechatronics in production, measurement and control systems. SENSORS AND TRANSDUCERS Introduction - performance terminology - displacement, position and proximity - velocity and motion - fluid pressure - temperature sensors - light sensors - selection of sensors signal processing - servo systems. MICROPROCESSOR IN PLANNING Architecture - pin configuration - instruction set - programming of microprocessors using 8085 instructions - interfacing input and output devices - interfacing D/A converters and A/D converters -applications-temperature control - stepper motor control traffic light controller. PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLERS Basic structure - input / output processing programming - mnemonics timers - internal relays and counters - data handling - analog input / output - selection of PLC. DESIGN OF MECHATRONICS Traditional design and mechatronics design - possible design solutions - case studies of mechatronics systems. Text Book 1. Michael B., Histand and David G., Alciatore, Introduction to Mechatronics and Measurement Systems, McGraw-Hill International Editions, 1999. References 1. Bradley, D. A., Dawson, D, Buru, N. C. and Loader, AJ. Mechatronics, Chapman and Hall, 1993. 2. Ramesh. S, Gaonkar, Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications, Wiley Eastern, 1998. 3. Lawrence, J., Kamm, Understanding Electro-Mechanical Engineering, An Introduction to Mechatronics, Prentice-Hall, 2000. 4. Ghosh, P. K. and Sridhar, P. R., 0000 to 8085, Introduction to Microprocessors for Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition, Prentice Hall, 1995.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 17

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5012

COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING The place of process planning in the manufacturing cycle - process planning and production planning - process planning and concurrent engineering CAPP - group technology. PART DESIGN REPRESENTATION Design drafting - dimensioning, conventional tolerancing, geometric tolerancing CAD, input / output devices, topology, geometric transformation - perspective transformation data structure - geometric modelling for process planning, GROUP TECHNOLOGY Part families - parts classification and cooling, group technology machine cells automatic identification system barcode technology - the optiz system, the MICLASS system benefits. PROCESS ENGINEERING Experienced - based planning - decision table and decision trees - process capability analysis - process planning variant process planning - generative approach - forward and backward planning. COMPUTER AIDED PROCESS PLANNING SYSTEMS Logical design of a process planning - implementation considerations - manufacturing system components, production volume, number of production families - CAM-I, CAPP, MIPLAN, APPAS, AUTOPLAN and PRO, CPPP. Text Book 1. Gideon Halevi and Roland D. Weill, Principles of Process Planning, A logical approach, Chapman and Hall, 1995. References 1. Tien-Chien Chang, Richard A. Wysk, An Introduction to automated process planning systems, Prentice Hall, 1985. 2. Chang, T. C., An Expert Process Planning System, Prentice Hall, 1985. 3. Nanua Singh, Systems Approach to Computer Integrated Design and Manufacturing, John Wiley and Sons, 1996. 4. Rao, Computer Aided Manufacturing , Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co., 2000.

MEC5013

DATA COMMUNICATION IN CAD/CAM

C KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 18

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

3 DIGITAL COMPUTERS AND MICROPROCESSOR

Block diagram - register transfer language, arithmetic, logic and shift micro operations instruction code training and control instruction cycle - I/O and interrupt design of basic computer - machine language - assembly language, assembler - registers ALU and bus systems - timing and control signals - machine cycle and timing diagram - functional block diagrams of 8086 and modes of operation. OPERATING SYSTEM AND ENVIRONMENTS Types - functions - UNIX and WINDOWS NT- architecture, graphical user interfaces compilers - analysis of the source program - the phases of a compiler - cosines of the compiler. COMMUNICATION MODEL Data communication and networking - protocols and architecture - data transmission concepts and terminology guided transmission media - wireless transmission - data encoding - asynchronous and synchronous communication - base band interface standards RS232C, RS449 interface. COMPUTER NETWORKS Network structure - network architecture - the OSI reference model services - network standardization - example - managing remote systems in network - network file systems net working in manufacturing. INTERNET Internet services - protocols - mail based service - system and network requirements internet tools. Text Book 1. Morris Mano. M., "Computer System Architecture", Prentice Hall of India, 1996. References: 1. Gaonkar R.S., Microprocessor Architecture, Programming and Applications of 8085, Penram International, 1997. 2. Peterson J.L., Galvin P. and Silberschaz, A., Operating Systems Concepts, Addison Wesley, 1997. 3. Alfred V. Aho, Ravi Setjhi, Jeffrey D Ullman, Compilers Principles Techniques and Tools, Addison Wesley, 1986. 4. William Stallings, Data of Computer Communications, Prentice Hall of India, 1997. 5. Andrew S. Tanenbanum Computer Networks, Prentice Hall of India 3rd Edition, 1996. 6. Christian Crumlish, The ABC's of the Internet, BPB Publication, 1996.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 19

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5014

PERFORMANCE MODELLING AND ANALYSIS OF MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS AND CONTROLS Automated manufacturing systems - modelling, role of performance modelling, simulation models, analytical models - product cycle - manufacturing automation economics of scale and scope - input/output model plant configurations - performance measures - manufacturing lead time - work in process -machine utilizationflexibility - performability quality - control systems - control system architecture factory communications - local area networks - factory networks - open systems interconnection model. MANUFACTURING PROCESS Examples of stochastic processes - Poisson process discrete time Markov chain models Definition and notation - Sojourn times in states - examples of DTMCs in manufacturing Chapman - Kolmogorov equation steady-state analysis - continuous time Markov chain models - definitions and notation - sojourn times in states - examples of CTMCs in manufacturing - equations for CTMC evolution - Markov model of a transfer line- birth and death processes in manufacturing. QUEING MODELS Queues in manufacturing systems - performance measures, Little's result - steady state analysis of M/M/m queue, queues with general distributions and queues with breakdowns- analysis of a flexible machine center. QUEING NETWORKS QN models in manufacturing - Little's law in queuing networks, Tandem queue, an open queuing network with feed back, an open central server model for FMS, closed transfer line - closed server model Garden Newell networks. PETRI NETS Classical Petri Nets - Transition firing and reachability, representational power, properties manufacturing models - Stochastic Petri Nets, exponential timed Petri Nets, generalized Stochastic Petri Nets, modelling of KANBAN systems, manufacturing models. Text Book: 1. Viswanadham, N and Narahari, Y. "Performance Modelling of Automated Manufacturing Systems", Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1994. References: 1. Trivedi, K.S., Probability and Statistics with Reliability, Queuing and Computer Science Applications, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1982. 2. Gupta S.C., and Kapoor V.K., Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics, 3rd Edition, Sultan Chand and Sons, New Delhi, 1988.

MEC5015

TRIBOLOGY IN DESIGN

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 20

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

3 SURFACE, FRICTION AND WEAR

Topography of the surfaces - surface features, surface interaction - theory of friction sliding and rolling friction, friction properties of metallic and non-metallic materials friction in extreme conditions - wear, types of wear, mechanism of wear, wear resistance materials, surface treatment , surface modifications, surface coatings. LUBRICATION THEORY Lubricants and their physical properties lubricants standards - lubrication regimes hydrodynamic lubrication Reynolds equation - thermal, inertia and turbulent effects Elasto hydrodynamic and Plasto hydrodynamic and magneto hydrodynamic lubrication hydro static lubrication - gas lubrication. DESIGN OF FLUID FILM BEARINGS Design and performance analysis of thrust and journal bearings - full, partial, fixed and pivoted journal bearings design - lubricant flow and delivery - power loss, heat and temperature rotating loads and dynamic loads in journal bearings - special bearings hydrostatic bearing design. ROLLING ELEMENT BEARING Geometry and kinematics - materials and manufacturing processes - contact stresses Hertzian stress equation - stresses and deflection - axial loads and rotational effects bearing life capacity and variable loads - ISO standards - oil films and their effects rolling bearings failures. TRIBOLOGY MEASUREMENTS IN INSTRUMENTATION Surface topography measurements - electron microscope and friction and wear measurements - laser method instrumentation - international standards bearings performance measurements - bearing vibration measurement. Text Book 1. Cameron, A. "Basic Lubrication Theory", Ellis Herward Ltd. , UK,1981. References 1. Hulling , J. (Editor), Principles of Tribology, Macmillan ,1984. 2. Williams J.A . Engineering Tribology, Oxford Univ. Press, 1994. 3. Neale M.J, "Tribology Hand Book, Butterworth Heinemann, 1995.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 21

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5016

ADVANCED MACHINE TOOL DESIGN

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION Introduction to metal cutting machine tools, kinematics, basic principles of machine tool design, estimation of drive power. DESIGN OF MACHINE TOOL SPINDLE AND FRAMES Design of machine tool spindle and bearings, design of power screws - static deformation of various machine tool structures, thin walled box structures with open and compliant cross sections, correction coefficients design of beds, columns, tables and supports dynamics of cutting forces - tool chatter. DESIGN OF SLIDEWAYS Design of slideways - concepts of aesthetics and ergonomics applied to machine tools, latest trends in machine tool design. DESIGN OF DRIVES AND CONTROL MECHANISMS Design considerations of electrical, mechanical and hydraulic drives in machine tool, stepped and stepless arrangements and systems - design of control mechanisms selection of standard components - dynamic measurement of forces and vibrations in machine tools - stability against chatter - vibration dampers. TESTING AND STANDARDISATION Acceptance tests and standardization of machine tools - machine tools reconditioning. Text Book 1. Mehta, N.K., Machine Tool design, Tata McGraw Hill, 1989. References 1. Koenisberger, F., Design Principles of Metal cutting Machine Tools, Pergamon Press, 1964. 2. Acherkan,N., Machine Tool Design,Vol.3and 4,MIR Publishers, Moscow, 1968. 3. Sen.G. and Bhattacharya,A., Principles of Machine Tools,Vol.2,NCB.Calcutta, 1973.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 22

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5017

MODERN TECHNIQUES OF MATERIALS CHARACTERIZATION

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

CHARACTERIZATION Materials characterization - definition; importance and application with case studies, Ultra high vacuum, surface science DIFFRACTION METHODS Principles and general methods of compositional, structural and defect characterization, techniques of X-ray, electron and neutron diffraction, EDAX, THERMAL ANALYSIS Thermal methods - DTA, TGA, DSC, TMA and DMA. MICROSCOPIC ANALYSIS Microscopy - optical, Electron microscopy Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), basic principle and instrumentation configuration - Atomic force microscope (AFM) including contact-mode, tapping-mode and lateralforce AFM, scanning tunneling microscope (STM), electron microprobe analysis. SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS Optical spectroscopy - UV, visible, IR and Raman spectroscopy, ESCA and Auger spectroscopy - Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy, including basic principle, instrumentation configuration, data interpretation and analysis. TEXTBOOKS 1. "Surface Analysis - The Principal Techniques", by John C. Vickerman, John Wiley &Sons; 1st edition, (1997), ISBN: 0471972924 2. "Organic Structural Spectroscopy" by Joseph B. Lambert, Herbert F. Shurvell, David A Lightner, Robert Graham Cooks, Prentice Hall; 1st edition, (1997), ISBN: 0132586908 REFERENCES: 1. Online AFM textbook, Fundamentals of the scanning probe microscopy by V. L.Mironov 2. Surface Analysis Methods in Materials Science by D.J. O'Connor, Brett A. Sexton, 3. Roger S. C. Smart, Springer; 2 edition, (2003), ISBN: 3540413308 4. Organic Spectroscopy, by Lal Dhar Singh Yadav, Springer; 1 edition, (2005), ISBN:1402025742
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 23

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

5. Surface and Thin Film Analysis: A Compendium of Principles, Instrumentation, and Applications" by Henning Bubert , Holger Jenett, Wiley-VCH, (2002), ISBN: 3527304584 6. Scanning Probe Microscopy: The Lab on a Tip by Ernst Meyer, Hans J. Hug, Roland Bennewitz, Springer, (2003), ISBN: 3540431802. 7. Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis, by John C. Riviere, CRC; 1 edition, (1998), ISBN: 0824700805 8. Structure Determination of Organic Compounds : Tables of Spectral Data",by E. Pretsch, P. Bhlmann, C. Affolter, Springer; 3 edition, (2004), ISBN: 3540678158 9. Practical Guide to Surface Science and Spectroscopy by Yip-Wah Chung, Academic Press, (2001), ISBN: 0121746100

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 24

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5018

HEAT TREATMENT TECHNIQUES

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] PROCESS Technological aspects of heat treatment, viz., types of furnaces, controlled atmospheres during heat treatment, modem quenching techniques etc. Conventional types of heat treatment techniques. MODERN SURFACE HARDENING Modern surface hardening - Surface modification processes like laser hardening, bronzing, plasma nitrating, Ion implantation, and Vapour deposition etc, Precipitation hardening and strengthening. HEAT TREATMENT OF STEEL AND SUPER ALLOYS Structure and properties of martensite in steels and non-ferrous alloys. Retained austenite. Cryogenic treatment. Heat treatment of tool steels and special alloy steels such as TRIP steels, maraging steels, PH stainless steels - Heat treatment of cobalt and nickel base super alloys. Special aspects of heat treatment of titanium alloys and their structure property relationships HEAT TREATMENT FOR DEPOSITS Diffusion aspects in electroplated and electroless plated components Micro-structural changes for coated tools Effect of heat treatment on the deposits produced by PVD and CVD process. CASE STUDIES ON METALLURGICAL ASPECTS OF HEAT TREATMENT Structural changes - binary alloy, binary alloy with crystalline and amorphous combination Studies on crystallite size and micro strain.

TEXT BOOK 1. ASM Handbook Volume 04: Heat Treating, ISBN-13 2. Howard E. Boyer (1984), Practical Heat Treating (Hardcover) by, ASM International Publisher. REFERENCES 1. George E. Totten, Maurice A.H. Howes (1997), Steel Heat Treatment Handbook, CRC Publications, 1st edition.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 25

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5019

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] GOVERNING DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION AND FINITE DIFFERENCE METHOD Classification, initial and boundary conditions, initial and boundary value problems finite difference method, central, forward, backward difference, uniform and non-uniform grids, numerical errors, grid independence test. CONDUCTION HEAT TRANSFER Steady one-dimensional conduction, two and three dimensional steady state problems, transient one-dimensional problem, two-dimensional transient problems INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOW Governing equations, stream function verticity method, determination of pressure for viscous flow, simple procedure of Patankar and spalding, computation of boundary layer flow, finite difference approach. CONVECTION HEAT TRANSFER AND FEM Steady one-dimensional and two-dimensional convection diffusion, unsteady onedimensional convection diffusion, unsteady two - dimensional convection diffusion introduction to finite element method solution of steady heat conduction by fem incompressible flow simulation by FEM. TURBULENCE MODELS Algebraic models one equation model, K - models, standard and high and low Reynolds number models, prediction of fluid flow and heat transfer using standard codes. Text Book 1. Muralidhar, K., and Sundararajan, T., Computational Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer, Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi, 1995. References 1. Ghoshdasdidar, P.S., Computer Simulation of flow and heat transfer, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 1998. 2. Subas, V.Patankar Numerical heat transfer fluid flow, Hemisphere Publishing 3. Corporation, 1980. 4. Taylor, C and Hughes, J.B. Finite Element Programming of the Navier Stock 5. Equation, Pineridge Press Limited, U.K., 1981. 6. Anderson, D.A., Tannehill, J.I., and Pletcher, R.H., Computational fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, Newyork, USA, 1984. 7. Fletcher, C.A.J. Computational Techniques for Flu id Dynamics 1 Fundamental and General Techniques, Springer Verlag, 1987. 8. Fletcher, C.A.J. Computational Techniques for Fluid Dynamics 2, Specific Techniques for Different Flow Categories, Springer Verlag, 1987. 9. Bose, T.X., Numerical Fluid Dynamics Narosa Publishing House, 1997.
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 26

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5020

CORROSION ENGINEERING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] Principles: Corrosion principles -Electro-chemical aspects, environmental effects, metallurgical aspects. Forms of corrosion -characteristics and mechanisms.

Types of Corrosion: Types of corrosion basic classifications.

Corrosion Preventions: Corrosion prevention -cathodic and anodic protection, inhibitors, coatings and design.

Corrosion in Metals and Alloys: Metals and alloys, their corrosion resistance to different environments.

Corrosion Testing: Types and techniques Instruments Advances in corrosion testing.

Reference Book: 1. Mars G. Fontana, Corrosion Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill, 1967 2. Pierce R.Roberge, Hand Book of Corrosion Engineering, McGraw Hill, 2005 3. Zaki Anand, Principles of Corrosion Engineering and Corrosion Control, Oxford Press, 2006 4. R.Winston Revie, Corrosion and Corrosion Control, John Wiley & Sons INC, 2008

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 27

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5021

COMPOSITE MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] INTRODUCTION Limitations of conventional materials - definition of composite materials - types and characteristics - applications. MATERIALS Fibbers - Materials - Fibber reinforced plastics - thermoset polymers - Coupling agents, fillers and additives - Metal Matrix and Ceramic composites. MANUFACTURING Fundamentals - bag moulding - compression moulding pultrusion-filament winding other manufacturing process - quality inspection and non-destructive testing. MECHANICS AND PERFORMANCE Introduction to micro-mechanics-unidirectional lamina - laminates - interlaminar stresses - static mechanical properties - fatigue properties - impact properties - environmental effects - fracture mechanics and toughening mechanisms, damage prediction, failure modes. DESIGN Failure predictions - design considerations - joint design - codes - design examples. Optimization of laminated Composites - Application of FEM for design and analysis of laminated composites. Text Books: 1. Ronald Gibson, "Principles of Composite Material Mechanics ", Tata McGraw Hill, 1994. 2. Micael hyer, "Stress Analysis of Fiber - Reinforced Composite Materials ", Tata McGrawHill, 1998. References: 1. P.K.Mallicak, "Fiber-reinforced composites ", Monal Deklar Inc., New York, 1988. 2. B.D. Agarwal and L.J.Broutman, "Analysis and Performance of Fiber Composites ", John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1980. 3. F.L.Matthews & R.D.Rawlings, "Composite Materials, Engineering and Sciences ", Chapman & hall, London, 1994.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 28

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5022

METAL CUTTING THEORY AND PRACTICE

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

MECHANICS OF MACHINING Mechanism of chip formation - Types of chips - chip breakers - orthogonal and oblique cutting -Derivation of equation of equation of forces - Merchant's theory Ductile Regime machining -Mechanisms - Applications. TOOL GEOMETRY / NOMENCLATURE & CUTTING FORCES Nomenclature of single point tool - Systems of Tool Nomenclature and conversion of rake angles - Nomenclature of multipoint tools like drills, milling cutters and Grinding wheel - Forces in turning, drilling and milling - Measurement of cutting forces. THERMAL ASPECTS OF MACHINING Heat development in machining - Effects of various parameters - Measurement methods to determine chip tool interface temperature - action of cutting fluids - High speed machining. TOOL WEAR, CHATTER & TOOL LIFE Requirements of tool materials - Forms of wear - Mechanism of wear Factors affecting chatter in machining - types of chatter - Avoidance of chatter Mechanisms of chatter based on force and speed - Tool life - Optimum tool life - Grinding ratio. ECONOMICS OF MACHINING PROCESSESS Cost associated with machining processes - Optimum cutting speed for minimum cost in turning - Optimum cutting speed for maximum profile rate - Effect of feed on cutting speed for minimum cost - Restrictions on optimum cutting conditions - Effect of stochastic variability of work and tool properties. REFERENCES: 1. Juneja, B.L. and Sekhon, G.S., "Fundamentals of Metal cutting and Machine tools", New Age International (P) Ltd., NewDelhi, 2000. 2. Shaw, M.C., "Metal cutting Principles", Oxford clarendon Press, 1984. 3. Bhattacharya, "Metal cutting Theory and Practice", Central Book Publishers, Calcutta, 1984. 4. Boothroyd, G., "Fundamentals of Metal Machining and Machine Tools", McGraw-Hill Co., 1975. 5. Armarego, E.J.A. and Brown, R.H., "The Machining of Metals", Prentice Hall of India, 1982.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 29

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5023

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)]

INTRODUCTION TO FUZZY LOGIC Basic concepts in Fuzzy Set theory Operations of Fuzzy sets Fuzzy relational equations Propositional, Predicate Logic Inference Fuzzy Logic Principles Fuzzy inference Fuzzy Rule based systems Fuzzification and defuzzification Types. FUZZY LOGIC APPLICATIONS Fuzzy logic controllers Principles Various industrial Applications of Fuzzy logic control Adaptive Fuzzy systems Fuzzy Decision making Fuzzy classification Fuzzy pattern Recognition Image Processing applications Fuzzy optimization. INTRODUCTION TO ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS Fundamentals of Neural networks Neural network architectures Learning methods Taxonomy of Neural Network Architectures Standard back propagation Algorithms Selection of various parameters Variations. OTHER ANN ARCHITECTURES Associative memory Exponential Bidirectional Associative Memory Adaptive Resonance Theory Introduction Adaptive Resonance Theory 1 Adaptive Resonance Theory 2 Applications Kohen Self organizing maps counter propagation networks Industrial Applications. RECENT ADVANCES Fundamentals of Genetic Algorithms Hybrid systems Meta heuristic techniques like simulated Annealing, Tabu Search, Ant colony optimization, Perpetual self organizing, Artificial immune systems Applications in Design and Manufacturing. REFERENCES: 1. Klir, G.J. Yuan Bo, Fuzzy sets and Fuzzy Logic: Theory and Applications, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1997. 2. Jacek M. Zurada, Introduction to Artificial Neural Systems Jaico Publishing House, 1994 3. Simon Haykin, Neural Networks A comprehensive foundation, Prentice Hall, 2nd Edition, 1998. 4. Laurene Fausett, Fundamentals of Neural Networks, Architectures, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, 1994. 5. S. Rajasekaran, GA Vijayalakshmi Pai, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, 2003.
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 30

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5024

FLEXIBLE COMPETITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

MANUFACTURING IN A COMPETITIVE ENVIRONMENT Automation of manufacturing process - Numerical control - Adaptive control - material handling and movement - Industrial robots - Sensor technology - flexible, fixturing Design for assembly, disassembly and service. GROUP TECHNOLOGY Part families - classification and coding - Production flow analysis - Machine cell design - Benefits. FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEMS Introduction - Components of FMS - Application workstations - Computer control and functions - Planning, scheduling and control of FMS - Scheduling - Knowledge based scheduling - Hierarchy of computer control - Supervisory computer. COMPUTER SOFTWARE, SIMULATION AND DATABASE OF FMS System issues - Types of software - specification and selection - Trends - Application of simulation - software - Manufacturing data systems - data flow - CAD/CAM considerations - Planning FMS database. JUST IN TIME Characteristics of JIT - Pull method - quality -small lot sizes - work station loads - close supplier ties - flexible work force - line flow strategy - preventive maintenance - Kanban system - strategic implications - implementation issues - MRD JIT - Lean manufacture

REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Groover M.P., Automation, Production Systems and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1996. 2. Jha, N.K., Handbook of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Academic Press Inc., 1991. 3. Kalpakjian, Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, Addison-Wesley Publishing Co., 1995. 4. Taiichi Ohno, Toyota, Production System Beyond Large -Scale production, Productivity Press (India) Pvt.Ltd. 1992.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 31

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC5114

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] DESIGN OF HEAT EXCHANGER

C 3

CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS AND HEAT TRANSFER Types shell and tube heat exchangers, regenerators and recuperators industrial applications temperature distribution and its implications analysis of heat exchangers LMTD and effectiveness method. FLOW AND STRESS ANALYSIS Effect of turbulence, friction factor, pressure loss, stress in tubes, header sheets and pressure vessels, thermal stresses, shear stresses, types of failures. DESIGN ASPECTS Heat transfer and pressure loss, flow configuration, effect of baffles, effect of deviations from ideality design of double pipe, finned tube, shell and tube heat exchangers. COMPACT AND PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS Types merits and demerits, design of compact heat exchangers, plate heat exchangers, performance influencing parameters, limitations. CONDENSERS and COOLING TOWERS Design of surface and evaporative condensers, cooling tower performance characteristics.

Text Book: 1. Taborek, T., Hewitt, G. F., and Afgan, N., Heat Exchangers, Theory and Practice, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1980. References: 1. Walker, Industrial Heat Exchangers A Basic Guide, McGraw Hill Book Co., 1980. 2. Nicholas Cheremistoff, Cooling Tower, Ann Arbor Science Pub., 1981. 3. Arthur, P. Frass, Heat Exchanger Design, John Wiley and Sons, 1988.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 32

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6001

DESIGN OF MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS


(Use of Approved Data Book is permitted)

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

MATERIAL HANDLING EQUIPMENTS Types, selection and applications DESIGN OF HOIST Design of hoisting elements- welded and roller chains, hemp and wire ropes, design of ropes, pulleys, pulley systems, sprockets and drums, load handling attachments - design of forged hooks and eye hooks, crane grabs lifting magnets, grabbing attachments, design of arresting gear, brakes - shoe, band and cone types. DRIVES OF HOISTING GEAR Hand and power drives - travelling gear, rail traveling mechanism , cantilever and monorail cranes, slewing, jib and luffing gear, cogwheel drive, selecting the motor ratings. CONVEYORS Types - description - design and applications of belt conveyors, apron conveyors and escalators pneumatic conveyors, screw conveyors and vibratory conveyors. ELEVATORS Bucket elevator design - loading and bucket arrangements - cage elevators - shaft way, guides, counter weights, hoisting machine, safety devices - design of form lift trucks. Text Book 1. Spivakovsy, A.O. and Dyachkov, V.K., L Conveying Machines, Volumes I and II, MIR Publishers, 1985.

References 1. Alexandrov, M., Materials Handling Equipments, MIR Publishers, 1981. 2. Boltzharol, A., Materials Handling Handbook, The Ronald Press Company, 1958.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 33

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6002

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT

C 3

INTRODUCTION Philosophy of TQM, customer focus, organisation, top management commitment, teamwork, quality philosophies of Deming, Crossby and Muller. QUALITY PROCESS QC tools, problem solving methodologies, new management tools, work habits, quality circles, bench marking, strategic quality planning. QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROCESS Quality policy deployment, quality function deployment, standardization, designing for quality, manufacturing for quality. ISO SYSTEMS Need for ISO 9000 system, advantages, clauses of ISO 9000, Implementation of ISO 9000, quality costs, quality auditing, case studies. IMPLEMENTATION OF TQM Steps in KAIZEN, 5S, JIT, POKAYOKE, Taguchi methods, case studies. Text Book 1. Rose., J.E. Total Quality Management, Kogan Page Ltd., 1993. References 1. John Bank, The Essence of total quality management, PHI 1993. 2. Greg Bounds, Lyle Yorks et al, Beyond Total Quality Management, McGraw Hill, 1994.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 34

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6003

TERO ENGINEERING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

RELIABILITY CONCEPT Reliability function - failure rate - Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) - Mean Time To Failure (MTTF) - a priori and a posteriori concept - mortality curve - useful life availability - maintainability - system effectiveness. RELIABILITY DATA ANALYSIS Time to failure distributions - exponential, normal, gamma, Weibull, ranking of data probability plotting techniques - Hazard plotting. RELIABILITY PREDICTION MODEL Series and parallel systems - RBD approach - standby systems M/N configuration application of Baye's theorem - cut and tie set method - Markov analysis - FTA limitations. RELIABILITY MANAGEMENT Reliability testing - reliability growth monitoring - non parametric methods - reliability and life cycle costs reliability allocation - replacement model. RISK ASSESMENT Definition and measurement of risk - risk analysis techniques - risk reduction resources industrial safety and risk assessment. Text Book 1. Modarres, Reliability and Risk analysis, Mara Dekker Inc., 1993. References 1. John Davidson, The Reliability of Mechanical system, published by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, London, 1988. 2. Smith C.O. Introduction to Reliability in Design, McGraw Hill, London, 1976.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 35

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6004

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT

C 3

BASICS Maintenance functions - Tero technology - maintenance costs - organisation for maintenance - Japanese concept. RELIABILITY ANALYSIS Reliability function - useful life - repair time distribution - Weibull application - standby systems - maintainability and availability - RCM. MAINTANANCE POLICIES Maintenance types - Preventive maintenance - PM for functional characteristics and large scale systems - repair policy - PM and break down maintenance - Statistical applications replacement models. LOGISTICS Spare parts control - overall/optimum availability - maintenance planning - priority rules maintenance staffing UMS - maintenance manual. ADVANCED TECHNIQUES Condition monitoring - WDM, SPM, vibration monitoring - maintenance information system - TPM - maximize equipment effectiveness.

Text Book 1. Edward Hartman, Maintenance Management, Productivity and Quality Publishing Pvt. Ltd., Madras, 1995. References 1. Smith D.J. Reliability and Maintainability in perspective, Mac Millan Ltd., London, 1985. 2. Seiichi Nakagrima, Introduction to Total Productive Maintenance, Productivity press (India) Pvt. Ltd.,1993.

MEC6005

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 36

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)]

INRODUCTION Observation of research- motivation - types of research - approaches - significance research methods versus methodology - research process - criteria of good research formal science and empirical science - logic of scientific method - hypothetic deductive method - models - scientific attitude. LOGICAL APPROACH Logical approach - soft system approach - creative approach - development of creativity - group problem solving techniques for idea generation - approaches to management research problem - investigation of idea by an experienced researcher pilot study. EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH Experimental research- principles of experiment - laboratory experiments - experimental designs - quasi - experimental designs - action research - validity and reliability of experiments and quasi-experiments - sources of invalidity of experiments and quasi experiments - choice of experimental design. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Exploration for problem identification - hypothesis generation - formulation of the problem -heuristics and simulation - heuristic optimization- simulation modeling measurement design-primary types of measurement scales - errors in measurementvalidity and reliability in measurement - qualitative research methods. PRIMARY DATA COLLECTION METHODS Primary data collection methods - sources of secondary data - non-sampling errors validity and reliability of data collection procedures - data preparation- exploratory data analysis statistical estimation - hypothesis testing - Univariate analysis - logic identification of appropriate test- parametric tests - non-parametric tests - Bivariate analysis and hypothesis testing. ANALYSIS OF EXPERIMENTS Analysis of experiments data - analysis of single factor experiment - Latin square design randomized 2x2 factorial designs - multivariate analysis of data - dependence and interdependence analysis - pre-writing consideration - style and composition of the report - principles of thesis writing - format of reporting - briefing - rules for typing or word processing. Text Book 1. Krishnaswamy, K.N. Appa Iyer Sivakumar. M.Mithran Management research methodology: Integration of principles, methods and techniques Pearson education, Delhi, 2006. References 1. Panneer selvam .R., Research methodology, PHI India ,2004. 2. Kothari.C.R., Research methodology,1990. MEC6006 QUALITY ENGINEERING C KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 37 L T P

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

[Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] CONTROL CHARTS Quality Definition, need variation causes control charts for variable X , R and charts control charts for attributes p, np, c, u chart, CUSUM charts, Exponential Weighted Moving Average (EWMA) chart. ANALYSIS OF PROCESS CONTROL AND MULTIVARIATE QUALITY CONTROL Shift in process mean probability of shift, ARL, process capability analysis, six sigma Quality control for two independent variables, two dependent variables Use of covariance matrix Hotelling T control chart Monitoring process variability. ACCEPTANCE SAMPLING Sampling plans need, types single sampling plan OC curve construction, interpretation, AOQL, ATI double sampling plan probability of acceptance, ASN, ATI, AOQL multiple sampling plans design of sampling plans use of Dodge Romig tables, IS2500 Part I and II. QUALITY MANAGEMENT TPM Overall equipment effectiveness, Failure mode effect analysis Six sigma Define Measure Analyse Improve Control (DMAIC) Repeatability and Reproducibility, JIT Kanban, Lean manufacturing. SYSTEM CERTIFICATION Need for a quality system, ISO elements, implementation documentation, auditing, QS 9000 certification for automobile industries TS/16949 concepts ISO 14000 environmental requirements, Benefits Software quality CMM levels. Text Book 1. Mahajan, Statistical Quality Control, Dhanpat Rai and Co (P) Ltd, Third Edition, 2002. References 1. Dougles C. Montgomery, Introduction to Statistical Quality Control, John Wiley and Sons, Inc, Fifth Edition, 2004. 2. Eugene L. Grant Richard S., Leven Worth, Statistical Quality Control McGraw Hill, Seventh Edition, 1996. 3. Kannan SM, Jayabalan V, Total Quality Management, McGraw Hill. Seventh Edition, 1996. 4. Seiichi Nakajima, Introduction to TPM, RKR Publications, 2005. 5. Sharma DD, Total Quality Management, Sultan Chand and Sons, 2002.

MEC6007

PRECISION MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY

C 3 KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 38

L 3

T 0

P 0

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

BASICS Introduction, history, development and need of micro-electro-mechanical systems overview of MEMS technology - working principle of micro system thermo fluid engineering and micro system design. ELECTRO PHYSICAL PROCESSES Different electro - physical processes used for machining - dealing with MEMS materials - relevant non-conventional processes; IC fabrication processes used for MEMS; MEMS sensors and actuators BULK MANUFACTURING Bulk manufacturing - surface micro machining- LIGA process. MECHANICAL PROCESSES Mechanical process techniques and process models for micro-machining; Fabrication processes and design of the process sequences. MICRO SYSTEM DESIGN Micro system design introduction design considerations - process design - mechanical design - design of silicon die and micro fluidic cad applications capillary electrophoresis network system.

Text Book 1. Tai Ran Hsu MEMS and MICRO SYSTEMS Design and Manufacture, TMH, Delhi-2. References 1. Vijay K Varadan, Micro Sensors, MEMS, and Smart Devices, John wiley and sons 2001. 2. Marc Madou, Fundamentals of micro Fabrication, CRC Press,1997.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 39

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6008
BASICS

VALUE ENGINEERING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

Overview of value analysis - product design - design process.


VALUE ANALYSIS

Value and value analysis - identification of its function/end use - importance in import substitution - techniques of value analysis - the information phase - the analytical phase recommendation, IMPLEMENTATION Implementation - organisation structure - responsibilities of individual departments. PRODUCT DESIGN Product design, design process, design method, design considerations, cost evaluation, basic concept of value engineering, value engineering and quality, value engineering and productivity, value engineering phase, value engineering process, cost-value analysis. DESIGN PROCESS Problems and organization of design process and value engineering, methods in value engineering to improve the competitiveness of product/service. Text Book 1. Lawrence, D.M., Techniques of Value Analysis and Engineering, McGraw Hill, 1988. References 1. George. E.D. Engineering Design: a Material and Processing Approach, McGraw Hill, 1991. 2. Heller.D.E., Value Management, Value Engineering and Cost Reduction, Addison Wesley,1988.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 40

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6009

SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

BASICS Building blocks of a supply chain network - business processes in supply chains - types of supply chains and examples supply chain drivers. SUPPLY CHAIN INVENTORY MANAGEMENT Strategic, tactical, and operational decisions in supply chains - supply chain performance measures - supply chain inventory management demand forecasting impact of uncertainty of supply in safety inventory managing safety inventory in multi echelon supply chains - bullwhip effect. SOURCING DECISION IN SUPPLY CHAIN Role of sourcing in-house sourcing and outsourcing third party logistics supplier relation procurement processes risk management in sourcing. TRANSPORTATION IN SUPPLY CHAIN Role of transportation modes design option for a transportation network trade off in transportation design. SUPPLY CHAIN AUTOMATION IT enabled supply chains role of IT in forecasting, inventory management, procurement, transportation - customer relationship management - ERP and supply chains - supply chain automation and supply chain integration. Text Book 1. Sunil Chopra and Peter Meindl. Supply Chain Management: Strategy, Planning, and Operation, Third Edition, Pearson Education, 2007. References 1. N. Viswanadham and Y. Narahari. Performance Modeling of Automated manufacturing Systems. Prentice Hall of India, 1998. 2. R.B. Handfield and E.L. Nochols, Jr. Introduction to Supply Chain Management. Prentice Hall, 1999.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 41

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6010

L T P METROLOGY AND NON DESTRUCTIVE TESTING 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)]

C 3

MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS Tool maker's microscope - co-ordinate measuring machines - universal measuring machine - laser viewers for production profile checks - image shearing microscope - use of computers - machine vision technology, microprocessors in metrology. STATISTICAL METHODS Data presentation - statistical measures and tools - process capability - confidence and tolerance limits - control charts for variables and for fraction defectives - theory of probability - sampling - ABC standard - reliability and life testing. LIQIUD PENETRANT AND MAGENETIC PARTICAL TESTING Characteristics of liquid penetrants - different washable systems - developers applications - methods of production of magnetic fields - principles of operation of magnetic particle test - applications - advantages and limitations. RADIOGRAPHY Sources of ray - X-ray production - properties of X rays - film characteristics - exposure charts - contrasts operational characteristics of X ray equipment - applications. ULTROSONIC AND ACCOUSTIC EMISSION TECHNIQUES Production of ultrasonic waves - different types of waves - general characteristics of waves - pulse echo method - A, B, C scans - principles of acoustic emission techniques advantages and limitations - instrumentation applications. Text Book 1. Jain, R.K., Engineering Metrology, Khanna Publishers, 1997.

References 1. Barry Hull and Vernon John, Non Destructive Testing, MacMillan, 1988. 2. American Society for Metals, Metals Hand Book, Vol.II, 1976. 3. Progress in Acoustic Emission, Proceedings of 10th International Acoustic Emission Symposium, Japanese Society for NDI, 1990.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 42

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6011

ADVANCED STRENGTH OF MATERIALS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

ELASICITY Stress - strain relations and general equations of elasticity in Cartesian, polar and spherical coordinates differential equations of equilibrium-compatibility - boundary conditions - representation of three - dimensional stress of a tension generalized hook's law - St. Venant's principle - plane stress - Airy's stress function. SHEAR CENTRE Location of shear centre for various sections - shear flows - stresses and deflections in beams subjected to unsymmetrical loading - kern of a section. CURVED FLEXIBLE MEMBERS Circumference and radial stresses - deflections curved beam with restrained ends closed ring subjected to concentrated load and uniform load - chain links and crane hooks. STRESS IN FLAT AND CIRCULAR PLATES Stresses in circular and rectangular plates due to various types of loading and end conditions buckling of plates - Torsion of rectangular cross section - St. Venants theory elastic membrane analogy, Prandtl's stress function, torsional stress in hollow thin walled tubes. STRESS DUE TO ROTARY SECTIONS Radial and tangential stresses in solid disc and ring of uniform thickness and varying thickness allowable speeds. Methods of computing contact stress-deflection of bodies in point and line contact applications. Text Book 1. Seely and Smith, Advanced Mechanics of Materials, John Wiley International Edn, 1952. References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Rimoahwnko, Strength of Materials, Van Nostrand. Timoshenko and Goodier, LTheory of Elasticity, McGraw Hill. Wang, Applied Elasticity, McGraw Hill. Cas, Strength of Materials, Edward Arnold, London 1957. Robert D. Cook, Warren C. Young, Advanced Mechanics of Materials, Mc-millan pub. Co., 1985.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 43

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6012

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] ADVANCED OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES

C 3

INTRODUCTION Classification of optimization problems, Applications of optimization, concepts of design vector, Design constraints, constrains surface, objective function surfaces and multi-level optimization. OPTIMIZATION I Karmakars method of solving L.P.problem, Quadratic programming, non-linear programming unconstrained optimization techniques, Basics of constrained optimization. OPTIMIZATION II Integer linear programming methods and application, Introduction to integer non-linear programming, Basics of geometric programming. OPTIMIZATION III Multi-objective optimization methods and application, Formulation of problems Separable programming and stochastic programming. OPTIMIZATION IV Applications of Soft Computing Techniques GA, SAA, Tabu search, Ants Colony Algorithm, ANN, Fuzzy Systems, PSO algorithm and other Meta-Heuristics. REFERENCES: 1. Singiresu S.Rao, Engineering optimization Theory and practices, John Wiley and Sons, 1996. Ravindran Phillips Solberg, Operations Research Principles and Practice, John Wiley and Sons, 1987. Fredrick S.Hillier and G.J.Liberman, Introduction to Operations Research, McGraw Hill Inc. 1995.

2.

3.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 44

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6013

PURCHASING AND MATERIAL MANAGEMENT

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION Objectives of material management-material circle-Organisation for material management-Integrated materials management approach-Organisation and controlMaterials research-Corporate policy-Value analysis MATERIALS PLANNING AND INVENTOREY MANAGEMENT Materials forecasting-Selective inventory control-Fixed order size and fixed order interval systems-Deterministic models-Static inventory models-Probabilistic modelsABC Analysis-Spare parts management Materials requirement planning and aggregate inventory management-Implementation of inventory systems. MATERIALS STORAGE AND WAREHOUSING Standard - Variety reduction-Codification-Storage designs-Store layout-Storage systemsMechanization of automation of warehouses-Materials handling-transportation and traffic management-Stores management-Procedure-Incoming materials control, Obsolete, Surplus and Scrap management. PURCHASING Purchasing policies and procedures-Legal aspects of purchasing-Selection of sources of supply-Make or buy decisions-Vendor development-Price-Cost analysis and negotiations-Forward buying-Speculation- Commodity markets-Capital equipment buying-Imports and customs clearance-Purchasing research-Creative purchasing MATERIALS ACCOUNTING,BUDGETING AND ADMINISTRATIVE CONTROL Materials accounting-Stock verification-Budgeting,Evaluation of materials management performance-Information systems in material management-Buyer seller relationships in ethics. Application of operations research techniques in material managements. REFERENCES: 1. P.Gopalakrishnan and M.Sundaresan, Materials Management Integrated approach ", PHI 1996 2. Learnerr Lee Jr. and Donald .M.Dobbler, " Purchasing and Material management ", Tata McGraw Hill,1996 3. J.K.Westing,I.V.Fine and C.T.Zone, " Purchasing Management ", John Wiley and Sons,1976. 4. J.G.Monks, " Operation Management ", McGraw Hill,1984. 5.M.K.Starr,"OperationsManagement",PrenticeHall,1982.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 45

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6014

INVENTORY SYSTEMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

DEMAND FORECASTING Characteristics and Principles, Methods, Qualitative Methods - Delphi technique, Market Research, Intrinsic method-time-series analysis, moving averages, exponential smoothing - The Bon Jenkins method, Extrinsic methods - Regression models, measurement of forecast errors. INVENTORY MANAGEMENT Functions of inventory - Objectives - Inventory systems - Inventory models - Basic and advanced inventory models. PRODUCTION PLANNING Purpose, Characteristics - Aggregate Planning - Methods - Master Production Scheduling - functions Time buckets - time fences - Orders - Reports. MATERIALS, REQUIREMENT PLANNING AND CAPACITY PLANNING . Purpose of MRP - Inputs to MRP - MRP LOGIC - Planning Factors - Outputs from MRP - Resource Planning - Capacity Planning.

CURRENT TRENDS JIT, Supply Chain Management - Concurrent Engineering, MRP II, LERP.

REFERENCES 1. Lee J.Krajewski, Larry P.Ritzman, " Operations Management Strategy and Analysis ,Addison Wesley, 1999. 2. Spencer B.Smith, " Computer Based Production and Inventory Control ", Prentice Hall, 1989. 3. Joseph S.Martinkh, " Production and Operations Management ", John wiley & sons, 1999. 4. Joseph Monks, " Operations Management ", Theory and Practical, McGraw-Hill publishing Company, 1987. 5. Nanu Singh, " Systems approach to computer-integrated design and Manufacturing ", John Wiley & Sons, 1996. Web Reference: 1. http://www.genex.co.th/Tech-update/DNS/scena102.htm

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 46

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6015

L T P ADVANCED ENGINEERING METROLOGY AND MEASUREMENTS 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)]

C 3

REVIEW ON METROLOGY Definition of metrology-Linear measuring instruments: Vernier, micrometer, interval measurement, Slip gauges and classification, interferometery, optical flats, limit gaugesComparators: Mechanical, pneumatic and electrical types, applications. Angular measurements: -Sine bar, optical bevel protractor, angle Decker Taper measurements. LIMITS, FITS AND TOLERANCES General Concepts - Units and Standards - Measuring instruments - Sensitivity, readability, range of accuracy, precision - Static and dynamic response - Repeatability hystersis - Systematic and random errors Correction calibration. Limits Tolerance - accuracy - fits Clearance fit, Transition fit, Interference fit. STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL Fundamental concepts of Quality Quality Quality control Benefits Limitations concept of variation types causes normal curve theory on control charts types CONCEPTS IN SELECTIVE ASSEMBLY Definition of selective assembly - advantages disadvantages application need methods concepts of selective assembly . STUDY OF AN APPLICATION IN THE NEARBY INDUSTRIES Visiting an Industry submitting a report.

REFERENCES: 1. ASME Hand book of Industries Metrology, Printice Hall of India1992. 2. Metrology for Engineers G.N.Galyer. F.W and C.R. Shotbolt, ELBS edn.1990 3. A Text Book of Engineering Metrology I.C. Kupta, Dhanpat Rai and Sons Publication 1990.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 47

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6016

MANUFACTURING SYSTEM DESIGN AND SIMULATION

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION Simulation advantages disadvantages applications - systems and system environment - components of a system - types of models - discrete event system simulation - steps in simulation study - simulation examples. QUEUING MODELS Characteristics of queuing systems - queuing notation - transient and steady state behavior of queues - long run measures of performance of queuing systems - steady state behavior of infinite population - morkovian models - steady state behavior of finite population models - networks of queues. RANDOM NUMBER GENERATION Properties of Random numbers generation of pseudo Random numbers techniques for generating Random numbers Linear congruencial method, combined congruential generators - tests for Random numbers Frequency test, Runs test ,Gap test ,Poker test. RANDOM VARIATE GENERATION Inverse transform technique exponential distribution uniform distribution weibull distribution triangular distribution empirical continuous distribution discrete distribution direct transformation for the normal distribution Erlang distribution Poisson distribution Gamma distribution. ANALYSIS OF SIMULATION DATA Data collection chi square test- Kolmogorov smirnov Goodness of fit test covariance and correlation multivariate input models time series input models verification and validation of simulation models.

REFERENCES: 1. Jerry Banks., Discrete event system simulation, Second edition, 1996, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi. 2. Johnson. R. A., Miller & Freunds Probability and Statistics for Engineers, Sixth Edition, Pearson Education, Delhi, 2000. (Chapters 7, 8, 9, 12) 3. Gupta, S.C, and Kapur, J.N., Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics, Sultan Chand, Ninth Edition , New Delhi ,1996. MEC6017 DESIGN OF CELLULAR MANUFACTURING C KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 48 L T P

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION Introduction to Group Technology, Limitations of traditional manufacturing systems, characteristics and design of groups, benefits of GT and issues in GT. CMS PLANNING AND DESIGN Problems in GT/CMS - Design of CMS - Models, traditional approaches and nontraditional approaches - Genetic Algorithms, Simulated Annealing, Neural networks. IMPLEMENTATION OF GT/CMS Inter and Intra cell layout, cost and non-cost based models, establishing a team approach, Managerial structure and groups, batch sequencing and sizing, life cycle issues in GT/CMS. PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT AND CONTROL Measuring CMS performance - Parametric analysis - PBC in GT/CMS, cell loading, GT and MRP - framework. ECONOMICS OF GT/CMS Conventional Vs G.T- use of computer models in GT/CMS, Human aspects of GT/CMS case studies.

REFERENCES: 1. Burbidge, J.L. Group " Technology in Engineering Industry ", Mechanical Engineering pub. London, 1979. 2. Askin, R.G. and Vakharia, A.J., G.T " Planning and Operation, in The automated factory-Hand Book: Technology and Management ", Cleland, D.I. and Bidananda, B (Eds), TAB Books, NY, 1991. 3. Irani, S.A. " Cellular Manufacturing Systems ", Hand Book. 4. Kamrani, A.K, Parsaei, H.R and Liles, D.H. (Eds), " planning, design and analysis of cellular manufacturing systems ", Elsevier, 1995.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 49

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6018

PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

BASICS OF OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT The Field of Operations Management, Production systems, OM in the Organizational Chart, Operations as service, Historical Development of OM, Current Issues in Operations Management. PRODUCT DESIGN AND PROCESS SELECTION-MANUFACTURING The Product Design Process, Designing for the Customer, Designing Products for Manufacture and Assembly, Process Selection, Manufacturing Process Flow Design, Global Product Design and Manufacturing, Measuring Product Development Performance. FACILITY LOCATION AND FACILITY LAYOUT Plant location methods-Factor rating, Transportation method, Centroid method, Locating service facilities Basic Production Layout Formats, Process Layout, Product Layout, Group Technology (Cellular) Layout, Fixed- Position Layout, Retail Service Layout, Office Layout. STRATEGIC CAPACITY MANAGEMENT Capacity Management in operations, Capacity Planning Concepts, Capacity Planning, Planning Service Capacity. OPERATIONS SCHEDULING AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT Manufacturing Execution Systems, the Nature and Importance of Work Centers, Priority Rules and Techniques, Shop-Floor Control, Personnel Scheduling in Services Structuring Projects, Work Breakdown Structure, Network-Planning Models, Time Cost Models, Managing Resources. REFERENCES: 1. Production and Operation Management, Evert E Adams Jr. and Ronald J Ebert, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1994.5th Edition. 2. Production and Operations Management, Richard B Chase, Nicholas J Aquilano and F Roberts Jacobs, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 10th Edition, 2004. 3. Operations Management Strategy and Analysis, Lee J Krajweski and Larry P Ritzman. Person Education, New Delhi, 2002.6th Edition. 4. Operations Management, Norman Gaither and Greg Fraizer, Thomson (Southwestern), 2002. 5. Operations Management, Russel and Taylor, 4th Edition.
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 50

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6019

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF ALGORITHMS

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION: Algorithms, basic steps in development. REVIEW OF ANY ONE OF THE STRUCTURED LANGUAGES BASIC TOOLS: Top down, Structured programming, networks, data structure. METHODS OF DESIGN: Sub goals, hill climbing and working backward, heuristics, back track programming, Branch and bound recursion process, program testing, documentation, Meta heuristics. APPLICATION: Development of sorting, searching, algorithms- combinatorial problems, shortest path, probabilistic algorithms.

REFERENCES: 1. John R Hubbard, Fundamentals of Computing with C++, , Tata Mc Graw Hill,2000. 2. Goodman S.F. & Headtruemu, S.T.,Introduction to the design and analysis of algorithms, Mcgraw Gill, 2000. 3. Elias Horowitz, Sartaj Sahani, Sanguthevar Rajasekaran, Fundamentals of Computer Algorithms, Galgotia Publications, 2003 4. Dromey, How to solve in by computers, Prentice Hall, 1982. 5. Panneerselvam.R,Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Prentice Hall of India,2008.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 51

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6020

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] MECHANICAL TESTING OF MATERIALS

C 3

HARDNESS TESTING Hardness - Hardness tests like Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, Meyer, Knoop, Shorescleroscope, Poldi & Monotron, relationship with flow curve Plastic flow analysis FLOW PROPERTY TESTING Tension - Engineering & true stress-strain curves, evaluation of tensile properties tensile instability, effect of strain-rate & temperature on flow properties - Compression Comparison with tension, buckling & barreling. Bending - Pure bending & flexure formula. Torsion - Stresses for elastic & plastic strain, Torsion vs. Tension - Impact Notched bar impact tests, transition Temperature & metallurgical factors affecting it. FATIGUE AND CREEP Fatigue - Stress cycles & S-N curve, effect of variables like mean stress, stress concentration, surface, size, metallurgical factors etc. Creep - Creep, stress rupture & stress relaxation tests, development of creep resistant alloys, prediction of long time properties. POLYMER TESTING Polymer testing (sample preparation, testing standards and methods, analysis of polymer and additives) - problems of polymer (thermoxidative degradation, fire hazards, toxicity, effluent disposal, feedstock scarcity). CASE STUDIES Case studies in failure analysis. Prevention of failures TEXT BOOK 1. Dowling, Norman E (2006), Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Prentice Hall, 3rd Edition. 2. Marc Andre Meyers, Krishan Kumar Chawla, Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Prentice Hall, 1998 REFERENCE 1. Yung-Li Lee, Jwo Pan, Richard Hathaway, Mark Barkey (2004), Fatigue Testing and Analysis: Theory and Practice, Butterworth-Heinemann. 2. Norman E. Dowling (1998), Mechanical Behavior of Materials: Engineering Methods for Deformation, Fracture, and Fatigue, Prentice Hall; 2nd edition. 3. Jacek J. Skrzypek and Richard B. Hetnarski (1993), Plasticity and Creep: Theory, Examples, and Problems, CRC Press

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 52

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6021

PLASTIC PROCESSING TECHNOLOGY

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION OF PLASTICS Ease of processing of plastics compared to other engineering materials, processing and shaping techniques, primary and secondary processing, machining and joining, plastics compounding, additives and their effect, mixing: cold mixing and hot mixing, different types of mixers, plasticizing, pelletizing, and size reduction. Difference in approach to processing of thermoplastics and thermosets. EXTRUSION Extrusion: Extrusion line, extruder, screw, different designs, single screw and twin screw, mixing ones, designs, ancillary equipment, sizing, cooling and product handling, film extrusion, blowing and flat Film techniques, extrusion of tubing and pipe, profile extrusion, wires and cables. INJECTION AND COMPRESSION MOULDING TECHNIQUES Injection moulding: Injection moulding machine, injection unit, clamping unit, toggle clamping and hydraulic clamping, moulds, process sequence, flow process within the mould, hot runner and insulated runner moulds, injection moulding of thermo sets, reaction injection moulding, compression moulding and transfer moulding. BLOW MOULDING AND CALENDARING Blow moulding: extrusion blowing, multiple moulds, moving mould stations, parison programming, injection blow moulding. Calendaring operations: types of calendar, machine layouts for coasting, frictioning and laminating operations. Thermoforming, positive and negative forming, rotational moulding. WELDING, MACHINING AND RECYCLING OF PLASTICS Welding of plastics, different methods, machining of plastics, sawing, milling, drilling, turning, grinding and polishing, Adhesive bonding of plastics, plastics, solvent cementing, recycling of plastics, mechanical recycling, feedstock recycling, energy recover. TEXT BOOKS: 1. Edward. A. Muccio, Plastic processing Technology (1994), ASM international REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Gans Georg Elias (2003), Introduction to Plastics, Wiley VCH. 2. James M. Margolis, Engineering plastics handbook, McGraw-Hill, 2006 Technology & Engineering 3. Charles A. Harper, Hand book of Plastics, Elastomer and Composites (2002), McGraw-Hill.

MEC6022

APPLIED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGY

C KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 53

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)]

ELASTIC AND PLASTIC BEHAVIOUR Elasticity in metals and polymers - mechanism of plastic deformation, role of dislocations, yield stress, shear strength of perfect and real crystals - strengthening mechanisms, work hardening, solid sectioning, grain boundary strengthening, poly phase mixture, precipitation, particle, fiber and dispersion strengthening - effect of temperature, strain and strain rate on plastic behaviors - super plasticity - deformation of noncrystalline material. FRACTURE BEHAVIOUR Griffith theory, stress intensity factor and fracture toughness - Toughening mechanisms ductile, brittle transition in steel - high temperature fracture, creep - Larson-Miller parameter - deformation and fracture mechanism maps - fatigue, low and high cycle fatigue test, crack initiation and propagation mechanisms and Paris law - effect of surface and metallurgical parameters on fatigue - fracture of non metallic materials - failure analysis, sources of failure, procedure of failure analysis. SELECTION OF MATERIALS Motivation for selection, cost basis and service requirements - selection for mechanical properties, strength, toughness, fatigue and creep - selection for surface durability corrosion and wear resistance - relationship between materials selection and processing case studies in materials selection with relevance to aero, auto, marine, machinery and nuclear applications. MODERN METALLIC MATERIALS Dual phase steels, micro alloyed, High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA) steel, transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steel, maraging steel - intermetallics, Ni and Ti aluminides smart materials, shape memory alloys - metallic glass - quasi crystal and nano crystalline materials. NON METALLIC MATERIALS Polymeric materials - formation of polymer structure - production techniques of fibers, foams, adhesives and coatings - structure, properties and applications of engineering polymers - advanced structural ceramics, WC, TiC, TaC, AI2O3, SiC, Si3N4, CBN and diamond - properties, processing and applications. Text Book 1. Thomas H.Courtney, Mechanical Behaviour of Materials, (2nd Edition), McGraw-Hill, 2000. References 1. Charles J.A., Crane, F.A.A and Furness, J.A.G., Selection and use of Engineering Materials, (3rd Edition), Butterworth-Heiremann, 1977. 2. Flinn, R.A. and Trojan, P.K., Engineering Materials and their Applications , (4th Edition), Jaico, 1999. 3. George E.Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy, McGraw Hill, 1988. 4. Metals Hand Book, Vol.10, "Failure Analysis and Prevention, (10th Edition), 1994.
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 54

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6023

ADVANCED MECHANISMS DESIGN AND SIMULATION

KINEMATICS Review of fundamentals of kinematics - mobility analysis - formation of one D.O.F. multiloop kinematic chains, network formula - gross motion concepts. POSITION ANALYSIS Position analysis - Vector loop equations for four bar, slider crank, inverted slider crank geared five bar and six bar linkages - analytical method for velocity and acceleration analysis - four bar linkage jerk analysis - plane complex mechanism - fixed and moving centrodes, inflection points and inflection circle - Euler Savory equation, graphical constructions - cubic of stationary curvature. SYNTHESIS Type synthesis - number synthesis - associated linkage concept - dimensional synthesis function generation, path generation, motion generation - graphical methods - cognate linkage coupler curve synthesis, design of six bar mechanisms algebraic methods application of instant centre in linkage design - cam mechanism - determination of optimum size of cams. STATIC AND INERTIA FORCE ANALYSIS Static force analysis with friction - inertia force analysis - combined static and inertia force analysis - shaking force, Kinetostactic analysis - introduction to force and moment balancing of linkages. KINEMATIC ANALYSIS Kinematic analysis of spatial RSSR mechanism - Denavit - Hartenberg parameters forward and inverse kinematics of robotic manipulators.

Text Book 1. Sandor G.N. and Erdman A.G., Advanced Mechanism Design Analysis and Synthesis, Prentice Hall, 1984. References 1. Shigley, J.E., and Uicker, J.J., Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, McGraw Hill, 1995. 2. Amitabha Ghosh and Ashok Kumar Mallik, Theory of Mechanism and Machines, EWLP, Delhi, 1999. 3. Nortron R.L., Design of Machinery, McGraw Hill, 1999. 4. Kenneth J. Waldron, Gary L. Kinzel, Kinematics, Dynamics and Design of Machinery, John Wiley-sons, 1999.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 55

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6024

L T P 3 0 0 [Common for M.Tech (CAD/CAM) and M.Tech (Energy Engineering)] INDUSTRIAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT

C 3

BASICS OF INDUSTRIAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT History, development of safety - evaluation of modern safety concepts - role of government, trade union and management - safety management functions - safety organization, safety department, safety committee safety management techniques - job safety analysis, plant safety inspection, safety audit, safety sampling technique, safety survey - performance measurements and motivation - employee participation - safety and productivity. OPERATIONAL SAFETY I Hot metal operation boiler and pressure vessels, heat treatment shop, gas furnace operation, electroplating, hot bending pipes, safety in welding and cutting - cold metal operation - safety in machine shop, cold bending and chamfering of pipes, metal cutting, shot blasting, grinding, painting - power press and other machines. OPERATIONAL SAFETY - II Safety in layout design and material handling, dock safety, machine guarding - safety in use of electricity - management of toxic gases and chemicals - safety in chemical laboratories, ammonia printing - safety in sewage disposal and cleaning industrial pollution - working at heights - Industrial fires and prevention - managing emergencies in industries - on-site and off-site emergencies, control of major industrial hazards PROTECTING DEVICES AND ACCIDENT PREVENTION Personal protective equipment - causes and cost of accidents - basic philosophy of accident prevention - accident prevention programmes - specific hazard control strategies-HAZOP - house keeping - safety education and training - first aid- fire fighting devices - accident reporting, investigations and statistics - industrial psychology in accident prevention. LAWS RELATED TO SAFETY AND INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE Safety and health standards - industrial hygiene and occupational disease prevention, welfare facilities - history of legislations related to safety - safety provisions in the factory act - Workmen compensation act - environmental protection act - electricity act OHSA. Text Book 1. Lees, F.P., Loss Prevention in Process Industries, Butterworths, New Delhi, 1986. 2. Occupational Safety manual, BHEL, Trichy, 2002.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 56

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

Reference 1. John V.Girmaldi and Rollin H.Simonds, Safety management, All India Travellers bookseller, New Delhi, 1989. 2. Accident Prevention Manual for Industrial Operations, NSC, Chicago, 1982. 3. Heinrich H.W., Industrial Accident Prevention, McGraw-Hill, 1980. 4. Brown D.B., System Analysis and Design for Safety, Prentice Hall Inc., New Jersy, 1976. 5. Handbook of Occupational Health and Safety, NSC Chicago, 1982 6. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Vol. I and II, International Labour Organisation, Geneva, 1985.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 57

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6025

OPERATIONS SCHEDULING

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

SINGLE MACHINE MODELS

Sequencing and scheduling - Objectives and constraints - Pure sequencing model - Basic theorems, Performance measures - mean flow time, mean tardiness etc. , - SPT, EDD order - Hodgson's algorithm -Smith's rule - WI algorithm - Hybrid algorithm Neighbourhood search - Dynamic programming approach -Branch and Bound dependent jobs - Sequence dependent set up times.
PARALLEL MACHINE MODELS

Make span minimization of independent and dependent jobs - McNaughton's algorithms Weighted mean flow time minimization - Hu's algorithm - Muntg coffmann algorithm.
FLOW SHOP MODELS

Use of Gantt chart - Johnson's method - Johnson's rule for 3 machine problem - Jackson's method Compbell Dudek method - Palmer's method - Milten's algorithm.
JOB SHOP MODELS

Graphical representation - Feasible, semi-active and active schedules - Single pass approach - Non delay schedule generation - Heuristic schedule generation - priority dispatching rules - dynamic job shop simulation.
OTHER MODELS

Scheduling of intermittent production - Giffler Thomson algorithm - Branch and Bound Scheduling of Continuous production - RPW, Inverse RPW methods - Tree search, largest candidate methods - COMSOAL -KANBAN/FMS system scheduling.

References: 1. Michael Pinedo, Scheduling:theory, algorithms and systems, Prentice Hall of India, 1996. 2. King, J.R., Production planning and control,Pergamon International Library, 1975. 3. Kenneth .R. Baker, Introduction to sequencing and scheduling, John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 58

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

MEC6026

DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURE AND ASSEMBLY

L 3

T 0

P 0

C 3

INTRODUCTION Steps, basic rules, principles, guidelines - design for ease of assembly - design for standards - design for maintenance - recycling, minimum risk, evaluating embodiment design - design for minimum cost - DFM approach and processes - DFM guidelines, DFMEA, PFMEA. PROCESS PARAMETERS Process capability, mean, variance, skewness, kurtosis, process capability metrics, Cp, Cpk cost aspects, feature tolerances, geometric tolerances, surface finish, review of relationship between attainable tolerance grades and different machining process cumulative effect of tolerances-sure fit law, normal law and truncated normal law. selective assembly - interchangeable part manufacture and selective assembly, deciding the number of groups- Model-I Group tolerances of mating parts equal - model II total and group tolerances of shaft equal control of axial ply- introducing secondary machining operations, laminated shims, examples. DEGREES OF FREEDOM Degrees of freedom, grouped datum systems- different types, two and three mutually perpendicular grouped datum planes; grouped datum system with spigot and recess, pin and hole; grouped datum system with spigot and recess pair and tongue- slot pair computation of translational and rotational accuracy, geometric analysis and applications. CONVENTIONAL METHODS Comparison between co-ordinate and convention method of feature location, tolerancing and true position tolerancing, virtual size concept, floating and fixed fasteners, projected tolerance zone, assembly with gasket, zero true position tolerance, functional gauges, paper layout gauging, compound assembly, examples form design of castings and weldments - redesign of castings based on parting line considerations, minimizing core requirements, redesigning cast members using weldments, use of welding symbols. DESIGN AND CASE STUDIES Operation sequence for typical shaft type of components - preparation of process drawings for different operations, tolerance worksheets and centrality analysis, examples - design features to facilitate machining - datum features- functional and manufacturing components design- machining considerations, redesign for manufacture, examples - case Studies - redesign to suit manufacture of typical drive - system example, design of experiments - value analysis and design rules to minimize cost of a product - computer aided DFMA, Poke Yoke principles. Text Book 1. Harry Peck, Designing for Manufacture, Pitman Publications, 1983. References 1. Matousek, Engineering Design- A Systematic Approach, Blackie and Son Ltd., London
KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 59

M.Tech CAD/CAM REGULATION 2010

KALASALINGAM UNIVERSITY 60