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975 GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

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Protec'ing

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HtsroRY (PRE-REGIONALIATION)
LONGTERMCONTROLPLAN
REGIONALI7IATION ALLOWS FOR EFFICIENCY COLLECTION SYSTEM IMPROVEMENTS

UNIQUE IDEAS

DEVELOPMENT REQUIREMENIS EI'ICOURAGE GREEV

WHAT,S BEING BIJILT


MEASUREMENIOFSUCCESS COMPARED TO:

HARTFORD,

YORKCITY

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CMOM AND PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE PLAN IMPROVED GIS SYSTEM


2OO8

BUDGET MAINTENANCE

PUBLISH DESIGN CRITERIA MANUAL

IMPROVED INSPECTIONS INFLOW REDUCTION MAXIMIZING USE OF THE CT DEEP CWF LOAN PROGRAM

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FORMERLY HAD LOOKED TO AN INFRASTRUCTURE INTENSIVE APPROACH TO CSO PLANNING $580M+ PROGRAM PROMPTED PROACTIVE RETHINKING OF THE CSO APPROACH

SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS ARE EXPECTED BY BOTH THE


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ln General, the Guidelines put emphasis on

the
,_ .,'': GREEAI S TRU CT URE

ieliminationorreductionofstormwaterinto16gMffiry
Authority' s combined sewer
Separate wherever possi ble, make developers build infras if a separated system is within reasonable distance to the site.
IAIFRA

system.

BEGT,VS fO BENEFTT CSOsI

R*quire the developer to install infil systems and/or facilities to detain the Z-year 6-hour post development peak flow rate.

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18 PERMITTED CSOs
14 ACTTVE

E 24 CSO REGULATORS
19 ACTIVE

4 CLOSED

5 CLOSED

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E INITIATED JUNE 2012 E 32 FLOW METERS IN SERVICE E TYPICAL YEAR ESTIMATES
300 CSO events 150 MG of CSO volume

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& Yale projects


School of Forestry Building

School of Management Building

& Houses

of worship

Mosque, temple and

church renovations

& Retail projects


Dunkin Donuts, Walgreens

& Condominium projects

YALE SCHOOL OF FORESTRY

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& 30 & 50

individual projects
acres of combined sewer area separated

s Technologies employed to detain the 2 year 6 hour design storm (2.05 inches of rain)
Rain water storage

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GNHWP.A2.YR6'H.URSToRMEVENT

Bioswales and tree Water

wells

features

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& Separated 50 acres of combined sewer area

& Reduced the existing combined sewer area


by 2.2% (5012250 acres)

& Typicalyear estimates for


CSOs after green

redevelopment projects
300 CSO events
150 MG
YALE SCHOOL OF MANAGEI\,,IENT GI IN CONSTRUCTION

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TNFLOW REDUCTION RESULTING FROM GRTEN R ED EVE L O P M g N T P ROJ E YS

The 2001 LTCP Hydraulic Model uses Area Reduction Factors (ARFs)to

represent the "effective area" for varying runoff response

:,

An ARF of 75% is used in combined sewer areas An ARF of 25% is used in separated sewer areas where public sources only have been disconnected An ARF of 10% is used in separated sewer areas where public and private sources are disconnected

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WTLOW REDUCTTON R.ESULTTNG FROM GRETN


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TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS

& Construction of green infrastructure


the project site by 65%

reduces the effective area of

{from an Area Reduction Factor (ARF) ol75o/o to an ARF of 10%}

& Utilizing this assumption,

a one acre site would be reduced to 0.35 acres in the hydraulic model to represent the change in runoff response resulting from construction of green infrastructure

13

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DTSCfiNNEtrTTON
ln the preceding example, a one, acre site was "effectively reduced" to 0.35 acres via green redevelopment
It would require disconnection of 35 homes with roof leaders to achieve the same 0.65 acre reduction in the hydraulic model based on the assumptions on the next slide

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TECHNICAL ASSUMPTIONS
{& Effective area reduction is
(ARF 25% to 10%)
&
1/8th

ie I

Average lot size is 1/Bth of an acre


15%

acre X 15% = 0.019 acres per home

& &

0 65 acres / 0.019 acres per home = 35

Based on recent projects in Hartford, the cost


to disconnect roof leaders from one home is

$25,000.
* BASED ON A PAPER PRESENTED AT NEWEA ANNUAL CONFERENCE IN JANUARY 2013

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EQUATIN INFLOW REDUCTTON FROM GREEN REfrEVELOPMENT PROJECTS TO ROOF LEADER DISONNECTTON

E HARTFORD

'

50 acres of combined sewer area have been separated via green redevelopment projects in New Haven equates to disconnection of 1700 homes with roof leaders (35 homes/acre X 50 acres= 1700 homes)

* fhis

r,

Assuming a cost of $25,000 per home, this equates to a total cost of $ 42.5 million

TQUATTNG THE COST Or RE$N REDEVELOqMENT PROSECTS TO SEWER SEPAfrATION OT PUSLTC INnLOW

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S ln the preceding example, a one acre site was


"effectively reduced" to 0.35 acres via green redevelopment

& lt would require separation of 1.3 acres to achieve the same 0.65 acre reduction in the hydraulic model based on a reduction in ARF from7l%to25%

15

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E NEW HAVEN
50 acres of combined sewer area have been separated via green redevelopment projects This equates to sewer separation of 65 acres (1.3 acres/acre X 50 acres = 65 acres)

Assuming a cost of $250,000 per acre* this equates to a total cost of $16.3 million

*BASED ON RECENT GNHWPCA PROJECTCOSIS

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E PHILADELPHIA
$2,4 B 25 year green infrastructure program
Use green infrastructure to recover 9,654

"green acres" A "green acre" is 1 inch of rain over an acre Cost estimate $250,000 per "green acre"*
Ratio acres based on 2.05" vs. 1" of rain

u2.05 X 50 acres = 102.5 "green acres"


{

Total cost $25.6 million


-BASED ON A PAPER PRESENTEDAT WEFTEC IN OCTOBER 2013

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EQAATTN TfrE COST 0r GffEE/v fr.EPffVELaPW*NT PRO}YCTS TO WNAT'S SETNG SmffrJ& #ruf#'e CS0 CO{*{M{lltlfffiFS

* NEW YORK CITY


,,.

Manage the first inch of rain from at least 10% of impervious surfaces in CSO areas with green infrastructure elements - 5 year program Cost estimate $450,000 per acre* (managing > 100/0 of impervious area)

'

Ratio acres based on capturing2.05" vs. 1" of rain

x2,05 X 50 acres = 102.5 acres


:, Total cost $46.1 million
*BASED ON
33

PAPER PRESENTED AT WEFTEC IN OCTOBER 2013

I{ECHANTSM fiO

#fS{ICf S$SS TPd NEW NAVEN

Since 2008, the GNHWPCA has approved 30 green redevelopment projects which have separated 50 acres of combined sewer area These green redevelopment projects have reduced CSO events by 7 per year and CSO volume by 3.3 MG per year
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Disconnecting 1700 homes with roof leaders in Hartford at a cost of $42.5 million

WryYX{t Separating 65 acres of combined sewer area in ffi#"fto# ::ii:rx" U New Haven at a cost of $16.3 million "f
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Using green infrastructure to recover 102.5 "green acres" in Philadelphia at a cost of $25.6 million Using green infrastructure to manage runoff from 102.5 acres in NYC at a cost of $46.1 million

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& Questions ??? & Contact information


Tom Sgroi

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