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U.S.Bankruptsince1933/martiallawhasbeensincethen THEBANKRUPTCYOFTHEUNITEDSTATES Peopleseemoreinclinedtoresearchandinvestigaterootcausesandactualconditionsinhard times,soIampostingthisinformationoncemore,inthehopesomeofmycountrymenwhodo notUNderstandwhatispresentlyhappeningwillbecomeawarethattheyareUNaware,andin awakening,awakenotherstotheendgame.Ireallywasarailwayswitchmanonce,beforeI enlistedintheArmy,andIhearanighttraincoming,andamprettysuretheengineerisasleepor dead... Ifyoudon'tmind,thisisn'tathreadaboutthemeritsofmetals,butaboutrecenthistory,and worsethingswecanexpectifwedon'twakeupanddemandsomeaccountabilityfromour allegedservantsingovernment. Thefactofthematteris,theUnitedStatesdidgo"Bankrupt"in1933andwasdeclaredsoby PresidentRooseveltbyExecutiveOrders6073,6102,6111andbyExecutiveOrder6260on March9,1933,underthe"TradingWithTheEnemyAct"ofOctober6,1917,AS AMENDEDbytheEmergencyBankingReliefAct,48Stat1,PublicLawNo.

1,whichis presentlycodifiedat12USCA95aandconfirmedat95b.Youcanconfirmthisforyourselfby readingitonFindLaw.Thereafter,CongressconfirmedthebankruptcyonJune5,1933,and thereuponimpairedtheobligationsandconsiderationsofcontractsthroughthe"JointResolution ToSuspendTheGoldStandardAndAbrogateTheGoldclause,June5,1933"(See: HJR192,73rdCongress,1stSession).WhentheCourtswerecalledupontoruleonvarious oftheprovisionsdesignedtoimplementandcomplimentFDR'sEmergencyBANKINGRelief ActofMarch9,1933,theywereallfoundunconstitutional,sowhatFDRdidwassimplystack the"Court's"withHISchosenobsequiousmembersofthebench/barandthensentmanyofthe casesbackthroughandREVERSEDtherulings. HouseJointResolution192(HJR192),48Stat.112,waspassedbyCongressonJune5, 1933.The'Act'impairedtheobligationsandconsiderationsofcontactsanddeclaredthatthe notesoftheFederalReservebankswere"legaltender"forthepaymentofbothpublicand privatedebts,andthatpaymentingoldCoinwasagainst"publicpolicy".(Ineffect,FDRand Congress,underexecutiveordersandlegislativefiat,nationalizedthepeople'smoney,i.e.,their goldCoin.NationalizationisaviolationoftheLawofNationsandexistingpublicpolicyof Congress.See:Hiltonvs.Guyot,159U.S.113(1895).ThegoldCointhatwasconfiscated (nationalized)waslaterusedtopurchasevotingstockholdersharesinTheBankandTheFund at$35perounce.)Atthispointintime,"FairMarketValue",i.e.,awillingsellerandbuyer, withoutcompulsion,lostanysubstantialmeaning. Moreover,alloftheGovernor'softheseveralStatesoftheUnion,whoweresummonedtoand wereinWashington,D.C.duringtheseveraldaysofthispreplannedeconomic"Emergency" (thefirstphaseofwhichwastonationalizeandexpropriatethepeople'sMoney,i.e.,theirgold

Coinondepositinthebanks),pledgedthefullfaithandcreditthereoftotheaidoftheNational Government,andformedvarioussocialistcommittees,suchasthe"CouncilofState Governments","SocialSecurityAdministration",etc.,topurportedlydealwiththeeconomic "Emergency."TheCouncilofStateGovernmentshasbeenabsorbedintosuchthingsasthe NationalConferenceOfCommissionersOnUniformStateLaws,whoseheadquartersis locatedinChicago,Illinois,and"all"being"membersoftheBar",andoperatingunderadifferent "ConstitutionandByLaws",fardistantfromthedepositoriesofthepublicrecords,anditisthis organizationthathaspromulgated,lobbiedfor,passed,adjudicatedandorderedthe implementationandexecutionoftheirpurported"Uniform"and"Model"Actsandpretended statutoryprovisions,inorderto"helpimplementinternationaltreatiesoftheUnitedStatesor whereworlduniformitywouldbedesirable."(1990/91ReferenceBook,NCCUSL).These organizationsoperateunderthe"DeclarationofINTERdependence"ofJanuary22,1937,and publishedsomeoftheiractivitiesin"TheBookOfTheStates."The1937Editionopenly declaresthatthepeopleengagedinsuchactivitiesastheFarming/HusbandryIndustryhadbeen reducedtomerefeudal"Tenants"ontheLandtheysupposedlyowned. OnApril25,1938,thesupremeCourtoverturnedthestandingprecedentsoftheprior150 yearsconcerning"commonlaw,"inthefederalgovernment. "THEREISNOFEDERALCOMMONLAW,andCONGRESSHASNOPOWERTO DECLARESUBSTANTIVERULESOFCOMMONLAWapplicableINASTATE, WHETHERtheybeLOCALorGENERALintheirnature,betheyCOMMERCIALLAW ORapartoftheLAWOFTORTS."ErieRailroadCo.vs.Tompkins,304U.S.64,82 L.Ed.1188. YoumustrealizethattheCommonLawisthefountainsourceofSubstantiveandRemedial Rights,ifnotourveryLiberties. ThemembersandassociationoftheBarthereafterformedcommittees,grantedthemselves specialprivileges,immunitiesandfranchises,andheldmeetingsconcerningtheJudicial procedures,andfurther,amendedlawssoas"toconformtoatrendofjudicialdecisionsorto accomplishsimilarobjectives",includinghodepodgingthejurisdictionsofLawandEquity together,whichisknowntodayas"OneFormOfAction."Thiswasnotbyaccident,butbya carefullyconceivedplan. Theenumerated,specifiedanddistinctJurisdictionsestablishedbytheordainedConstitution (1787),ArticleIII,Section2,andundertheBillofRights(1791),AmendmentVII,were furtherhodgepodgedandfundamentallychangesin1982toincludeAdmiraltyjurisdiction, whichwasonceagainbroughtinland. "ThisistheFUNDAMENTALCHANGEnecessarytoeffectunificationofCiviland ADMIRALTYPROCEDURE.Justasthe1938RulesABOLISHEDTHEDISTINCTION betweenactionsAtLawandsuitsinEquity,thisCHANGEWOULDABOLISHTHE

DISTINCTIONbetweenCIVILactionsandsuitsinADMIRALTY."(See:FederalRulesOf CivilProcedure,1982Ed.,pg.17alsosee,FederalistPapersNo.83DeclarationOfResolves OfTheFirstContinentalCongress,October14,1774DeclarationOfCauseAndNecessity OfTakingUpArms,July6,1775DeclarationOfIndependence,July4,1776and,Bennetvs. Butterworth,52U.S.669) TheUnitedStatesthereafterenteredthesecondWorldWarduringwhichtimethe"Leagueof Nations"wasreinstitutedunderPRETENSEofthe"UnitedNations"(22USCA287,etseq.), andthe"BankForInternationalSettlements"wasreinstitutedunderPRETENSEofthe"Bretton WoodsAgreement"(22USCA286etseq.)asthe"InternationalMonetaryFund"(TheFund) andthe"InternationalBankForReconstructionAndDevelopment"(TheBankorWorldBank). TheUnitedStatesasacorporatebodypolitic(artificial),cameoutofWorldWarIIinworse economicconditionthatwhenitentered,andin1950declaredBankruptcyand "Reorganization."TheReorganizationislocatedinTitle5oftheUnitedStatesCodes Annotated.The"Explanation"atthebeginningof5U.S.C.A.isMOSTinformativereading.The "SecretaryofTreasury"wasappointedasthe"Receiver"inBankruptcy.(See:Reorganization PlanNo.26,5U.S.C.A.903PublicLaw94564,LegislativeHistory,pg.5967) TheUnitedStateswentdowntheroadandperiodicallyfiledforfurtherReorganizations.Things andsituationsworsened,havingdonewhattheywereCommandedNOTtodo(See:Madison's Notes,ConstitutionalConvention,August16,1787FederalistPapersNo.44),andin1965 crownedtheircontinuousfraudulentacitivitieswithpassageofthe"CoinageActof1965" completelydebasingtheConstitutionalCoin(gold&silver,i.e.,"Dollar").(See:18USCA331 &332U.S.vs.Marigold,50U.S.560,13L.Ed257)AtthesigningoftheCoinageActon July23,1965,LyndonB.Johnsonstatedinhispressreleasethat: "WhenIhavesignedthisbillbeforeme,wewillhavemadethefirstfundamentalchangeinour coinagein173years.TheCoinageActof1965supersedestheActof1792.AndthatActhad thetitle:AnActEstablishingaMintandRegulatingtheCoinageoftheUnitedStates...." "NowIwillsignthisbilltomakethefirstchangeinourcoinagesystemsincethe18thCentury. TothosemembersofCongress,whoarehereonthishistoricoccasion,Iwanttoassureyou thatinmakingthischangefromthe18thCenturywehavenoideaofreturningtoit." ItisimportanttotakecognizanceofthefactthatNOConstitutionalAmendmentwasEVER obtainedtoFUNDAMENTALLYCHANGE,amend,abridgeorabolishtheConstitutional mandates,provisionsorprohibitions,butduetointernalandexternaldiversionssurroundingthe VietNamWar,etc.,theUSURPATIONandBREACHwentunchallengedandunnoticedby thegeneralpublicatlarge,whohadbecome"awealthyman'scannonfodderorcheapsource ofslavelabor".(See:SilentWeaponsForQuietWars,pgs.6,7,8,9,12,13&56)Congress wasclearlydelegatedthePowerandAuthoritytoregulateandmaintainthetrueandinherent "value"oftheCoinwithinthescopeandpurviewofArticleI,Section8,Clauses5&6and

ArticleI,Section10,ClauseI,oftheordainedConstitution(1787),andfurther,a correspondingDUTYandOBLIGATIONtomaintainsaidgoldandsilverCoinandForeign Coinatandwithinthenecessaryandproper"equalweightsandmeasures"clause.(Seealso: Bible,Deuteronomy,Chapter25,verses13thru16Proverbs,Chapter16,Verse11Public Law97289) ThoseexercisingtheOfficesoftheseveralStates,inequalmeasure,knewthatsuch"DeFacto Transitions"wereunlawfulandunauthorized,butsanctioned,implementedandenforcedthe completedebauchmentandtheresulting"governmental,social,industrialeconomicchange"in theDeJureStatesandintheUnitedStatesofAmerica,andwereandarenowunderthe delusionthattheycandobothdirectlyandindirectlywhattheywereabsolutelyprohibitedfrom doing.(See:Craigvs.Missouri,4Peters903). Youcanconfirmthewholeaffairbytakingalookat12USC95aand95b.Inaddition,the variousReorganizationActslistedinTitle5oftheUnitedStatesCode.Thereareyourlegal publicrecordandhistoricproofs.NowwearegoingtohearfromaformerCongressmanwho (surprise!)endedupindictedandinfederalprison,whilemorebrazenfelonscontinuedtorun theCongress: __________________ UnitedStatesCongressionalRecord,March17,1993Vol.33,pageH1303 SpeakerRep.JamesTraficant,Jr.(Ohio)addressingtheHouse: "Mr.Speaker,weareherenowinchapter11..MembersofCongressareofficialtrustees presidingoverthegreatestreorganizationofanyBankruptentityinworldhistory,theU.S. Government.Wearesettingforthhopefully,ablueprintforourfuture.Therearesomewhosay itisacoronersreportthatwillleadtoourdemise. ItisanestablishedfactthattheUnitedStatesFederalGovernmenthasbeendissolvedbythe EmergencyBankingAct,March9,1933,48Stat.1,PublicLaw89719declaredby PresidentRoosevelt,beingbankruptandinsolvent.H.J.R.192,73rdCongressmsessionJune 5,1933JointResolutionToSuspendTheGoldStandardandAbrogateTheGoldClause dissolvedtheSovereignAuthorityoftheUnitedStatesandtheofficialcapacitiesofallUnited StatesGovernmentalOffices,Officers,andDepartmentsandisfurtherevidencethattheUnited StatesFederalGovernmentexiststodayinnameonly. ThereceiversoftheUnitedStatesBankruptcyaretheInternationalBankers,viatheUnited Nations,theWorldBankandtheInternationalMonetaryFund.AllUnitedStatesOffices, Officials,andDepartmentsarenowoperatingwithinadefactostatusinnameonlyunder EmergencyWarPowers.WiththeConstitutionalRepublicanformofGovernmentnow dissolved,thereceiversoftheBankruptcyhaveadoptedanewformofgovernmentforthe

UnitedStates.ThisnewformofgovernmentisknownasaDemocracy,beinganestablished Socialist/CommunistorderunderanewgovernorforAmerica.Thisactwasinstitutedand establishedbytransferringand/orplacingtheOfficeoftheSecretaryofTreasurytothatofthe GovernoroftheInternationalMonetaryFund.PublicLaw94564,page8,SectionH.R. 13955readsinpart:"TheU.S.SecretaryofTreasuryreceivesnocompensationfor representingtheUnitedStates? Goldandsilverweresuchapowerfulmoneyduringthefoundingoftheunitedstatesof America,thatthefoundingfathersdeclaredthatonlygoldorsilvercoinscanbe"money"in America.Sincegoldandsilvercoinagewereheavyandinconvenientforalotoftransactions, theywerestoredinbanksandaclaimcheckwasissuedasamoneysubstitute.Peopletraded theircouponsasmoney,or"currency."Currencyisnotmoney,butamoneysubstitute. Redeemablecurrencymustpromisetopayadollarequivalentingoldorsilvermoney.Federal ReserveNotes(FRNs)makenosuchpromises,andarenot"money."AFederalReserveNote isadebtobligationofthefederalUnitedStatesgovernment,not"money?ThefederalUnited StatesgovernmentandtheU.S.Congresswerenotandhaveneverbeenauthorizedbythe ConstitutionfortheunitedstatesofAmericatoissuecurrencyofanykind,butonlylawful money,goldandsilvercoin. Itisessentialthatwecomprehendthedistinctionbetweenrealmoneyandpapermoney substitute.Onecannotgetrichbyaccumulatingmoneysubstitutes,onecanonlygetdeeperinto debt.WethePeoplenolongerhaveany"money."MostAmericanshavenotbeenpaidany "money"foraverylongtime,perhapsnotintheirentirelife.Nowdoyoucomprehendwhyyou feelbroke?Now,doyouunderstandwhyyouare"bankrupt,"alongwiththerestofthe country? FederalReserveNotes(FRNs)areunsignedcheckswrittenonaclosedaccount.FRNsarean inflatablepapersystemdesignedtocreatedebtthroughinflation(devaluationofcurrency).when everthereisanincreaseofthesupplyofamoneysubstituteintheeconomywithouta correspondingincreaseinthegoldandsilverbacking,inflationoccurs. Inflationisaninvisibleformoftaxationthatirresponsiblegovernmentsinflictontheircitizens. TheFederalReserveBankwhocontrolsthesupplyandmovementofFRNshaseverybody fooled.TheyhaveaccesstoanunlimitedsupplyofFRNs,payingonlyfortheprintingcostsof whattheyneed.FRNsarenothingmorethanpromissorynotesforU.S.Treasurysecurities (TBills)apromisetopaythedebttotheFederalReserveBank. Thereisafundamentaldifferencebetween"paying"and"discharging"adebt.Topayadebt, youmustpaywithvalueorsubstance(i.e.gold,silver,barteroracommodity).WithFRNs,you canonlydischargeadebt.Youcannotpayadebtwithadebtcurrencysystem.Youcannot serviceadebtwithacurrencythathasnobackinginvalueorsubstance.Nocontractin Commonlawisvalidunlessitinvolvesanexchangeof"good&valuableconsideration." Unpayabledebttransferspowerandcontroltothesovereignpowerstructurethathasno

interestinmoney,law,equityorjusticebecausetheyhavesomuchwealthalready. Theirlustisforpowerandcontrol.Sincetheinceptionofcentralbanking,theyhavecontrolled thefatesofnations. TheFederalReserveSystemisbasedontheCanonlawandtheprinciplesofsovereignty protectedintheConstitutionandtheBillofRights.Infact,theinternationalbankersuseda "CanonLawTrust"astheirmodel,addingstockandnamingita"JointStockTrust."TheU.S. Congresshadpassedalawmakingitillegalforanylegal"person"toduplicatea"JointStock Trust"in1873.TheFederalReserveActwaslegislatedpostfacto(to1870),although postfactolawsarestrictlyforbiddenbytheConstitution.[1:9:3] TheFederalReserveSystemisasovereignpowerstructureseparateanddistinctfromthe federalUnitedStatesgovernment.TheFederalReserveisamaritimelender,and/ormaritime insuranceunderwritertothefederalUnitedStatesoperatingexclusivelyunder Admiralty/Maritimelaw.Thelenderorunderwriterbearstherisks,andtheMaritimelaw compellingspecificperformanceinpayingtheinterest,orpremiumsarethesame. Assetsofthedebtorcanalsobehypothecated(topledgesomethingasasecuritywithouttaking possessionofit.)assecuritybythelenderorunderwriter.TheFederalReserveActstipulated thattheinterestonthedebtwastobepaidingold.TherewasnostipulationintheFederal ReserveActforeverpayingtheprinciple. Priorto1913,mostAmericansownedclear,allodialtitletoproperty,freeandclearofanyliens ormortgagesuntiltheFederalReserveAct(1913) "Hypothecated"allpropertywithinthefederalUnitedStatestotheBoardofGovernorsofthe FederalReserve,inwhichtheTrustees(stockholders)heldlegaltitle.TheU.S.citizen(tenant, franchisee)wasregisteredasa"beneficiary"ofthetrustviahis/herbirthcertificate.In1933,the federalUnitedStateshypothecatedallofthepresentandfutureproperties,assetsandlaborof their"subjects,"the14thAmendmentU.S.citizen,totheFederalReserveSystem. Inreturn,theFederalReserveSystemagreedtoextendthefederalUnitedStatescorporationall thecredit"moneysubstitute"itneeded.Likeanyotherdebtor,thefederalUnitedStates governmenthadtoassigncollateralandsecuritytotheircreditorsasaconditionoftheloan. SincethefederalUnitedStatesdidnthaveanyassets,theyassignedtheprivatepropertyof their"economicslaves",theU.S.citizensascollateralagainsttheunpayablefederaldebt.They alsopledgedtheunincorporatedfederalterritories,nationalparksforests,birthcertificates,and nonprofitorganizations,ascollateralagainstthefederaldebt.Allhasalreadybeentransferredas paymenttotheinternationalbankers. Unwittingly,AmericahasreturnedtoitspreAmericanRevolution,feudalrootswherebyallland isheldbyasovereignandthecommonpeoplehadnorightstoholdallodialtitletoproperty.

Onceagain,WethePeoplearethetenantsandsharecroppersrentingourownpropertyfroma SovereignintheguiseoftheFederalReserveBank.Wethepeoplehaveexchangedonemaster foranother. Thishasbeengoingonforovereightyyearswithoutthe"informedknowledge"oftheAmerican people,withoutavoiceprotestingloudenough.NowitseasytograspwhyAmericais fundamentallybankrupt. Whydontmorepeopleowntheirpropertiesoutright? Whyare90%ofAmericansmortgagedtothehiltandhavelittleornoassetsafteralldebtsand liabilitieshavebeenpaid?Whydoesitfeellikeyouareworkingharderandharderandgetting lessandless? Wearereapingwhathasbeensown,andtheresultsofourharvestisapainfulbankruptcy,and aforeclosureonAmericanproperty,preciousliberties,andawayoflife.Fewofourelected representativesinWashington,D.C.havedaredtotellthetruth.ThefederalUnitedStatesis bankrupt.Ourchildrenwillinheritthisunpayabledebt,andthetyrannytoenforcepayingit. Americahasbecomecompletelybankruptinworldleadership,financialcreditanditsreputation forcourage,visionandhumanrights.Thisisanundeclaredeconomicwar,bankruptcy,and economicslaveryofthemostcorruptorder!WakeupAmerica!TakebackyourCountry."

Sothereitis.Nowildeyed"conspiracytheories",justthefacts,witnessedandrecorded.Ifyou areheretodefendthestatusquo,pleasedon'tbother,butpleasedoanswerwhetherornotyou believeanycitizenwouldbeliabletocriminalprosecutionifwemodeledourlivesorfinancial affairsaftertheconductofwhatpassesfor"our"government.IfyoucarewhathappenstoUS next,telltenpeopletotelltenmore.Thehourislate.Conspiracyisnot"atheory",itisafederal felony.


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____________ "Theywhohaveputoutthepeople'seyesreproachthemoftheirblindness." JohnMilton,1642