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2012 International Conference on Convergence Information Technology

Lecture Notes in Information Technology, Vol.19

Artificial Intelligence and Establish a Legal Information System Jin-zhu Lu 1 ,Yu-Hui Shi 2 ,Ming-Wang Shi* 3

1 Civil, Commercial and Economical Law School, China University of Political Science and

law,Beijing,

ChinaPostal Code : 102249 2 Huanghuai University,Zhumadian City, ChinaPostal Code : 463000

lujinzhu8@163.com,shiyuhui888@163.com

3 Henan Institute of science and Technology, Xinxiang, Henan Province, ChinaPostal Code :453003

1. Introduction
1.
Introduction

Corresponding author* shimw888@yahoo.com.cn

Keywords: Artificial Intelligence; Legal information; Systems engineering

Abstract. This article aims of artificial intelligence and law as a research area of law , and always focusses on the themes discussed in the general theory. In building a good legal database , based on the application of artificial intelligence can , will help to improve efficiency and judicial impartiality.Further control of artificial intelligence and legal content of the main research topics, such as legal information, knowledge engineering and other relations Is a major research work. From the preliminary study of artificial intelligence and legal meaning of the subject to continue, and the studied artificial intelligence and legal title of Research , the research context display.

Artificial Intelligence and Research of legal issues Is a very important element. Buchanan & headrick published “ Some Speculation About Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning’ which is the legal reasoning for artificial intelligence research began In 1970.According to the article thinks the understanding, the emulation law argument or law reason logically, need to carry on the difficult research in many realms[1-2]. Artificial Intelligence is conducive to the creation of the legal system in the judicial and administrative practice in greatly improved efficiency. Computer integration in some countries the courts have been set up. It is the litigation by providing details to enable judges a wide range of network information. Justice's support has put into use in Australia, the Netherlands, Scotland. The system of law for judges, facts and statistical data, and in the global network [1-2] . The system includes full-text judgments database, summary criminal cases the Court of Appeal, ruling principal, and the judgments innate statistics. The system can provide the court 's decision before the case with the current contact information to help the judges select the relevant information.

2012 International Conference on Convergence Information Technology Lecture Notes in Information Technology, Vol.19 Artificial Intelligence and
  • 1.1 Equations AI and

Law

The facts of the case now before the decision with the facts in the database for comparison. Artificial Intelligence research, legal theory and legal practice associated with artificial intelligence research compared to research and development of these issues can form the legal systems of artificial intelligence. It is concerned with artificial intelligence and marked legal product. Artificial intelligence research content and an outline of legal issues. According to legal issues for artificial intelligence and broad connotation, from the field of artificial intelligence applications in law to a review of it’s contents may be the subject of study and

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ICCIT2012

the general case (Figure1). Such as in law to check website http://law.npc.gov.cn/home/begin1.cbs, Working environment running on the Windows operating system, and the need to run IE6.0. or above browser On. The user computer, operating system should be simplified Chinese's version or with a Simplified Chinese environment. Query, enter the main interface after the first query in the left of the screen selects the necessary laws and rules database the query the "Start Search" button. The system will be defined by the conditions and controls in the selected category of query. The query results will appear in the directory right of the screen, click the title to browse through the needed rules and regulations full text. Edit print:Full page in the browser and regulations, click "Save" to save the entire text of the regulations or edit. Then save to a database format text, such as to save the free-form text database. Full text of laws and laws in the display, copy the wanted Full-page in the browser and laws, click on "Print" to print the full text of the rules, or printed copy to the regulatory text editing program. Systems for information purposes only, when used in a formal setting, please check with the standard text .

AI and Law Legal Information Automation of Guidance routine work event debtor Land Motor resident executive
AI and
Law
Legal Information
Automation of
Guidance
routine work
event
debtor
Land
Motor
resident
executive
managem
ent
Legal
Informati
Legal
database

1.2

The main legal database.

the general case (Figure1). Such as in law to check website http://l aw.npc.gov.cn/home/begin1.cbs, Working environment running
Decision support Found loopholes in the law Rules avoid Found expert Legal
Decision support
Found loopholes
in the law
Rules
avoid
Found
expert
Legal

Figure.1 System diagram of Artificial Intelligence and Law

Legal Information System of artificial intelligence in the legal field is created using a simple start-up phase; it is legal persons, including judges, lawyers, law teachers, legislators or ordinary citizens to help provide legal enquiries, or the use of decision analysis artificial intelligence. Intelligence system design involves three legal knowledge engineering problem, namely, knowledge gain, knowledge representation and knowledge application knowledge gaining. Gaining is to get a legal expert knowledge or experience opinion, but the legal knowledge and experience at home is not something dead, but living thought, contains a wealth of knowledge. A procedure to solve the legal home of intelligent machines to simulate the intuitive reasoning, empirical reasoning, and the confusion of the results of other issues, so the solution to the problem with the flexibility.

the general case (Figure1). Such as in law to check website http://l aw.npc.gov.cn/home/begin1.cbs, Working environment running

AI(Artificial Intelligence) in computer science, control theory, information theory, neurophysiology, psychology, linguistics and other subjects of mutual penetration and developed a comprehensive new discipline [2]. Its birth can be traced back 50 years, what is artificial intelligence, there are all kinds of stories and academic definitions.Such as a view that it is artificial intelligence research, that is to explore how human intelligence and thus simulate a human-like intelligent design of automatic machines of the scientific view is that it refers to the science of artificial intelligence research, that human intelligence in machines and other in to reproduce [3]. Laws of artificial intelligence to achieve , we must establish the main legal databasesFigure 2.

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law database Civil and Commercial Law civil law general rule general provisions of the civil Corporation
law
database
Civil and Commercial Law
civil law general rule
general provisions of the civil
Corporation system
Civil legal action
civil responsibility
civil jural relations concerning
Ownership
and
other
Criminal
Administrative Law
Economic law
Social law class
Litigation litigation procedural
Figure.2 The main legal database
To further change the scope of legal subject research.Improve efficiency the administration of
justice and administrative Effectively promote justice. People have feelings of animals; the judge
has emotions, so that people absolutely faithful to the law he can have a serious question, to make
the legal problems of social development to adapt to changes in a timely manner and measure to
make value judgments, so that cases are more flexible solution is the people's strengths.However;
individual judges must not be ignored due to subjective bias or favoritism is leaving the case to be
an unjust ruling The. Machine's strength lies in strong memory and retrieval functions, can provide
a relatively uniform judicial reasoning and evaluation standard, which can assist the judges to take
decisions with consistency; Secondly, we should always be aware of the body of the machine
without the steel material desires and emotional
life, is not subject to outside interference and erosion As.
Enrollment increased enrollment of a computer fair,
electronic monitor to improve the performance of the violation to correct the bicycle as more
intelligent machines ruled out human factors, may reduce some of the unfair justice phenomena.
  • 2. Case-based reasoning process

The legal expert system is an intelligent computer programme system. The System stores a summary of the legal field prior, according to a certain format of legal expertise (set up a legal knowledge base). With legal experts to solve practical problems like reasoning (inference system parts).System System can enter the facts of the case and other legal information processing. Use existing knowledge of the law reasoning, deciding and judgments, which reached the level to solve the problem or close to expert level. It can play the role of expert Legal expert system development and practical application of artificial intelligence research is the main subject of the legal field, is subject to great attention, and has achieved some results. Artificial intelligence is a smart artificial intelligence machine or, designed to simulate human intelligence activities.Human intelligence as a capacity, including perception, learning, thinking and language adaptability, including a comprehensive psychological function.[4-5] Among them, the

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thinking is the ability of the most important intelligence, artificial intelligence or intelligent simulation modeling is the core of thinking believe that, through the development of a machine or device, it has a smart colleagues in the same or similar functions, and can get problems in dealing with result, artificial intelligence will be a success.Of artificial intelligence for the legal theory or legal requirements arising from practice, impact and challenges.

thinking is the ability of the most important intelligence, artificial intelligence or intelligent simulation modeling is
thinking is the ability of the most important intelligence, artificial intelligence or intelligent simulation modeling is

Figure.3 Case-based reasoning process

Case-based reasoning (case-based reasoning, referred to as CBR) is the field of artificial intelligence in recent years, the rise of an important reasoning. With different modes of rule-based reasoning is that it is by visiting the library in case of similar cases (source cases ) to obtain the solution to the current problem (target case ) solution [6] . Although the CBR has a number of cognitive science and artificial intelligence, support the theory, but it still does not own a tight system , the process of their intelligence, support the theory , but it still does not own a tight system , the process of their work in what way each step , there is no single proven technology and theoretical guidance. CBR at present mainly for the application of the law , is still at an early stage(Figure 3).

3. Summary
3.
Summary
thinking is the ability of the most important intelligence, artificial intelligence or intelligent simulation modeling is
thinking is the ability of the most important intelligence, artificial intelligence or intelligent simulation modeling is

Construction law is a research-based information database to further strengthen the application of artificial intelligence methods .As the legal system design, simulation process of legal reasoning in AI, its difficult to imagine. Simulation of artificial intelligence research and jurisprudence , the legal system in promoting the evolution of artificial intelligence are complementary aspects. AI is the same function , different structures can be achieved through its functional simulation theory. AI research and development of legal systems to meet the goal is to create a multi-user ( lawyers, prosecutors , judges, legislators , jurists ) a variety of products needed . Artificial intelligence developed legal system and legal practice of legal theory the value and significance.

  • 4. Acknowledgement

This work was financially supported by the Innovation Fund of technology.

Henan institute of science and

References

[1] Simon Chlton, Legal Diagnostics, Computers and Law, No.25, August 1980. p.13~15. [2] BlyanNiblett, Expert Systems for Lawyers, Computers and Law, No. 29, August 1981, p.2.

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[3] Buchanan & Headrick, Some Speculation About Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning, 23 Stanford Law Review(1970). pp.40~62.

[4] Kraus, J. and P.E. Quinn, Human artificial insemination: some social and legal issues. Med J Aust, 1977. 1(19): p. 710-3.

[5] Heitlinger, A., Current medical, legal and demographic perspectives on artificial reproduction in Czechoslovakia. Am J Public Health, 1989. 79(1): p. 57-61.

[6] Schank RAbelson R R.Goals and Understanding [M].ErlbanumEksevier Science1977

[3] Buchanan & Headrick, Some Speculation About Artificial Intelligence and Legal Reasoning, 23 Stanford Law Review(1970).

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