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# HONORS ALGEBRA II – UNIT 2: FUNCTIONS AND LINES

## TOPIC MATERIAL ASSIGNED

A Day B Day CW HW
Day 1 Wednesday, 9/2 Thursday, 9/3 Functions & Lines Guided FinishWorksheet
Review
Day 2 Friday, 9/4 Tuesday, 9/8 Linear Regression Guided Day 2 HW Practice #1, #2
Notes
Day 3 Wednesday, 9/9 Thursday, 9/10 Linear Regression ------------------------------
Formative #2 Formative #2 Graded Assignment
Day 4 Friday, 9/11 Monday, 9/14 Absolute Value Guided Notes Day 4 HW #1-12
Day 5 Tuesday, 9/15 Wednesday, 9/16 Absolute Value Guided Notes 1-5 HW #4-18, #28-30
Day 6 Thursday, 9/17 Friday, 9/18 Absolute Value Graphing Day 6 HW #1-12
Formative #3 Formative #3 Guided Notes
Day 7 Monday, 9/21 Tuesday, 9/22 Review – Lin Reg and Abs Val Study
Day 8 Wednesday, 9/23 Thursday, 9/24 Test – Lin Regression and -------------------------------
Absolute Value
Day 9 Friday, 9/25 Tuesday, 9/29 Composition of Functions Day 9 HW #1-23
Notes
Day 10 Wednesday, 9/30 Thursday, 10/1 Inverse Functions Notes Day 10-11 HW Evens
Day 11 Friday, 10/2 Monday, 10/5 Graded Assignment – Day 10-11 HW Odds
Composition and Inverses
Day 12 Tuesday, 10/6 Wednesday, 10/7 Modeling and Word Problems Day 12 Worksheet
Formative #4 Formative #4
Day 13 Thursday, 10/8 Friday, 10/9 Review and Pre-Assessment Study
Day 14 Monday, 10/12 Tuesday, 10/13 Cumulative Unit 2 Test ---------------------------------

## Broughton High School

Honors Algebra 2

Unit 2

Name ___________________

1
Functions and Lines Day 1 Guided Review
This worksheet covers some of the knowledge needed as a foundation in the next unit. All problems
are Algebra 1 concepts. Use the internet, peers, or come in for tutoring if you have any gaps in
knowledge. TRY EVERYTHING!

## Slope – Intercept Form: y mx b

Standard Form: Ax By C
y 2 y1
Slope: m
x2 x1
Set Builder Notation Example: Solve: x + 4 > 7 Answer: {x| x >3}
Function: For each x, there exists only one y
Common Terms:
Domain/Independent/x
Range/Dependent/y
x-intercept/y-intercept

I. The Basics

1. Consider the points: (3, -3), (1, -4), (0, 5), and (2, 5).

## a. State the Domain:

b. State the Range:
c. Is this a function? _____ Why or why not?

2. Find the slope of the line passing through (3, -3) and (1, -4).

3. Write the equation of a line passing through (3, -3) and (1, -4) in slope-intercept form.

## 5. Solve for x and write the answer in set builder notation:

a. 4(x – 3) + 7 = 9

b. bx – 4c = w

c. |x + 4| = 6

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II. Graphs

1. Graph: y = 3x – 6

2. Graph: y < ½x + 2

3. Graph: 3x – 2y 4

III. Analysis: The equation y – .23x = 0 relates the cost of operating a car (y)
to the number of miles driven (x).

1. What does the number .23 tell you about the cost and miles driven?

2. What are the x- and y-intercepts and what do they tell you about the cost
and miles driven?

## 3. What would be an appropriate domain for this problem?

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Day 2 Linear Models
Linear Regression

## Example 1: Find an equation on your

calculator passing through the points: Calculator Buttons:
(9, 2) (8, 0) y = _____________ Stat - Enter
Type your x’s in L1 and your y’s in L2.
Example 2: This is the number of bicycles 2nd Quit
produced in the US in millions from 1993 to Stat - - Calc #4 Enter Twice.
1996.

Year Bicycle
Production
1993 9.9
1994 9.7
1995 8.8
1996 8.0

## a. Create a scatter plot of the data. Use 1990 Calculator Buttons:

as year 0. Enter data as above.
2nd y= (Stat Plot) – Turn Plot On.
b. Find a linear regression equation. Zoom #9

y = _________________

## c. Graph the regression equation on the Calculator Buttons:

scatter plot and compare. Does the linear Stat – Calc #4 (Don’t hit enter)
regression equation fit your data? Vars – y-vars - #1 #1 Enter
___________________________________

## d. Calculate the correlation coefficient. Calculator Buttons:

r = __________ What does this tell you about 2nd 0 (catalog) – Diagnostic ON – Enter Twice
the data’s fit to the line? Recalculate regression equation
___________________________________

## e. Using your regression equation, predict

(extrapolate) the number of bicycles that would
be produced in 2000, 2007, and 2030:

2000: ________________________

2007: ________________________

2030: ________________________

## Is the last answer valid? Why or why not?

__________________________________
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Example 3: The chart shows the average ticket price for movies for given years in dollars.

## a. Find a linear regression equation:

Use 1900 as year 0.
y = ________________
Year Average
b. Name the slope and y-intercept and Ticket
interpret their meaning for this data: Price
(dollars)
m= _______ 1935 0.25
1940 0.28
1948 0.38
b= ________ 1954 0.50
1958 0.69
1963 0.87
c. Calculate r = ___________. 1967 1.43
What does it tell you about the data? 1970 1.56
___________________________________ 1974 1.89
1978 2.33
___________________________________ 1982 2.93
1986 3.70
d. According to your equation, what would
1990 4.21
have been the cost of a movie in 1980?
1994 4.10
__________This is called interpolation.
1998 4.68
2001 5.65
e. According to your equation, what will be
the movie price in 2007? ____________

in 1880? ____________

## What domain makes sense for this data?

________________________________

## f. When does your equation predict movie

prices will reach \$10? ________________

## g. Does a line seem to be the best model

for this data?________________________

___________________________________

## h. Are there any outliers (look at scatter

plot)? ______________________________

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Unit 2 Day 2 Assignment:

#1 This data was collected by a college psychology class to determine the effects of sleep deprivation
on students’ ability to solve problems. Ten participants went 8, 12, 16, 20, or 24 hours without sleep
and then completed a set of simple addition problems. The number of addition errors was recorded.

Hours 8 8 12 12 16 16 20 20 24 24
without
sleep
Number 8 6 6 10 8 14 14 12 16 12
of
errors

## b. Interpret the slope and y-intercept for this data:

c. Find the correlation coefficient and interpret its meaning for this data:

d. Predict the number of errors if a person went without sleep for 48 hours:

## e. What domain makes sense for this data?

#2 This is the life expectancy at birth for males in the US for different years in the 20th century.

## Year Male life a. Find the linear regression equation:

of expectancy
birth (years) b. Interpret the slope and y-intercept for
1920 53.6 this data:
1925 56.3
1930 58.1
1935 59.4 c. For what birth year does your equation
1940 60.8 predict the life expectancy to reach 80
1945 62.8 years?
1950 65.6
1955 66.2 d. Predict the life expectancy for a male
1960 66.6 born in 1900:
1965 66.8 Is this interpolation or extrapolation?
1970 67.1
e. Predict the life expectancy for a male
1975 68.8
born in 1982:
1980 70.0
Is this interpolation or extrapolation?
1985 71.2
1990 71.8 f. Are there any outliers for this data?
1995 72.5
1998 73.9 g. Is a linear model a good fit for this data?
Why or why not?

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Honors Algebra II Notes
Unit 2 – Absolute Value Day 4

## Ex1: SOLVE | 2x – 4| = 12 ** We do not know if the “stuff” inside is a 12 or a -12!

So, we set up TWO possibilities!!!

## Set builder notation: Set builder notation:

Extraneous Solutions: ____________________ Extraneous Solutions: ____________________

Ex4: Find a value for b such that |x| = x + b has exactly one solution.

## SOLVING AN ABSOLUTE VALUE EQUATION IN THE CALCULATOR

** Almost all EQUATIONS can be SOLVED in the calculator, although some may be easier done
by hand!

STEPS:
 Put the left side of the equation in y1
 Put the right side of the equation in y2
The solution is where the two graphs intersect!
 Move the cursor over the first intersection
 Press “2nd” “calc” and select option 5: intersect
Remember, we are usually solving for x, so write down the x value
 Move the cursor over the second intersection
 Press “2nd” “calc” and select option 5: intersect
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Ex5: SOLVE 2|3x – 2| = 14 in the calculator by following the above steps.

## Set builder notation: ______________________________

Ex6: SOLVE |x – 1| = 5x + 10 **these are the type that sometimes produce ________________
solutions… you don’t have to worry about that on the calc!

## Set builder notation: ______________________________

SOLVING A SYSTEM

Review: When you are given TWO equations at the same time and told to solve, you are supposed to
find the x AND the y value(s) that work in both equations at the same time.

You can solve by graphing one equation in y1 and the other in y2 and finding BOTH the x and y values of
the intersections.

Ex7: SOLVE y = 2x + 4
y = |x + 2| - 3

## We write our answer as the actual points of intersection: _______________________________

Ex8: SOLVE y = |x + 6|
y = -|x – 5|

Solution: _______________

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Honors Algebra II Name:
HW Day 4 Unit 2 Date: Period:

## Write your answer in set builder notation.

a 5
5
1. |3p| = -12 2. 8

## 3. |m| + 2m = 11 4. -42 = -3|-x + 1|

5. 4|n + 8| = 56 6. |7m| + 3 = 73

x
8 7
7. 7 8. |k – 10| = 3

1
5 x 2 15 0
9. 3 10.
2 ax c b 0

## Solve the following systems.

11. y = 3x – 1 y = =|x| + 3 12. y = |4x – 7| y = -x + 8

Solution: Solution:

## Source: Kuta Software

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UNIT 2 DAY 5 SOLVING ABSOLUTE VALUE INEQUALITIES NOTES

What is meant by |x| > 4? (x is more than 4 units from 0 on the number line)

-10 -9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

The shaded arrows represent ALL of the numbers, x, that are more than 4 units away from 0.

We could also represent this graph by using TWO inequalities: ____________ OR __________

Ex1: SOLVE |3x + 6| > 12 **Set up TWO inequalities and solve each one.

## < / ≤ is read: ______________________

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Ex4: SOLVE -3|2x + 6| - 9 ≤ 15

4

2

-2

-4

-6

## Multiple Choice Practice:

Express the following as an absolute value inequality:

Ex 8: In a newspaper poll taken before an election, 42% of the people favor the incumbent mayor. The
margin of error for the actual percentage, p, is less than 4%.

A. |p – 0.42| < 0.04 B. |p – 0.04| < 0.42 C. |0.42 – p| > 0.04 D. |0.04 – p| < 0.04

## Ex 9: For y = 3|7 – 2x| + 5, which set describes x when y < 8?

A. {x| 3 < x < 4} B. {x| 3 < x < 10} C. {x| x < 3 or x > 4} D. {x|x < 3 or x > 10}
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Honors Algebra II
Absolute Value Day 6 Notes

## REVIEW: BASIC FUNCTION INFORMATION

What is a function?

## GRAPHING AN ABSOLUTE VALUE FUNCTION

Let’s look at the most basic absolute value function: f(x) = |x| which can also be written as:
What makes this look different from the EQUATIONS that we were SOLVING?

x y
4

-5 5 10

-2

-4

## What are the intercepts of y = |x|? _________________________

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Ex2: GRAPH f(x) = |x| + 2. 4

-5 5 10

-2

-4

## How does this graph compare to y = |x|?

Ex3: GRAPH f(x) = |x| - 3. How do you think this graph will compare to y = |x|?

-5 5 10

-2

-4

## How does this graph compare to y = |x|?

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GRAPHING IN THE CALCULATOR

## Ex4: GRAPH f(x) = |x - 5|.

press “y =”
press “catalog” and select “abs”
press “x – 5” and “)”
press “graph”
to see a table of values, press “2nd” “graph”

## How does this graph compare to y = |x|? _____________________

Ex5: GRAPH f(x) = |x + 5|. How does this graph compare to f(x) = |x|? What is the vertex?

Ex6: GRAPH f(x) = |x – 3| + 7. How do you think this graph will compare to f(x) = |x|? What do you
think the vertex will be?

Ex7: GRAPH f(x) = -|x|. How does this graph compare to f(x) = |x|? How are the domain and range
affected?

## Ex 9: At what x-coordinate does f(x) = |-2x + 3| - 2 have a minimum value?

A. -2 B. -2/3 C. 3/2 D. 3

## SUMMARY: f(x) = |mx + b| + c

the value of m affects the “slope” of the graph
the value of b moves the graph left/right ( +b inside moves left, -b inside moves right)
the value of c moves the graph up/down (+ c moves up, - c moves down)
if there is a negative in the front, the whole graph is reflected over the x-axis.

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GRAPHING AN ABSOLUTE VALUE INEQUALITY

Ex1: GRAPH y ≤ |x – 4| + 5. 4

-2

-4

-6

4

-2

## What are the intercepts?

-4

**If you are given two INEQUALITIES at the same time, you need to graph on paper. The
-6

y ≥ |x| + 2 4

-5 5 10

-2

-4

A. y = |x| - 5
B. y = 5 - |x|
4
C. y = |-5x|
D. y = |5 – x|
2

-5 5 10

## -2 What is the RANGE?

-4
What are the intercepts?
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-6
Honors Algebra II Name:
HW Day 6 Unit 2 Date: Period:

Graph each equation. Then find domain, range, intercepts, & the vertex.

1. y = |x – 1| 2. y = |x – 1| - 2

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:

3. y = |x + 3| + 3 4. y > |x – 2|

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:

5. y |x + 4| + 3 6. y < |x – 4| - 4

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:
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7. y = - |x – 2| - 2 8. y = - |x – 4|

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:

## 9. y -|x| + 4 10. y > - |x + 1| + 3

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:

## 11. y = -|x| + 2 12. Solve the system by graphing:

y < - |x + 1| - 1
y -5

D: D:
R: R:
x= y= V: x= y= V:
[Hint: Read the graph from left to right.]
Where is the graph increasing?
Where is the graph decreasing? Source: Kuta Software
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Honors Algebra 2 Unit 2 Day 9
Composition of Functions

## How do we read f(x)?

This essentially means that the function (and the y values of it) DEPENDS on the values of x.

## Find the following: CHALLENGES:

f(2) = ________ f(∆) = ______
f(-3) = _______ f(⁯) = _____
f(0) = _______ f(+ ) = ______
f(c) = ______ f(k – 3) = _____

COMPOSITIONS
We will look at multiple functions at one time.

## h(f(-5)) = ___________________ ** f(h(f(2))) = _________________

A Composition Function is the result of plugging one function into another like the last challenge
problem! Usually, though, the same variable is used.

Ex 2: f(x) = x2 + 2. Find:
f(x+1) =

The following example is the same concept, just presented in a different way!

Ex 3: f(x) = 3x + 5 and g(x) = x – 2. Find f(g(x)). What is g(x)?? So we really want to find:
f(x–2) =

## NOTATION: f(g(x)) = f ◦ g(x) AND g(f(x)) = g ◦ f(x)

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Ex 4: f(x) = 2x2 and g(x) = x + 3. Find the following:

## Domain of h(x): _________________ Range of h(x): _________________

f ◦ h(x) = ______________________

## Domain of f ◦ h(x): _______________________ Range of f ◦ h(x): _______________

h ◦ f(x) = ______________________

## Domain of h ◦ f(x): _______________________ Range of h ◦ f(x): _______________

** When finding the domain of a composition, you must consider the domain of each
of the separate functions!!

## Domain of h ◦ g(x) = _________________________

Ex 7: Shirley is paid an annual salary plus a bonus of 4% of her sales over \$15,000. Let x represent
Shirley’s sales, f(x) = x – 15,000 represent her sales over \$15,000, and p(x) represent the amount of her
bonus. Which function notation represents the amount of her bonus?

## Hint: What does her bonus DEPEND on?

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Unit 2 Day 9 HW

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Honors Algebra 2 Unit 2 Day 10 Notes
Compositions and Inverses
FINDING THE INVERSE OF A FUNCTION (just the basics – used more later in the year)

Basically, an inverse is found by SWITCHING THE X AND Y. The resulting relation may
not be a function anymore!

Ex 1: Given { (1, -4), (-3, 2), (5, 2), (0, -7) } Is the given a function? Explain

## b. Is the inverse a function? (Explain)

Ex 2: Given { (3, 4), (-4, 0), (-2, 1), (7, 5) } Is the given a function? Explain

## When a function’s inverse is also a function, it is said to be ___________________________.

Definition: A function is a one-to-one function if and only if each x and y value is used only
once.

When this is the case, the notation for the inverse is f -1(x).

Why would we only use this notation for the inverses of one-to-one functions?

Recall: We use the _____________________ to visually determine if a graph is a function (so we can
see that for every x, there is only one y).

So, to visually determine if for every y there is only one x, we use the ______________________.

Ex 3: Using the function at the right, graph the inverse. Is the inverse
a function?
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DOMAIN of the original: __________________

5

-2

## RANGE of the inverse: ___________________

**NOTICE: sketch the line y = x on the graph at the right. What would happen if we folded our papers
on the line y = x? THIS IS ALWAYS THE CASE!
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A function and its inverse are reflections of each other over the line: ____________

Ex 4: In a) and b) are the graphs shown inverses of each other? Is the inverse a function?

## FINDING AN INVERSE ALGEBRAICALLY

We use the same general rule: SWITCH X AND Y! Then we will get y by itself.

## Ex 5: f(x) = 3x – 2. Find the inverse. Ex 6: g(x) = x2 – 3. Find the inverse.

(Is it OK to use f -1(x) notation?) (Is it OK to use g -1(x) notation?)

## Step 1 Replace f(x) Step 1 Replace

with y g(x) with y
Step 2 Switch x Step 2 Switch x
and y and y
Step 3 Solve for y Step 3 Solve for y
(get y by (get y by
itself) itself)

## How can we make sure our answers are right?

The website below goes over multiple ways your calculator can confirm this for you!
http://www.mathbits.com/MathBits/TISection/Algebra2/inverse.htm
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USING COMPOSITIONS TO CONFIRM INVERSES
Recall: Multiplicative inverses are numbers that “cancel out” to a 1 when multiplied:
Such as, ½ × 2 = 1 or ¼ × 4 = 1.

Additive inverses are numbers that “cancel out” to a 0 when added: such as -3 + 3 = 0

Functional inverses are numbers that “cancel out” to an x when composed together!

Given f(x) and f -1(x), then f ◦ f -1(x) = x = f –1◦ f(x) (You must do both confirm)
So, plugging an inverse into its original function basically cancels everything out and you are left with
just x!

## Ex 8: Use compositions to determine whether the following are inverses.

a) f(x) = 4x – 3 and g(x) = (x + 3)/4 b) f(x) = 6x – 1 and g(x) = (x – 1)/6

## Ex 9: Find h(h-1(256)) Ex 10: Find h-1 ◦ h(-457838)

Ex 11: Can you think of a more time-effective way to do a problem like example 8?

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Unit 2 HW Day 10 -11

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Linear Word Problems Name ________________
Honors Algebra 2 Unit 2 Day 12 Notes

## Review Translating Words to Math:

Problem: Jeanne has \$17 in her piggy bank. How much money does she
need to buy a game that costs \$68?
Solution: Let x represent the amount of money Jeanne needs. Then the
following equation can represent this problem:
17 + x = 68
We can subtract 17 from both sides of the equation to find the value of x.
68 - 17 = x
Answer: x = 51, so Jeanne needs \$51 to buy the game.
In the problem above, x is a variable. The symbols 17 + x = 68 form an algebraic equation. Let's look at
some examples of writing algebraic equations.

## Sentence Algebraic Equation

A number increased by nine is fifteen.
Twice a number is eighteen.
Four less than a number is twenty.
A number divided by six is eight.

## Sentence Algebraic Equation

Twice a number, decreased by twenty-nine, is seven.
Thirty-two is twice a number increased by eight.
The quotient of fifty and five more than a number is ten.
Twelve is sixteen less than four times a number.

## Sentence Algebraic Equation

Eleni is x years old. In thirteen years she will be
twenty-four years old.
Each piece of candy costs 25 cents. The price of h
pieces of candy is \$2.00.

## Suzanne made a withdrawal of d dollars from her

savings account. Her old balance was \$350, and her
new balance is \$280.
A large pizza pie with 15 slices is shared among p
students so that each student's share is 3 slices.
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Word Problem Practice:

Example 1.

Example 2:

Example 3:

Example 4:

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Honors Algebra 2 Name ________________
Function and Lines Word Problems Homework Unit 2 Day 12
SHOW WORK!!!!

1.

2.

3.

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4.

5.

6.

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