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Anthropology is the study of humans, past and present.

To understand the full sweep and complexity of cultures across all of human history, anthropology draws and builds upon knowledge from the social and biological sciences as well as the humanities and physical sciences. A central concern of anthropologists is the application of knowledge to the solution of human problems. Historically, anthropologists in the United States have been trained in one of four areas: sociocultural anthropology, biological/physical anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics. Anthropologists often integrate the perspectives of several of these areas into their research, teaching, and professional lives. Studying anthropology

Both at undergraduate and at postgraduate level, studying anthropology imparts a unique set of skills for working with people. Gaining a deep understanding of cultural and ethnic differences and learning how peoples perspectives, beliefs and practices fit into a wider social, political and economic context is crucial in todays globalised world. Take a look at our study & experience section for information on a wide range of programmes ranging from pre-university to distance learning and short evening courses.

Sociology Major o What is Sociology? o Career Opportunities o Degree Requirements o Courses o Independent Study and Internships o Honors o Academic Advising o ConnectCarolina Student Guide Management and Society Major Social and Economic Justice Minor

What is Sociology?
Sociology is the study of human social relationships and institutions. Sociology's subject matter is diverse, ranging from crime to religion, from the family to the state, from the divisions of race and social class to the shared beliefs of a common culture, and from social stability to radical change in whole societies. Unifying the study of these diverse subjects of study is sociology's purpose of understanding how human action and consciousness both shape and are shaped by surrounding cultural and social structures. Sociology is an exciting and illuminating field of study that analyzes and explains important matters in our personal lives, our communities, and the world. At the personal level, sociology investigates the social causes and consequences of such things as romantic love, racial and gender identity, family conflict, deviant behavior, aging, and religious faith. At the societal level, sociology examines and explains matters like crime and law, poverty and wealth, prejudice and discrimination, schools and education, business firms, urban community, and social movements. At the global level, sociology studies such phenomena as population growth and migration, war and peace, and economic development. The term sociology was coined by August Comte in the nineteenth century from the Latin word socios (companion with others) and the Greek word logos (study of reason) to describe the new science of social life. For purposes of scientific investigation, sociology as a discipline is divided into several areas. These are:

1. Social Organization This refers to social institutions, social groups, social inequality, social mobility, religious groups, and bureaucracy.These are the examples of social organizations: social institutions, social groups, social inequality, religious groups and bureaucracy. Social Institution- Family and School Social Groups- Farmers Association and Professional Associations Social Inequality- Unemployed ,peasants, and poor people Religious Groups- Catholic, Protestants and Muslims Bureaucracy- Government Agencies and Local government Units 2. Social Psychology This refers to human nature and its focus on social processes as they affect the individual. The observations in their emotions, attitudes, perceptions and culture in ther community, school market and church. 3. Social Change This studies ecological changes, population, migration, technological change, new production techniques, culture change, political processes, social transformation, modernization, mass communication, and the impact of natural disaster. The Point of Inquiry in Social Change A.Ecological Change Why are there so many diseases that occur now a day? As a nursing student, what can you do to prevent these diseases? Why there is global warming? B.Migration Why do people migrate? C.Technological change What are the technologies in the 80s? What are the new technologies now? D.New production What are the things that man produce? E,Culture Change What are the fading values that we have now? F.Political Processes

What political activities you are joining? G.Social Transformation What are the good and bad ways of having social transformation? H.Mass Communication Do you think television and computers strongly influence the behavior of the people? 4. Population This studies size, growth, demographic characteristics, as well as corruption, migration, changes vis--vis economic, political and social systems. Question: What do you mean by population growth and demographic characteristics? 5.Applied Sociology This is concerned with resolving social problems through sociological research. Question: What are the social problems of our society?

Squatters, prostitution, large family size, migration of nurses, and poor nutrition .

SQUATTERS. Those who are living in the squatter area, what might be the reason for them to migrate in the urban area or in the city? What are the research variables when we study this problem? Those people living in a certain area but they do not own the land. For the sociological research to solve the problem of squatters , what is the reason for them to migrate in the city? The research variables to study the problem of squatting are the background on employment, educational qualifications, occupation and source of income. The migration of the city is to find gainful employment for the family. However, they cannot find a job that suit there educational qualifications. They are usually farmers, fishermen, laborers on unskilled workers. The low income of the people is still the main reason why they cannot afford to buy their own house and lot. PROSTITUTION. Do you think prostitution and squatting have the same research variables as social problems? Usually those who are living in squatter areas are also the breeding ground for prostitution even drug abuse and illegal gambling. The research variables may still on low income and unemployment. The given research variables for squatters have the same reason for this social problems. MIGRATION OF NURSES. What might be the reason why nurses would like to work in other countries? The high salary and lucrative remunerations for nurses who are working in Europe ,USA, Canada and Australia. As compared with the Staff Nurse who is working in government hospital they are only receiving meager salary which is 10 times higher once you work in other country. The research variables to study the migration of nurses are the salary, overtime pay, exchange rate ( PesoDollar) and the country that they want to work. POOR NUTRITION. Who are usually affected by poor nutrition? The children have usually the problem of malnutrition. The research variables are the income of the family, food intake, employment and occupation of the family. The usual cause of poor nutrition is the result of low income and unemployment in the family.

6. Sociological Theory and Research This is a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions or behavior; or the discovery and development of research that tests the validity, applicability and usefulness of the results of the investigation for the improvement of life. Questions: 1. Give an example of problem in the community, school, hospital or any other places of the society? Examples: a) The Dengue Cases in Community X b) Waste Management System in the Hospital c) Poor Sanitation in the Community 1. How do you test the validity, applicability and usefulness of the results? a) Dengue Cases- The increasing number of dengue cases in particular sitio b) Waste Management System- The poor disposal of waste that result to longer treatment period or even infection of patients in the hospital c) Poor Sanitation- The lack of drainage, waste disposal and unsanitary practices in the community that increase the cases of communicable or non-communicable diseases in the area. 1. What are your findings in the problem? a) Dengue Cases- For every week, there are 3 dengue cases of that sitio. b) Waste Management System- There are 5 cases of infection in the hospital because of poor waste management program. c) Poor Sanitation- There are 4 cases of varied illness as a result 1. What are your solutions and recommendations? a) Dengue Cases There should be fogging operation and cleaning of stagnant water to completely eliminate dengue case in the sitio.. b) Waste Management System- The hospital should have waste management disposal system to reduce infection and spread of diseases in the area. c) Poor Sanitation- There should have be functional drainage system and good sanitary practices to reduce or completely eliminate the spread of communicable and non-communicable diseases.

RELEVANT HUBS FOR THE ACADEMIC ARTICLES AND RESEARCHES ON SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY A.CULTURE, TRADITION AND HUMAN SOCIETY

The Basic Concepts of Culture in Sociology and Anthropology http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/basicconceptculture The Human Evolution and Development http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/originhumanevolution
B. PERSONAL AND SOCIO-POLITICAL EXPLOITATION

The Social Phenomenology of Human Reciprocity and Generosity http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/The-SocialPhenomenology-of-Human-Reciprocity-and-Generosity The Defining Moment of Human Freedom and Integrity of the Arab Nations http://hubpages.com/hub/ArabNations The Social Phenomenology of the "Rise and Fall Syndrome" in the Arab World http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/The-Social-Phenomenology The Contemporary International Politics of the Weberian Dialectics on Religion and Social Class http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/internationalpoliticsoftheweberiandialectics Human Vanity ( Ethics, Morality and Political Culture) http://hubpages.com/hub/Human-Vanity The Easter Reminder of our Beloved Father on Greed and Vanity http://savior.hubpages.com/hub/The-EasterReminder-of-our-Beloved-Father-on-Greed-and-Vanity Emotional Attachment in the Power of Love http://hubpages.com/hub/Emotional-Attachment-in-the-Power-ofLove .The Family-Oriented Approach to Human Development: A Social Equity Model for Family Empowerment http://hubpages.com/hub/Family-Oriented-Approach 8 Common Characteristics of the Human Society in Year 2020 http://hubpages.com/hub/8-CommonCharacteristics-of-the-Human-Society-in-Year-2020 What is Anthropology? As the world is transformed and shrinks, anthropology is increasingly relevant. Devoted to the proposition that the diversity among humankind is comprehensible and enriching, anthropologists examine the history and variety of human experience with the goal of understanding what it means to be human. In the process of their study, anthropologists:

concern themselves with understanding how and why humans vary culturally and biologically, both in the present and in the past; and intentionally integrate multiple disciplinessuch as economics, history, psychology, biology, and political science, among othersin describing and explaining the causes for human social and biological characteristics.

To simplify the study of such a broad range of interests, the field of anthropology is divided into four main areas:

sociocultural anthropology archaeology biological anthropology

linguistics

Why study sociology? Sociology is one of the liberal arts (and I would argue the most inherently interesting). Sociology prepares one for a lifetime of change, developing one's appreciation of diversity, love of learning, writing and study skills, as well as a knowledge base about human behavior, social organization, and culture. If you are the type who doesn't necessarily follow the crowd (but are fascinated by their behavior), the type who is truly interested in what is going on in the world, then sociology should interest you. Second, the field helps us look more objectively at the society in which we live. It directs attention to how the parts of society fit together as well as the causes and consequences of social change. In modern industrial-bureaucratic societies we are faced with an increasingly complex and rapidly changing social milieu. A study of sociology provides the conceptual tools and methodologys for understanding the contemporary scene. By focusing on the external constraints to social action it helps us better understand ourselves and the motivations of others around us. While we are all creatures of our society, we are also the creators--sociology provides the tools so that we can take a more active role in that creation, a role that is essential if we hope to achieve a more just society.