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Marine Fire Safety Pocket Checklist

London
26th May
2009
Karl Lumbers Loss Prevention Director

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Unique Joint Venture 4th in series Leading Classification Society/Leading Mutual Insurer Produced by practical on the ground Class surveyors/Club inspectors
Class looking at problem from rules/standards based position Club looking at problem from risk/claims based position

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Booklet based on PSC inspection deficiencies

UK Club supportive of PSC system


Government run accountable Independent unbiased Non commercial no profit drivers

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Why is fire prevention important to the UK Club

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In the last 22 years 80$m of large cargo claims caused by fire

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Top 10 Causes of Large Cargo Claims


VALVE/PIPE FAILURE FIRE INADEQUATE TANK OR HOLD CLEAN. PRE SHIPMENT QUALITY DAMAGE PRIOR TO LOADING LASHING FAILURE CONDENSATION BAD HANDLING HATCH COVERS BAD STOWAGE 0
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Frequency x Consequence
9th by No 2nd by Value

4 Number %

10

12

Claims Paid %

Top 10 Type of Cargoes Involved


PAPER PRODUCTS STEEL PRODUCTS

OIL PRODUCTS REEFER:NON-CONTAINERISED CARS

CRUDE OIL GENERAL CONTAINERS

BAGGED BULK DRY BULK 0 5 10 Number %


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15 Claims Paid %

20

25

30

Large Cargo Fire Claims by Value

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 100,000-250,000 250,000-750,000

13% of fire claims over 1$m 76% of value


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71% of fire claims below 1$m 23% of value

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14 6 3 3 2 3 3 5 8

750,000-1,000,000 1,000,000-1,200,000 1,200,000-1,600,000 Number % Claims Paid %

1,600,000+

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What Causes Fire Claims

Software Failure or Hardware Failure

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SH O R E PE R
10 15 20 25 30 35 0 5

SO N .E RR O R

EQ UI PM EN T FA IL UR E

CR EW ER R O R DE CK O FF IC ER ER R O R

UN DE R IN VE ST IG AT I O N

Software v Hardware Failure

Number %

M EC HA NI CA L FA IL

ST RU C

Claims Paid %

UR TU RA L

E FA

EN G .O

IL U FF IC ER

RE

ER R PI LO T

O R

ER RO

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DR
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5

Y CA RG O

BU LK CA R RI E R

TA N KE R

RE E FE R

CO NT AI NE R
Number %

RO /R O RI G & SU PP LY

What Type of Ship has Fires

Claims Paid %

O R

E/ BU

LK /O IL SP EC IA LI PA RC EL

ST CA

RR

IE R

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DR
10 15 20 25 30 35 40 0 5

Y CA RG O

BU LK CA R RI E R

TA N KE R

RE E FE R

CO NT AI NE R
Number %

RO /R O RI G & SU PP LY

What Type of Ship has Fires

Club Entry

O R

E/ BU

LK /O IL SP EC IA LI PA RC EL

ST CA

RR

IE R

Is Age of Ship Relevant ?


35

12% major fires on ships less than 1 year old ?

30

25

Peaks 10 and 18
20

15

10

0 0 1 3 4 6 7 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

Number %

Claims Paid %

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Age Band of Ships with Large Fire Claims


15-24 year old ships more fires than entry would justify
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0-4 Years 5-9 Years 10-14 Years 15-19 Years 20-24 Years 25-29 Years Number %
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Club Entry %

Size of Ships with Large Fire Claims

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 0-5,999

10,000 30,000 gt more fires than entry would justify

6,000-9,999 Club Entry %

10,000-29,999 Number %

30,000-99,999 Claims Paid %

100,000+

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Large Fire Caused Cargo Claims Trend


25

Fire claims have been reducing in number but value glitch in 2005/2006
22
20

15

13
10

9
8

8
4

9 7
3

8 7 3

5 2
2 0

4
1

4
1

2
1

1
0

2
0

3 3

2
1

3
2

2
0

1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 Number Claims Claims Paid ($m) Total

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Deficiency Facts
Ventilation, fire dampers, valves quick closing devices, means of control Fire fighting equipment and appliances Emergency fire pump Fire prevention High pressure fuel lines jacketing Fire pumps Means of control (skylights, pumps etc) Fire detection Fixed fire fighting installations Availability of FFE Fire doors Personal equipment
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One of our most common findings - Daily Use Tank


Glass replaced with plastic tube Deadman lashed in open position

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Fuel Oil DB Tank - Sounding Pipe

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Fire Doors - 2.5 page 9

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Tragic Consequences - 3 Deaths

Cleanliness - 3.1 page 10


Cleanliness

Lamps and fittings - 3.5 page 11

Accommodation - 4.2 page 12


Tumble Dryer

Engine Room Waste 3.5 page 11

Galley

Conclusion PSC Benchmark Rule/Risk based approach Provision of guidelines


Handy size format Durable Practical

Raise awareness Help reduce PSC deficiencies Help reduce tragic incidences

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Related Interests