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SED 408 1.

Briefly explain the basics skill in beach volleyball (10 Mark) Basic Skills in Beach Volleyball As in indoor volleyball, there are several basic skills competitive players need to master: serving, passing, setting, attacking, blocking, and digging. Serving Serving is the act of putting the ball into play by striking it with the hand or arm from behind the rear court boundary. The skill is similar on the beach and indoors, with the exception that on the beach the wind often has a significant effect on the trajectory of the ball. .

MSAK 13 Passing The pass is the first of a team's 3 allowed contacts, and is also very similar on the beach and indoors. However, the standards for hand setting (handling the ball overhand using finger action with the hands separated) are stricter on the beach. In practice, this means that players are effectively forbidden from setting the ball on serve receive; similarly, players seldom use a hand setting motion as the first (except on a hard driven attack) or last of the three allowed team contacts.

SED 408 Digging Digging is a similar skill to passing, but the term is not used to describe receiving the serve or a free ball, but rather refers to an attempt to prevent an opponent's attack hit from touching the court.

MSAK 13 If a referee determines that it was not a "clean" contact then they will call a double contact and the point will be given to the other team. After completing the contact, the setter typically turns his attention to the defense and communicates to his partner whether a blocker is up and which area of the court is open. The second contact can

Setting The set is the second team contact, and its purpose is to position the ball for an attack on the third hit. A hand setting motion is often used, but bump setting, an underhand motion in which the ball bounces off the forearms, is also common. When using the hand motion contact for the setting the ball has to come out "clean". This means that the ball cannot spin at all in the air once it leaves the setters hands. 2

also be used to attack the ball. Attacking i. Attacking includes skills such as spiking

hitting the ball hard with one open hand on a downward trajectory from above the top of the net; rollinga similar motion to spiking, but softer and with an arcing trajectory; and

dinkingdirecting the ball very softly low over the net. Attack hits are also frequently made with a poking motion with the made with a poking motion with the knuckles or stiff straight fingers.

SED 408 2. Digging a Soft Shot is to maximize control, soft shots, like hard spikes, should be play with two arms whenever possible. Briefly explain the different techniques for digging soft shots. (10 Mark) Digging a Soft Shot is to maximize control, soft shots, like hard spikes, should be played with two arms whenever possible. Here are different techniques for digging soft shots: 1. Forearm Pass: The most preferred technique, defender with plenty of time to get into position. Shots above the waist, poor position for forearm pass. 2. Double Axe Handle: It is very risky for a defender to play a soft shot above the waist because the referees in beach volleyball call the first contact very tightly on a soft shot or serve. The "double axe handle" is very common in beach volleyball.

MSAK 13 3. Poke (or Knuckler): The knuckles are used to punch the ball up in the air. This emergency defensive technique is used for shots that are high over the defenders head. Emergency technique to maximize the distance covered by the defender. 4. Dive or lunge: Emergency technique to maximize the distance covered by the defender. The style of a dive or lunge is not important in beach volleyball. The soft sand significantly reduces the probably of an injury

SED 408 3. What are differences between beach volleyball and

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Indoor volleyballs are made of leather and are heavier than indoor volleyball? outdoor balls. Indoor volleyball is a game of power and the (10 Mark) heavier balls move quicker and can be hit harder. 1. Beach Volleyball Beginner Tip #1: Court Sizes Court sizes for indoor and beach volleyball are very different. Indoor courts are 18m x 9m, with a parallel attack line that is 3m from the center line. Back row players must stay behind this line when hitting the ball. Beach courts are smaller--16m x 8m and there is no attack line. A player may hit the ball from anywhere on their side of the net. If you wonder why the beach court is smaller, try a quick lateral sprint through the sand and see how much speed (and breath) you lose. A smaller court ensures that the ball will stay live longer and rallies will be more entertaining. ii. Beach Volleyball Beginner Tip #2: Balls If you want get serious, or at least look serious when you're playing, buy the yellow-and-white-striped Wilson beach volleyball. This is the official ball of the Association of Volleyball Professionals (AVP -- aka the pro beach circuit). These balls are not cheap. They typically run $50, but if you're lucky you can find them for $30-40. Any ball that is less than $30, is painted with plumeria flowers or glows with fluorescent coloring, is a knock-off. Beach volleyballs are softer, lighter and a bit bigger than indoor balls. The lighter weight allows them to float more in the air, allowing good players to use the weather to their advantage.

SED 408

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iii.

Beach Volleyball Beginner Tip #3: Players Per Side

With indoor volleyball, a match consists of five sets, or games. The first team to reach 25 points wins the set. Three sets wins

Indoor volleyball is played with six per side. Each person has a the match, and the fifth tiebreaker set, if necessary, is only specialized position and there are complex rotations and played to 15 points. Teams switch sides after every game. In switches going on throughout games to ensure that each beach volleyball, a match consists of a series of best-of-three person remains in their designated position. game, with each game played to 21 points. Two sets wins the Beach volleyball is typically played with doubles. There are no specialized positions, only a left and a right side. Most beach players are well-rounded and can hit, dig and block. In both indoor and outdoor volleyball, you must win by two At the higher levels, one player is dedicated to blocking and one to digging, but if you're just learning, grab a side and share the responsibilities. If you want to be taken seriously, don't play with more than two per side. Packing as many friends as possible on the court and blasting Lady Gaga from your boom box on the sideline are dead giveaways that you're just out for fun rather than skill development. iv. Beach Volleyball Beginner Tip #4: Scoring 5 points. Another similarity is both games use rally scoring, meaning you do not have to serve the ball to win the point. The team that wins the rally, wins the point. match, and the third tiebreaker set, if necessary, is also played to 15 points.

SED 408 4. In touch rugby, how ball possession can be turn over to opponent. (10 Mark)

MSAK 13 5. What are the basics rules of field hockey? List down what are the basic skills in field hockey. (10 Mark)

A change of possession shall occur when: a) The ball goes to ground. b) The Dummy Half is touched while in possession. c) The Dummy Half places the ball in the touch down zone. d) The 6th Touch occurs. e) The player in possession steps on or over the boundary of the field of play. f) A roll ball is performed incorrectly. g) A tap is performed incorrectly. h) At a change of possession play is restarted with a roll ball.

Basic Field Hockey Rules The Game: 25 minutes each with a 5 minute half time.

or dribbled down the field with the flat side of the stick.

the goal from within the striking circle. Fouls:

body or stick. All 6

SED 408 players must have an equal chance to gain control of the ball as it is dribbled or passed down the field.

MSAK 13 player hits the ball to a teammate just outside the striking circle line. No shot on goal may be taken until the ball is stopped or comes to rest on the ground outside the circle. All attackers must be outside the

circle before the hit is taken. On defense, a maximum of ay. five defenders may be behind the goal line while the remaining defenders must be positioned beyond the manner while attempting to play or stop the ball. center line. Typically, the attacking player taking the free hit passes the ball to her teammate positioned outside the striking stick. circle. An offensive player will stop the ball with the stick while another player will strike the ball at the goal. any part of the body. hook, hold or interfere with and opponents stick. A penalty corner is awarded for the following

offenses:Any breach of the rule by a defender within the circle that would have resulted in a free hit to the

Penalty Corner: In a penalty corner, the ball is placed on the goal line at least 10 yards from the nearest goal post. One attacking 7

attacking team if the breach had occurred outside the circle.

SED 408 An intentional hit over the goal line by a defender from any part of the field. 16 Yard Hits:

MSAK 13 Place the stick on the ground with the flat side facing the ground and the hook on the right side pointing away from you. With the left hand pick up the stick at the very top The right hand moves forward to shake hands with the stick around 1/3 of the way down the grip*when rotating the stick only the left hand will rotate with the right hand acting as a guideStick Height Get the player standing with their feet together and knees straight The correct stick height will be about half way between the players hip and hip joint. II. Running with the Ball Grip

When the attacking team plays the ball over the backline, the defense receives a 16-yard hit. The free hit is taken 16 yards from the spot where the ball crossed the backline. The Push-In/Hit In

A push-in or hit-in is awarded to the opposition if a

player hits the ball over the sideline. All players and their sticks must be at least 5 yards away from the spot where the ball is put into play

Skills in hockey I. Grip and Stick Height Grip 8

Players should grip their stick with their left hand at the top of the stick Their right hand about 1/3 the ways down the stick.

SED 408 Technique The players stick should remain on the or as close to ball at all times The ball should be carried just outside the line of the right foot and in front of the body. The player should keep the ball in front of the body and look in the direction that they are carrying the ball Coaching Points Stick should stay in contact with ball Ball should move in a relative straight line Ball to be in front of player and in a position where they are able to pass or change direction from Player should have their vision forward

MSAK 13 Grip Players should grip their stick with their left hand at the top of the stick Their right hand about 1/3 the ways down the stick. Technique Players should keep the ball on their stick at all times whilst dribbling. To change direction the player should rotate the stick using their left hand and change direction

whilst keeping the stick in contact with the ball. The ball should ideally stay in front of the players body Coaching Points Stick should stay in contact with ball, even during change of direction The ball should be in front of the player Player should have their vision forward

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Dribbling (Indian dribble) 9

IV.

Pushing

SED 408 Grip Players should grip their stick with their left hand at the top of the stick Their right hand about 1/3 the ways down the stick. Technique Player to start with the ball close to line of their right foot, standing side on to the direction they wish to push. The stick starts in contact with the ball. Players to lunge forward (ideally with left foot out towards the line they wish the ball to go). The ball should stay in contact of the stick as they push forward. On release the right wrist should flex (similar to throwing a ball) to gain power The follow through of the stick should be low and around the body. V.

MSAK 13 Coaching Points Stick to in contact with ball for the duration of movement Hit Grip When hitting players should grip their stick with their hands together. The hands are usually positioned slightly down the grip in a position that allows the player to swing the stick freely and easily. Technique Player should start almost side on to target with Left foot forward The player should commence their backswing by taking the stick around their body with the hands staying level with the hips. As the back swing commences the player should step forward with their left foot towards the ball. 10

SED 408 At point of impact the left foot should be level with the ball and the right foot should be behind the line of the left foot to aid with balance and rotation. The distance the ball is away from the player may vary due to height of player. Follow through see the stick follow around the players body.

MSAK 13

Coaching Points Make sure hands are together at top of stick sweep style of stick, controlled mainly be wrists should be executing skills very low.

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