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# AIG Z-score and Percentile Notes Day 2

## Name: __________________________ Date: __________ Period: ____

WARM_UP: A group of 78 third-grade students in a midwestern elementary school took a selfconcept test that measured how well they felt about themselves. Higher scores indicate more positive self-concepts. A histogram and some summary statistics from Minitab for these students self-concept scores are given below.

20

Frequency

10

0 15 25 35 45 55 65 75 85

SelfConcept

Descriptive Statistics: SelfConcept Variable SelfConc N 78 Mean 56.96 Median 59.50 StDev 12.41 Minimum 20.00 Maximum 80.00 Q1 51.00 Q3 66.25

One student in the group had a self-concept score of 62. Thirty-four students had self-concept scores higher than 62. Describe the location of this value within the distribution using raw data, percentiles, and standardized values (z-scores).

## More with z-scores

1) Judy, who is 25 years old, has her bone density measured. Her results indicate a bone density in the hip of 948 g/cm2 and a standardized score of z = 1.45. In the reference population of 25-year-old women like Judy, the mean bone density in the hip is 956 g/cm2. a) Judy has not taken a statistics course in a few years. Explain to her in simple language what the standardized score tells her about her bone density.

b) Use the information provided to calculate the standard deviation of bone density in the reference population of all 25-year-olds.

AIG

## Z-score and Percentile Notes Day 2

2) One of Judys friends, Mary, has the bone density in her hip measured using DXA. Mary is 35 years old. Her bone density is also reported as 948 g/cm2, but her standardized score is z = 0.50. The standard deviation of bone density in the hip for the reference population of 35year-old women like Mary is 8 g/cm2. a) Whose bones are healthier: Judys or Marys? Justify your answer.

b) Use the information provided to calculate the mean bone density in Marys reference population.

3) Eleanors standardized score on the mathematics part of the SAT was 1.8. The distribution of SAT scores in a reference population is symmetric and unimodal with a mean of 500 and a standard deviation of 100. What was Eleanors actual SAT math score?

4) Geralds standardized score on the mathematics part of the ACT was 1.5. ACT also follows a symmetric, unimodal distribution with a mean of 18 and a standard deviation of 6. What was Geralds actual ACT math score?

5) The distribution of young womens aged 18-24 is approximately symmetric and unimodal. A 20 year old woman who is 68 inches tall has a standardized score of z = 1.4. A 22 year old woman who is 63 inches tall has a standardized score of z = 0.6. What are the mean and standard deviation for the heights of young women aged 18-24?