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DISEO DE ZAPATA CONECTADA

DATOS
t =
Capacidad portante del suelo.
3.50
prom
Peso especifico promedio.
2.00

Peso especifico del concreto armado..


2.40
c
S/C
=
Sobrecarga (piso)
400.00
Altura del suelo sobre la zapata..
1.50
ht =
f'c =
Resistencia a la compresin del concreto..
210
fy =
Esfuerzo de fluencia del acero
4200.00

5.45 m

5.35 m

5.45 m

3.60 m

5.35 m

4.00 m

4.00 m

4.62 m

Eje

L.P

Seccin (m)

PD (Ton)

PL (Ton)

0.50

0.50

70

26

0.62

0.62

120

45

Long = 6.20 m

Kg/cm2
Tn/m3
Tn/m3
2
Kg/m
m
2
Kg/cm
2
Kg/cm

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA
Calculando la capacidad neta del suelo

n t h prom S / C

Ton/m2

31.60

Dimensionamos la zapata
Exterior
S
6.20

.25

P1 =

96.00

AZAP

1.20 P1

Ton

m2

3.65

T 2 S AZAP 2 S 2
S

AZAP

1.35 m

Usar:

S= 1.35
T= 2.70

Dimensin preliminar

DIMENSION DE LA VIGA DE CONEXION

L1

6.20
7.00

P1

31L1

96.00
192.2

h
b

0.89 m

0.50 m

Dimensiones finales de viga


b = 0.50 m
h = 0.90 m

0.90

0.50

Dimensionamiento definitivo de la zapata exterior


Wv =

0.50

0.90

2.40

1.08 Ton/m

96.00 Ton
1.08 Ton/m
2

0.675

5.775

1.35

5.775 RN =
RN =

AZ

RN

3.38

96.00 x

6.20

1.08

6.45
2

106.96 Ton
106.96
31.60

2
3.38 m

T S T 1.35

T=

S = 1.35
T = 2.55

m
m

2.51
Dimensin definitiva

DISEO DE LA VIGA DE CONEXIN


Reaccion amplificada del suelo

P1 u 1 . 4 P1 D 1 . 7 P1 L
P1u =

142.20

Wvu 1.4Wv

1.51

Ton
Ton/m

M2 0
5.775 RN =

142.20 x

RNU =

W NU

6.20

1.51 x

6.45 2
2

158.11 Ton

R
NU 158.11 =
1.35
S

117.11

Ton/m

142.20 Ton

6.16 Ton
1.51 Ton/m

WNU=

117.11 Ton/m
5.10

0.675

5.775
1.35

.25

6.20

Lugar donde se produce el mximo momento

V x W NU Wvu . X 0 P1u 0
Xo =

142.20
117.11

M u mx W NU Wvu .

1.23 < S = 1.35

X
t

P1u . X o 1
2
2

M u mx =

115.60

M u mx =

-51.91

D.F.C

1.51

2
o

1.23 2
2
Ton-m

142.20

1.23

0.25

28.90
13.87

(+)
(-)

-113.30

D.M.F.

-51.91
-51.08

(-)

3.61

Acero en la parte superior de la viga


Mu=

51.91

Ton-m

d h r estribo

2
=3/4"

As

d=

90.00

d=

82.78

0.95

2.54
2

Mu
0.90 f y ( d

a
)
2

As f y
0.85 f 'c b

=1"

Primer tanteo:
Hacer a = d/5
a=
As =

cm
cm2

16.56
18.43

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=

8.67

16.56

8.67

8.24

Segundo tanteo:
a=
As =

8.67
17.51

cm
cm2

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=

8.24

Tercer tanteo:
a=
As =

cm
cm2

8.24
17.46

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=
As =

8.22
17.46

cm

Verificacin de Asmin:

14
b.d
fy

As min
As min =

14
4200

As min =

13.80

50

cm2
As:

Por tanto usar

x 82.78

< As

17.46

cm

Separacin (s):
Area = 5.10 cm2
= 2.54 cm

Si usamos

# de var illas n
n=

As
A

3.42

4.00

bw 2 r
n 1

s=

0.50 - 2 x 0.05 4 1

s=
s=

0.125
0.120

Usar:

0.0254

m
m
4

1'' @ 0.120 m

1''

Acero el parte inferior de la viga

A A
As s , s As min
2
3
As =

20.40
2
14
4200

Asmin =

Asmin =

10.20

cm2

50

x 82.78

cm2

13.80

Por tanto usar

< As

13.80

As:

cm2

Separacin (s):
Area = 2.84 cm2
= 1.91 cm

Si usamos

# de var illas n
n=

4.86

As
A
=

5.00

bw 2 r
n 1

s=

0.50 - 2 x 0.05 5 1

s=

0.10

Usar:

0.0191

m
5 3/4'' @ 0.10 m

1'' @ 0.12

5 3/4'' @ 0.10 m

3/4''

Verificacion por corte

142.20 Ton
83 cm

WVU= 1.51 Ton/m

WNU=

117.11 Ton/m

1.35

V1u (W NU WVU ) (t1 d ) P1u


V1u = (
V1u =

117.11
11.29

1.51

)x(

0.50

0.83

)x

1.35

142.20

) -

142.20

Ton

V2u (W NU WVU ) S P1u


V2u = (
V2u =
Debe cumplir:

117.11
13.87

1.51

Ton

Vu max Vn , 0.85

Vumax =

13.87

Ton

Vn 0.53 f 'c bw d
Factor de conversin

Vc = x 0.53 210 10 0.50 x 0.828


Vc

27.02 Ton Vumax

OK!

3/8" = 0.953 cm
1.905 = 68.58 cm

Usar : Estribo de montaje

s 36 36 x

Usar 3/8" @ 0.65 m


Nota : En zonas muy ssmicas deben confinarse los extremos de la viga de conexin.
DISEO DE LA ZAPATA EXTERIOR
0.50
1.025

S = 1.35
T = 2.55

m
m

R
NU 158.11
2.55
T

62.00 Ton/m

M u mx =

1.025
2

W NU

2.55

62.00

32.57 Ton-m

M u . f ' c .b.d 2 .w(1 0.59w)

0.9
=

w .

0.004

fy
f 'c

0.004 x

4200.00
210.00

w = 0.08
Factor de conversin

32.57

= 0.90 x

d=
d=

Usar

210 x 10
0.4092
40.92

1.35 x d2 x 0.080 x ( 1 - 0.59 x

m
cm

hz =

40.92 7. 5

hz =
hz =

49.69
50.00

=1"

2.54
2

cm
cm

d=

1.905

50.00 7. 5
2

d=
d=

41.55
0.416

cm
m

=3/4"

0.08 )

Verificacin del corte por flexin

Vud W NU Lv d
V ud =

62.00

1.025 -

x (

0.416 ) =

37.76

Ton

Vu max Vn , 0.85

Debe cumplir:
Vumax =

37.76

Ton

Vn 0.53

f 'c bw d
Factor de conversin

Vc = x 0.53 x

210

1.35 x

> Vumax
Vn
Ton

36.67

Vc =

x 10

0.416

CORREGIR!

Diseo por flexin


Primer tanteo:

As

Hacer a = d/5
a=
As =

cm
cm2

8.31
23.04

Mu
0.90 f y ( d

a
)
2

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=

4.02

8.31

As f y
0.85 f 'c b

Segundo tanteo:
a=
As =

4.02
21.79

cm
cm2

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=

3.80

4.02

3.80

Tercer tanteo:
a=
As =

cm
cm2

3.80
21.73

Calculando "a" con la ecuacion "2"


a=
As =

3.79
21.73

cm2

Verificacin de Asmin:

As min

14
b.d
fy

As min =

14
4200

As min =

18.72

135.01 x 41.60

cm2
As:

Por tanto usar

< As

21.73

cm2

Separacin (s):
Area = 2.84 cm2
= 1.905 cm

Si usamos

# de var illas n
n=

7.65

bw 2 r
n 1

s=

1.35

s=

0.17

Usar:

As
A

- 2 x 0.075 8 1

0.0191

m
8 3/4'' @ 0.17

3/4''

Acero transversal

As min 0.0018 b h
Asmin =
Asmin =

0.0018 x
255.00 x 50.00
2
22.95 cm

Separacin (s):
Si usamos

A
# de var illas n s
A
n=

11.48

12

bw 2 r
n 1

s=

2.55

s=

0.22

Usar:

Area = 2.00 cm2


= 1.59 cm

- 2 x 0.075 12 1

0.0127

m
12 5/8'' @ 0.22

5/8''

DISEO DE LA ZAPATA INTERIOR


P1 =
P2 =

96.00 Ton
165.00 Ton
P1 =

P2 = 165.00 Ton

96.00 Ton

W v= 1.08 Ton/m

RN = 106.96 Ton
6.45 m

P2 efectivo P2 P1 Wv Lv R N
P 2 efectivo = - 165.00
P 2 efectivo =
-161.01

AZ

P2 efectivo

1.08

161.01
31.60

5.10

6.45

106.96

Ton

96

m2

Para cumplir m = n

ab
AZAP

ab
AZAP

B
Usar

2.30 x

2.26

2.26

2.30

Hallando el peralte de la zapata interior


Carga factorizada
P 1u =
Ton
142.20
P 2u =
Ton
244.50
P1u =

P2u = 244.50

142.20

W vu= 1.51 Ton/m

RNN=

158.11 Ton
6.45 m

P2u efectivo P2u P1u Wvu Lv R NU


P2u efectivo= - 244.50
P2u efectivo=
-238.34

W NU

P2u efectivo
AZ

142.20
Ton

1.51

238.34
5.29

45.05

6.45

Ton/m2

158.11

Momento mximo

u m x

lv 2

W NU b w

M u mx =

45.05

M u mx =

36.56

lv =

0.62 ) =

2.30

( 2.30

0.84
2

Ton-m

Dimensionamiento de la altura hz de la zapata

M u . f ' c .b.d 2 .w(1 0.59 w)


0.9
=

0.004

w=

0.08

fy

w .

f 'c

0.004 x

4200
210.00

Factor de conversin

36.56

2.30 x d2 x 0.080 x ( 1 - 0.59 x

210 x 10

= 0.90 x

d=
d=

m
cm

0.3322
33.22

hz =

33.22

hz =
Usar hz min =

41.99
50.00

0.08 )

=1"

2.54
7. 5
2
cm
cm

=3/4"

d=

1.905

50.00 7. 5

d=
d=

41.55
0.42

cm
m

Verificacion por punzonamiento

L=

2.30

V u P2 u efectivo W NU ( m ).( n )
m=

0.84

n=
Vu =
Vu =

0.62

0.50
0.42
+
238.34 45.05
169.55
Ton

=
(

Debe cumplir: Vc Vn , Vn

Vu

Vu

0.42 =
2
0.92
1.67 ) (

1.67

0.92

, 0.85

199.47 Ton

Vc 0.27 2
c

Dmayor
Dmenor

c =

f ' c bo d 1.06

f ' c bo d

Vc 1.06

f ' c bo d

1.00 m < 2

2 x 1.67 +

.92

4.25

Factor de conversin

Vc =

1.1

Vc =

281.54

f ' c bo d

, c 2 Vc 1.06

Luego
bo =

210

x 10

Ton > Vn

ok!

4.25 x

0.42

0.84

Verificacion del corte

FALTA

Vc V n , V n

Debe cumplir:

Vu

Vu WNU L m d
Vu =
Vu =

45.05
43.99

Vn =

43.99
0.75

2.30

, 0 .75
0.84

Ton
58.66 Ton

Vc 0.53 f ' c L d
Factor de conversin

Vc =
Vc=

0.53 x

210

73.39

Ton > Vn

x 10

2.30 x

ok!

Diseo por flexion


Acero requerido
Primer tanteo:

hacer d

a
0.9d a 0.2d
2

a=
8.31
cm
As =
25.87
cm2
Calculando "a" con "2"
a=
2.65

8.31

Segundo tanteo:
a=
2.65 cm
As=
24.04 cm2
Calculando "a" con "2"
a=
2.83

As

2.65

24.04 cm2

As min 0.0018 b h
0.0018 x
230.00 x 50.00
20.70 cm2 < As

Asmin=
Asmin=
Por tanto usar As:

24.04

Separacin (s):
Si usamos 1/2"

cm2

A1/2= 1.27 cm2

A
# de var illas n s
A
n=

s
s=

s=

18.93

14

bw 2 r
n 1
2.30

- 2 x 0.075 14 1

0.16 m

Usar 14 1/2" @ 0.13 m

0.013

0.42

0.42

14 1/2" @ 0.13 m

12.00

2.55

2.30

14 1/2" @ 0.13 m

8.00

2.30
1.35

1''
3/8" @ 0.65 m

h=

h=

0.50
3/4''

0.50