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REGIONAL SOILS LABORATORY

Aguila Road, Sevilla San Fernando La Union Phone (072) 242-1045/46

Soil Sampling Instructions Fertility Mapping


Sampling scheme 1. Interview the farmer to fill out the soil sampling sheet as completely as possible. Areas that are different in appearance, slope, drainage, soil type, or past cropping should be sampled and tested separately. 2. Also sample separately areas that have received different fertilizer treatments. 3. To obtain a representative sample, plan to collect 10 subsamples every 25 hectares (or less) within the field in a random, zigzag pattern. The subsamples will be combined and mixed to create one composite sample. If the field is heterogeneous and is less than 25 ha, obtain only 5 subsamples for the composite sample. Getting the GPS Location 1. Go to the approximate center of the field and obtain the waypoint. Use the GPS receiver to measure distances based on the field area and boundaries (ex. 25 ha area is a 500 m x 500 m field; 1 ha is a 100 m x 100 m field). Sampling procedure 1. Use a spade or an auger to obtain thin vertical slices or cores of soil from the surface to a depth of 25 cm. If using a spade, remove soil in a V shape and throw it aside. Reinsert the blade to take a thin 2 cm slice of soil, and lift the slice from the ground. Get an approximately 5" wide core from top to bottom. Place the core (subsample) in the sampling bag. Avoid sampling burned areas, manure piles, garbage areas, areas near the road and fences. 2. Repeat this procedure at 9 locations (or 5 for heterogeneous and less than 25 ha) within the sampling area, placing the subsamples together in the container. 3. If the soil is very wet when samples are taken, the soil should be laid out on clean paper or aluminum tray to air-dry (do not heat to dry). 4. Mix the subsamples of a sampling area together in the container, breaking up large clumps. The goal is to provide a representative sample. 5. Place 0.5-1 kg of the soil in a sampling bag. Securely seal the plastic bag with a rubber band or twist tie, and label the bag using permanent ink. Any excess soil can be returned to the field. 6. Repeat for any separate areas that you wish to have tested. Submitting the sample 7. Send the sampling sheet with the sample (but not in the sample bag), making sure to identify the sample with the same sample ID that you use on the sampling sheet. A group of samples can be sent together as long as each sample bag is properly sealed and identified and there is a properly identified sampling sheet for each sample.