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ETec 322 - Numerical Control Operations Cutting Speeds and IPT/IPR Charts Fall 2004

Machining Formulas: RPM = (4 * CS)/ IPMmilling = RPM * IPT * N IPMdrilling = RPM * IPR IPMturning = RPM * IPR IPMtapping = RPM/TPI Machining FormulaVariables: RPM = Revolutions Per Minute CS = Cutting Speed (sfm) IPM = Inches Per Minute IPT = Inches Per Tooth N = Number of Teeth/Flutes IPR= Inches Per Revolution TPI = Threads per Inch

Average Drill Speed Work Material (sfm) Magnesium 300 Aluminum 250 Brass and bronze 200 Copper 70 Cast iron (soft) 120 Cast iron (hard) 80 Mild Steel 110 Cast Steel 50 Alloy steels (hard) 60 Tool steel 60 Stainless steel 30 Titanium 30 High manganese steel 15 Note: These values based on High Speed Steel (HSS) Drills; for Carbide Drills, double the average speed.

Recommended Speeds for Drilling

Drill Diameter (in.) < 1/8


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Recommended Feeds for Drilling

Drill Feed (ipr) 0.001 0.002 0.002 0.004 0.004 0.007 0.007 0.015 0.015 0.025

/8 1/4 /4 1/2 /2 1

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Note: Use a slightly lower feed when drilling hard materials such as high carbon steel, tool steel, or stainless steel. Use a slightly higher feed when drillingh softer materials such as magnesium, aluminum, or soft cast iron.

ETec 322, 9/29/04

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Average Drill Speed Work Material (sfm) Magnesium 300 Aluminum 250 Brass and bronze 150 Copper 100 Cast iron (soft) 80 Cast iron (hard) 50 Mild Steel 90 Cast Steel 80 Alloy steels (hard) 40 Tool steel 50 Stainless steel 60 Titanium 50 High manganese steel 30 Note: These values based on HSS cutting tools; for Carbide cutting tools, double the average speed.

Recommended Speeds for Milling

Recommended Feeds for Milling


Work Material Magnesium Aluminum Brass and bronze Copper Cast iron (soft) Cast iron (hard) Mild steel Alloy steel (hard) Tool steel Stainless steel Titanium High manganese steel

Tool Feed (inch/tooth) Face Side End Mills Mills Mills 0.005 - 0.020 0.004 - 0.010 0.005 - 0.010 0.005 - 0.020 0.004 - 0.010 0.005 - 0.010 0.004 - 0.020 0.004 - 0.010 0.005 - 0.010 0.004 - 0.010 0.004 - 0.007 0.004 - 0.008 0.004 - 0.016 0.004 - 0.009 0.004 - 0.008 0.004 - 0.010 0.002 - 0.006 0.002 - 0.006 0.004 - 0.010 0.002 - 0.007 0.002 - 0.010 0.004 - 0.010 0.002 - 0.007 0.002 - 0.006 0.004 - 0.008 0.002 - 0.006 0.002 - 0.006 0.004 - 0.008 0.002 - 0.006 0.002 - 0.006 0.004 - 0.008 0.002 - 0.006 0.002 - 0.006 0.004 - 0.008 0.002 - 0.006 0.002 - 0.006

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ETec 322, 9/29/04

Average tool speed (sfm) Work Material Rough cuts Finish cuts Magnesium 400 800 Aluminum 350 700 Brass and bronze 250 500 Copper 100 250 Cast iron (soft) 100 250 Cast iron (hard) 50 150 Mild Steel 100 250 Cast Steel 70 150 Alloy steels (hard) 50 150 Tool steel 50 150 Stainless steel 60 180 Titanium 90 200 High manganese steel 40 100 Note: These values based on HSS cutting tools; for Carbide cutting tools, double the average speed.

Recommended Speeds for Turning

Recommended Feeds for Turning


Work Material Magnesium Aluminum Brass and bronze Copper Cast iron (soft) Cast iron (hard) Mild Steel Cast Steel Alloy steels (hard) Tool steel Stainless steel Titanium High manganese steel Rough cuts 0.015 - 0.025 0.015 - 0.025 0.015 - 0.025 0.010 - 0.020 0.015 - 0.025 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020 0.010 - 0.020

Tool feed (ipr) Finish cuts 0.005 - 0.010 0.005 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.004 - 0.008 0.005 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010 0.003 - 0.010

Data contained within the six tables was taken from: Valentino, James and Joseph Goldenberg, Introduction to Computer Numerical Control (CNC), 3rd ed., Prentice Hall, 2003, pp521 - 524 ETec 322, 9/29/04 Page 3