\

c
c

.

\

1
. Compute the value
of k for ideal gas.
Penyelesaian
=
)
pV= nRT
V =
= (
) (
(
= (
) (
)
=(
) (
()
= p(
()
= (
()
()
5. For an ideal gas, express derivative
v
T
p

.

\

c
c
in terms of o and K
Penyelesaian
T=
K =
()
p = K()
=(
)
)
= (
)
)
(
= (
7. The same type of apparatus is used as in problem 6. In this case the volume of v
1
is not
known and the volume of bulb 2, v
2
, is 110.0 cm
3
. When the mercury level is at a the
difference in levels is 15.42 mm. When the mercury level is raised to b, the difference in
levels is 27.35 mm. The temperature is 30.2
o
C. Use the values of density and g given in
problem 6.
a) What is the mass of helium in the system?
b) What is the volume of bulb 1?
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : V
2
= 110 cm
3
= 0,11 L
p
a
= 15,42 mmHg = 1,542 cmHg =
0,02 atm
p
b
= 27,35 mmHg = 2,735 cmHg =
= 0,036 atm
T = 30,2 + 273 = 303,2 K
= 13,5212 g/cm
3
g = 9,80665 m/s
2
Ditanyakan : a. Massa helium pada sistem
b. Volume pada bulb 1
Jawaban :a. pV = nRT
p
a
.V
2
= nRT
0,02 atm. 0,11 L=
.0,082 L atm K
1
mol
1
. 303,2 K
m =
=3,54.10
4
gram
b. pV = nRT
p
b
V
1
= p
a
V
2
0,036 atm.V
1
= 0,02 atm . 0,11 L
0,036.V
1
= 2,2 x 10
3
L
V
1
=
V
1
= 0,0611 L
8. Consider a gas mixture in a 2 dm
3
flask at 27
o
C. For each mixture, calculate the partial pressure of
each gas, the total pressure, and the composition mixture in mole percent, if the mixtures are:
a. 1 g H
2
and 1 g O
2
b. 1 g N
2
and 1 g O
2
c. 1 g CH
4
and 1 g NH
3
d. 1 g H
2
and 1 g Cl
2
Penyelesaian
Given : V = 2 dm
3
= 2.10
3
m
3
T = 27
0
C + 273 = 300 K
Find : a. partial pressure of each gas
b. total pressure
c. composition mixture in mole percent
Answere :
1. 1 g H
2
and 1 g O
2
pV = nRT
p =
a. p H
2
=
pH
2
= 623.550 Pa
pO
2
=
pO
2
= 38.971,875 Pa
b. p total =
= 662.521,875 Pa
c. n H
2
=
= 0,5 mol
n O
2
=
= 0,03125 mol
% H
2
=
x 100% = 94,118 %
% O
2
=
x 100% = 5,882 %
2. 1 g N
2
and 1 g O
2
pV = nRT
p =
a. p N
2
=
p N
2
= 44.539,29 Pa
p O
2
=
p O
2
= 38.971,875 Pa
b. p total =
= 83.511,17 Pa
c. n N
2
=
= 0,0357 mol
n O
2
=
= 0,03125 mol
% N
2
=
x 100% = 53,312 %
% O
2
=
x 100 % = 46,67 %
3. 1 g CH
4
and 1 g NH
3
pV = nRT
p =
a. p CH
4
=
p CH
4
= 77.943,75 Pa
p NH
3
=
p NH
3
= 73.358,82 Pa
b. p total =
= 151.302,6 Pa
c. n CH
4
=
= 0,0625 mol
n NH
3
=
=0,0588 mol
% CH
4
=
51,53 %
% NH
3
=
48,47 %
4. 1 g H
2
and 1 g Cl
2
pV = nRT
p =
a. p H
2
=
p H
2
= 623.550 Pa
p Cl
2
=
p Cl
2
= 17.564,79 Pa
b. p total =
= 632332,4 Pa
c. n H
2
=
= 0,5 mol
n Cl
2
=
= 0,014 mol
%H
2
=
x 100% = 97,28 %
%Cl
2
=
x 100% = 2,724%
9. A sample of air is collected over water at 20
o
C. At equilibrium, the total pressure of moist
air is 1 atm. The equilibrium vapor pressure of water is 17.54 Torr; the composition of dry
air is 78 mole % Nitrogen, 21 mole % oxygen and 1 mole % Ar.
a. Calculate the partial pressure of each of gas in wet mixture.
b. Calculate the mole fraction of each gas of in wet mixture.
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : T = 20
p total udara = 1 atm
p uap air = 17,54 Torr =
=
p N
2
= 0,018 atm
p O
2
= 4,851 x 10
3
atm
=
=
p Ar = 2,31 x 10
4
atm
b. X N
2
=
=
= 0,78
X O
2
=
=
= 0,21
X Ar =
=
= 0,01
10. Consider 20 L sample of moist air at 60
o
C under a total pressure 1 atm in which the
partial pressure of water vapor is 0.120 atm. Assume that composition of dry air given in
problem 9.
a) What are the mole percentage of each of gas in the sample?
b) The percent relative humidity is defined as %R.H.= 100p
w
/p
wo
where p
w
is the partial
pressure water vapor in sample and p
wo
is the equilibrium vapor pressure of water at
the temperature in question. At 60
o
C, p
wo
= 0.197 atm what volume must the mixture
occupy at 60
o
C if the relative humidity is to be 100%?
c) What fraction of water will be condensed if the total pressure of mixture is increased
isothermally to 200 atm?
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : V = 20 L
T = 60 + 273 K = 333 K
p total = 1 atm
p parsial uap air = 0,120 atm
13. Consider an isothermal column of an ideal gas at 25
o
C . What must the molar mass of this
gas, if the pressure at 10 km is 0,8 of its in the ground level ?
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : T = 25
0
C + 273 = 298 K
z = 10 km = 1x10
4
m
p
z
= 0,8 p
o
Ditanyakan : M =
Jawaban :
ln p
z
 ln p
o
=
ln
ln 0,8 =
0,223 =
552,85 J mol
1
= 98070 ms
2
M
M = 5,64x10
3
kg/mol
= 5,64 g/mol
14. Assuming that air has a mean molar mass of 28.9 g/mol and that the atmosphere is
isothermal at 25
o
C. Compute the barometric pressure at Denver which 1600m above sea
level; compute the barometric pressure at the top of Mt Evans, 4348m above sea level. The
pressure at sea level may taken as 760 Torr.
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : M = 28,9 g/mol
T = 25
0
C + 273 = 298 K
p
o
= 760 Torr = 1,01325.10
5
Pa
Ditanyakan : a. p
z
saat z = 1600 m
b. p
z
saat z = 4348 m
Jawaban : a. p
z
= po x
=1,01325.10
5
Pa .
=1,01325.10
5
Pa .
= 1,01325.10
5
Pa . 0,833
= 84.377,51 Pa
b. p
z
= po x
= 1,01325.10
5
Pa .
= 1,01325.10
5
Pa .
= 1,01325.10
5
Pa . 1,644
= 166.621,28 Pa
15. Assuming that air has a mean molar mass of 28.9 g/mol and that the atmosphere is
isothermal at 25
o
C. Compute the barometric pressure at Denver which 1600 m above sea
level; compute the barometric pressure at the top of Mt Evans, 4348m above sea level. The
pressure at sea level may taken as 760Torr.
Penyelesaian
Diketahui : m = 100 gram = 0,1 kg
T = 25
0
C +273 = 298 K
p
z
= 10
6
p
o
Ditanyakan : z
Jawaban :