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SULIT 55/2

Nama : …………………………………………….. No Maktab : ……………………………..

SULIT 55/2
55/2
Sains
Kertas 2
Ogos
2009
1 ½ jam

MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

SAINS Untuk Kegunaan Pemeriksa


Kertas 2 Markah Markah
Bahagian Soalan
Penuh Diperoleh
Satu jam tiga puluh minit
1 6
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI 2 6
SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1 Tulis nama dan kelas anda pada ruang 3 6
yang disediakan. A
4 7
2 Kertas soalan ini adalah dalam dwibahasa.
5 7
3 Soalan dalam bahasa Inggeris mendahului
soalan yang sepadan dalam bahasa 6 8
Melayu.
7 10
4 Calon dibenarkan menjawab keseluruhan B
atau sebahagian soalan sama ada dalam 8 10
bahasa Inggeris atau bahasa Melayu.
Jumlah 60
5 Calon dikehendaki membaca maklumat di
halaman belakang kertas soalan ini.

Kertas Soalan ini mengandungi 28 halaman bercetak


[Lihat sebelah
55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 1 SULIT
For
SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
Section A
Bahagian A
[40 marks]
[40 markah]
Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan.

1 Diagram 1 shows the human excretory system.


Rajah 1 menunjukkan sistem perkumuhan manusia.

P : ………………..…

Q : ……………..……

R : ………….………

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

(a) On Diagram 1, label the organs P, Q and R using the following words:
Pada Rajah 1, labelkan organ P, Q dan R menggunakan perkataan berikut:

Skin Lung Kidney


Kulit Peparu Ginjal

1(a)
[3 marks]
[3 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 2 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(b) Draw lines to match each system of the human body with its function.
Lukis garisan untuk memadankan setiap sistem badan manusia dengan
fungsi masing-masing.

System Function
Sistem Fungsi

To defend the body against disease.


Untuk mempertahankan badan terhadap
penyakit.

To digest food so that it can be readily


absorbed.
Untuk mencernakan makanan supaya ia
mudah diserap.

To transmit messages to every part of


the body.
Untuk menghantar maklumat ke seluruh
bahagian badan.

To support the weight of the body and


protect internal organs.
Untuk menyokong berat badan dan
melindungi organ dalaman.

1(b)
[3 marks]
[ 3 markah ]
Total A1

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 3 SULIT


For
Examiner’s
SULIT 55/2
Use
2 Diagram 2.1 shows a situation at a camp site.
Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan situasi pada tapak perkhemahan.

Owl
Burung hantu

Iron rod
Rod besi

Boy H
Budak lelaki H

Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.1

(a) Based on Diagram 2.1, state the way of heat transfer from the burning firewood
to:
Berdasarkan Rajah 2.1, nyatakan cara pemindahan haba dari unggun api ke:

(i) owl / burung hantu : …………………………….………………

(ii) boy H / budak lelaki H : ………………….……..….……………….

2(a) (iii) iron rod / rod besi : ………………….………….………..…….


[3 marks]
[3 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 4 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(b) Diagram 2.2 shows two different mugs, M and N containing equal volume of
hot coffee left to cool for 10 minutes.
Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan dua mug, M dan N mengandungi air kopi panas
dengan isipadu yang sama dibiarkan menyejuk selama 10 minit.

White ceramic mug M N Black ceramic mug


Mug seramik putih Mug seramik hitam

Diagram 2.2
Rajah 2.2
Based on Diagram 2.2,
Berdasarkan Rajah 2.2,
(i) state how most heat is lost from the hot coffee?
nyatakan bagaimana haba paling banyak hilang daripada kopi panas?

….......................................................................................................................... 2(b)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) coffee in which mug will cool faster?


Give the reason for the chosen mug.
kopi dalam mug yang manakah akan menyejuk dahulu?
Berikan sebab bagi mug yang dipilih.

Mug / mug : .....……….………….………………………………..

Reason / sebab : .....................................................................................


..................................................................................... 2(b)(ii)
[2 mark]
[2 markah]
Total A2

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 5 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
3 Diagram 3.1 shows the distribution of organisms J, K, L and M in a habitat.
Rajah 3.1 menunjukkan taburan organisma J, K, L dan M dalam satu habitat.

M J M J
K
K L
J
J
J
J M J
L M
K

M J M
J M
K
J
K J M

Diagram 3.1
Rajah 3.1

(a) Based on Diagram 3.1,


Berdasarkan Rajah 3.1,
(i) which organism represents the secondary consumer?
organisma manakah yang mewakili pengguna sekunder?

3(a)(i) …………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) build a complete food chain.


binakan rantai makanan yang lengkap.

3(a)(ii) ………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 6 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(iii) Circle the animals which may represent M.
Bulatkan haiwan yang mewakili M.

Tiger Grass Cow


harimau Rumput lembu 3(a)(iii)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(b) Producers synthesize food through photosynthesis. State the source of energy
for the process.
Pengeluar mensintesis makanan melalui fotosintesis. Nyatakan sumber tenaga
bagi proses ini.

................................................................................................................................ 3(b)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) Diagram 3.2 shows the apparatus set up to study a factor needed for
photosynthesis.
Rajah 3.2, menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji satu faktor yang
diperlukan untuk fotosintesis.

Black paper
Kertas hitam

Diagram 3.2
Rajah 3.2

(i) The plant is kept in the dark for two days, then exposed to sunlight.
Why is the plant kept in the dark?
Tumbuhan diletakkan dalam gelap selama dua hari, kemudian didedahkan
kepada cahaya matahari.
Mengapa tumbuhan itu diletakkan dalam gelap?

......................................................................................................................... 3(c)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 7 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
(ii) The leaf that is covered with black paper is tested for the presence of starch.
On Diagram 3.3, shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black.
Daun yang diliputi oleh kertas hitam diuji kehadiran kanji.
Pada Rajah 3.3, lorekkan bahagian daun yang bertukarkepada biru gelap.

Diagram 3.3
3(c)(ii) Rajah 3.3
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Total A3

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 8 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
4 Diagram 4.1 shows a female reproductive system.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sistem pembiakan perempuan .

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1

(a) (i) Based on Diagram 4.1 , name the part labeled R.


Berdasarkan Rajah 4.1, namakan bahagian berlabel R.

……………………………………………………………………………… 4(a)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Q is the place where the process of fusion between nucleus of sperm and
ovum to form a zygote. Label Q in Diagram 4.1.
Q adalah tempat di mana proses persenyawaan antara nukleus sperma dan
ovum bagi pembentukkan zigot. Labelkan Q dalam Rajah 4.1. 4(a)(ii)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 9 SULIT


For
Examiner’s
SULIT 55/2
Use
(b)Diagram 4.2 shows a method of birth control in female reproductive system.
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan satu kaedah pencegahan kehamilan dalam sistem
pembiakan perempuan.

Device K
Alat K

Diagram 4.2
Rajah 4.2

Based on the Diagram 4.2,


Berdasarkan Rajah 4.2,

Name the device K : ………………….………………………………


Namakan alat K
Describe how it works.
Terangkan bagaimana ia berfungsi.
…………………………………………………………..………………………
…………………………………………………………..………………………
…………………………………………………………..………………………
4(b) …………………………………………………………..………………………
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 10 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(c) Diagram 4.3 shows two types of flower J and K.
Rajah 4.3 menunjukkan dua jenis bunga J dan K.

J K

Diagram 4.3
Rajah 4.3

Based on the Diagram 4.3,


Berdasarkan Rajah 4.3,
(i) mark ( ) in the box provided for wind pollinated flower.
tandakan ( ) dalam kotak disediakan bagi bunga yang didebungakan
oleh angin. 4(c)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) explain for the answer in (c)(i).


terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i).
.......................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
......................................................................................................................... 4(c)(ii)
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
Total A4

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 11 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
5 Diagram 5.1, shows two types of generator M and N.
Rajah 5.1, menunjukkan dua jenis penjana M dan N.

Turbine Turbine
Turbin Turbin

M N

Diagram 5.1
Rajah 5.1

(a) (i) State the source of energy used by each generator.


Nyatakan sumber tenaga yang digunakan oleh setiap penjana.

M : ……………………………………………………………………

5(a)(i) N : ……………………………………………………………………
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

(ii) State the energy change involved in generator M.


Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang terlibat dalam penjana M.

5(a)(ii) ………….……………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 12 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
Diagram 5.2 shows electricity transmission and distribution system.
Rajah 5.2 menunjukkan sistem penghantaran dan pengagihan elektrik.

National Grid Network


Rangkaian Grid Nasional

Diagram 5.2
Rajah 5.2

(b) (i) J and K are two types of transformers.


State the difference in the function of J and K.
J dan K merupakan dua jenis tranformer.
Nyatakan perbezaan fungsi J dan K.
…………………………………………………………………………………………
………………………………………………………………………………………… 5(b)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) What is the advantage of National Grid Network?


Apakah kelebihan Rangkaian Grid Nasional?
…………………………………………………………………………………………
5(b)(ii)
…...…………………………..………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 13 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
(c) Diagram 5.3, shows an electric rice cooker.
Rajah 5.3, menunjukkan sebuah periuk nasi elektrik.

Diagram 5.3
Rajah 5.3

Calculate the current flow in an electric rice cooker labeled 3000 watts and
240 volts. Suggest the most suitable fuse that can be used.
Use the following formula:
Hitungkan arus yang mengalir dalam periuk nasi elektrik yang bertanda
3000 watt dan 240 volt. Cadangkan nilai fius yang paling sesuai digunakan.
Gunakan formula berikut:

Current = Power
Voltage

Arus = Kuasa
Voltan

5(c) The most suitable fius can be used is : ___________ A


Fius yang paling sesuai digunakan ialah
[2 marks]
Total A5 [2 markah]

7 55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA SULIT


14
SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
6 Diagram 6.1 shows a man pulling a load of 50kg up an inclined plane to the
platform (Assume 1kg = 10N).
Rajah 6.1 menunjukkan seorang lelaki menarik beban 50kg menaiki satah condong
ke pelantar (Andaikan 1kg = 10N).
Platform
Pelantar

2 metre
Load 2 meter
Beban

Diagram 6.1
Rajah 6.1

(a) (i) In the box provided in Diagram 6.1, draw an arrow to show the direction
of force that opposes the motion of load.
Dalam kotak yang disediakan pada Rajah 6.1, lukiskan anak panah bagi
menunjukkan arah daya yang menentang pergerakan beban. 6(a)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) Name the force for the answer in (a)(i).


Namakan daya bagi jawapan dalam (a)(i).

……………………………………………………………………………… 6(a)(ii)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) Calculate the work done. Use the following formula:


Hitungkan kerja yang dilakukan. Gunakan formula berikut:
Work done = Force X Distance
Kerja = Daya X Jarak

Work done : …………………. Nm


kerja 6(a)(iii)
[1 marks]
[1markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 15 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
(b) Diagram 6.2 shows two mountain bikes P and Q with tyres of different threads.
Rajah 6.2 menunjukkan dua jenis basikal bukit P dan Q dengan tayar
yang berbeza bunga..

Mountain bike P
Basikal bukit P

Mountain bike Q
Basikal bukit Q

Diagram 6.2
Rajah 6.2
Based on Diagram 6.2,
Berdasarkan Rajah 6.2,
(i) which mountain bike is more suitable to ride up a hill.
basikal bukit yang manakah lebih sesuai untuk mendaki bukit.
6(b)(i) ………………………….………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) explain for the answer in (c)(i).


terangkan jawapan dalam (c)(i).
.......................................................................................................................
6(b)(ii) .........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 16 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(c) Diagram 6.3 shows, a man find it is hard to push a trolley with stuck tyres.
Rajah 6.3 menunjukkan seorang lelaki mendapati sukar untuk menolak troli
yang tayarnya tersekat.

Diagram 6.3
Rajah 6.3
Based on diagram 6.3,
Berdasarkan Rajah 6.3,
(i) State one way to overcome the problem without unloading the trolley.
Nyatakan satu cara untuk menyelesaikan masalah ini tanpa mengeluarkan
beban di dalam troli.

………………………………………………………………………………. 6(c)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(iii) State the effect, if the problem is not overcome?


Apakah kesan, sekiranya masalah ini tidak diselesaikan?
……………………………………………………………………………….
……………………………………………………………………………….
………………………………………………………………………………. 6(c)(ii)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Total A6

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 17 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
Section B
Bahagian B
[20marks]
[20 markah]
Answer all questions.
Jawab semua soalan.
7 Diagram 7.1 shows four types of plants with different support systems.
Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan empat jenis tumbuhan dengan sistem sokongan berbeza.

Orchid Cucumber
Orkid Timun

Rose Mangrove tree


Ros Pokok paya bakau
Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1

(a) State the parts of the plants that provide additional support to each of the plants.
Nyatakan bahagian tumbuhan yang membeir sokongan tambahan pada setiap
tumbuhan.
Plants Additional support part
Tumbuhan Bahagian sokongan tambahan
Orchid
Orkid
Cucumber
Timun
Rose
Ros
Mangrove tree
7(a) Pokok paya bakau
[4marks]
[4markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 18 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(b) Classify the plants into two groups based on the part that provide additional
support.
Kelaskan tumbuhan kepada dua kumpulan berdasarkan pada bahagian yang
memberi sokongan tambahan.

Orchid, cucumber, mangrove tree, rose


Orkid, timun, pokok paya bakau, ros

Common characteristics
Ciri sepunya

Name of the plant


Nama tumbuhan

7(b)
[4 mark]
[4 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 19 SULIT


For
Examiner’s
SULIT 55/2
Use
(c) Diagram 7.2 shows an activity to study the support system in a plant.
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan satu aktiviti yang dijalankan untuk mengkaji sistem
sokongan dalam tumbuhan.

Beaker Q
Bikar Q

Water
air
Aquatic plant
Tumbuhan akuatik Weight
pemberat

Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2

Based on Diagram 7.2, state one inference from the activity.


Berdasarkan Rajah 7.2, nyatakan satu inferens daripada aktiviti ini.
7(c) ……………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d) Predict what will happen to the aquatic plant if the weight is remove from
beaker Q.
Ramalkan apa yang berlaku pada tumbuhan akuatik apabila pemberat
7(d) dikeluarkan dari bikar Q.
……………………………………………………………………………………
Total A7 ……………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
10

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 20 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
8 Diagram 8.1 shows a sugar cube of similar size added to glass P and Q.
After five minutes, the size of sugar cube is as shown in the diagram.
Rajah 8.1 menunjukkan satu gula kiub yang sama saiz dimasukan ke dalam gelas P
dan Q. Selepas lima mini,, saiz gula kiub ditunjukkan dalam Rajah.

Conditon Before After


Keadaan Sebelum Selepas

100ml water at 80oC


in glass P
100ml air pada suhu
80oC dalam cawan P

100ml water at 35oC


in glass Q
100ml air pada suhu
35oC dalam cawan Q

Diagram 8.1
Rajah 8.1

Based on your observation in diagram 8.1,


Berdasarkan pada pemerhatian daripada Rajah 8.1,
(a) (i) What inference can be made?
Apakah inferens yang boleh dibuat?
………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………… 8(a)(i)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(ii) State one hypothesis.


Nyatakan satu hipotesis.
………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………… 8(a)(ii)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 21 SULIT


For
Examiner’s
SULIT 55/2
Use
b) Diagram 8.2 shows the apparatus set-up to study the effect of water temperature
on the rate of dissolving.
Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi mengkaji kesan suhu air ke atas
kadar ketelarutan.

Stir
Kacau
Thermometer
Jangka suhu

5g of fine sugar
5g gula halus

Diagram 8.2
Rajah 8.2

The student takes the following the steps:


Pelajar itu menjalankan langkah-langkah di berikut:

Step 1 : Fill a beaker with 100 ml distilled water at 40 0C


Langkah 1 : Isikan sebuah bikar dengan 100ml air suling bersuhu 40 0C

Step 2 : Add 5 grams of fine sugar to the water.


Langkah 2 : Tambahkan 5 gram gula halus ke dalam air.

Step 3 : Stir the mixture.


Langkah 3 : Kacau larutan tersebut.

Step 4 : Record the time taken for the fine sugar completely dissolve.
Langkah 4 : Catatkan masa yang diambil untuk gula halus larut
sepenuhnya.

Step 5 : Repeat steps 1 to 3 are by using temperature water at 500C,


600C, 700C and 800C.
Langkah 5 : Ulang langkah 1 hingga 3 dengan menggunakan air bersuhu
500C, 600C, 700C and 800C.

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 22 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
Diagram 8.3 shows time taken for the fine sugar to dissolve completely.
Rajah 8.3 menunjukkan masa yang diambil oleh gula untuk larut sepenuhnya..

Temperature (0C) Time (s)


Suhu (0C) Masa (s)

Reading
Bacaan 55

400C

Reading
Bacaan

500C

Reading
Bacaan 41

600C

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 23 SULIT


For
Examiner’s
SULIT 55/2
Use

Reading
Bacaan 34

700C

Reading
Bacaan 27

800C

Diagram 8.3
Rajah 8.3

(b) (i) Based on Diagram 8.3, record the readings of the stopwatch and complete
Table 8.4
Berdasarkan Rajah 8.4,rekodkan bacaan jam randik dan lengkapkan
Jadual 8.4
Temperate of water Mass of solute (g) Time taken for sugar to
Suhu air ( 0C ) Jisim bahan larut (g) completely dissolve (s)
Masa diambil untuk gula larut
sepenuhnya (s)
40 5 55

50 5

60 5 41

70 5 34

80 5 27
8(b)(i) Table 8.4
Jadual 8.4
[1 marks]
[1 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 24 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(ii) State the variables involved in this experiment:
Nyatakan pembolehubah yang terlibat dalam eksperimen ini:

Manipulated variable
Pembolehubah dimanipulasikan

Responding variable
Pembolehubah bergerak balas

Constant variable Volume of water // mass of fine sugar


Pembolehubah dimalarkan Isipadu air // jisim gula halus

8(b)(ii)
[2 marks]
[2 markah ]

(iii) Use the graph provided on page 26 to answer this part of the question.
Gunakan graf yang disedikan dihalaman 26 untuk menjawap bahagian soalan ini.

Based on the reading in Table 8.4, draw a graph of time against temperature.
Berdasarkan bacaan dalam Jadual 8.4, lukis graf masa lawan suhu.

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 25 SULIT


For SULIT 55/2
Examiner’s
Use
Graph for Question 8(b)(iii)
Graf untuk soalan 8(b)(iii)

Time / s
Masa / s

100

80

60

40

20

20 40 60 80 100 Temperature / 0C
Suhu / 0C

8(b)(iii)
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 26 SULIT


SULIT 55/2 For
Examiner’s
Use
(c) Based on Graph 8(b)(iii), state the relationship between the temperature of
water and the time taken for sugar to dissolve completely.
Berdasarkan Graf 8(b)(iii), nyatakan hubungan antara suhu air dan kadargula
larut sepenuhnya.
...............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ 8(c)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(d) Predict the time taken for fine sugar to dissolve completely in 100ml water at
650C.
Ramalkan masa yang di ambil untuk gula halus larut sepenuhnya dalam
100ml air yang bersuhu 650C .
...............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ 8(d)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(e) Define operationally the meaning of the rate of dissolving.


Definasikan secara operasi kadar ketelarutan.
...............................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................ 8(e)
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Total A8

10

END OF THE QUESTIONS


KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 27 SULIT


SULIT 55/2

INFORMATION FOR CANDIDATES


MAKLUMAT UNTUK CALON

This question paper consists of two sections: Section A and Section B.


Kertas soalan ini mengandungi dua bahagian: Bahagian A dan Bahagian B.

Write your answers in the spaces provided in the question paper.


Tulis jawapan anda dalam ruang yang disediakan dalam kertas soalan..

Show your working, it may help you get marks.


Tunjukkan kerja kira-mengira, ini membantu anda mendapat markah.

If you wish to change your answer, neatly cross out the answer that you have done. Then
write down the new answer.
Sekiranya anda hendak menukar jawapan, batalkan dengan kemas jawapan yang telah
dibuat. Kemudian tulis jawapan yang baru.

The diagrams in the questions provided are not drawn to scale unless stated.
Rajah yang mengiringi soalan tidak dilukis mengikut skala kecuali dinyatakan
.
Marks allocated for each question or part question are shown in the brackets.
Markah yang diperuntukkan bagi setiap soalan atau ceraian soalan ditunjukkan dalam
kurungan.

The time suggested to answer Section A is 60 minutes and Section B is 30 minutes.


Masa yang dicadangkan untuk menjawab Bahagian A ialah 60 minit dan Bahagian B
ialah 30 minit.

You may use a non-progammable scientific calculator.


Anda dibenarkan menggunakan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak boleh diprogram.

Hand in this question paper at the end of the examination.


Serahkan kertas soalan ini di akhir peperiksaan..

55/2 ©2009 Hak Cipta BPL(M) MARA 28 SULIT


@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

55/2
SCIENCE
OGOS, 2009
1 ½ hour
MAKTAB RENDAH SAINS MARA
PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2009

ANSWER SCHEME
SCIENCE PMR
PAPER 2

Question Mark Scheme Marks


1(a) Able to label P, Q and R correctly
Answer
P : Lung // Peparu 1
Q: Skin // Kulit 1
R : Kidney // Ginjal 1 3
Note:
Tak boleh salah ejaan
(b) Able to system of the human body with its function correctly
Answer

1 3

Note:
Mark wrong if one system is matched with more than one function or
vice versa.
Total 6
SULIT 1
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


2(a) Able to state how heat is transferred correctly

i) Owl / Burung hantu : Convection // Radiation 1


Perolakan // Radiasi
ii) Boy H / Budak lelaki H: Radiation // Radiasi 1
iii) Iron rod / Rod besi: Conduction // Konduksi 1 3

(b)(i) Able to state the method of heat lost correctly


Radiation // radiasi 1 1

(ii) Able to identify coffee in which mug will cool faster


N // Black ceramic mug 1
Mug seramik hitam

Able to give correct reason


Black mug is a good radiator // give out heat better
Mug hitam adalah pemancar haba yang baik // membebaskan / 1 2
menghilangkan haba lebih baik

Total 6

SULIT 2
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


3(a)(i) Able to state the organism correctly
Sample answers
K 1 1
Note:
Accept symbol with letter

(ii) Able to build a complete food chain correctly


Sample answers 1 1
JMKL
Note:
mesti terdiri dari 4 organisma
huruf mesti sama dalam soalan
(iii)
Able to circle the correct animal which may M
Answer
1 1

(b)
Able to state the source of energy correctly.
Answer
Sun // Sunlight 1 1
Matahari // suria // solar
Note:
Also accept light
(c)(i)
Able the give reason why plant kept in the dark correctly.
Answer 1 1
To destarch / remove starch // to prevent photosynthesis
Menyahkan / menghilangkan kanji // menghalang fotosintesis
(ii)
Able to shade the part of the leaf that turns blue black correctly
Answer

Note: 1 1
Part that turn blue black

Note:
Must shade both part to get one mark.
SULIT 3
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


4(a)(i) Able to name the part R correctly
Answer
Uterus (wall) // Lining of the uterus 1 1
(Dinding) rahim // Pelapik uterus
Note:
Also accept womb

(ii) Able to label Q where fertilization occur correctly


Answer
Q

1 1

Able to name device K and describe how it work correctly


(b)
Answer
1
Name of device : IUCD (Intrauterine contraceptic device) // IUD

Describe how its work: Prevent implantation (of fertilized ovum) /


1 2
embryo
Menghalang penempelan (ovum yang telah
disenyawakan) / embrio
Note:
Name Describe Mark
/ / 2 marks
/ X 1 mark
X / O mark

(c)(i) Able to mark wind pollinated flower correctly

1 1

SULIT 4
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


Able to explain correctly
(ii) Sample answers
1. pt1. (Characteristic)
- Has a large / long / feathery stigma // Stigma outside the flower
/ with long style 1
Mempunyai stigma besar / panjang / berbulu // Stigma berada
diluar bunga / dengan stil yang panjang.

pt2. (function)
- Expose to wind // to trap pollen (effectively)
Terdedah kepada angina // untuk memerangkap butir debunga 1 2

Or

2. pt1. (Characteristic)
- Long filament // Stamen dangle / hang outside the flower
Filamen panjang // Stamen tergantung di luar bunga

pt2. (function)
- Expose pollen grain to wind
Mendedahkan butir debunga ke angin
Note:
Any one correct pair
(Charteristic + function)

Total 7

SULIT 5
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


5(a)(i) Able to state the source of energy used in M and N correctly.
Answer 1
M : Water / hydro
Air
N : Natural gas / petroleum 1 2
Gas asli // petroleum
Reject:
Hydroelectric

(ii) Able to state the energy change involved in generator M correctly .


Sample answers
- Potential (energy)  Kinetic (energy)  Electric (energy) // 1 1
- Potential (energy)(mechanical)Kinetic (energy)
Electric (energy) //
- Potential(Energy)Kinetic(energy)Mechanical(energy)
Electric (energy)
(Any one only)

(b)(i) Able to state the difference between in the function of J and K.


Answers
Transformer J will increase the (output) voltage while K will lower the 1 1
(output) voltage
Transformer J akan menambahkan voltan (output) sementara K akan
merendahkan voltan (output).
Note:
Should have comparison between J and K

(ii) Able to give the advantage of National Grid Network correctly


Sample answers
- To ensure uninterrupted electrical power supply // 1 1
Untuk memastikan bekalan kuasa electric tidak terganggu
- To prevent the wastage of electrical energy / lessen the cost
Untuk mengelakkan pembaziran tenaga electric / menggurangkan kos
- Enable any particular power plant to be shut down for maintenance.
Membenarkan mana-mana stesen kuasa ditutup bagi
penyelenggaraan.
(Any one only)

SULIT 6
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


5(c) Able to calculate the current flow and give suitable fuse in an
electric rice cooker correctly
Answer

Current = 3000
240
= 12.5 A 1

Most suitable fuse: 13 A 1 2


Reject:
Other answer
Total 7

SULIT 7
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


6(a)(i) Able to draw direction of force correctly
Sample answers

1 1

Able to give name the force for the answer in(a)(i).


(ii) Answers
Frictional force 1 1
Daya geseran

Able to calculate the work done


(iii) Answer
Work done = (50 X 10) X 2 1 1
= 1000 Nm

Able to state the mountain bike that is suitable to ride up a hill.


Answer
b(i) (Bicycle) Q 1 1

Able to explain for answer in (b)(i).


Answer
(ii) pt1. The surface of the tyre has more threads / is rougher 1
Permukaan tayar yang mempunyai lebih bunga / benang / kasar.
pt2. To increase the frictional force /grip the surface (of the hill) better. 1 2
Menambahkan daya geseran / cengkaman pada permukaan
(bukit) lebih baik.

Able to state one way to overcome the problem correctly.


Sample answer
c(i) Apply oil / grease / lubricant to the tyre. 1
Menggunakan minyak / gris / pelincir pada tayar.

Able to state the effect correctly.


Sample answer
(ii) - Waste/ use a lot energy // membazirkan tenaga 1 2
- Produces unnecessary heat // noise //menghasilkan bunyi yang tidak
diperlukan
- The tyre will wear out quickly // hauskan tayar lebih cepat
(Any one)
total 8

SULIT 8
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


7(a) Able to state part of the plant at provide additional support.
Sample answers
Type of plant Part of additional support
Orchid Roots / clasping roots 1
Akar / akar cengkam
Cucumber Stem /tendrils 1
Batang / sulur paut
Rose Stem / thorns 1
Batang / duri
Mangrove Roots / stilt roots 1 4
Akar / akar jangkang

(b) Able to state the common characteristics and name the plant
correctly.
Sample answers
Orchid, cucumber, mangrove tree, rose
Orkid, timun, pokok paya bakau, ros

1. (Additional) support 1. (Additional) support 2


through roots through stem

2. (Additional) support 2. (Additional) support


through roots not through roots

3. (Additional) support 3. (Additional) support


through stem / tendrils not through stem / tendrils

1. cucumber, rose 2 4
1. orchid, mangrove tree

2. orchid, mangrove tree 2. cucumber, rose

3. cucumber, rose 3.orchid, mangrove tree

Note:
Accept any relevant answer.

SULIT 9
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


7(c)(i) Able to state inference correctly 1 1
Sample answers
- The aquatic plant is upright because it is supported by the
buoyancy of water.
Tumbuhan aquatic tegak kerana disokong oleh daya apungan
air
(ii) - The position of the aquatic plant depends on the presence of
water
Kedudukan tumbuhan aquatic bergantung kepada kehadiran air
[any one]

Able to predict what happen to the plant correctly


Answers
- The aquatic plant will float 1 1
Tumbuhan aquatic akan terapung

Total 10

SULIT 10
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


8(a)(i) Able to state one inference correctly
Sample answers
1. the temperature of water affect / influence the size of sugar cube 1 1
Suhu air mempengaruhi saiz gula kiub.
2. the size of sugar kiub depend on the temperature of water/ hotness
Saiz gula kiub dipengaruhi oleh suhu / kepanasan air
[Any one]
Reject:
Answer regarding rate of dissolving / time.

Able to state hypothesis


(ii) Sample answer
The higher temperature of water, the smaller the size of sugar cube/
vise versa. 1 1
Semakin tinggi suhu air, semakin kecil saiz gula kiub / sebaliknya

(b)(i) Able to record correct reading


Answer 1 1
48sec
(ii)
Able to state the manipulated and responding variable correctly
Answer
Manipulated variable : temperature of water / suhu air
Responding variable : time taken to fine sugar dissolve /masa yang 1
diambil untuk gula halus larut 1 2

SULIT 11
@2009 Hakcipta MARA SULIT

Question Mark Scheme Marks


8(b)(iii) Able to draw graph of time against temperature correctly
Answers

1
1 2

X
X
X
X
X

Note:
Able to plot all point correctly
Able to joint all the point smoothly
Able to state relationship correctly
(c) Answers
The higher temperature of water, the shorter time taken for sugar 1 1
dissolves. Vice versa.
Semakin tinggi suhu air, semakin singkat masa diambil untuk gula
melarut. sebaliknya
Reject:
Temperature affect time taken for sugar dissolve.

Able to predict time taken correctly


(d) Answers
(37+1sec) 1 1

Able to define operationally the meaning of rate of dissolving


(e) Answers
The rate of dissolving is the time taken for sugar to dissolve (at 1 1
different temperature).
Kadar keterlarutan ialah masa yang diambil untuk gula melarut pada total 10
suhu yang berbeza.

SULIT 12