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Paper Reference(s)

6666/01
Edexcel GCE
Core Mathematics C4
Gold Level (Harder) G2
Time: 1 hor !0 mi"tes
Materials re#ired $or exami"atio" %tems i"clded &ith #estio" 'a'ers
Mathematical Formulae (Green) Nil
Candidates may use any calculator allowed by the regulations of the Joint
Council for Qualifications. Calculators must not have the facility for symbolic
algebra manipulation, differentiation and integration, or have retrievable
mathematical formulas stored in them.
%"strctio"s to Ca"didates
Write the name of the examining body (Edexcel) your centre number candidate number the
unit title (!ore Mathematics !") the paper reference (####) your surname initials and
signature$
%"$ormatio" $or Ca"didates
% boo&let 'Mathematical Formulae and (tatistical )ables* is pro+ided$
Full mar&s may be obtained for ans,ers to %-- .uestions$
)here are / .uestions in this .uestion paper$ )he total mar& for this paper is 01$
(dvice to Ca"didates
2ou must ensure that your ans,ers to parts of .uestions are clearly labelled$
2ou must sho, sufficient ,or&ing to ma&e your methods clear to the Examiner$ %ns,ers
,ithout ,or&ing may gain no credit$
)**ested *rade +o"daries $or this 'a'er:
(, ( - C . E
6/ /0 41 42 !6 20
Gold 2 )his publication may only be reproduced in accordance ,ith Edexcel -imited copyright policy$
3455064578 Edexcel -imited$
12 f(x) 9
4
) 7 8 (
7
x x
9
x
A
:
) 7 8 ( x
B
:
4
) 7 8 ( x
C
$
(a) Find the +alues of the constants A B and C$
(4)
(b) (i) ;ence find
(

x x d ) ( f $
(ii) Find
(

4
7
d ) ( f x x lea+ing your ans,er in the form a : ln b ,here a and b are
constants$
(6)
3"e 2012
22 )he current I amps in an electric circuit at time t seconds is gi+en by
I 9 7# 6 7#(5$1)
t
t 5$
<se differentiation to find the +alue of
t
I
d
d
,hen t 9 8 $
Gi+e your ans,er in the form ln a ,here a is a constant$
(/)
3a"ar4 2011
!2 (a) <se the binomial expansion to sho, that
4
7 7
7
7 4
x
x x
x
+ _
+ +

,
|x| = 7
(6)
(b) (ubstitute
7
4#
x into
4
7 7
7
7 4
x
x x
x
+ _
+ +

,
to obtain an approximation to >8$
Gold 4? 75@74 4
Gi+e your ans,er in the form
a
b
,here a and b are integers$
(!)
3"e 201!
42 Gi+en that y 9 4 at x 9
"

sol+e the differential e.uation


x
y
d
d
9
x y
4
cos
8
$
(/)
3"e 2012
/.
5i*re 2
% container is made in the shape of a hollo, in+erted right circular cone$ )he height of the
container is 4" cm and the radius is 7# cm as sho,n in Figure 4$ Water is flo,ing into the
container$ When the height of ,ater is h cm the surface of the ,ater has radius r cm and the
+olume of ,ater is V cm
8
$
(a) (ho, that V 9
40
"
8
h
$
(2)
Gold 2 )his publication may only be reproduced in accordance ,ith Edexcel -imited copyright policy$
3455064578 Edexcel -imited$
AThe volume V of a right circular cone with vertical height h and base radius r is given by the
formula V 9
8
7
r
4
h $B
Water flo,s into the container at a rate of / cm
8
s
67
$
(b) Find in terms of the rate of change of h ,hen h 9 74$
(/)
3a"ar4 2006
62 (a) Find
(

x x d tan
4
$
(2)
(b) <se integration by parts to find (

x x
x
d ln
7
8
$
(4)
(c) <se the substitution u 9 7 : e
x
to sho, that
(

+
x
x
e 7
e
8
dx 9
4
7
e
4x
6 e
x
: ln (7 : e
x
) : k
,here k is a constant$
(1)
3a"ar4 2006
Gold 4? 75@74 "
12 (a) Express
4
"
4
y
in partial fractions$
(!)
(b) ;ence obtain the solution of
4 cot x
x
y
d
d
9 (" 6 y
4
)
for ,hich y 9 5 at x 9
8

gi+ing your ans,er in the form sec


4
x 9 g( y)$
(0)
June 2008
Gold 4? 75@74 1
02
5i*re !
Figure 8 sho,s part of the cur+e C ,ith parametric e.uations
x 9 tan y 9 sin 5 =
4

$
)he point P lies on C and has coordinates
,
_

8
4
7
8
$
(a) Find the +alue of at the point P
(2)
)he line l is a normal to C at P$ )he normal cuts the xCaxis at the point !$
(b) (ho, that ! has coordinates (k8 5) gi+ing the +alue of the constant k$
(6)
)he finite shaded region " sho,n in Figure 8 is bounded by the cur+e C the line x 9 8 and the xCaxis$ )his
shaded region is rotated through 4 radians about the xCaxis to form a solid of re+olution$
(c) Find the +olume of the solid of re+olution gi+ing your ans,er in the form # 8 : $
4
,here # and $ are
constants$
(1)
3"e 2011
T7T(L 578 9(9E8: 1/ M(8:)
E;.
Gold 4? 75@74 #
Question
Number
Scheme Marks
12 (a) ( ) ( )
4
7 8 7 8 7 A x Bx x Cx + + D7
5 x ( ) 7 A
M7

7
8
x

7
8
7 8 C C
any t,o constants
correct
%7
!oefficients of
4
x

5 E 8 8 A B B +
all three constants
correct
%7 (4)
(b) (i)
( )
4
7 8 8
d
8 7
8 7
x
x x
x
_
+

(
(


( )
( )
( ) ( )
7 8 8
ln ln 8 7 8 7
8 7 8
x x x C

+ +

M7 %7ft %7ft
( ) ( )
7
ln ln 8 7
8 7
x x C
x
_
+

,

(ii) ( ) ( )
4
4
7
7
7
f d ln ln 8 7
8 7
x x x x
x
1

1


7 7
ln 4 ln1 ln7 ln 4
1 4
_ _


, ,
M7

4 4
ln $$$
1

+ M7

8 "
ln
75 1
_
+

,
%7 (6)
<10=
2.
( )
d
7#ln 5$1 5$1
d
t
I
t

M1 A1
%t 8 t
( )
8
d
7#ln 5$1 5$1
d
I
t

M1
4ln 5$1 ln " M1 A1
[
5]
Gold 4 ?75@74 0
>estio"
;m+er
)cheme Mar?s
!2 (a)
7 7
4 4
7
(7 ) (7 )
7
x
x x
x


_ +
+
' ;

,


7 7
4 4
(7 ) (7 ) x x

+
D7

8 7 7 7
4 4 4 4 4 4
( )( ) ( )( ) 7 7
7 $$$ 7 ( ) ( ) $$$
4 4F 4 4F
x x x x
_ _ _ _
+ + + + + +

, , , ,
M7 %7
%7
4 4
7 7 7 8
7 $$$ 7 $$$
4 / 4 /
x x x x
_ _
+ + + + +

, ,
4 4 4
7 8 7 7 7
7 $$$
4 / 4 " /
x x x x x + + + + + M7
4
7
7
4
x x + +
Answer is given
in the $uestion
%7 G
(6)
(b)
( )
( )
4
7
4#
7
4#
7
7 7 7
7
7 4# 4 4#
_ +
_ _
+ +


, ,
,
M7
ie?
8 8 7"51
1 7814
D7
so
0541
8
"51#

0541
"51#
%7 cao
(!)
<6=
42
4
8
d d
cos
y y x
x

!an be implied$ Hgnore integral signs D7


9
4
8sec d x x

( )
4
7
8tan
4
y x C + M7 %7
4
"
y x



4
7
4 8tan
4 "
C

+ M7
-eading to
7 C

4
7
8tan 7
4
y x or e.ui+alent %7 (/)
</=
Gold 4? 75@74 /
Questio
n
Number
Scheme Marks
5 (a) (imilar triangles
7# 4
4" 8
r h
r
h

<ses similar triangles ratios or
trigonometry to find either one of
these t,o expressions oe$
M1
4
8
4
7 7 4 "
8 8 8 40
h h
V r h h


_


,
(G
(ubstitutes
4
8
h
r
into the formula for
the +olume of ,ater V$
A1
(2)
(b) From the .uestion
d
/
d
V
t

d
/
d
V
t
B1
4 4
d 74 "
d 40 E
V h h
h



4 4
d 74 "
or
d 40 E
V h h
h

B1
4 4
d d d E 7/
/
d d "
h V V
t t dh h h


!andidate*s
d d
d d
V V
t h
I M1;
4
74
/
40
h _


,
or 4 4
E 7/
/ or
" h h


oe
A1
When
d 7/ 7
74
d 7"" /
h
h
t


7/
7"" or
7
/
A1 oe
isw
Note the ans,er must be a one term exact
+alue$
Note also you can ignore subse.uent
,or&ing after
7/
7""
$
(5)
[7]
Gold 4 ?75@74 E
Questio
n
Number
Scheme Marks
6 (a)
4
tan d x x

4 4 4 4
? sec 7 tan gi+es tan sec 7 %B A A A A 1 +
]
)he correct underlined identity$ M1 oe

4
sec 7 d x x


( ) tan x x c +
!orrect integration
,ith@,ithout : c
A1
(2)
(b)
8
7
ln d x x
x

4
4
d 7
d
7 8 d
d 4
4
ln
u
x x
v x
x
x
u x
x v



' ;



4 4
7 7 7
ln $ d
4 4
x x
x x x

<se of 'integration by
parts* formula in the correct direction$
!orrect direction means that
ln $ u x
M1
!orrect expression$ A1
4 8
7 7 7
ln d
4 4
x x
x x
+

%n attempt to multiply through


n
k
x

n

4 n
by
7
x
and an
attempt to $$$
J KintegrateL(process the
result)I M1
( )
4 4
7 7 7
ln
4 4 4
x c
x x
_
+ +

,

correct solution ,ith@,ithout :
c
A1 oe
(4)
Gold 4? 75@74 75
12 (a)
4
4 4
" (4 )(4 ) (4 ) (4 )
A B
y y y y y
+
+ +
so
4 (4 ) (4 ) A y B y + +
M7
-et
4 y
( )
7
4
4 " B B
-et
4 y
( )
7
4
4 " A A
M7
gi+ing
7 7
4 4
(4 ) (4 ) y y
+
+
%7 cao (8)
(b)
4
4 7
d d
" cot
y x
y x


D7
7 7
4 4
d tan d
(4 ) (4 )
y x x
y y
+
+
( )
7 7
4 4
ln(4 ) ln(4 ) ln(sec ) y y x c + + +
D7 M7 %7 ft
8
5 y x



( )
( )
8
7 7 7
4 4
cos
ln 4 ln 4 ln c

+ +
M7
{ }
5 ln 4 ln 4 c c +
7 7
4 4
ln(4 ) ln(4 ) ln(sec ) ln 4 y y x + +
7 4 sec
ln ln
4 4 4
y x
y
_ + _

,
,
M7
4 sec
ln 4ln
4 4
y x
y
_ + _

,
,
4
4 sec
ln ln
4 4
y x
y
_ + _

,
,
M7
4
4 sec
4 "
y x
y
+

;ence
4
/ "
sec
4
y
x
y
+

%7 (/)
(11 mar?s)
Gold 4 ?75@74 77
Muestion
Number
(cheme Mar&s
02 (a) tan 8 or
8
sin
4


M7

8

a,rt 7$51 %7 (2)


(b)
4
d
sec
d
x


d
cos
d
y


( )
8
4
d cos
cos
d sec
y
x


M7 %7
%t P
8
7
cos
8 /
m
_


,
!an be implied %7
<sing 7 mm / m M7
For normal ( )
7
4
8 / 8 y x
M7
%t !
5 y
( )
7
4
8 / 8 x
leading to
70
7#
8 x
( )
70
7#
k
7$5#41 %7 (6)
(c)
4 4 4 4
d
d d sin sec d
d
x
y x y


M7 %7

4
tan d

%7
( )
4
sec 7 d

M7
( ) tan C +
%7
[ ] ( ) ( )
8
8 4
8
5
5
d tan 8 5 5 V y x

1
]
M7

4
7
8
8 ( )
7
8
7 # $
%7 (1)
<1/=
Gold 4? 75@74 74
>estio" 1
)he maNority of candidates gained full mar&s in part (a) and it ,as better done than similar .uestions in pre+ious
years$ Most obtained the identity ( ) ( )
4
7 8 7 8 7 A x Bx x Cx + + and found A and C by ma&ing an appropriate
substitution$ Finding B pro+ed more difficult and the error 5 B ,as not uncommon$ Hn part (b)(i) most could
gain the method mar& recognising that the integral of
7
x
,as ln x and those ,ith incorrect nonCOero +alues of A
B and C ,ere able to benefit from follo, through mar&s in this part$ )here ,ere ho,e+er many errors ,hen
finding
8
d
8 7
x
x

and
( )
4
8
d
8 7
x
x

I 68 ln (8x 6 7) and 8 ln (x 6 7)
4
respecti+ely being common errors$ )he
maNority could start part (b)(ii) and if they had correct +alues of A B and C then full mar&s for the .uestion ,ere
common$
>estio" 2
)hose ,ho &ne, and often .uoted a formula of the form ( )
d
ln
d
x x
a a a
x

usually found this .uestion
straightfor,ard$ )hose ,ho did not tried a number of methods and these ,ere fre.uently incorrect$ Errors seen
included ( ) ( )
7
7# 5$1 7# 5$1 ln and / ln
t
t
t t t

$ Nearly all candidates substituted 8 t into their


d
d
I
t
but a
significant number of candidates failed to gi+e their ans,er in the form ln a as re.uired by the .uestion lea+ing
their ans,er in the form ln n a $
Question 3
)his .uestion discriminated ,ell across all abilities ,ith about 14P of candidates gaining at least # of the E
mar&s a+ailable and about 45P of candidates gaining all E mar&s$
Hn part (a) the most popular method ,as to re,rite
7
7
x
x
_ +

,
as
7 7
4 4
(7 ) (7 ) x x

+
and achie+e the result
4
7
7
4
x x + + by multiplying out the binomial expansion of
7
4
(7 ) x +
,ith the binomial expansion of
7
4
(7 ) $ x


(ome candidates ho,e+er ,ere not able to formulate a strategy for expressing
7
7
x
x
_ +

,
in a form so that
rele+ant binomial expansions could be applied$ )he most common mista&e ,as to express as
7
4
7
4
(7 )
(7 )
x
x
+

and then
try to di+ide the t,o expressions once expanded but ,ithout success$
%lthough many candidates had ,ritten
7 7
4 4
(7 ) (7 ) x x

+
a significant number did not attempt to multiply the
t,o resulting expansions together ,ith se+eral attempting to di+ide their expansions and some deciding to add
Gold 4 ?75@74 78
their expansions after obser+ing
7
4
x both expansions$ Many candidates ,ere able to use a correct method for
expanding a binomial expression of the form (7 )
n
x + ,ith some ma&ing sign errors ,hen simplifying$ )he
maNority of candidates ho,e+er ,ho recognised the need to multiply the t,o expressions did so successfully
sho,ing sufficient ,or&ing and ignoring higher po,ers of x to produce the gi+en result$
Examples of alternati+e methods seen from a fe, candidates in part (a) included?
7 4
4 7
4
4
7 (7 )(7 ) (7 )
(7 ) (7 )
7 (7 )(7 ) (7 )
x x x x
x x
x x x x

_ + +


+
,
etc$
or

7
4
4
7 (7 )(7 )
(7 )(7 )
7 (7 )(7 )
x x x
x x
x x x
_ + + +
+

+
,
etc$
Hn part (b) the main obstacle to success ,as the lac& of realisation that a substitution of
7
4#
x must be made
into both sides of
4
7 7
7
7 4
x
x x
x
_ +
+ +

,
$ % significant number substituted into the R;( alone assuming the
-;( ,as 8 and claimed that
7"51
8
7814
$ E+en ,hen candidates did substitute
7
4#
x correctly into both
sides many neglected to e.uate both sides and so had little chance of figuring out ho, to proceed to estimate
8$ )hose that e.uated both sides usually achie+ed the correct estimate of
0541
$
"58#
Fe, candidates ignored the instruction gi+en in part (b) and e.uated
7
7
x
x
_ +

,
to 8 deduced the +alue of
7
4
x and substituted this into the R;( in order to find an estimate for 8$ ;istorically there ha+e been a
number of past examination .uestions that ha+e as&ed candidates to Quse a suitable +alue of xQ and presumably
these candidates had decided to do Nust that$
>estio" 4
)his .uestion ,as not ,ell done and o+er one .uarter of the candidates gained no mar&s on this .uestion$ Hn all of
the other .uestions on the paper fe,er than /P of the candidates gained no mar&s$ Many did not recognise that
the .uestion re.uired a separation of the +ariables and they could ma&e no progress$
)he main error in separation ,as obtaining through faulty algebra
7
dy
y

on one side of the e.uation$ % .uite


unexpected error ,as to see those ,ho had correctly obtained
d y y

integrate this to
ln y
$ )he only explanation
of this appears to be that many .uestions on this topic do result in logarithms and candidates ,ere follo,ing an
expected pattern rather than actually sol+ing the .uestion set$ )hose ,ho could deal ,ith the y side of the
Gold 4? 75@74 7"
e.uation often had trouble ,ith
4
7
d
cos
x
x

not re,riting this as


4
sec d x x

and proceeding to tan x $ Many long


and fruitless attempts ,ere made using a double angle formula$ )hose ,ho did integrate sometimes left it there
not realising that it ,as necessary to e+aluate a constant of integration$ %bout one third of candidates did obtain
full mar&s$
Question 5
% considerable number of candidates did not attempt part (a) but of those ,ho did the most common method
,as to use similar triangles to obtain
4
8
h
r
and substitute r into
4
7
8
V r h to gi+e
8
"
40
$ V h (ome
candidates used trigonometry to find the semiC+ertical angle of the cone and obtained
4
8
h
r
from this$ % fe,
candidates correctly used similar shapes to compare +olumes by ,riting do,n the e.uation
8
4
7
8
$
(7#) 4" 4"
V h


,
Part (b) discriminated ,ell bet,een many candidates ,ho ,ere able to gain full mar&s ,ith ease and some
candidates ,ho ,ere able to gain Nust the first one or t,o mar&s$ (ome incorrectly differentiated
4
7
8
V r h to
gi+e
4
d 7
d 8
V
r
h
$ Most of the successful candidates used the chain rule to find
d
d
h
t
by applying
d d
$
d
V V
t dh
)he
final ans,er
7
/
,as sometimes carelessly ,ritten as
7
$
/
Rccasionally some candidates sol+ed the differential
e.uation
d
/
d
V
t
and e.uated their solution to
8
"
40
h
and then found
d
d
t
h
or differentiated implicitly to find
d
d
h
t
$
Question 6
Hn part (a) a surprisingly large number of candidates did not &no, ho, to integrate
4
tan $ x Examiners ,ere
confronted ,ith some strange attempts in+ol+ing either double angle formulae or logarithmic ans,ers such as
4
ln(sec ) x or
"
ln(sec )$ x )hose candidates ,ho realised that the needed the identity
4 4
sec 7 tan x x +
sometimes ,rote it do,n incorrectly$
Part (b) ,as probably the best attempted of the three parts in the .uestion$ )his ,as a tric&y integration by parts
.uestion o,ing to the term of 8
7

x
meaning that candidates had to be especially careful ,hen using negati+e
po,ers$ Many candidates applied the integration by parts formula correctly and then ,ent on to integrate an
expression of the form 8
k
x
to gain 8 out of the " mar&s a+ailable$ % significant number of candidates failed to
gain the final accuracy mar& o,ing to sign errors or errors ,ith the constants

and

in
4 4
ln x c
x x

+ + $ %
minority of candidates applied the by parts formula in the ',rong direction* and incorrectly stated that
d
d
ln
v
x
x

implied
7
x
v
$
Hn part (c) most candidates correctly differentiated the substitution to gain the first mar&$ % significant
proportion of candidates found the substitution to obtain an integral in terms of u more demanding$ (ome
Gold 4 ?75@74 71
candidates did not realise that
4
e
x
and
8
e
x
are
4
(e )
x
and
8
(e )
x
respecti+ely and hence
4
7 u rather than
4
( 7) u
,as a fre.uently encountered error seen in the numerator of the substituted expression$ Fe,er than half of the
candidates simplified their substituted expression to arri+e at the correct result of
4
( 7)
d $
u
u
u

(ome candidates
could not proceed further at this point but the maNority of the candidates ,ho achie+ed this result ,ere able to
multiply out the numerator di+ide by u integrate and substitute bac& for u$ %t this point some candidates
struggled to achie+e the expression re.uired$ )he most common misconception ,as that the constant of
integration ,as a fixed constant to be determined and so many candidates concluded that
8
4
$ k
Many
candidates did not realise that
8
4

,hen added to c combined to ma&e another arbitrary constant k$


Question 7
Hn part (a) many candidates realised that they needed to factorise the denominator to gi+e t,o linear factors and
usually proceeded to gi+e a fully correct solution$ % fe, candidates ho,e+er thought that
4
" y ,as an
example of a repeated linear factor and tried to split up their fraction up accordingly$ (ome candidates struggled
,ith factorising
4
" y gi+ing ans,ers such as
(" )(" ) y y +
or
( 4)( 4)$ y y +
)he maNority of candidates ,ere
able to ,rite do,n the correct identity to find their constants although a noticeable number of candidates ,hen
sol+ing " 4 A found 4$ A
% significant minority of candidates ,ho completed part (a) correctly made no attempt at part (b)$ %bout half of
the candidates in part (b) ,ere able to separate out the +ariables correctly$ Many of these candidates spotted the
lin& ,ith part (a)$ Ht ,as pleasing that candidates ,ho progressed this far ,ere able to correctly integrate tan x
and correctly find the t,o ln terms by integrating their partial fraction$ !ommon errors at this point ,ere
integrating tan x to gi+e
4
sec x and the sign error in+ol+ed ,hen integrating
4
&
y
$ % significant number of
candidates at this point did not attempt to find a constant of integration$ Rther candidates substituted
8
x

and
5 y
into an integrated e.uation ,hich did not contain a constant of integration$ % maNority of candidates ,ho
found the constant of integration struggled to simplify their e.uation do,n to an e.uation ,ith a single ln term on
each side$ )he most common error of these candidates ,as to belie+e that
ln ln ln A B C +
implies
$ A B C +
Rf all the / .uestions this ,as the most demanding in terms of a need for accuracy$ Fe,er than 75P of
candidates ,ere able to score all 77 mar&s in this .uestion although statistics sho, that about half of the
candidates ,ere able to score at least 1 mar&s$
>estio" 0
)he maNority of candidates ,ere able to complete part (a) although some candidates ga+e the ans,er in degrees
rather than radians$ Most could start part (b) correctly and apart from a fe, errors in sign obtain
4
d cos
d sec
y
x


although this ,as often simplified to cos rather than the correct
8
cos $ )he maNority of candidates ,ere able
to demonstrate the correct method of finding the e.uation of the normal and to complete the part by substituting
5 y
and sol+ing for x$ % small number of candidates eliminated successfully differentiated the cartesian
e.uation and completed the .uestion$
Part (c) pro+ed challenging for many candidates and a substantial number of candidates thought that the +olume
,as gi+en by
4
sin

often ignoring
d
or
dx
$ %mong those ,ho recognised that the appropriate integral ,as
Gold 4? 75@74 7#
4 4
sin sec d

many ,ere unable to re,rite this in a form ,hich could be integrated$ lnsec and
8
sin ,ere
among the erroneous attempts seen$ )hose ,ho realised that
4 4 4 4
sin sec tan sec 7 usually completed
the .uestion correctly although a fe, used x limits rather than limits$ )here are a number of possible
alternati+e approaches to this .uestion and there ,ere some successful attempts using integration by parts$ %
number of candidates attempted to use the cartesian form of the e.uation but fe, of these ,ere able to establish a
method of integrating
4
4
7
x
x +
$
)tatistics $or C4 9ractice 9a'er G2
Mean score for students achieving grade:
Qu
Max
score
Modal
score
Mean
%
ALL A* A B C D E U
10 75 7.47 9.68 8.85 7.82 6.62 5.31 3.97 2.22
! 5 57 2.83 4.71 3.30 2.12 1.36 0.94 0.90 0.67
3 9 9 59 5.28 8.16 6.52 5.28 4.26 3.4 2.61 1.64
" 5 57 2.86 4.81 4.10 3.00 1.70 0.81 0.30 0.08
# 7 47 3.26 5.18 2.52 1.20 0.65 0.20 0.11
$ 13 55 7.18 10.02 5.96 3.82 2.50 1.38 0.40
% 11 46 5.05 7.44 4.70 3.12 2.10 1.42 0.83
& 15 52 7.86 14.16 10.39 7.32 4.95 3.34 2.04 1.10
%# #$ "'%( ##'&) 3&'%! !%')3 (')# !'&! %')#
Gold 4 ?75@74 70