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Past Past Partici Partici ple ple Has Has Have Have not not I Ive ve arrived arrived

He Hes s arrived arrived Past Past Participl Participl e e Has Has not not

We We form form the the Present Present Perfect Perfect with with the the present present simple of the verb to have + Past Participle simple of the verb to have + Past Participle of of the the main verb. main verb.

II have have arrived arrived He He has has arrived arrived

The Past Participles of the regular verbs end in ed ou d. Ex.: travel travelled arrive arrived live - lived
II have have not not arrived arrived He He has has not not arrived arrived

Many of the past participles are irregular. You have to learn them by heart! (3rd column of the list of the irregular verbs). Ex.: buy bought go gone make - made
When When we we talk talk about about actions actions which which started started in in the the past past and and continue continue till till now now (the (the present present time); time); When When we we talk talk about about a a past past action action which which is is important important in in the the present; present;

Have Have I I Past Past Participl Participl e e Has Has he he

II havent havent arrived arrived He He hasnt hasnt arrived arrived

Have Have II arrived arrived? ? Has Has he he arrived arrived? ?

No No short short form form in in questions! questions!

Ex.: Ex.: We We have have lived lived here here for for six six months. months.

Follow the example: I (break + ) a glass. I

Ex.: Ex.: II cant cant open open the the door. door. II have have lost lost my my key. key.

a glass.
1) I 2) The 3) Tom

have broken
to Mary. anything. call me.

(speak children (forget + (eat

+) ) to

_____________________________________ ) ___________________________ ______________________________ 4) My mother (make + ) a cake. ___________________________ ) !o" (sh"t (#ork (heard (go sno# (see + + ) ) (stop ) T% ) ) the &ery from to + #indo#. hard. Tom. *aris. ). today.

Answer Key:

Never Since Yet For Ever lrea!" #$st %p $ntil now

_______________________________ $) %ictor ') I () )e +) The 1,) -lan _______________________________ __________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ ________________________________

Follow the example. 1) I ha&e spoken to Mary. 2) The children ha&e not eaten anything. 3) Tom has forgot to call me. 4) My mother has made a cake. ) !o" ha&e not sh"t the #indo#. $) %ictor has #orked &ery hard. ') I ha&e heard from Tom. () )e ha&e gone to *aris. +) The sno# has stopped. 1,) -lan has not seen T% today. Make questions. 1) .as /arah left0 2) .as Mary gone home0 3) )here ha&e yo" p"t the book0 4) .a&e yo" phoned to 1ill0 ) .as the ne#spaper arri&ed0