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Dr.

Javed Iqbal
Director

Sahiwal Breed Status


Global animal genetic resource, found in twenty nine countries

(Map)

High milk producing ability amongst zebu cattle under harsh climates Produces A2 type safer milk as Bos taurus (HF) produces A1 type milk Resistant against tropical diseases Ticks and heat tolerant More than eight breeds evolved through Sahiwal (Breeds) 0.35 Million according to Departmental censes 2000 , 2.061 Million according to livestock census 2006 in the province. Depleted due to a. Change in agriculture system

b. Indiscriminate crossbreeding and


c. Buffalo Preference

Milestones in Sahiwal Breed History


7000-8000 years ago: Zebu cattle was domesticated in Indus valley present day Pakistan Pre-1900 Breed in different names was found in Ganji bar tract 1915 : Pioneers in Sahiwal, Sardar Jahangir Khan Wattoo 1917 : Allah Dad Cattle farm Jahanian, Multan 1920 : Datar Singh Farm was established near Montgomary 1925: 1938 : 1956 : 1962 : 1973 : 1979 : 1980 : 1984 : 1986: 1998 : 2004 : Scheme on Sahiwal breeding started in Shergarh (Okara) A Sahiwal cattle scheme (10 yrs) was launched Shah Jewena Cattle Farm Jhang was started Sahiwal cattle breeding was started at Bahadurnagar Sahiwal cattle were shifted at Fazilpur, Rajanpur LES, Kalurkot, Bhakar started Sahiwal cattle breeding LES, Khizarabad, Sargodha was established Progeny Testing Programme at Govt. farms was launched LES Shergarh was established by transfer from PLDB. FAO sponsored study on Sahiwal cattle was completed Research Centre for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle was established at Jhang

Objectives

Maintenance of nucleus herd of superior germ plasm of Sahiwal cattle.

Registration and documentation of institutional and private Sahiwal cattle


farms/herds.

Performance recording for genetic evaluation and herd management. Identification of superior germ plasm. Publishing and dissemination of sire/cow summaries.

Conducting research on conservation and genetics.


Collaboration with national and international institutions involved in breed development programmes.

Breeding Policy

Breeding Strategy

Incentives to Registered Breeders


A) Free of cost: Artificial Insemination
Vaccination De-worming of calves

B)
C)

Provision of Sahiwal bulls to herders where AI is not possible


Purchase of calves out of elite cows at premium price (Rs. 0.020 to 0.040m)

D)
E)

Prizes to winners of milk and breed competition


Special stipend of Rs. 0.60m for cows yielding 18 kg/day MY.

Project Area of RCCSC


1. Jhang Chiniot 2. T. T. Singh 3. Faisalabad Hafizabad Sheikhupura Sargodha Nankana sb 4. Okara Sahiwal Pakpatan 5. Khanewal Vehari 6. Multan Lodhran 7. Rahim Yar Khan Bahawalpur 8. Muzaffargarh Layyah Bhakkar

Human Resource
Director 1 (19)
Deputy Director (HQ) 1 (18) Admin Officer 1 (17) Veterinary Officer 1 (17) Research Officer (GA) 1 (18) Assistant Research Officer (GA) 1 (17) Veterinary Officer 5 (17) Research Officer (PR) 1 (18) Assistant Research Officer (PR) Phase-I & II (18) Veterinary Officer 8 (17) Farm Superintendent 1 (18) Farm Manager 1 (18) Livestock Officer 1 (18) Crop Husbandry Officer 1 (17) Veterinary Officer 2 (17)
1 12 3 2 30 2 3 0 0 4 6 0 5 6 2 6 1 0 7 5 1 8 0 0 9 53 13 10 5 1 11 3 0 12 6 0 13 0 0 14 1 0 15 0 0 16 2 1 17 15 7 18 6 1 19 1 1 Total 152 32

RCCSC
BPS Sanctioned Posts Vacant

LES, J/Abad
BPS Sanctioned Posts Vacant 1 0 0 2 161 5 3 6 0 4 0 0 5 15 0 6 3 1 7 2 0 8 0 0 9 11 2 10 0 0 11 0 0 12 0 0 13 0 0 14 1 0 15 0 0 16 1 0 17 3 1 18 3 2 19 0 0 Total 206 11

Financial Resource RCCSC, Jhang


YEAR

ALLOCATION
87.815

RELEASE
102.592 75.107

EXPENDITURE
89.277

%age
87.02

RCCSC, Phase-I (2003-04 to 2007-08)


RCCSC, Phase-II (2008-09 to 20010-11) SNE, Phase-I (2008-09)

91.950 12.900

74.672 12.127

99.42 97.32

12.461

(2009-10)
(2010-11) SNE, Phase-I &II (2011-12)

14.099
17.307 36.972

12.939
15.459 34.910

12.811
15.404 35.131

99
99.64 101.15

SNE, Phase-I &II


(2012-13)

42.060

42.060

28.152

66.93 Upto 04/13

RCCSC Breeding Plan


Test Herd 15000 Heads of Sahiwal Cows ------------------------------------------Nucleus Herd (25% of test herd) 3750 Nucleus Herd
151 Bulls ready for test mating 17 bulls culled under Semen Test 10%

168 Bull calves

From 328 Female progeny of proven bulls sires and elite dams (70 % Fertility and 50% Sex Ratio) will be used as the replacement of herd Elite Herd 938 Cows (25% of the Nucleus Herd on the basis of positive B.V)

Select top 60% on the basis of selection index (Growth 10 % + age at maturity 20% + weight at maturity 30% + Development of sexual organs 40%)
30 progeny tested bulls(20%) 15 progeny tested bull sires (50%) Remaining 45% (137) bull calves will be sold to non registered farmer of other than the project area for natural mating

305 Bull calves

23 died @ 7% of mortality or culled due to any physical abnormality in the dams

Male Progeny of proven bull sires and elite dams with 70 % Fertility and 50% Sex Ratio
Expected Total Genetic Improvement per Generation = 130 kg

328 Bull calves

Expected genetic gain

Page-2

Registration (3750 cows + 11250 cows)


7 Government Farms
(2500 cows)

33 Private Farms
(1250 cows)
Jhang Khanewal Toba Tek Singh Sahiwal Okara Faisalabad Hafizabad Layyah Rahim-Yar Khan Pakpattan Sheikhupura & Nankana Sahib 6 6 3 4 1 2 2 1 5 1 2

Jahangirabad, Khanewal Bahadurnagar, Okara Khizarabad, Sargodha Kaloor Kot, Bhakar Fazalpur, Rajanpur Shergarh, Okara University of Agriculture Faisalabad

Testing Farms/Herds

Cows

1196

11250

Selection of Bulls
Total Purchased at CRC Jahangirabad Issued to Breeders 865 452

Send to Semen Production Unit Qadirabad


Under progeny testing in the Punjab Waiting bulls for PTP at SPU

251
155 23

Returned to RCCSC
Auctioned/Died at SPU

39
34

Detail of Purchased Bulls Phase-I

Detail of Purchased Bulls Phase-II

Most Storied RCCSC Sahiwal Proven Bulls

S-142
S-320

S-307
S-328

S-332
S-326

S-7
S-325 S-311

S-330
S-186 S-324

S-110
S-209 S-115
100 PT Bulls Photographs

RCCSC Cows/Bulls Evaluation


Cows
Year 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 No. Evaluated 6485 8415 9130

No. with Positive (EBV) (Standing on 30th )


1001 1188 1380

No. with Negative (EBV) 383 360 627

Bulls
Year
2009-10 2010-11

No. Evaluated
229 329

No. with Positive (EBV)


149 275

No. with Negative (EBV)


80 54

2011-12

339

292

47

Cows

Bulls

Sahiwal Bulls Batches under Progeny Testing



Bull Batch Sahiwal Bulls Batch-15 (2004-2006) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-16 (2006-2007) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-17 (2007-2008) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-18 (2007-2008) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-19 (2007-2008) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-20 (2008-2009) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-21 (2009-2010) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-22 (2010-2011) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-23 (2010-2011) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-24 (2010-2011) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-25 (2011-2012) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-26 (2011-2012) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-27 (2012-2013) Sahiwal Bulls Batch-28 (2012-2013) Total Bulls No. of Bulls 10 7 15 17 8 11 7 12 10 10 9 12 16 11 155

Research Trials
Sr. No. 1 2 43 Embryo Transfer Trials Effect of breeding index on performance of Sahiwal Heifers Title

3
4 5 6

Genetic studies on performance of elite Sahiwal Cows (2004-05 to 2009-10)


Biometrical studies on Sahiwal Bull Calves (2004-05 to 2010-11) Sahiwalization of Non Descript Cattle (2005-06 to 2010-11) A study on udder index in Sahiwal Cows (2007-08)

Birth of ET Calves
Sr. #
1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Tag. No
51/06
78/06 85/06 112/06 69/08 10/10 16/10 69/10 5/11 10/11 42/11 77/11 122/11 7/12 31/12 20/12 108/12 10/13

Date of Birth
05.04.2006
13.07.2006 25.08.2006 02.09.2006 04.07.2008 18.01.2010 29.01.2010 30.05.2010 23.01.2011 03.02.2011 21.04.11 19.07.11 24/12/11 11.1.2012 3-3-2012 18-3-2012 06-09-2012 24-01-2013

Class
FS
FS FS MS FS FS FS FS FS MS FS MS MS FS MS FS MS MS

Donor
89/93
44/2.1** 89/93 89/93 102/3.9 *** 70/99 70/99 28/97 77/01 83/03 83/03 83/03 28/97 144/95 27/01 10/99 18/99 58/00

BLY/Days
3759/349
2905/331 3759/349 3759/349 3916/305 3131/306 3131/306 3206/340 2298/305 2772/335 2772/335 2772/335 3206/340 2115/297 3599/296 2745/299 1800/240 2520/274

Sire
S-115
S-110 S-110 S-110 S-115 S-186 S-186 S-266 S-278 S-266 S-266 S-266 S-266 S-266 S-307 S-307 S-307 S-307

Recipient
64/00
117/94 84/00 28/01 90/04 8/04 123/06 10/07 71/07 81/07 25/01 70/01 56/06 106/06 68/02 66/06 62/02 47/02

RCCSC Publications

Folder on Project Pamphlet on Project Introduction (Urdu) Introduction (English)

RCCSC Incentives

Annual Report (2003-04 to 2004-05)

Annual Report (2005-06

Annual Report (2006-07)

Annual Report (2007-08)

Project Performance Report (2003-04 to 2007-08)

Annual Report (2008-09

Book on Melajat (Urdu)

Annual Report (2009-10)

Annual Report Sahiwal Cattle Pamphlet (2010-11)

Sahiwal Breed Sticker

RCCSC Breeders Directory

RCCSC, Proven Annual Report Bulls Poster (2011-12

Collaborative Institutions
LDDB
Islamabad

PARC

Islamabad

Faisalabad

UAF

UVAS
Lahore

Faisalabad

NIBGE

FVS
Multan

BZU,

RIPAR
Pattoki

DLF Punjab

RVFC
Okara

LPRI
Okara

BI, SPU Q/abad

Activities

Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society Punjab (SCBS)


Established Registration and oath 12-9-2007 19-4-2012

President SV President Vice president General Secretary Deputy Secretary Press Secretary Finance Secretary

Sardar Aftab Khan Wattoo Raja Asghar Ali Ch. Abdul Rasheed Rafiq Ahmad Jam Abu Sufian Ch. M. Rafiq Mahr Liaqat Ali

(Khanewal) (Faisalabad) (Rahim Yar Khan) (Jhang) (Multan) (Sahiwal) (Jhang)

Photographs

Free Artificial Insemination, Deworming and Vaccination


Phase-I
Year
Artificial Insemination
Deworming Vaccination, FMD & HS
Targets, SNE 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 upto 04/13

8000
6400 48000

7814
12258 70625

6879
20949 71167

8833
18797 75744

7020

2718

54717
161004

21394
63149

Phase-II
Year
Artificial Insemination

Targets, SNE
2500

2011-12
1911

2012-13 upto 04/13


1444 5861

Deworming
Vaccination, FMD & HS

14700
108000

15428
60820

43658

Bull Procurement on Premium Price


Year
2004-05 2005-06

No. of Bulls
69 99

2006-07
2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Total

105
127 51 189 154 71 865

Sahiwal Cattle Fairs Conducted During 2009-10 & 2012-13


1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Kacha Khuh (Khanewal) on 25-11-2009 Bahadurnagar (Okara) on 17-12-2009 Doogle Adda, Gojra, Distt. T.T.Sing on 23-03-2010 Chowk Bahadurpur, Distt. Rahim Yar Khan on 09-03-2010 Chak Noor Muhammad, Distt. Pakpattan on 17-03-2010 Agriculture University Farm, Faisalabad on 25-03-2010 Faisal Stedium, Distt. Muzaffar Garh on 09-06-2010 RCCSC, Head Quarter, Jhang on 17-06-2010 Agriculture University Farm, Faisalabad on 25-03-2011

10.
11. 12. 13. 14.

RCCSC Head Quarter Jhang on 11.6.2011


Agriculture University Farm, Faisalabad on 15-03-2012 6th Sahiwal breeders conference at Jhang on 19-04-2012 Youth Festival 2012 milk competition at BRI Pattoki 7th Sahiwal cattle Breeders Conference at RCCSC Jhang on 10-04-2013

15.

Total fairs conducted during both phases = 38

RED GOLD CLUB


Year
Silver Membership (18 to 21.99 kg, 24 Hours) 5 16 15 16 52 Golden Membership (22 to 25.99 kg, 24 Hours) 12 5 5 9 31 Platinum Membership (Up to 26 kg 24 Hours) 4 1 7 2 14 No. of Total Cows 21 22 27 27 97 Total Amount Distributed (Rs.) 400000 455000 500000 690000 2045000

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 Total

Free Distribution of Sahiwal Bulls


Year 2009-10 No. of Bulls Distributed 10

2010-11
2011-12 2012-13

10
7 10

Total

37

Achievements of RCCSC Development


Phase-I
Activity
Registration of Sahiwal cows Performance recording of private Sahiwal cows Identification of nucleus Sahiwal herds (no. of cows) Evaluation of Sahiwal herds Research Trials Research publications Sahiwal cattle shows Vaccination against HS and FMD (Sahiwal and others) De-worming of calves

Targets
10000 8000 13 30 15 6 23 144000 19200 22000

Achievement
11271 8415 26 32 16 6 23 243445 69940 21840

A. I. to registered cows
Purchase of Sahiwal bull calves Coordination with other Institutes

395
17

400
17

Summary of Achievements of RCCSC under SNE


Achievements Activity Targets 1st Year, 2008-09 2nd Year, 2009-10 3rd Year, 2010-11 4th Year, 2011-12 Year, 2012-13 upto 04/13
5th

Registration of Sahiwal cows

8000

8831 43179 22 25 4

8959 37365 22 26 2

9706 32328 22 26 3

10773 33170 22 -5

11428 29889 22 ---

Performance recording of private Sahiwal cows


Identification of nucleus Sahiwal herds. (no. of cows)

8000 (40000)
13 11 4

Evaluation of Sahiwal herds


Research trials Research publications Sahiwal cattle shows Vaccination against HS and FMD (Sahiwal and others) De-worming of calves A. I. to registered cows Coordination with other Institutions

3
1 48000 6400 8000 17

3
1 70625 12258 7814 17

3
1 71167 20949 6879 17

3
1 75744 18794 8833 17

1
1

---

85260
35920 7020 17

63149
21394 2718 17

Achievements of RCCSC under Development Phase-II


Achievements under SNE Activity Targets Achievements 1st Year, 2011-12 2nd Year, 2012-13 upto 04/13

Registration of Sahiwal cows Performance recording of private Sahiwal cows


Identification of nucleus Sahiwal herds (no. of cows)

5000 2500 10

4296 7940 11

5241 11979 11

6268 12230 11

Evaluation of Sahiwal herds


Research trials Research publications Sahiwal cattle shows
Vaccination against HS and FMD (Sahiwal and others)

21
10 7 16 108000 14700 2500 400 2 20 20

10
19 7 10 65156 12512 2088 394 6 43 20

--4 1 1 60820 15428 1911 71 6 22 10

----1 1 43658

De-worming of calves A. I. to registered cows Purchase of Sahiwal bull calves Coordination with other Institutes Stipend to Red Gold Cows Distribution of Sahiwal bulls

5861
1444 -6 ---

Some Innovations at RCCSC


Cold Branding E-Tagging (RFID) E- Weighing ETT Calves

Recognition of RCCSC
The RCCSC could be a regarded as a model conservation programme for Sahiwal breed in the tropics where both human and financial capital has been concentrated to enhance breed conservation and utilization.
ELATSIA, E. D., R. Roessler, A. K. Kahi and A. Valle Zarate. 2011 Breeding and Conservation Programmes for Sahiwal Cattle genetic resources in the tropics: A review. Animal Genetic Resources: An International Journal 2011, 49, 65-74. FAO Rome Italy.

Government of the Punjab


has recognized the outstanding performance of the team leader of RCCSC and has awarded commendation certificate and cash award of Rs. 50000/- on March 15, 2013.

Future Programmes

ET and Semen Labs Housing and Machinery at LES Land Development

Criteria for the Purchase of Sahiwal Male Calves at RCCSC


The bull calf will be: True to breed pedigreed (A.I or Natural) purchased @ Rs. 500/ per kg live weight selected with minimum live weight of 80 kg selected with maximum live weight of 130 kgs(if more, consider as 130 kg) weaned at the time of selection and purchase purchased having sire and dam with +ve EBVs of 305-day Milk yield.

DNA-testing for parentage confirmation will be carried out. In case of any


wrong parentage, the price received by the owner will have to be deposited back by him in government treasury and bull calf will be forfeited in the favour of Government. The extra benefit of pedigree and production in price estimation will be given as under:Next


1. 2. 3. 4.

Premium will be given on following basis:


A) Sire Value. Proven Bull Positive Bull EBVs) Testing Bull Natural Bull Punjab)

Rs. 5000/- (Highest 25% amongst the +ve EBVs) Rs. 4000/- (75 % other positive bulls with +ve Rs. 3000/Rs. 2000/-( Known Pedigree & certified by SCBS

B) Dam Value 1. Platinum member 2. Golden member 3. Silver member

Elite A Category B Category

Rs. 25000/- (per day milk yield record >26.00 Kg.) Rs. 15000/-(per day milk yield record 22.00-25.99) Rs. 10000/- (per day milk yield record 18.00-21.99) OR 4000 Kg/305 days Rs. 20000/ 3500 Kg to 3999 Kg/305 days Rs. 15000/ 2700 Kg to 3499 Kg /305 days Rs. 10000/-

Note: Only one higher premium will be considered in price estimation. However, 1st priority will be given to No.1 class and then class II under dam value Next

1. Bull Calf Selection/Purchase Committee


Buffalo
Senior Research Officer (ABG) BRI Pattoki (Convener) Two Representaties of Buffalo Breeders Association Punjab (Members) Research Officer, PTP of conerned area. (Secretary/Member)

Sahiwal
Research Officer (Genetic Analysis) (Convener) Two Representaties of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Members) Assistant Research Officer (Performance Recording) (Secretary/Member)

2. Candidate Bulls Selection Committee


Buffalo
Deputy Director, Semen Production Unit Qadirabad. (Convener) Senior Research Offier (ABG) BRI Pattoki (Member) Two Representaties of Buffalo Breeders Association Punjab (Member) Research Officer, PTP of conerned area. (Secretary/Member)

Sahiwal
Deputy Director, Semen Production Unit Qadirabad. (Convener) Research Offier (Genetic Analysis) (Member) Two Representaties of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Members) Assistant Research Officer (Performance Recording) (Secretary/Member)

Next

3. Committee for the selection of Bulls for PTP


Buffalo
Director Breed Improvement, L&DD (Convener) Chairman Animal Breeding & Genetics Department UAF (Member) Chairman Department of Theriogenology, UVAS Lahore. (Member) Chief Research Officer, Buffalo Research Institute, Pattoki District Kasur (Member) Three Representatives of Buffalo Breeders Associtation Punjab (Members) Deputy Director, Sement Production Unit Qadirabad (Secretary/Member)

Sahiwal
Director Breed Improvement, L&DD (Convener) Chairman Animal Breeding & Genetics Department UAF (Member) Chairman Department of Theriogenology, UVAS Lahore. (Member) Director Research Center for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle, Jhang (Member) Three Representatives of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Members) Deputy Director, Sement Production Unit Qadirabad (Secretary/Member)

Dairy Cattle Breeding Policy Objectives


Improvement in milk production of dairy cattle breeds(Sahiwal and Cholistani) through selection Improvement in Reproductive of cattle through reduction in age at first calving and calving interval Grading up of non descript cows under subsistence production systems with Sahiwal, cholistani and Dhanni in their respective home-tracts Maintaining the desired exotic level of exotic inheritance (between 50-75 %) in dairy crossbred cattle for their optimum performance Availability of good quality indigenous animals for draught and beef purpose Regulation of breeding services including private initiatives Conservation and development of recognized cattle breeds such as Rojhan, Dajal, Lohani, Kankraj and Tharparkar through inter-provincial initiatives.

S-186

S-110

S-307

Dairy Cattle Breeding Policy Objectives


Improvement in milk production of dairy cattle breeds(Sahiwal and Cholistani) through selection Improvement in Reproductive of cattle through reduction in age at first calving and calving interval Grading up of non descript cows under subsistence production systems with Sahiwal, cholistani and Dhanni in their respective home-tracts Maintaining the desired exotic level of exotic inheritance (between 50-75 %) in dairy crossbred cattle for their optimum performance Availability of good quality indigenous animals for draught and beef purpose Regulation of breeding services including private initiatives Conservation and development of recognized cattle breeds such as Rojhan, Dajal, Lohani, Kankraj and Tharparkar through inter-provincial initiatives.

RCCSC Breeding Strategy

Close Nucleus
Nucleus
(Pre Nucleus) Intensive Farming

Open Nucleus

Extensive Farming

Staff Position Phase-I


Sr. #.
1.
2. 3. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

Name of Post
Director Research Officer Assistant Research Officer Veterinary Officer (HQ) Veterinary Officer (B) Admn: Officer Office Superintendent Office Assistant Stenographer Cum C. Operator Cameraman Cum Video Operator Lab. Technician Computer Operator Accountant Cashier Senior Clerk Stock Recorder Junior Clerk Vehicle Driver Lab. Attendant Naib Qasid Cattle Attendant Chowkidar Sweeper Mali

BS
19 18 18 17 17 17 16 14 12 11 11 10 10 7 9 9 7 5 2 2 2 2 2 2

Sanctioned Strength
1 2 2 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 1 1 2 26 2 6 1 13 8 3 3 1

Filled Regular
0 2 2 0 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 4 2 2 1 3 5 1 0 0

Contract
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 14 0 2 0 9 3 1 3 1

Vacant
1 0 0 1 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 8 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0

Place of Posting
Look after RCCSC, Jhang // // // // // // // // // // // // // Sub-Centers RCCSC, Jhang // // // // // // //

Total

94

33

37

22

Staff Position Phase-II


Sr. # Name of Post BS Sanctioned Strength Filled Regular Contract 0 0 0 0 5 1 21 0 1 1 1 5 1 1 2 6 1 0 46 Vacant Remarks

PHASE-II
1. 2. 3. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Deputy Director (HQ) Asst: Research Officer (ARO) Veterinary Officer Office Superintendent Computer Operator Cameraman Stock Recorder Store Keeper Junior Clerk Bill Clerk Electrician Vehicle Drivers Truck Drivers Tubewell/Generator Driver Naib Qasid Cattle Attendant Mali Sanitary Worker Total 18 18 17 16 12 11 9 9 7 7 6 4 4 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 5 1 24 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 2 8 1 1 58 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 10 Four vehicles were not purchased due to non release of funds, hence 4 drivers were not recruited Recruited but Resigned Recruited but 2 did not join Service rules not yet framed Twice advertised but sufficient candidates were not appeared in Interview hence cancelled Service rules not yet framed

14
15 16 17 18

Purchase & Distribution of Sahiwal Bull Calves


Phase-I
Increased/purchased from Year

Opening
Balance Govt. 61 63 75 100 0 0 Private 8 36 30 27 0 0 Sub Total 69 99 105 127 0 0

O/M Return from SPU 0 0 0 0 7 19 69 155 209 243 96 48 Total

Decreased by

Shifted
SPU 7 27 44 36 7 0

Issued to
breeders 0 21 45 108 47 18

Auctioned/
culled 2 0 2 1

Died 4 3 2 9 13

O/M Free
distributed

Total

Closing
Balance

2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10

0 56 104 116 89 29

13 51 93 154 67 10 45

56 104 116 89 29 3

15

2010-11
Total

0
299

0
101

0
400

7
33

10
433

0
121

8
247

1
21

0
33

10
433

0
0

Purchase & Distribution of Sahiwal Bull Calves


Phase-II
Increased/purchased from Year Decreased by

Opening
Balance Govt. Private Sub Total 51 189 154 71 465 865

O/M Return
from SPU

Total

Shifted SPU

Issued to breeders 0 50 95 37 182 429

Auctioned/ culled 0 0 2 17 19 40

Died

O/M Free distributed

Total

Closing
Balance

2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Total Phase II Grand Total

0 51 154 147

51 106 105 55 317 616

0 83 49 16 148 249

0 0 1 21 22 55

51 240 309 239 487 920

0 25 48 42 115 236

0 11 6 15 32 65 11 8 19 30

0 86 162 119 367 800

51 154 147 120 120 120

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 15 (2004-2005 & 2005-2006)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 16 (2006-2007)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 17 (2006-2007)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 18 (2006-2007)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 19 (2007 to 2008)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 20 (2008 to 2009)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 21 (2009 to 2010)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 22 (2010 to 2011)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 23 (2010 to 2011)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 24 (2010 to 2011)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 25 (2011 to 2012)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 26 (2011 to 2012)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 27 (2012 to 2013)

Sahiwal Bulls Batch 28 (2012 to 2013)

Yearly Cow Evaluation


Year of Evaluation Name of Farm Jahangirabad 2003-05 Khizarabad Bahadurnagar Total Jahangirabad Khizarabad 2005-06 Bahadurnagar Kalur Kot Total Jahangirabad Khizarabad Bahadurnagar 2006-07 Kalur Kot Fazil Pur Total Private G. Total No of cows evaluated 318 427 271 1016 249 303 242 108 902 365 362 321 182 147 1377 278 1655 Elite Cows (No.) 22 9 13 44 8 5 2 15 17 16 1 70 104 104 Positive cows (No.) 120 215 131 466 131 59 118 36 344 152 32 100 116 144 544 125 669 Negative cows (No.) 198 212 140 550 118 244 124 72 558 253 330 221 110 3 917 153 1070

Yearly Cow Evaluation


Year of Evaluation Name of Farm
Jahangirabad Khizarabad Bahadurnagar Kalur Kot 2007-08 Fazil Pur Total Private G. Total Jahangirabad Khizarabad Bahadurnagar 2008-09 Kalur Kot Fazil Pur Total No of cows evaluated 752 724 627 406 333 2842 278 6415 8375 5792 6823 4273 1124 26387

Elite Cows (No.)


179 23 98 23 162 485 648 52 3 33 --88

Positive cows (No.)


409 116 179 131 79 914 125 2393 339 235 288 182 264 1308

Negative cows (No.) 343 608 348 252 88 1639 153 3817 307 459 349 304 104 1523

Yearly Cow Evaluation


Year of Evaluation Name of Farm Jahangirabad Khizarabad 2009-10 Bahadurnagar Kalur Kot Fazil Pur Total No of cows evaluated 1673 1114 2146 1149 393 6475 Elite Cows (No.) (Standing Cows 30th June) 171 1 1 --173 Positive cows (No.) 332 319 81 115 154 1001 Negative cows (No.) 9 50 224 51 49 383

Jahangirabad
Khizarabad Bahadurnagar 2010-11 Kalur Kot Fazil Pur Shergarh Progeny of RCCSC Total

2211
1458 2801 1223 448 101 173 8415

255
91 71 -1 -1 419

348
347 278 77 93 -45 1188

--4 107 85 36 128 360

Yearly Cow Evaluation


Year of Evaluation Name of Farm Jahangirabad Khizarabad Bahadurnagar 2010-11 Kalur Kot Fazil Pur No of cows evaluated 2271 1488 2888 1296 487 Elite Cows (No.) (Standing Cows 30th June) 231 154 109 --Positive cows (No.) 104 201 195 95 122 Negative cows (No.) --1 99 64

Shergarh
Total

106
8536

-494

-717

39
203

RCCSC Bulls Evaluation


Year
2003-05 2005-06 2006-07

Bulls Evaluated
236 273 327

Positive Bulls
97 108 138

Negative Bulls
139 165 189

2007-08
2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12

334
215 231 329 339

170
92 149 275 292

164
123 82 54 47

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29.

Australia Bangladesh Brazil Burundi Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of Cuba Ecuador Honduras India Indonesia Jamaica Kenya Malaysia Mali Mauritius Nepal New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Sri Lanka Tanzania, United Republic Thailand Trinidad and Tobago Viet Nam Zambia

World Dairy Cattle Breeds Evolved Through Sahiwal Breed

Expected Genetic Gain from Breeding Plan of RCCSC-Phase-II


Selection criterion & breeding objective: Main alternatives: No. of recorded daughters/proven sire Proportion of young bull semen 20 0.95 No. of proven AI-bulls selected/year No. of proven bull-sires selected/year Proportion of young bulls with proven sires 30 15 1.00 35016 220 33265 151 36 0.90 20 12 12 12 4 0.2 0.2 1 5 305 day milk yield

Assumptions and pre-calculations:


Heritability (h2) Repeatability (r) C2-effect, paternal halfsibs (c2) Recorded population size, cows Age at first calving (months) Calving interval (days) No. of cows calving/year Proportion of population in AI No. of services/cow calving No. of calvings/recorded daughter Proportion of semen from other breeds Characteristics of the trait: Phenotypic standard deviation, sp(kg) Genetic standard deviation, sA (kg) Overall mean (kg) 465 223 1489 Replacement rate, proportion Culling rate, prop. (cull. rate < repl. rate) First possible lactation for bulldams (>=1) Last possible lactation for bulldams (<=5) 0.23 0.42 0 15000 45 430 12733 1.00 2.8 4 0 Total no. of doses (demand) No. of doses/young bull (to be used) Total no. of doses, young bulls (demand) No. of young bulls tested/year (demand) Age of young bull at first service (months) Proportion of cows used as dams No. of candidate bulldams/young bull calf Period a young bull is used (months) Period a proven bull is used (months) Period a proven bull is used as bull-sire No. of lactations/cow in breeding value

Genetic gain by path Path of selection Sire-son (proven sires) Sire-daughter (proven sires) Dam-son Dam-daughter Generation intervals Sire-son Sire-daughter Dam-son Dam-daughter Fraction 100% 5%

Accuracy (rTI) 0.7803 0.7803 0.6405 0.4154 Years 10.08 4.54 6.10 7.47 No. 15 30 3020

Selected Proportion 0.0993 0.1987 0.2372 0.9000

Selection intensity (i) 1.7416 1.3951 1.3022 0.1950

Genetic gain (kg) 303.06 12.14 186.00 18.06 Ratio 58% 2% 36% 3%

Average, four paths (L/4)

7.05
Total gain per Total gain per year In kg 18.4 In % of mean 1.24%

Total genetic gain

generation (kg) 129.8

National Dairy Champions

Sahiwal Cow ID: J 53/2.6 Owner Name: LES Jahangirabad Distt: Khanewal

Sahiwal Cow ID: J 37/2.5 Owner Name: LES Jahangirabad Distt: Khanewal

Sahiwal Cow ID: J 8/1.1 Owner Name: LES Jahangirabad Distt: Khanewal Milk Yield: 41.3 kgs/36hrs

Sahiwal Cow ID: J 4/94 Owner Name: LES Jahangirabad Distt: Khanewal Milk Yield: - 36.0 kgs/36hrs

Glimpses of 7th Annual Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Conference 2013

Distribution of Sahiwal Bulls

National Red Gold Club Member Cows

SELECTION COMMITTEE FOR THE PROCUREMENT OF SAHIWAL MALE CALVES


1. Research Officer (Genetic Analysis), RCCSC, Jhang (Convener) 2. Tow Representative of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Member) to be nominated by Society. 3. Assistant Research Officer (Performance Recording) (Secretary/Member), RCCSC, Jhang

SELECTION COMMITTEE FOR CANDIDATE BULLS


1. Deputy Director, Semen Production Unit, Qadirabad (Convener) 2. Research Officer (Genetic Analysis), RCCSC, Jhang (Member) 3. Tow Representative of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Members) 4. Assistant Research Officer (Performance Recording) (Secretary/Member), RCCSC, Jhang

SELECTION COMMITTEE OF BULLS FOR PROGENY TESTING


1. Director, Breed Improvement, L&DD, (Convener) 2. Chairman, Animal Breeding & Genetic Department, UAF (Member) 3. Chairman, Department of Theriogenology, UVAS, Lahore (Member) 4. Director, Research Center for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle (RCCSC), Jhang (Member) 5. Three Representatives of Sahiwal Cattle Breeders Society (Members) 6. Deputy Director, Semen Production Unit, Qadirabad (Secretary/Member)

Sr #

Institutions

Activities/Studies

1.

PARC, Islamabad

Development of milk recording and genetic evaluation models in Sahiwal Cattle

2.
3. 4. 5.

UAF, Faisalabad
UAF, Faisalabad UAF, Faisalabad UAF, Faisalabad

Inter herd performance and genetic evaluation of Sahiwal cattle in Pakistan.


Confirmation of type traits in Sahiwal Cattle Parasitological studies in Sahiwal Cattle Embryo Transfer Trials
Production of Fibrolytic enzymes form Humicola insolens and their applications in animal feed.

6.
7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12 13 14. 15. 16. 17.

NIBGE, Faisalabad
RIPAR, Pattoky RVFC, Okara BI, SPU,Q/Abad, DLF,LPRI, LPRI, B/Nagar, Okara. DLF, LPRI, B/Nagar FVC, BZU, Multan UVAS, Lahore UVAS, Lahore. UVAS, Lahore UVAS, Lahore LDDB, Islamabad

Embryo Transfer Trials Embryo Transfer Trials Progeny Testing Programme Teaser making Evaluation of Sahiwal herds LES is serving as demonstration unit and collaborating in post graduate research Feeding Management of optimum Growth, early Maturity in 1st lactation performance in Sahiwal Cattle Embryo Transfer Trials Post veining Feeding Management Practice for Growth performance in Sahiwal Male Calves Studies on characterization of Sahiwal Breed Strengthening of Progeny Testing Programme under Research Centre for Conservation of Sahiwal Cattle (RCCSC), Jhang.

M. Aftab Ahmad Wattoo


President

Raja Asghar Ali


SV President

Rafiq Ahmad Jam


General Secretary

Abu Sufian
Deputy Secretary

Ch. M. Rafiq
Press Secretary

Mehr. Liaqat Ali


Finance Secretary

100 RCCSC Progeny Tested Sahiwal bulls 2012-13


No. of Sr. SPU No. of Sr. SPU No. of Sr. SPU Sr. EBV EBV EBV Daughter No. Code Daughter No. Code Daughter No. No. Code 1 2 3 351 350 349 87 69 81 19 13 19 21 22 23 296 963 295 764 292 688 24 16 23 41 42 43 260 255 250 677 943 632 26 60 26 61 62 63 SPU Code 155 147 145 EBV 1236 649 1048 No. of Sr. Daughter No. 28 16 40 81 82 83 SPU Code 53 51 49 EBV 487 1048 1018 No. of Daughter 10 30 100

4
5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

348
332 330 328 326 325 324 321 320 316 313 312 311 306 305 304

217
523 412 934 418 325 227 417 426 63 25 635 586 301 694 716

10
23 23 17 57 55 19 49 47 13 12 21 16 25 11 24 22

24
25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

290 727
289 811 287 717 283 49 282 636 281 183 278 632 276 649 274 687 271 728 270 487 269 673 268 818 267 670 266 925 264 730 261 753

14
22 15 10 15 23 45 20 31 51 44 16 10 15 10 45 31

44
45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

249
248 240 228 219 218 215 214 209 188 187 186 180 160 158 157

571
701 444 634 659 734 484 760 298 853 558 614 513 966 975 578

77
53 34 29 24 15 10 10 18 55 65 27 63 29 28 143 14

64
65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

142
141 135 124 121 120 116 115 114 110 107 106 101 100 99 89 58

1147
1233 1063 779 797 667 817 584 561 723 776 624 1207 834 793 58 914

72
28 38 116 36 30 35 134 11 172 87 34 10 177 28 11 88

84
85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

35
33 32 28 26 24 23 18 15 13 11 10 9 8 7 5 1

649
994 586 685 892 663 1145 632 731 1200 609 862 802 1014 817 862 1117

21
30 20 24 25 11 25 19 44 31 34 37 40 40 62 43 12

211 1120

307 1132