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Elementary statistics SBST1303

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SBST 1303

ELEMENTARY STATISTICS

MATRICULATION NO

820105125525001

820105125525

TELEPHONE NO.

014-3729894

davidbalanting@yahoo.com

LEARNING CENTRE

QUESTION 1

a) n = 51

Approximate number of classes (K)

K 1+3.3log(n)

1+3.3log(51)

6.6

As this is an approximation we would choose integer 6 as the approximate number of

classes.

Class Width =

Data Range

Number of class (K)

K

= 94 41 = 8.8 9

6

Class

Counting Tally

Frequency (f)

40 48

1111 1111

10

49 57

1111 111

58 66

1111 111

67 75

1111 1111

76 84

1111 111

85 93

1111 11

94 102

Sum

= 51

40 48 49 57 58 66

Class

Frequency

10

67 -75

76 84 85 93

94 102

Total

51

(f)

b)

12

10

10

9

8

7

Frequency

2

1

0

Class

40 48

Figure 2:

49 57

58 66

67 -75

76 84

85 93

94 102

c)

i)

Mean

= 11 + 22 + + k-1k-1+ kk = ii

_______________________________________

1 + 2 + + + k-1+ k

_______

( Formula 1.1)

Where I = 1,2,k

(LB)

upper limit of

previous class

lower limit

of that class

_________________________________

2

LB

39 + 40

_______________

39.5

48.5

57.5

66.5

75.5

84.5

93.5

LB

48 + 49

_______________

2

LB

57 + 58

_______________

2

LB

66 + 67

_______________

2

LB

75+ 76

_______________

2

LB

84+ 85

_______________

2

LB

93 + 94

_______________

2

(UB)

upper limit of

that class

lower limit

of next class

_________________________________

2

UB

48 + 49

_______________

48.5

57.5

66.5

75.5

84.5

93.5

102.5

UB

57 + 58

_______________

2

UB

66 + 67

_______________

2

UB

75 + 76

_______________

2

UB

84 + 85

_______________

2

UB

93 + 94

_______________

2

UB

102 + 103

_______________

2

Class mid-point

Lower Boundary

of that class

Upper Boundary

of that class

_________________________________

2

=

39.5 + 48.5

_______________

44

53

62

71

80

89

98

48.5 + 57.5

_______________

2

57.5 + 66.5

_______________

2

66.5 + 75.5

_______________

2

75.5 + 84.5

_______________

2

84.5 + 93.5

_______________

2

93.5 + 102.5

_______________

2

40 48

Lower

Boundary

39.3

Class

mid-point

44

Upper

Boundary

48.5

49 57

48.5

53

57.5

58 66

57.5

62

66.5

67 75

66.5

71

75.5

76 84

75.5

80

84.5

85 93

84.5

89

93.5

94 102

93.5

98

102.5

Class

Frequency (f)

10

= 51

= 11 + 22 + + k-1k-1+ kk =

_______________________________________

1 + 2 + + + k-1+ k

ii

_______

Where I = 1,2,k

fx

Class

mid-point

()

Frequency (f)

40 48

44

10

(f multiplies )

440

49 57

53

424

58 66

62

496

67 75

71

639

76 84

80

640

85 93

89

623

94 102

98

98

Class

Sum

3360

= 3360

______

51

ii)

= 65.8 66 miles

Mode

Class mode is 40 48

LB = 39.5

C=9

B = 10 0 = 10

A = 10 8 = 2

x = LB + C

= 39.5 + 9

B

_____

B + A

10

______

10 + 2

= 39.5 + 7.5

= 47 miles

iii)

Median

=

LB + C

n+1

______ - FB

2

____________

m

M0 =

n+1 = 51+1 = 26

2

m = 8

LB = 57.5

C=9

FB = 18

= 57.5 + 9

26 - 18

_______

8

= 57.5 + 9

= 66.5 67 miles

QUESTION 2

a) Data Set for Smokers in ascending order

114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 134, 146

n=12

1 + 2 + + n =

____________________

1 i

n

n

114 + 116 + 118 +120 + 122 + 124 + 126 + 128 + 130 + 130 + 134 + 146

12

1508 = 125.66 126

12

Mod

Since number 130 occurs two times (the highest frequency) therefore the value of

mod is 130.

Median

Thus the position of median is at the middle between 6th position and 7th position. The

observation at the 6th position is number 124, and the observation at 7th position is

number 126.

= 124 + 126

108, 110, 112, 114, 114, 116, 116, 116, 126, 132, 134, 138

n=12

1 + 2 + + n =

____________________

1 i

n

n

=

108 + 110 + 112 + 114+ 114 + 116 + 116 + 116 + 126 + 132 + 134 + 138

12

1436 = 119.66 120

12

Mod

Since number 116 occurs three times (the highest frequency) therefore the value of

mod is 116.

Median

= n+1 = 12+1 = 6.5

Thus the position of meridian is at the middle between 6th position and 7th position.

The observation at the 6th position is number 116, and the observation at 7th position is

number 116.

= 116 + 116

Category

Mean

Mod

Median

Smokers

126

130

125

Non-Smokers

120

116

116

b) IQR = Q3 Q2

Qr = r (n + 1)

4

Q1 = 1 (12 + 1)

4

= 3.25 = 3 + 0.25

Q1 is at the position between 3rd and 4th and it is 0.25 above the 3rd position.

Q3 = 3 (12 + 1)

4

= 9.75

Q3 is at the position between 9th and 10th and it is 0.75 above the 9th position.

114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 124, 126, 128, 130, 134, 146

Q1 is at the position between 3rd and 4th and it is 0.25 above the 3rd position.

Number at 3rd position = 118;

Number at4th position = 120;

Q1 = 118 + (0.25) (120-118) = 118.5

Q3 is at the position between 9th and 10th, and it is 0.75 above the 9th.

Number at 9th position =130

Number at 10th position = 130

Q3 = 130 + (0.75) (130-130) = 130

IQR =

Q3 Q1

= 130 118.5

= 11.5

IQR = Q3 Q2

Qr = r (n + 1)

4

Q1 = 1 (12 + 1)

4

= 3.25 = 3 + 0.25

Q1 is at the position between 3rd and 4th and it is 0.25 above the 3rd position.

Q3 = 3 (12 + 1)

4

= 9.75

Q3 is at the position between 9th and 10th and it is 0.75 above the 9th position.

108, 110, 112, 114, 114, 116, 116, 116, 126, 132, 134, 138

Q1 is at the position between 3rd and 4th and it is 0.25 above the 3rd position.

Number at 3rd position = 112;

Number at4th position = 114;

Q1 = 112 + (0.25) (114-112) = 112.5

Q3 is at the position between 9th and 10th, and it is 0.75 above the 9th.

Number at 9th position =126

Number at 10th position = 132

Q3 = 126 + (0.75) (132-126) = 130.5

IQR =

Q3 Q1

= 130.5 112.5

= 18.0

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