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United States Department of Agriculture

Natural Resources Conservation Service

A product of the National Cooperative Soil Survey, a joint effort of the United States Department of Agriculture and other Federal agencies, State agencies including the Agricultural Experiment Stations, and local participants

Custom Soil Resource Report for

Antelope County, Nebraska


Royal Area

December 4, 2012

Preface
Soil surveys contain information that affects land use planning in survey areas. They highlight soil limitations that affect various land uses and provide information about the properties of the soils in the survey areas. Soil surveys are designed for many different users, including farmers, ranchers, foresters, agronomists, urban planners, community officials, engineers, developers, builders, and home buyers. Also, conservationists, teachers, students, and specialists in recreation, waste disposal, and pollution control can use the surveys to help them understand, protect, or enhance the environment. Various land use regulations of Federal, State, and local governments may impose special restrictions on land use or land treatment. Soil surveys identify soil properties that are used in making various land use or land treatment decisions. The information is intended to help the land users identify and reduce the effects of soil limitations on various land uses. The landowner or user is responsible for identifying and complying with existing laws and regulations. Although soil survey information can be used for general farm, local, and wider area planning, onsite investigation is needed to supplement this information in some cases. Examples include soil quality assessments (http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/) and certain conservation and engineering applications. For more detailed information, contact your local USDA Service Center (http://offices.sc.egov.usda.gov/locator/app? agency=nrcs) or your NRCS State Soil Scientist (http://soils.usda.gov/contact/ state_offices/). Great differences in soil properties can occur within short distances. Some soils are seasonally wet or subject to flooding. Some are too unstable to be used as a foundation for buildings or roads. Clayey or wet soils are poorly suited to use as septic tank absorption fields. A high water table makes a soil poorly suited to basements or underground installations. The National Cooperative Soil Survey is a joint effort of the United States Department of Agriculture and other Federal agencies, State agencies including the Agricultural Experiment Stations, and local agencies. The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) has leadership for the Federal part of the National Cooperative Soil Survey. Information about soils is updated periodically. Updated information is available through the NRCS Soil Data Mart Web site or the NRCS Web Soil Survey. The Soil Data Mart is the data storage site for the official soil survey information. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination in all its programs and activities on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, disability, and where applicable, sex, marital status, familial status, parental status, religion, sexual orientation, genetic information, political beliefs, reprisal, or because all or a part of an individual's income is derived from any public assistance program. (Not all prohibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who require alternative means

for communication of program information (Braille, large print, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDA's TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD). To file a complaint of discrimination, write to USDA, Director, Office of Civil Rights, 1400 Independence Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410 or call (800) 795-3272 (voice) or (202) 720-6382 (TDD). USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Contents
Preface....................................................................................................................2 How Soil Surveys Are Made..................................................................................6 Soil Map..................................................................................................................8 Soil Map................................................................................................................9 Legend................................................................................................................10 Map Unit Legend................................................................................................11 Map Unit Descriptions........................................................................................12 Antelope County, Nebraska............................................................................14 2330Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded......................................................14 3163Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes............................................15 3164Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes.................................15 3165Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes.................................16 3252Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes......................................17 3255Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes....................................18 3268O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes........................................19 3280Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes...............................................19 3281Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes...............................................20 3285Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes....................................................21 3286Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes....................................................22 4178Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes.........................................23 4179Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes..............................................24 4240Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded.................................................25 4786Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes.......................................26 4807Valentine fine sand, rolling...............................................................27 4876Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes...........................28 4878Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes...........................29 4879Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes.........................30 6320Barney-Boel-Calamus complex, channeled.....................................32 6578Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes.................................34 6635Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes...........................................35 6636Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes................................36 6637Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes................................37 6660Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes.........................38 6700Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes.............................39 6703Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes.............................40 6723Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes.......................................41 6724Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes.......................................42 6725Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes.....................................43 6753Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes...............................................44 6791Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes.................................................45 6792Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes.................................................46 9999Water...............................................................................................47 Soil Information for All Uses...............................................................................48 Suitabilities and Limitations for Use....................................................................48

Custom Soil Resource Report Building Site Development..............................................................................48 Corrosion of Steel........................................................................................48 Soil Reports........................................................................................................53 Soil Chemical Properties.................................................................................53 Chemical Soil Properties.............................................................................53 Soil Physical Properties..................................................................................63 Physical Soil Properties...............................................................................63 Engineering Properties................................................................................77 References............................................................................................................93

How Soil Surveys Are Made


Soil surveys are made to provide information about the soils and miscellaneous areas in a specific area. They include a description of the soils and miscellaneous areas and their location on the landscape and tables that show soil properties and limitations affecting various uses. Soil scientists observed the steepness, length, and shape of the slopes; the general pattern of drainage; the kinds of crops and native plants; and the kinds of bedrock. They observed and described many soil profiles. A soil profile is the sequence of natural layers, or horizons, in a soil. The profile extends from the surface down into the unconsolidated material in which the soil formed or from the surface down to bedrock. The unconsolidated material is devoid of roots and other living organisms and has not been changed by other biological activity. Currently, soils are mapped according to the boundaries of major land resource areas (MLRAs). MLRAs are geographically associated land resource units that share common characteristics related to physiography, geology, climate, water resources, soils, biological resources, and land uses (USDA, 2006). Soil survey areas typically consist of parts of one or more MLRA. The soils and miscellaneous areas in a survey area occur in an orderly pattern that is related to the geology, landforms, relief, climate, and natural vegetation of the area. Each kind of soil and miscellaneous area is associated with a particular kind of landform or with a segment of the landform. By observing the soils and miscellaneous areas in the survey area and relating their position to specific segments of the landform, a soil scientist develops a concept, or model, of how they were formed. Thus, during mapping, this model enables the soil scientist to predict with a considerable degree of accuracy the kind of soil or miscellaneous area at a specific location on the landscape. Commonly, individual soils on the landscape merge into one another as their characteristics gradually change. To construct an accurate soil map, however, soil scientists must determine the boundaries between the soils. They can observe only a limited number of soil profiles. Nevertheless, these observations, supplemented by an understanding of the soil-vegetation-landscape relationship, are sufficient to verify predictions of the kinds of soil in an area and to determine the boundaries. Soil scientists recorded the characteristics of the soil profiles that they studied. They noted soil color, texture, size and shape of soil aggregates, kind and amount of rock fragments, distribution of plant roots, reaction, and other features that enable them to identify soils. After describing the soils in the survey area and determining their properties, the soil scientists assigned the soils to taxonomic classes (units). Taxonomic classes are concepts. Each taxonomic class has a set of soil characteristics with precisely defined limits. The classes are used as a basis for comparison to classify soils systematically. Soil taxonomy, the system of taxonomic classification used in the United States, is based mainly on the kind and character of soil properties and the arrangement of horizons within the profile. After the soil scientists classified and named the soils in the survey area, they compared the

Custom Soil Resource Report individual soils with similar soils in the same taxonomic class in other areas so that they could confirm data and assemble additional data based on experience and research. The objective of soil mapping is not to delineate pure map unit components; the objective is to separate the landscape into landforms or landform segments that have similar use and management requirements. Each map unit is defined by a unique combination of soil components and/or miscellaneous areas in predictable proportions. Some components may be highly contrasting to the other components of the map unit. The presence of minor components in a map unit in no way diminishes the usefulness or accuracy of the data. The delineation of such landforms and landform segments on the map provides sufficient information for the development of resource plans. If intensive use of small areas is planned, onsite investigation is needed to define and locate the soils and miscellaneous areas. Soil scientists make many field observations in the process of producing a soil map. The frequency of observation is dependent upon several factors, including scale of mapping, intensity of mapping, design of map units, complexity of the landscape, and experience of the soil scientist. Observations are made to test and refine the soillandscape model and predictions and to verify the classification of the soils at specific locations. Once the soil-landscape model is refined, a significantly smaller number of measurements of individual soil properties are made and recorded. These measurements may include field measurements, such as those for color, depth to bedrock, and texture, and laboratory measurements, such as those for content of sand, silt, clay, salt, and other components. Properties of each soil typically vary from one point to another across the landscape. Observations for map unit components are aggregated to develop ranges of characteristics for the components. The aggregated values are presented. Direct measurements do not exist for every property presented for every map unit component. Values for some properties are estimated from combinations of other properties. While a soil survey is in progress, samples of some of the soils in the area generally are collected for laboratory analyses and for engineering tests. Soil scientists interpret the data from these analyses and tests as well as the field-observed characteristics and the soil properties to determine the expected behavior of the soils under different uses. Interpretations for all of the soils are field tested through observation of the soils in different uses and under different levels of management. Some interpretations are modified to fit local conditions, and some new interpretations are developed to meet local needs. Data are assembled from other sources, such as research information, production records, and field experience of specialists. For example, data on crop yields under defined levels of management are assembled from farm records and from field or plot experiments on the same kinds of soil. Predictions about soil behavior are based not only on soil properties but also on such variables as climate and biological activity. Soil conditions are predictable over long periods of time, but they are not predictable from year to year. For example, soil scientists can predict with a fairly high degree of accuracy that a given soil will have a high water table within certain depths in most years, but they cannot predict that a high water table will always be at a specific level in the soil on a specific date. After soil scientists located and identified the significant natural bodies of soil in the survey area, they drew the boundaries of these bodies on aerial photographs and identified each as a specific map unit. Aerial photographs show trees, buildings, fields, roads, and rivers, all of which help in locating boundaries accurately.

Soil Map
The soil map section includes the soil map for the defined area of interest, a list of soil map units on the map and extent of each map unit, and cartographic symbols displayed on the map. Also presented are various metadata about data used to produce the map, and a description of each soil map unit.

Custom Soil Resource Report Soil Map


98 8' 28'' 98 4' 3''

571000 42 20' 54''

572000

573000

574000

575000

576000 42 20' 52''

6
4688000

4178

3286

4879 2330 4878 3281 4179 3255 4878 6792 6636 4179 3255 6723 4240 3268 3268 3268 23 6753 67 3252 6700 4878 2330 6724 23 4179 4876 9999 67 0 6700 2 6724 4178 2330 63 4178 6700 6723 3163 3163 6725 3268 6635 3164 6636 4786 6724 4878 86 6725 3164 3280 32 6724 4179 3164 6724 6723 6725 6723 3 3164 6723 4879 672 6700 3286 80 6753 6723 3280 6 32 6636 663 6700 6703 6723 4786 4879 6791 4178 6723 6636 12 3164 11 3164 10 6636 3286 9 6660 4878 3 4179 6724 6700 672 6700 3164 6791 3286 3281 6700 6700 4178 6725 6700 6636 4878 3164 6723 3163 6723 3165 3280 4786 3280 6753 00 6578 6723 67 6700 6636 6791 6791 3164 3280 3286 6791 3285 6636 3 3164 4179 28 6 6724 6792 6637 6636 6791 4786 6703 6700 6723 6636
24

20

4687000

67

672

6723

6724

6791

6791

6700

6723

3286

T27N R6W

31

63

4686000

00

67

36

6724

66

663

4685000

16
6636

32

86

15

41

78

3164 6636 6723 4786 6636 6791


6700

3163 6636

6700 3286

4179

14
4178
6723

4807 3165

6637 3286 6723 6636


6
66 35

13
6637 6724 6792 6792 6723

3164

T27N R7W
6636

3 72

4684000

6636

6791 6636 4786 6636

4786 4786

6636

6725

6753

4786 6636 4179 4178

6723

21
4683000

6700

22
3164 6700 3164
6636

4786

23
6636 6723

24
6724 6636
679
672 3
4683000

6753 6636 4786 3163


67 23

6725

4786

6637

6791 6753 6791 6636 6636

4178 6723

6636 6791
67

6636
4682000

672

6636 6637 4786


4682000 4681000

6723 4786
3

6636 4786 6792 6723 6791 6636


672 4

4786 6636 6724

28
4179
6723

672

27
6636

26

4786

25 6636
6725 3163 4786 4786
6723

6724

6724

6792 6724 6724

4786

4681000

33
42 16' 29'' 571000
98 8' 32''

34
572000 573000 574000

35
575000

36
576000
98 4' 7''

4684000

4786 6724

6700

4685000

6791

4686000

66

36

23

67

4687000

4688000

67

00

Map Scale: 1:39,000 if printed on A size (8.5" x 11") sheet.

6753

32

86

6636

6723

6792

6723

663 6

24

42 16' 27''

0 0

350 1,500

700 3,000

1,400 6,000

Meters 2,100

Feet 9,000

Custom Soil Resource Report

MAP LEGEND
Area of Interest (AOI) Area of Interest (AOI) Soils Soil Map Units Special Line Features Gully Short Steep Slope Other Political Features Cities PLSS Township and Range PLSS Section Water Features Streams and Canals Transportation Rails Interstate Highways US Routes Major Roads

MAP INFORMATION
Map Scale: 1:39,000 if printed on A size (8.5" 11") sheet. The soil surveys that comprise your AOI were mapped at 1:20,000. Please rely on the bar scale on each map sheet for accurate map measurements. Source of Map: Natural Resources Conservation Service Web Soil Survey URL: http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov Coordinate System: UTM Zone 14N NAD83 This product is generated from the USDA-NRCS certified data as of the version date(s) listed below. Soil Survey Area: Antelope County, Nebraska Survey Area Data: Version 9, Jul 27, 2012 Date(s) aerial images were photographed: 7/29/2006

The orthophoto or other base map on which the soil lines were compiled and digitized probably differs from the background imagery displayed on these maps. As a result, some minor shifting of map unit boundaries may be evident.

Custom Soil Resource Report

Map Unit Legend


Antelope County, Nebraska (NE003) Map Unit Symbol 2330 3163 3164 3165 3252 3255 3268 3280 3281 3285 3286 4178 4179 4240 4786 4807 4876 4878 4879 6320 6578 6635 6636 6637 6660 6700 6703 Map Unit Name Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Valentine fine sand, rolling Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes Barney-Boel-Calamus complex, channeled Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Acres in AOI 13.7 63.9 123.8 24.9 7.8 61.3 33.8 153.9 12.3 6.6 215.4 157.9 77.5 14.5 320.4 20.5 35.3 51.3 20.3 54.7 24.0 30.4 1,652.2 54.3 26.3 397.2 19.6 Percent of AOI 0.2% 0.8% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 0.8% 0.4% 1.9% 0.2% 0.1% 2.7% 2.0% 1.0% 0.2% 4.0% 0.3% 0.4% 0.6% 0.3% 0.7% 0.3% 0.4% 20.6% 0.7% 0.3% 5.0% 0.2%

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Antelope County, Nebraska (NE003) Map Unit Symbol 6723 6724 6725 6753 6791 6792 9999 Totals for Area of Interest Map Unit Name Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Water Acres in AOI 2,868.9 1,004.9 132.8 77.6 176.3 67.4 3.8 8,005.3 Percent of AOI 35.8% 12.6% 1.7% 1.0% 2.2% 0.8% 0.0% 100.0%

Map Unit Descriptions


The map units delineated on the detailed soil maps in a soil survey represent the soils or miscellaneous areas in the survey area. The map unit descriptions, along with the maps, can be used to determine the composition and properties of a unit. A map unit delineation on a soil map represents an area dominated by one or more major kinds of soil or miscellaneous areas. A map unit is identified and named according to the taxonomic classification of the dominant soils. Within a taxonomic class there are precisely defined limits for the properties of the soils. On the landscape, however, the soils are natural phenomena, and they have the characteristic variability of all natural phenomena. Thus, the range of some observed properties may extend beyond the limits defined for a taxonomic class. Areas of soils of a single taxonomic class rarely, if ever, can be mapped without including areas of other taxonomic classes. Consequently, every map unit is made up of the soils or miscellaneous areas for which it is named and some minor components that belong to taxonomic classes other than those of the major soils. Most minor soils have properties similar to those of the dominant soil or soils in the map unit, and thus they do not affect use and management. These are called noncontrasting, or similar, components. They may or may not be mentioned in a particular map unit description. Other minor components, however, have properties and behavioral characteristics divergent enough to affect use or to require different management. These are called contrasting, or dissimilar, components. They generally are in small areas and could not be mapped separately because of the scale used. Some small areas of strongly contrasting soils or miscellaneous areas are identified by a special symbol on the maps. If included in the database for a given area, the contrasting minor components are identified in the map unit descriptions along with some characteristics of each. A few areas of minor components may not have been observed, and consequently they are not mentioned in the descriptions, especially where the pattern was so complex that it was impractical to make enough observations to identify all the soils and miscellaneous areas on the landscape. The presence of minor components in a map unit in no way diminishes the usefulness or accuracy of the data. The objective of mapping is not to delineate pure taxonomic classes but rather to separate the landscape into landforms or landform segments that have similar use and management requirements. The delineation of such segments on the map provides sufficient information for the development of resource plans. If

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Custom Soil Resource Report intensive use of small areas is planned, however, onsite investigation is needed to define and locate the soils and miscellaneous areas. An identifying symbol precedes the map unit name in the map unit descriptions. Each description includes general facts about the unit and gives important soil properties and qualities. Soils that have profiles that are almost alike make up a soil series. Except for differences in texture of the surface layer, all the soils of a series have major horizons that are similar in composition, thickness, and arrangement. Soils of one series can differ in texture of the surface layer, slope, stoniness, salinity, degree of erosion, and other characteristics that affect their use. On the basis of such differences, a soil series is divided into soil phases. Most of the areas shown on the detailed soil maps are phases of soil series. The name of a soil phase commonly indicates a feature that affects use or management. For example, Alpha silt loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes, is a phase of the Alpha series. Some map units are made up of two or more major soils or miscellaneous areas. These map units are complexes, associations, or undifferentiated groups. A complex consists of two or more soils or miscellaneous areas in such an intricate pattern or in such small areas that they cannot be shown separately on the maps. The pattern and proportion of the soils or miscellaneous areas are somewhat similar in all areas. Alpha-Beta complex, 0 to 6 percent slopes, is an example. An association is made up of two or more geographically associated soils or miscellaneous areas that are shown as one unit on the maps. Because of present or anticipated uses of the map units in the survey area, it was not considered practical or necessary to map the soils or miscellaneous areas separately. The pattern and relative proportion of the soils or miscellaneous areas are somewhat similar. AlphaBeta association, 0 to 2 percent slopes, is an example. An undifferentiated group is made up of two or more soils or miscellaneous areas that could be mapped individually but are mapped as one unit because similar interpretations can be made for use and management. The pattern and proportion of the soils or miscellaneous areas in a mapped area are not uniform. An area can be made up of only one of the major soils or miscellaneous areas, or it can be made up of all of them. Alpha and Beta soils, 0 to 2 percent slopes, is an example. Some surveys include miscellaneous areas. Such areas have little or no soil material and support little or no vegetation. Rock outcrop is an example.

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Antelope County, Nebraska


2330Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded
Map Unit Setting Elevation: 980 to 2,490 feet Mean annual precipitation: 18 to 29 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 52 degrees F Frost-free period: 125 to 170 days Map Unit Composition Inavale, rarely flooded, and similar soils: 95 percent Minor components: 5 percent Description of Inavale, Rarely Flooded Setting Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: Rare Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.9 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY LOWLAND (R102CY051NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Fine sand 7 to 11 inches: Fine sand 11 to 80 inches: Stratified fine sand to sand Minor Components Barney, frequently flooded Percent of map unit: 5 percent Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Ecological site: Wet Subirrigated (R066XY045NE)

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Custom Soil Resource Report

3163Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Doger and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Doger Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Footslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.5 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R065XY055NE) Other vegetative classification: Sands 22-25" P.Z. (065XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 31 inches: Fine sand 31 to 60 inches: Fine sand

3164Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F

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Custom Soil Resource Report Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Doger and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Doger Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Footslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.4 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Farmland of statewide importance Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sandy 22-25 P.Z. (R065XY054NE) Other vegetative classification: Sandy 22-25" P.Z. (065XY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 31 inches: Loamy fine sand 31 to 60 inches: Fine sand

3165Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Doger and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Doger Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, footslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear 16

Custom Soil Resource Report

Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.4 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sandy 22-25 P.Z. (R065XY054NE) Other vegetative classification: Sandy 22-25" P.Z. (065XY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 31 inches: Loamy fine sand 31 to 60 inches: Fine sand

3252Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Meadin and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Meadin Setting Landform: Knolls Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Loamy alluvium over sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High (1.98 to 5.95 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.3 inches)

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4s Land capability (nonirrigated): 4s Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Shallow to Gravel (R066XY062NE) Typical profile 0 to 6 inches: Sandy loam 6 to 10 inches: Very gravelly loamy sand 10 to 60 inches: Gravelly sand

3255Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Meadin and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Meadin Setting Landform: Hillslopes Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy alluvium over sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 30 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High (1.98 to 5.95 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.3 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6s Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Shallow to Gravel (R066XY062NE) Typical profile 0 to 6 inches: Sandy loam 6 to 10 inches: Very gravelly loamy sand 10 to 60 inches: Gravelly sand

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Custom Soil Resource Report

3268O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 2,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition O'neill and similar soils: 100 percent Description of O'neill Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Coarse-loamy alluvium over sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 2 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High (2.00 to 5.95 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.3 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sandy 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 8 inches: Sandy loam 8 to 25 inches: Sandy loam 25 to 60 inches: Gravelly sand

3280Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches

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Custom Soil Resource Report Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Paka and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Paka Setting Landform: Knolls Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Loamy residuum weathered from siltstone Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 40 to 60 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately low (0.01 to 0.14 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Moderate (about 7.5 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 2e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 17 inches: Loamy fine sand 17 to 47 inches: Clay loam 47 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock

3281Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Paka and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Paka Setting Landform: Hillslopes 20

Custom Soil Resource Report Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy residuum weathered from siltstone Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 40 to 60 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately low (0.01 to 0.14 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Moderate (about 7.5 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 17 inches: Loamy fine sand 17 to 47 inches: Clay loam 47 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock

3285Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Paka and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Paka Setting Landform: Flats Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy residuum weathered from siltstone Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 40 to 60 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained

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Custom Soil Resource Report Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately low (0.01 to 0.14 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: High (about 9.3 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 1 Land capability (nonirrigated): 1 Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: Loamy 18-22 P.Z. (R066XY036NE) Other vegetative classification: Silty - Veg. zone 3 (066XY058NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Loam 10 to 35 inches: Clay loam 35 to 47 inches: Loam 47 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock

3286Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Paka and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Paka Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy residuum weathered from siltstone Properties and qualities Slope: 2 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 40 to 60 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately low (0.01 to 0.14 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent

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Custom Soil Resource Report Available water capacity: High (about 9.3 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 2e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: Loamy 18-22 P.Z. (R066XY036NE) Other vegetative classification: Silty - Veg. zone 3 (066XY058NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loam 7 to 35 inches: Clay loam 35 to 47 inches: Loam 47 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock

4178Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Longford and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Longford Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loess Properties and qualities Slope: 1 to 4 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Low to moderately high (0.01 to 0.20 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Moderate (about 8.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: C 23

Custom Soil Resource Report

Typical profile 0 to 18 inches: Loamy fine sand 18 to 34 inches: Silty clay 34 to 41 inches: Silty clay loam 41 to 60 inches: Silt loam

4179Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 2,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Longford and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Longford Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loess Properties and qualities Slope: 1 to 4 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Low to moderately high (0.01 to 0.20 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: High (about 10.8 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: CLAYEY (R102CY057NE) Typical profile 0 to 11 inches: Loam 11 to 41 inches: Silty clay 41 to 60 inches: Silt loam

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Custom Soil Resource Report

4240Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Ord, rarely flooded, and similar soils: 98 percent Minor components: 2 percent Description of Ord, Rarely Flooded Setting Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Stratified sandy alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High (2.00 to 6.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: About 18 to 36 inches Frequency of flooding: Rare Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 40 percent Maximum salinity: Nonsaline (0.0 to 2.0 mmhos/cm) Sodium adsorption ratio, maximum: 5.0 Available water capacity: Low (about 4.9 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Prime farmland if drained Land capability classification (irrigated): 2w Land capability (nonirrigated): 2w Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: SUBIRRIGATED (R102CY046NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Fine sandy loam 10 to 21 inches: Fine sandy loam 21 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Orwet Percent of map unit: 2 percent Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear 25

Custom Soil Resource Report Ecological site: WET SUBIRRIGATED (R102CY045NE)

4786Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Valentine and similar soils: 98 percent Minor components: 2 percent Description of Valentine Setting Landform: Dunes, ridges Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex, linear Parent material: Eolian sands Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R065XY055NE) Other vegetative classification: Sands 22-25" P.Z. (065XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 5 inches: Fine sand 5 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Loup, frequently ponded Percent of map unit: 2 percent Landform: Swales Down-slope shape: Concave

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Custom Soil Resource Report Across-slope shape: Linear Other vegetative classification: Wet Land - Veg. zone 3 (102BY044NE)

4807Valentine fine sand, rolling


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Valentine and similar soils: 98 percent Minor components: 2 percent Description of Valentine Setting Landform: Dunes Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Eolian sands Properties and qualities Slope: 6 to 15 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R065XY055NE) Other vegetative classification: Sands 22-25" P.Z. (065XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 5 inches: Fine sand 5 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Loup, frequently ponded Percent of map unit: 2 percent Landform: Swales Down-slope shape: Concave

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Custom Soil Resource Report Across-slope shape: Linear Other vegetative classification: Wet Land - Veg. zone 3 (102BY044NE)

4876Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 3,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Valentine and similar soils: 65 percent Simeon and similar soils: 35 percent Description of Valentine Setting Landform: Hummocks Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Eolian sands Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sandy 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 5 inches: Fine sand 5 to 60 inches: Fine sand Description of Simeon Setting Landform: Flats Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear

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Custom Soil Resource Report Parent material: Sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.0 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loamy sand 7 to 60 inches: Sand

4878Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 3,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Valentine and similar soils: 60 percent Simeon and similar soils: 40 percent Description of Valentine Setting Landform: Ridges, hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Eolian sands Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr)

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Custom Soil Resource Report Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 5 inches: Fine sand 5 to 60 inches: Fine sand Description of Simeon Setting Landform: Hillslopes Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.0 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loamy sand 7 to 60 inches: Sand

4879Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 3,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F

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Custom Soil Resource Report Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Valentine and similar soils: 55 percent Simeon and similar soils: 45 percent Description of Valentine Setting Landform: Ridges, hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Eolian sands Properties and qualities Slope: 6 to 11 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 3.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 5 inches: Fine sand 5 to 60 inches: Fine sand Description of Simeon Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 6 to 11 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.0 inches)

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6s Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sands 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loamy sand 7 to 60 inches: Sand

6320Barney-Boel-Calamus complex, channeled


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,310 to 2,490 feet Mean annual precipitation: 18 to 25 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 52 degrees F Frost-free period: 125 to 150 days Map Unit Composition Barney, channeled, frequently flooded, and similar soils: 50 percent Boel, channeled, occasionally flooded, and similar soils: 18 percent Calamus and similar soils: 17 percent Minor components: 15 percent Description of Barney, Channeled, Frequently Flooded Setting Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy alluvium over sandy and gravelly alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 1 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Poorly drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.60 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: About 0 to 18 inches Frequency of flooding: Frequent Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Low (about 4.5 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6w Hydrologic Soil Group: B/D Ecological site: Wet Subirrigated (R066XY045NE)

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loam 7 to 18 inches: Stratified fine sand to loamy fine sand 18 to 80 inches: Sand Description of Boel, Channeled, Occasionally Flooded Setting Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat poorly drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: About 18 to 36 inches Frequency of flooding: Occasional Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Low (about 3.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6w Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Subirrigated (R065XY024NE) Other vegetative classification: Subirrigated - Veg. zone 4 (106XY066NE_3) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loamy sand 7 to 10 inches: Loamy sand 10 to 80 inches: Stratified sand to sandy loam to loamy sand Description of Calamus Setting Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy alluvium Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Moderately well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: About 36 to 60 inches Frequency of flooding: Rare Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.1 inches)

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: Sandy Lowland (R066XY051NE) Other vegetative classification: Sandy 22-25" P.Z. (065XY054NE_2) Typical profile 0 to 4 inches: Sand 4 to 6 inches: Sand 6 to 48 inches: Stratified sand to sandy loam to loamy sand 48 to 80 inches: Stratified sand to sandy loam to loamy sand Minor Components Fluvaquents, sandy, frequently flooded Percent of map unit: 11 percent Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Blackloup, wet Percent of map unit: 3 percent Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Ecological site: Wet Subirrigated (R066XY045NE) Inavale Percent of map unit: 1 percent Landform: Flood plains Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Ecological site: Sandy Lowland (R066XY051NE) Other vegetative classification: Sandy Lowland 22-25" P.Z. (065XY051NE_2)

6578Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,500 to 2,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Ortello and similar soils: 100 percent

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Description of Ortello Setting Landform: Flats Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High (2.00 to 6.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Moderate (about 7.2 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 2e Land capability (nonirrigated): 2e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 14 inches: Fine sandy loam 14 to 32 inches: Fine sandy loam 32 to 60 inches: Loamy fine sand

6635Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Boelus and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Boelus Setting Landform: Hillslopes Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Eolian sands over silty eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches

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Custom Soil Resource Report Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.60 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Moderate (about 9.0 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Fine sand 10 to 29 inches: Loamy fine sand 29 to 48 inches: Silt loam 48 to 60 inches: Silt loam

6636Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 800 to 5,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Boelus and similar soils: 99 percent Minor components: 1 percent Description of Boelus Setting Landform: Knolls Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Eolian sands over silty eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.60 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent

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Custom Soil Resource Report Available water capacity: High (about 9.2 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Farmland of statewide importance Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Loamy fine sand 10 to 29 inches: Loamy fine sand 29 to 48 inches: Silt loam 48 to 60 inches: Silt loam Minor Components Ponded soils Percent of map unit: 1 percent Landform: Depressions Down-slope shape: Concave Across-slope shape: Concave

6637Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Boelus and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Boelus Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Eolian sands over silty eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.60 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None

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Custom Soil Resource Report Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: High (about 9.2 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Farmland of statewide importance Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Loamy fine sand 10 to 29 inches: Loamy fine sand 29 to 48 inches: Silt loam 48 to 60 inches: Silt loam

6660Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Brunswick and similar soils: 65 percent Paka and similar soils: 35 percent Description of Brunswick Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Residuum weathered from sandstone Properties and qualities Slope: 11 to 30 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 20 to 40 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (1.42 to 6.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Very low (about 2.7 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: B 38

Custom Soil Resource Report Ecological site: Sandy 22-25 P.Z. (R066XY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 4 inches: Fine sandy loam 4 to 17 inches: Fine sandy loam 17 to 23 inches: Loamy fine sand 23 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock Description of Paka Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy residuum weathered from siltstone Properties and qualities Slope: 11 to 30 percent Depth to restrictive feature: 40 to 60 inches to paralithic bedrock Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately low (0.01 to 0.14 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 5 percent Available water capacity: Moderate (about 8.4 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: Loamy 18-22 P.Z. (R066XY036NE) Other vegetative classification: Silty - Veg. zone 3 (066XY058NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Loam 7 to 30 inches: Clay loam 30 to 42 inches: Silt loam 42 to 60 inches: Weathered bedrock

6700Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 800 to 5,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Map Unit Composition Thurman and similar soils: 99 percent Minor components: 1 percent Description of Thurman Setting Landform: Hummocks Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.1 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Farmland of statewide importance Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 3e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 16 inches: Loamy fine sand 16 to 24 inches: Loamy fine sand 24 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Ponded soils Percent of map unit: 1 percent Landform: Depressions Down-slope shape: Concave Across-slope shape: Concave

6703Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 2,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days

40

Custom Soil Resource Report

Map Unit Composition Thurman and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Thurman Setting Landform: Dunes Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 5.1 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 16 inches: Loamy fine sand 16 to 24 inches: Loamy fine sand 24 to 60 inches: Fine sand

6723Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 800 to 5,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Thurman and similar soils: 99 percent Minor components: 1 percent Description of Thurman Setting Landform: Hummocks Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Convex 41

Custom Soil Resource Report Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 3 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 16 inches: Fine sand 16 to 24 inches: Loamy fine sand 24 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Ponded soils Percent of map unit: 1 percent Landform: Depressions Down-slope shape: Concave Across-slope shape: Concave

6724Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 800 to 5,500 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Thurman and similar soils: 99 percent Minor components: 1 percent Description of Thurman Setting Landform: Ridges Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Linear

42

Custom Soil Resource Report Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 3 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 4e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDY (R102CY054NE) Typical profile 0 to 16 inches: Fine sand 16 to 24 inches: Loamy fine sand 24 to 60 inches: Fine sand Minor Components Ponded soils Percent of map unit: 1 percent Landform: Depressions Down-slope shape: Concave Across-slope shape: Concave

6725Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 2,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Thurman and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Thurman Setting Landform: Ridges Down-slope shape: Convex Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Sandy eolian deposits

43

Custom Soil Resource Report

Properties and qualities Slope: 6 to 11 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Somewhat excessively drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): High to very high (5.95 to 19.98 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Available water capacity: Low (about 4.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: Not prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 4e Land capability (nonirrigated): 6e Hydrologic Soil Group: A Ecological site: SANDS (R102CY055NE) Typical profile 0 to 16 inches: Fine sand 16 to 24 inches: Loamy fine sand 24 to 60 inches: Fine sand

6753Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 1,950 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Nora and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Nora Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Fine-silty calcareous loess Properties and qualities Slope: 2 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.20 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None 44

Custom Soil Resource Report Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 15 percent Maximum salinity: Nonsaline (0.0 to 2.0 mmhos/cm) Available water capacity: High (about 11.5 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 2e Hydrologic Soil Group: C Ecological site: LOAMY (R102CY058NE) Typical profile 0 to 7 inches: Silt loam 7 to 21 inches: Silty clay loam 21 to 60 inches: Silt loam

6791Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Loretto and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Loretto Setting Landform: Flats Down-slope shape: Linear Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 0 to 2 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.60 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 10 percent Available water capacity: High (about 11.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 1 Land capability (nonirrigated): 1 Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: LOAMY (R102CY058NE) 45

Custom Soil Resource Report

Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Loam 10 to 28 inches: Loam 28 to 50 inches: Loam 50 to 60 inches: Loam

6792Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes


Map Unit Setting Elevation: 1,000 to 3,000 feet Mean annual precipitation: 24 to 26 inches Mean annual air temperature: 46 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 140 to 160 days Map Unit Composition Loretto and similar soils: 100 percent Description of Loretto Setting Landform: Hillslopes Landform position (two-dimensional): Backslope, shoulder, summit Down-slope shape: Convex, concave Across-slope shape: Linear Parent material: Loamy eolian deposits Properties and qualities Slope: 2 to 6 percent Depth to restrictive feature: More than 80 inches Drainage class: Well drained Capacity of the most limiting layer to transmit water (Ksat): Moderately high to high (0.20 to 2.00 in/hr) Depth to water table: More than 80 inches Frequency of flooding: None Frequency of ponding: None Calcium carbonate, maximum content: 10 percent Available water capacity: High (about 11.6 inches) Interpretive groups Farmland classification: All areas are prime farmland Land capability classification (irrigated): 3e Land capability (nonirrigated): 2e Hydrologic Soil Group: B Ecological site: LOAMY (R102CY058NE) Typical profile 0 to 10 inches: Loam 10 to 28 inches: Loam 28 to 50 inches: Loam 50 to 60 inches: Loam

46

Custom Soil Resource Report

9999Water
Map Unit Setting Elevation: 3,500 to 5,250 feet Mean annual precipitation: 22 to 24 inches Mean annual air temperature: 47 to 50 degrees F Frost-free period: 120 to 150 days Map Unit Composition Water: 100 percent

47

Soil Information for All Uses


Suitabilities and Limitations for Use
The Suitabilities and Limitations for Use section includes various soil interpretations displayed as thematic maps with a summary table for the soil map units in the selected area of interest. A single value or rating for each map unit is generated by aggregating the interpretive ratings of individual map unit components. This aggregation process is defined for each interpretation.

Building Site Development


Building site development interpretations are designed to be used as tools for evaluating soil suitability and identifying soil limitations for various construction purposes. As part of the interpretation process, the rating applies to each soil in its described condition and does not consider present land use. Example interpretations can include corrosion of concrete and steel, shallow excavations, dwellings with and without basements, small commercial buildings, local roads and streets, and lawns and landscaping.

Corrosion of Steel
"Risk of corrosion" pertains to potential soil-induced electrochemical or chemical action that corrodes or weakens uncoated steel. The rate of corrosion of uncoated steel is related to such factors as soil moisture, particle-size distribution, acidity, and electrical conductivity of the soil. Special site examination and design may be needed if the combination of factors results in a severe hazard of corrosion. The steel in installations that intersect soil boundaries or soil layers is more susceptible to corrosion than the steel in installations that are entirely within one kind of soil or within one soil layer. The risk of corrosion is expressed as "low," "moderate," or "high."

48

Custom Soil Resource Report MapCorrosion of Steel


98 8' 28'' 98 4' 3''

42 20' 54''

571000

572000

573000

574000

575000

576000

42 20' 52''

4688000

4178

3286

4879 2330 4878 3281 4179 3255 4878 6792 6636 4179 3255 6723 4240 3268 3268 3268 23 6753 67 3252 6700 4878 2330 6724 23 4179 4876 9999 67 0 6700 2 6724 4178 2330 63 4178 6700 6723 3163 3163 6725 3268 6635 3164 6636 4786 6724 4878 86 6725 3164 3280 32 6724 4179 3164 6724 6723 6725 6723 3 3164 6723 4879 672 6700 3286 80 6753 6723 3280 6 32 6636 663 6700 6703 6723 4786 4879 6791 4178 6723 6636 12 3164 11 3164 10 6636 3286 9 6660 4878 3 4179 6724 6700 672 6700 3164 6791 3286 3281 6700 6700 4178 6725 6700 6636 4878 3164 6723 3163 6723 3165 3280 4786 3280 6753 00 6578 6723 67 6700 6636 6791 6791 3164 3280 3286 6791 3285 6636 3 3164 4179 28 6 6724 6792 6637 6636 6791 4786 6703 6700 6723 6636
24

20

67

672

6723

6724

6791

6791

6723

6700

3286

4687000

31

63

4686000

00

67

36

66

663

6724

4685000

16
6636

32

3164

86

15

41

3163 6636

6700 3286

14
4178
6723

6636 4786 6636 6725 6791


6700

3164

T27N R7W
6636

3165

4807

6723 6636
66

6637 3286
6 3 72

13
6637 6724 6792 6792 6723

6723
4684000

6636

6636

6791 6636 4786

6753

4786 6636

4786 4786

6636 4179

4178

6723

21
4683000

6700

22
3164 6700 6791 6753 3164
6636

23
6636 6723 6725 6636
679
672

24
6724

4786 3163

67

23

6637

4682000

6723

28
4179

4786
6723

6636 4786
672

4786

6724

6724

6792 6724 6724

27

672

6636

6792 6723 6791 6636

4786

26

4786

6725 3163 4786

25 6636
6723

4786

4681000

42 16' 29''

33
571000 572000

34
573000 574000

35
575000

36
576000

4681000

4682000

6636

672

6791 6636 6636

6636 6791

4178 6723

6636 6637
67

4786 6636 6724

4683000

6753 6636

4786

4684000

4786 6724

6700 4786

4685000

6791

78

4179

4686000

66

36

23

67

4687000

T27N R6W

4688000

67

00

98 8' 32''

0 0

350 1,500

700 3,000

1,400 6,000

Meters 2,100

Feet 9,000

98 4' 7''

Map Scale: 1:39,000 if printed on A size (8.5" x 11") sheet.

6753

32

86

6636

6723

6792

6723

35
3

663 6

24

42 16' 27''

Custom Soil Resource Report

MAP LEGEND
Area of Interest (AOI) Area of Interest (AOI) Soils Soil Map Units Soil Ratings High Moderate Low Not rated or not available Political Features Cities PLSS Township and Range PLSS Section Water Features Streams and Canals Transportation Rails Interstate Highways US Routes Major Roads

MAP INFORMATION
Map Scale: 1:39,000 if printed on A size (8.5" 11") sheet. The soil surveys that comprise your AOI were mapped at 1:20,000. Warning: Soil Map may not be valid at this scale. Enlargement of maps beyond the scale of mapping can cause misunderstanding of the detail of mapping and accuracy of soil line placement. The maps do not show the small areas of contrasting soils that could have been shown at a more detailed scale. Please rely on the bar scale on each map sheet for accurate map measurements. Source of Map: Natural Resources Conservation Service Web Soil Survey URL: http://websoilsurvey.nrcs.usda.gov Coordinate System: UTM Zone 14N NAD83 This product is generated from the USDA-NRCS certified data as of the version date(s) listed below. Soil Survey Area: Antelope County, Nebraska Survey Area Data: Version 9, Jul 27, 2012 Date(s) aerial images were photographed: 7/29/2006

The orthophoto or other base map on which the soil lines were compiled and digitized probably differs from the background imagery displayed on these maps. As a result, some minor shifting of map unit boundaries may be evident.

Custom Soil Resource Report

TableCorrosion of Steel
Corrosion of Steel Summary by Map Unit Antelope County, Nebraska (NE003) Map unit symbol 2330 3163 3164 3165 3252 3255 3268 3280 3281 3285 3286 4178 4179 4240 4786 4807 4876 4878 4879 6320 6578 6635 6636 Map unit name Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded Moderate Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent Low slopes Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Valentine fine sand, rolling Low Low Low Low Moderate High High High High Low High High Low Low Rating Acres in AOI 13.7 63.9 123.8 24.9 7.8 61.3 33.8 153.9 12.3 6.6 215.4 157.9 77.5 14.5 320.4 20.5 35.3 51.3 20.3 54.7 24.0 30.4 1,652.2 Percent of AOI 0.2% 0.8% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 0.8% 0.4% 1.9% 0.2% 0.1% 2.7% 2.0% 1.0% 0.2% 4.0% 0.3% 0.4% 0.6% 0.3% 0.7% 0.3% 0.4% 20.6%

Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to Low 3 percent slopes Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to Low 6 percent slopes Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to Low 11 percent slopes Barney-Boel-Calamus complex, channeled Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes High Moderate

Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent Moderate slopes Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes Moderate

51

Custom Soil Resource Report

Corrosion of Steel Summary by Map Unit Antelope County, Nebraska (NE003) Map unit symbol 6637 6660 6700 6703 6723 6724 6725 6753 6791 6792 9999 Map unit name Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Moderate Rating Acres in AOI 54.3 26.3 397.2 19.6 2,868.9 1,004.9 132.8 77.6 176.3 67.4 3.8 8,005.3 Percent of AOI 0.7% 0.3% 5.0% 0.2% 35.8% 12.6% 1.7% 1.0% 2.2% 0.8% 0.0% 100.0%

Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to High 30 percent slopes Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Water Low Low Low Low Low Moderate Low Low

Totals for Area of Interest

Rating OptionsCorrosion of Steel


Aggregation Method: Dominant Condition Component Percent Cutoff: None Specified Tie-break Rule: Higher

52

Custom Soil Resource Report

Soil Reports
The Soil Reports section includes various formatted tabular and narrative reports (tables) containing data for each selected soil map unit and each component of each unit. No aggregation of data has occurred as is done in reports in the Soil Properties and Qualities and Suitabilities and Limitations sections. The reports contain soil interpretive information as well as basic soil properties and qualities. A description of each report (table) is included.

Soil Chemical Properties


This folder contains a collection of tabular reports that present soil chemical properties. The reports (tables) include all selected map units and components for each map unit. Soil chemical properties are measured or inferred from direct observations in the field or laboratory. Examples of soil chemical properties include pH, cation exchange capacity, calcium carbonate, gypsum, and electrical conductivity.

Chemical Soil Properties


This table shows estimates of some chemical characteristics and features that affect soil behavior. These estimates are given for the layers of each soil in the survey area. The estimates are based on field observations and on test data for these and similar soils. Depth to the upper and lower boundaries of each layer is indicated. Cation-exchange capacity is the total amount of extractable cations that can be held by the soil, expressed in terms of milliequivalents per 100 grams of soil at neutrality (pH 7.0) or at some other stated pH value. Soils having a low cation-exchange capacity hold fewer cations and may require more frequent applications of fertilizer than soils having a high cation-exchange capacity. The ability to retain cations reduces the hazard of ground-water pollution. Effective cation-exchange capacity refers to the sum of extractable cations plus aluminum expressed in terms of milliequivalents per 100 grams of soil. It is determined for soils that have pH of less than 5.5. Soil reaction is a measure of acidity or alkalinity. It is important in selecting crops and other plants, in evaluating soil amendments for fertility and stabilization, and in determining the risk of corrosion. Calcium carbonate equivalent is the percent of carbonates, by weight, in the fraction of the soil less than 2 millimeters in size. The availability of plant nutrients is influenced by the amount of carbonates in the soil. Gypsum is expressed as a percent, by weight, of hydrated calcium sulfates in the fraction of the soil less than 20 millimeters in size. Gypsum is partially soluble in water. Soils that have a high content of gypsum may collapse if the gypsum is removed by percolating water.

53

Custom Soil Resource Report Salinity is a measure of soluble salts in the soil at saturation. It is expressed as the electrical conductivity of the saturation extract, in millimhos per centimeter at 25 degrees C. Estimates are based on field and laboratory measurements at representative sites of nonirrigated soils. The salinity of irrigated soils is affected by the quality of the irrigation water and by the frequency of water application. Hence, the salinity of soils in individual fields can differ greatly from the value given in the table. Salinity affects the suitability of a soil for crop production, the stability of soil if used as construction material, and the potential of the soil to corrode metal and concrete. Sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) is a measure of the amount of sodium (Na) relative to calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) in the water extract from saturated soil paste. It is the ratio of the Na concentration divided by the square root of one-half of the Ca + Mg concentration. Soils that have SAR values of 13 or more may be characterized by an increased dispersion of organic matter and clay particles, reduced saturated hydraulic conductivity and aeration, and a general degradation of soil structure.

54

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 2330Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded Inavale, rarely flooded 0-7 7-11 11-80 3163Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60 3164Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60 3165Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60 3252Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 6-10 10-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

1.0-5.0 1.0-10 1.0-10

5.6-7.8 5.6-7.8 5.6-7.8

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

2.0-6.0 2.0-8.0

5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

2.0-10 2.0-8.0

5.6-7.3 6.6-7.8

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

2.0-10 2.0-8.0

5.6-7.3 6.6-7.8

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

10-20 5.0-15 0.0-5.0

5.1-7.3 5.1-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

55

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 3255Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 6-10 10-60 3268O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes O'neill 0-8 8-25 25-60 3280Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60 3281Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60 3285Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-10 10-35 35-47 47-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

10-20 5.0-15 0.0-5.0

5.1-7.3 5.1-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

10-20 5.0-15 0.0-5.0

5.1-6.5 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0.0-10 10-25

5.6-7.3 7.4-8.4

0 0-5

0 0

0 0

0 0

0.0-10 10-25

5.6-7.3 7.4-8.4

0 0-5

0 0

0 0

0 0

10-45 15-25 10-25

6.6-7.3 6.6-7.8 7.4-8.4

0 0 0-5

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

56

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 3286Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-7 7-35 35-47 47-60 4178Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-18 18-34 34-41 41-60 4179Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-11 11-41 41-60 4240Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded Ord, rarely flooded 0-10 10-21 21-60 4786Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

10-45 15-25 10-25

6.6-7.3 6.6-7.8 7.4-8.4

0 0 0-5

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0.0-10 24-33 18-28 8.0-19

5.6-7.3 6.1-7.3 6.1-7.3 6.1-7.8

0 0 0 0-5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

10-25 15-35 10-30

5.6-7.3 6.1-7.3 6.1-7.8

0 0 0-5

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

10-20 5.0-15 0.0-10

7.4-8.4 6.6-8.4 6.6-8.4

5-40 0-5 0-5

0 0 0

0.0-2.0 0.0-2.0 0

0-5 0-2 0

0.0-6.0 0.0-5.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

57

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 4807Valentine fine sand, rolling Valentine 0-5 5-60 4876Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 4878Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 4879Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

0.0-6.0 0.0-5.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0

0 0

0 0

0 0

0.0-6.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0.0-6.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0.0-6.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0 0.0-5.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

58

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 6320Barney-Boel-Calamus complex, channeled Barney, channeled, frequently flooded 0-7 7-18 18-80 Boel, channeled, occasionally flooded 0-7 7-10 10-80 Calamus 0-4 4-6 6-48 48-80 6578Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes Ortello 0-14 14-32 32-60 6635Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

11-22 0.0-4.0 0.0-4.0 4.0-11 0.0-4.0 0.0-4.0 1.0-10 2.0-10 1.0-10 1.0-8.0

6.6-8.4 6.6-7.8 6.6-7.8 6.6-8.4 6.6-8.4 6.6-8.4 5.6-7.8 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0-5 0 0 0-5 0-5 0-5 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

5.0-15 5.0-15 5.0-15

5.1-7.3 6.1-7.3 6.1-7.8

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

2.0-13 2.0-8.0 11-25 11-25

5.6-6.0 6.1-6.5 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0 0 0-5 0-5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

59

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 6636Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60 6637Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60 6660Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes Brunswick 0-4 4-17 17-23 23-60 Paka 0-7 7-30 30-42 42-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

2.0-14 2.0-8.0 11-25 11-25

5.6-6.0 6.1-6.5 6.1-7.8 6.6-7.8

0 0 0-5 0-5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

2.0-14 2.0-8.0 11-25 11-25

5.6-6.0 6.1-6.5 6.1-7.8 6.1-7.8

0 0 0-5 0-5

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

7.0-15 6.0-13 3.0-7.0 10-45 15-25 10-25

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.8 6.6-7.3 6.6-7.8 7.4-8.4

0 0 0 0 0 0-5

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

60

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 6700Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6703Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6723Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6724Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6725Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

4.0-10 1.0-10 1.0-6.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

4.0-10 1.0-10 1.0-6.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

2.0-7.0 1.0-10 1.0-6.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

2.0-7.0 1.0-10 1.0-6.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

2.0-7.0 1.0-10 1.0-6.0

5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3 5.6-7.3

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

0 0 0

61

Custom Soil Resource Report

Chemical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Cationexchange capacity meq/100g Effective cationexchange capacity meq/100g Soil reaction Calcium carbonate Gypsum Salinity Sodium adsorption ratio

In 6753Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Nora 0-7 7-21 21-60 6791Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 6792Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 9999Water Water

pH

Pct

Pct

mmhos/cm

15-25 15-25 10-22

6.1-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.6-8.4

0 0-5 5-15

0 0 0

0.0-2.0 0.0-2.0 0.0-2.0

0 0 0

10-25 15-25 10-25 10-25

5.1-6.5 5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.6-8.4

0 0 0 0-10

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

10-25 15-25 10-25 10-25

5.1-6.5 5.6-7.3 6.1-7.8 6.6-8.4

0 0 0 0-10

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

62

Custom Soil Resource Report

Soil Physical Properties


This folder contains a collection of tabular reports that present soil physical properties. The reports (tables) include all selected map units and components for each map unit. Soil physical properties are measured or inferred from direct observations in the field or laboratory. Examples of soil physical properties include percent clay, organic matter, saturated hydraulic conductivity, available water capacity, and bulk density.

Physical Soil Properties


This table shows estimates of some physical characteristics and features that affect soil behavior. These estimates are given for the layers of each soil in the survey area. The estimates are based on field observations and on test data for these and similar soils. Depth to the upper and lower boundaries of each layer is indicated. Particle size is the effective diameter of a soil particle as measured by sedimentation, sieving, or micrometric methods. Particle sizes are expressed as classes with specific effective diameter class limits. The broad classes are sand, silt, and clay, ranging from the larger to the smaller. Sand as a soil separate consists of mineral soil particles that are 0.05 millimeter to 2 millimeters in diameter. In this table, the estimated sand content of each soil layer is given as a percentage, by weight, of the soil material that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. Silt as a soil separate consists of mineral soil particles that are 0.002 to 0.05 millimeter in diameter. In this table, the estimated silt content of each soil layer is given as a percentage, by weight, of the soil material that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. Clay as a soil separate consists of mineral soil particles that are less than 0.002 millimeter in diameter. In this table, the estimated clay content of each soil layer is given as a percentage, by weight, of the soil material that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. The content of sand, silt, and clay affects the physical behavior of a soil. Particle size is important for engineering and agronomic interpretations, for determination of soil hydrologic qualities, and for soil classification. The amount and kind of clay affect the fertility and physical condition of the soil and the ability of the soil to adsorb cations and to retain moisture. They influence shrinkswell potential, saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat), plasticity, the ease of soil dispersion, and other soil properties. The amount and kind of clay in a soil also affect tillage and earthmoving operations. Moist bulk density is the weight of soil (ovendry) per unit volume. Volume is measured when the soil is at field moisture capacity, that is, the moisture content at 1/3- or 1/10bar (33kPa or 10kPa) moisture tension. Weight is determined after the soil is dried at 105 degrees C. In the table, the estimated moist bulk density of each soil horizon is expressed in grams per cubic centimeter of soil material that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. Bulk density data are used to compute linear extensibility, shrink-swell potential, available water capacity, total pore space, and other soil properties. The moist bulk density of a soil indicates the pore space available for water and roots.

63

Custom Soil Resource Report Depending on soil texture, a bulk density of more than 1.4 can restrict water storage and root penetration. Moist bulk density is influenced by texture, kind of clay, content of organic matter, and soil structure. Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) refers to the ease with which pores in a saturated soil transmit water. The estimates in the table are expressed in terms of micrometers per second. They are based on soil characteristics observed in the field, particularly structure, porosity, and texture. Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) is considered in the design of soil drainage systems and septic tank absorption fields. Available water capacity refers to the quantity of water that the soil is capable of storing for use by plants. The capacity for water storage is given in inches of water per inch of soil for each soil layer. The capacity varies, depending on soil properties that affect retention of water. The most important properties are the content of organic matter, soil texture, bulk density, and soil structure. Available water capacity is an important factor in the choice of plants or crops to be grown and in the design and management of irrigation systems. Available water capacity is not an estimate of the quantity of water actually available to plants at any given time. Linear extensibility refers to the change in length of an unconfined clod as moisture content is decreased from a moist to a dry state. It is an expression of the volume change between the water content of the clod at 1/3- or 1/10-bar tension (33kPa or 10kPa tension) and oven dryness. The volume change is reported in the table as percent change for the whole soil. The amount and type of clay minerals in the soil influence volume change. Linear extensibility is used to determine the shrink-swell potential of soils. The shrinkswell potential is low if the soil has a linear extensibility of less than 3 percent; moderate if 3 to 6 percent; high if 6 to 9 percent; and very high if more than 9 percent. If the linear extensibility is more than 3, shrinking and swelling can cause damage to buildings, roads, and other structures and to plant roots. Special design commonly is needed. Organic matter is the plant and animal residue in the soil at various stages of decomposition. In this table, the estimated content of organic matter is expressed as a percentage, by weight, of the soil material that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. The content of organic matter in a soil can be maintained by returning crop residue to the soil. Organic matter has a positive effect on available water capacity, water infiltration, soil organism activity, and tilth. It is a source of nitrogen and other nutrients for crops and soil organisms. Erosion factors are shown in the table as the K factor (Kw and Kf) and the T factor. Erosion factor K indicates the susceptibility of a soil to sheet and rill erosion by water. Factor K is one of six factors used in the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) and the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) to predict the average annual rate of soil loss by sheet and rill erosion in tons per acre per year. The estimates are based primarily on percentage of silt, sand, and organic matter and on soil structure and Ksat. Values of K range from 0.02 to 0.69. Other factors being equal, the higher the value, the more susceptible the soil is to sheet and rill erosion by water. Erosion factor Kw indicates the erodibility of the whole soil. The estimates are modified by the presence of rock fragments. Erosion factor Kf indicates the erodibility of the fine-earth fraction, or the material less than 2 millimeters in size.

64

Custom Soil Resource Report Erosion factor T is an estimate of the maximum average annual rate of soil erosion by wind and/or water that can occur without affecting crop productivity over a sustained period. The rate is in tons per acre per year. Wind erodibility groups are made up of soils that have similar properties affecting their susceptibility to wind erosion in cultivated areas. The soils assigned to group 1 are the most susceptible to wind erosion, and those assigned to group 8 are the least susceptible. The groups are described in the "National Soil Survey Handbook." Wind erodibility index is a numerical value indicating the susceptibility of soil to wind erosion, or the tons per acre per year that can be expected to be lost to wind erosion. There is a close correlation between wind erosion and the texture of the surface layer, the size and durability of surface clods, rock fragments, organic matter, and a calcareous reaction. Soil moisture and frozen soil layers also influence wind erosion. Reference: United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. National soil survey handbook, title 430-VI. (http://soils.usda.gov)

65

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 2330Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded Inavale, rarely flooded 0-7 7-11 11-80 3163Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60 3164Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60 3165Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 31-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-96-92-92-

- 1- 1- 1-

1- 3- 5 3- 7- 10 3- 7- 10

1.50-1.60 1.50-1.60 1.50-1.60

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.12 0.06-0.11 0.05-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .15 .05

.10 .15 .05

220

-96-95-

- 1- 1-

1- 3- 5 2- 4- 10

1.25-1.35 1.40-1.65

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.06-0.08 0.06-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-1.0

.10 .10

.10 .10

180

-87-95-

- 7- 1-

2- 6- 10 2- 4- 10

1.25-1.35 1.40-1.65

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.08-0.12 0.06-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-3.0 0.0-1.0

.15 .10

.15 .10

134

-87-95-

- 7- 1-

2- 6- 10 2- 4- 10

1.25-1.35 1.40-1.65

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.08-0.12 0.06-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-3.0 0.0-1.0

.15 .10

.15 .10

134

66

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 3252Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 6-10 10-60 3255Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 6-10 10-60 3268O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes O'neill 0-8 8-25 25-60 3280Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-68-86-90-

-24- 4- 6-

5- 9- 12 5-10- 18 2- 4- 5

1.50-1.60 1.50-1.60 1.50-1.70

14.00-42.00 14.00-141.00 42.00-705.00

0.13-0.18 0.09-0.11 0.02-0.05

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.17 .05 .05

.17 .10 .10

86

-68-86-90-

-24- 4- 6-

5- 9- 12 5-10- 18 2- 4- 5

1.50-1.60 1.50-1.60 1.50-1.70

14.00-42.00 14.00-141.00 42.00-705.00

0.13-0.18 0.09-0.11 0.02-0.05

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.17 .05 .05

.17 .10 .10

86

-69-68-97-

-24-20- 2-

3- 8- 12 6-12- 18 0- 2- 3

1.60-1.80 1.60-1.80 1.50-1.70

14.11-42.00 14.11-42.33 42.00-705.00

0.10-0.15 0.10-0.15 0.02-0.04

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-3.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.15 .24 .05

.15 .24 .05

86

-87-27

- 7-45

2- 6- 10 20-28- 32

1.70-1.90 1.40-1.60

42.00-141.00 1.40-14.00 0.10-1.00

0.10-0.12 0.18-0.20

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0

.20 .43

.20 .43

134

67

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 3281Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60 3285Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-10 10-35 35-47 47-60 3286Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-7 7-35 35-47 47-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-87-27

- 7-45

2- 6- 10 20-28- 32

1.70-1.90 1.40-1.60

42.00-141.00 1.40-14.00 0.10-1.00

0.10-0.12 0.18-0.20

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0

.20 .43

.20 .43

134

-38- 7-33

-43-64-44

14-20- 25 24-30- 35 18-23- 27

1.20-1.40 1.40-1.60 1.20-1.40

4.23-14.11 1.41-4.23 4.23-14.11 0.10-1.00

0.20-0.22 0.18-0.20 0.20-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-2.9

2.0-4.0 1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0

.37 .43 .55

.37 .43 .55

56

-38- 7-33

-43-64-44

14-20- 25 24-30- 35 18-23- 27

1.20-1.40 1.40-1.60 1.20-1.40

4.23-14.11 1.41-4.23 4.00-14.11 0.10-1.00

0.20-0.22 0.18-0.20 0.20-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-2.9

2.0-4.0 1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0

.37 .43 .55

.37 .43 .55

56

68

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 4178Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-18 18-34 34-41 41-60 4179Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-11 11-41 41-60 4240Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded Ord, rarely flooded 0-10 10-21 21-60 4786 Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-79- 8-19-27-

-16-52-48-51-

0- 5- 10 35-40- 45 27-34- 40 18-23- 27

1.30-1.60 1.20-1.45 1.25-1.45 1.40-1.60

42.00-141.15 0.07-1.41 0.42-4.23 4.23-14.10

0.06-0.10 0.11-0.13 0.18-0.20 0.20-0.22

0.0-2.9 6.0-8.9 3.0-8.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-3.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.28 .37 .37 .43

.28 .37 .37 .43

134

-42- 7-24-

-36-53-51-

18-23- 27 35-40- 45 20-25- 35

1.30-1.40 1.35-1.50 1.30-1.40

4.23-14.10 0.07-1.41 1.41-14.10

0.20-0.22 0.14-0.20 0.15-0.20

0.0-2.9 6.0-8.9 0.0-5.9

2.0-4.0 0.5-2.0 0.0-0.5

.28 .37 .43

.28 .37 .43

48

-63-63-91-

-26-26- 1-

8-12- 15 8-12- 15 3- 8- 12

1.40-1.60 1.50-1.70 1.60-1.70

14.11-42.33 14.11-42.33 42.00-141.00

0.16-0.24 0.15-0.17 0.02-0.04

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.24 .32 .15

.24 .32 .15

86

85-96-100 0- 1- 10 85-96-100 0- 1- 10

0- 3- 6 0- 3- 6

1.40-1.60 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.05-0.07

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.10 .10

.10 .10

220

69

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 4807 Valentine fine sand, rolling Valentine 0-5 5-60 4876 ValentineSimeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 4878 ValentineSimeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

85-96-100 0- 1- 10 85-96-100 0- 1- 10

0- 3- 6 0- 3- 6

1.40-1.60 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.05-0.07

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.10 .10

.10 .10

220

85-96-100 0- 1- 10 85-96-100 0- 1- 10 -83-92- 9- 2-

0- 3- 6 0- 3- 6 5- 9- 12 2- 6- 10

1.40-1.60 1.60-1.80 1.30-1.50 1.50-1.70

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.05-0.07 0.08-0.14 0.05-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.10 .10 .05 .10

.10 .10 .05 .10

220

134

85-96-100 0- 1- 10 85-96-100 0- 1- 10 -83-92- 9- 2-

0- 3- 6 0- 3- 6 5- 9- 12 2- 6- 10

1.40-1.60 1.60-1.80 1.30-1.50 1.50-1.70

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.05-0.07 0.08-0.14 0.05-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.10 .10 .05 .10

.10 .10 .05 .10

220

134

70

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 4879 ValentineSimeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 6320BarneyBoel-Calamus complex, channeled Barney, channeled, frequently flooded 0-7

Pct

Pct

Pct

85-96-100 0- 1- 10 85-96-100 0- 1- 10 -83-92- 9- 2-

0- 3- 6 0- 3- 6 5- 9- 12 2- 6- 10

1.40-1.60 1.60-1.80 1.30-1.50 1.50-1.70

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.05-0.07 0.08-0.14 0.05-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.10 .10 .05 .10

.10 .10 .05 .10

220

134

-44-

-36-

8-20- 30

1.40-1.50

4.23-14.11

0.10-0.22

0.0-2.9

2.0-4.0

.24

.24

48

7-18 18-80 Boel, channeled, occasionally flooded 0-7

86-92- 98 86-95- 98 70-85- 91

1- 5- 12 1- 3- 12 2- 7- 30

0- 3- 5 0- 2- 5 2- 8- 12

1.70-1.90 1.70-1.90 1.50-1.70

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.14 42.00-141.00

0.06-0.11 0.02-0.07 0.10-0.18

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5 1.0-2.0

.28 .10 .02

.28 .10 .02 5 2 134

7-10 10-80 Calamus 0-4 4-6 6-48 48-80

70-85- 91 -97-91-92-93-96-

2- 8- 30 - 2- 4- 1- 4- 2-

2- 7- 20 1- 2- 6 1- 6- 10 3- 7- 10 1- 3- 10 1- 2- 8

1.50-1.60 1.50-1.70 1.50-1.60 1.50-1.60 1.50-1.70 1.50-1.70

42.00-141.00 42.00-705.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.09-0.17 0.02-0.10 0.06-0.11 0.06-0.11 0.02-0.11 0.02-0.07

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5 0.5-1.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .15 .10 .05 .17 .15

.10 .15 .10 .05 .17 .15 5 1 220

71

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 6578Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes Ortello 0-14 14-32 32-60 6635Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60 6636Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-64-64-87-

-27-27- 7-

5-10- 15 5-10- 15 2- 6- 10

1.40-1.60 1.40-1.60 1.50-1.70

14.11-42.33 14.11-42.33 42.00-141.00

0.13-0.18 0.12-0.17 0.05-0.10

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5

.24 .32 .28

.24 .32 .28

86

-93-86-24-24-

- 1- 7-51-51-

2- 6- 10 2- 7- 12 15-25- 35 15-25- 35

1.50-1.70 1.50-1.70 1.30-1.60 1.30-1.60

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 4.23-14.11 4.23-14.11

0.08-0.10 0.09-0.11 0.17-0.22 0.17-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 3.0-5.9 3.0-5.9

1.0-3.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .28 .43 .43

.10 .28 .43 .43

220

-86-86-24-24-

- 7- 7-51-51-

2- 7- 12 2- 7- 12 15-25- 35 15-25- 35

1.50-1.70 1.50-1.70 1.30-1.60 1.30-1.60

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 4.23-14.11 4.23-14.11

0.10-0.12 0.09-0.11 0.17-0.22 0.17-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 3.0-5.9 3.0-5.9

1.0-3.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .28 .43 .43

.10 .28 .43 .43

134

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Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 6637Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 10-29 29-48 48-60 6660 BrunswickPaka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes Brunswick 0-4 4-17 17-23 23-60 Paka 0-7 7-30 30-42 42-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-86-86-24-24-

- 7- 7-51-51-

2- 7- 12 2- 7- 12 15-25- 35 15-25- 35

1.50-1.70 1.50-1.70 1.30-1.60 1.30-1.60

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 4.23-14.11 4.23-14.11

0.10-0.12 0.09-0.11 0.17-0.22 0.17-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 3.0-5.9 3.0-5.9

1.0-3.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .28 .43 .43

.10 .28 .43 .43

134

-67-67-86 -38- 7-10

-20-20- 7 -43-64-68

8-13- 18 8-13- 18 4- 7- 10 14-20- 25 24-30- 35 10-23- 35

1.50-1.60 1.40-1.60 1.40-1.70 1.20-1.40 1.40-1.60 1.20-1.40

14.10-42.33 14.10-42.33 42.33-141.15 10.00-100.00 4.23-14.11 1.41-4.23 4.23-42.33 0.10-1.00

0.16-0.18 0.09-0.14 0.05-0.11 0.20-0.22 0.18-0.20 0.20-0.22

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 3.0-5.9 0.0-5.9

0.5-1.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5 2.0-4.0 1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0

.20 .28 .24

.20 .28 .24

86

.43 .43 .55

.43 .43 .55

56

73

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 6700Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6703Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6723Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6724Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60

Pct

Pct

Pct

-85-85-95-

- 7- 7- 1-

5- 9- 12 5- 9- 12 2- 5- 7

1.35-1.55 1.55-1.75 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.10-0.12 0.09-0.11 0.06-0.08

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .24 .10

.10 .24 .10

134

-85-85-95-

- 7- 7- 1-

5- 9- 12 5- 9- 12 2- 5- 7

1.35-1.55 1.55-1.75 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.10-0.12 0.09-0.11 0.06-0.08

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .24 .10

.10 .24 .10

134

-95-85-95-

- 1- 7- 1-

2- 5- 7 5- 9- 12 2- 5- 7

1.40-1.60 1.55-1.75 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.09-0.11 0.06-0.08

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .24 .10

.10 .24 .10

180

-95-85-95-

- 1- 7- 1-

2- 5- 7 5- 9- 12 2- 5- 7

1.40-1.60 1.55-1.75 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.09-0.11 0.06-0.08

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .24 .10

.10 .24 .10

180

74

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 6725Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6753Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Nora 0-7 7-21 21-60 6791Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 6792Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 - 9- 9- 9-

Pct

Pct

Pct

-95-85-95-

- 1- 7- 1-

2- 5- 7 5- 9- 12 2- 5- 7

1.40-1.60 1.55-1.75 1.60-1.80

42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00 42.00-141.00

0.07-0.09 0.09-0.11 0.06-0.08

0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9 0.0-2.9

1.0-2.0 0.0-0.5 0.0-0.5

.10 .24 .10

.10 .24 .10

180

-67-64-67-

20-24- 27 20-28- 35 18-24- 30

1.20-1.30 1.25-1.35 1.30-1.45

4.23-14.11 1.40-14.11 4.23-14.11

0.19-0.22 0.17-0.20 0.17-0.20

0.0-2.9 3.0-5.9 3.0-5.9

2.0-4.0 0.5-1.0 0.0-1.0

.37 .49 .49

.37 .49 .49

48

-44-37-39-39-

-41-35-37-37-

10-15- 20 20-28- 35 18-24- 30 18-24- 30

1.30-1.50 1.30-1.40 1.40-1.50 1.40-1.50

4.23-42.33 4.23-14.11 4.23-14.11 4.23-14.11

0.20-0.22 0.17-0.20 0.17-0.20 0.17-0.20

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-5.9

2.0-3.0 1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.5-1.0

.28 .28 .32 .32

.28 .28 .32 .32

56

-44-37-39-39-

-41-35-37-37-

10-15- 20 20-28- 35 18-24- 30 18-24- 30

1.30-1.50 1.30-1.40 1.40-1.50 1.40-1.50

4.23-42.33 1.41-14.11 1.41-14.11 1.41-14.11

0.20-0.22 0.17-0.20 0.17-0.20 0.17-0.20

0.0-2.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-5.9 0.0-5.9

2.0-3.0 1.0-2.0 0.5-1.0 0.5-1.0

.28 .28 .32 .32

.28 .28 .32 .32

56

75

Custom Soil Resource Report

Physical Soil Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map symbol and soil name Depth Sand Silt Clay Moist bulk density g/cc Saturated hydraulic conductivity micro m/sec Available water capacity In/In Linear extensibility Pct Organic matter Pct Erosion factors Kw Kf T Wind erodibility group Wind erodibility index

In 9999Water Water

Pct

Pct

Pct

76

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties
This table gives the engineering classifications and the range of engineering properties for the layers of each soil in the survey area. Depth to the upper and lower boundaries of each layer is indicated. Texture is given in the standard terms used by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. These terms are defined according to percentages of sand, silt, and clay in the fraction of the soil that is less than 2 millimeters in diameter. "Loam," for example, is soil that is 7 to 27 percent clay, 28 to 50 percent silt, and less than 52 percent sand. If the content of particles coarser than sand is 15 percent or more, an appropriate modifier is added, for example, "gravelly." Classification of the soils is determined according to the Unified soil classification system (ASTM, 2005) and the system adopted by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO, 2004). The Unified system classifies soils according to properties that affect their use as construction material. Soils are classified according to particle-size distribution of the fraction less than 3 inches in diameter and according to plasticity index, liquid limit, and organic matter content. Sandy and gravelly soils are identified as GW, GP, GM, GC, SW, SP, SM, and SC; silty and clayey soils as ML, CL, OL, MH, CH, and OH; and highly organic soils as PT. Soils exhibiting engineering properties of two groups can have a dual classification, for example, CL-ML. The AASHTO system classifies soils according to those properties that affect roadway construction and maintenance. In this system, the fraction of a mineral soil that is less than 3 inches in diameter is classified in one of seven groups from A-1 through A-7 on the basis of particle-size distribution, liquid limit, and plasticity index. Soils in group A-1 are coarse grained and low in content of fines (silt and clay). At the other extreme, soils in group A-7 are fine grained. Highly organic soils are classified in group A-8 on the basis of visual inspection. If laboratory data are available, the A-1, A-2, and A-7 groups are further classified as A-1-a, A-1-b, A-2-4, A-2-5, A-2-6, A-2-7, A-7-5, or A-7-6. As an additional refinement, the suitability of a soil as subgrade material can be indicated by a group index number. Group index numbers range from 0 for the best subgrade material to 20 or higher for the poorest. Rock fragments larger than 10 inches in diameter and 3 to 10 inches in diameter are indicated as a percentage of the total soil on a dry-weight basis. The percentages are estimates determined mainly by converting volume percentage in the field to weight percentage. Percentage (of soil particles) passing designated sieves is the percentage of the soil fraction less than 3 inches in diameter based on an ovendry weight. The sieves, numbers 4, 10, 40, and 200 (USA Standard Series), have openings of 4.76, 2.00, 0.420, and 0.074 millimeters, respectively. Estimates are based on laboratory tests of soils sampled in the survey area and in nearby areas and on estimates made in the field. Liquid limit and plasticity index (Atterberg limits) indicate the plasticity characteristics of a soil. The estimates are based on test data from the survey area or from nearby areas and on field examination. References:

77

Custom Soil Resource Report American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). 2004. Standard specifications for transportation materials and methods of sampling and testing. 24th edition. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). 2005. Standard classification of soils for engineering purposes. ASTM Standard D2487-00.

78

Custom Soil Resource Report Absence of an entry indicates that the data were not estimated. The asterisk '*' denotes the representative texture; other possible textures follow the dash.
Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 2330Inavale fine sand, rarely flooded Inavale, rarely flooded 0-7 *Fine sand SC-SM, A-2, A-3 SM, SP, SPSM SC-SM, SM, SP-SM SC-SM, SM, SP-SM A-3, A-2 0 0 100 90-100 65-85 5-30 0-20 NP-2 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

7-11

*Fine sand, Loamy fine sand, loamy sand *Stratified fine sand to sand, Stratified loamy sand, stratified loamy fine sand

100

90-100

65-85

5-30

0-23

NP-6

11-80

A-3, A-2

100

100

70-90

5-30

0-23

NP-6

3163Doger fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 *Fine sand SM, SP- A-2, A-3 SM, SC-SM SC-SM, SM, SP-SM A-2, A-3 0 0 100 100 95-100 5-30 15-25 NP-5

31-60

*Fine sand, Loamy sand, loamy fine sand

100

100

95-100

5-35

15-25

NP-5

3164Doger loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Doger 0-31 *Loamy fine sand SM, SP- A-2, A-4, SM, A-3 SC-SM SM, SP- A-3, A-2 SM, SC-SM 0 0 100 100 95-100 5-45 15-25 NP-5

31-60

*Fine sand, Loamy sand, loamy fine sand

100

100

95-100

5-35

15-25

NP-5

79

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 3165Doger loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Doger 0-31 *Loamy fine sand SM, SP- A-3, A-2, SM, A-4 SC-SM SM, SP- A-3, A-2 SM, SC-SM 0 0 100 100 95-100 5-45 15-25 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

31-60

*Fine sand, Loamy sand, loamy fine sand

100

100

95-100

5-35

15-25

NP-5

3252Meadin sandy loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 *Sandy loam CL-ML, A-2, A-4 ML, SM, SC-SM 0 0 85-100 75-95 45-80 25-55 15-20 NP-5

6-10

*Very gravelly loamy sand, GM, SM, A-3, A-2 Sandy loam, gravelly SP-SM, sandy loam GP-GM *Gravelly sand, Very gravelly coarse sand, gravelly coarse sand GP-GM, A-1 SP, SPSM, GP

50-90

50-90

50-65

5-35

NP

10-60

40-80

30-70

15-50

1-10

NP

80

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 3255Meadin sandy loam, 2 to 30 percent slopes Meadin 0-6 *Sandy loam ML, SCSM, SM, CL-ML A-2, A-4 0 0 85-100 75-95 45-80 25-55 15-20 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

6-10

*Very gravelly loamy sand, GM, GPSandy loam, gravelly GM, sandy loam SM, SP-SM *Gravelly sand, Gravelly coarse sand, very gravelly coarse sand GP-GM, SP, GP, SP-SM

A-2, A-3

50-90

50-90

50-65

5-35

NP

10-60

A-1

40-80

30-70

15-50

1-10

NP

3268O'Neill sandy loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes O'neill 0-8 *Sandy loam CL, ML, A-4 SC-SM, SM SC-SM, SC SP-SM, SP A-2, A-4 A-1, A-3, A-2 0 0 95-100 95-100 70-85 35-55 15-25 NP-10

8-25 25-60 3280Paka complex, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60

*Sandy loam, Fine sandy loam *Gravelly sand, Coarse sand, sand

0 0

0 0

95-100 70-100

95-100 50-90

60-75 25-60

30-50 0-5

15-30 10-20

NP-10 NP-5

*Loamy fine sand

SM, SP, SP-SM

A-3, A-2 A-6

0 0

0 0

100 100

100 100

95-100 95-100

2-35 75-95

10-20 30-40

NP-5 15-25

*Clay loam, Silty clay loam, CL silt loam *Weathered bedrock

81

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 3281Paka complex, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-17 17-47 47-60 3285Paka loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Paka 0-10 10-35 35-47 *Loam CL A-4, A-6 A-6, A-7 A-4, A-7, A-6 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 95-100 95-100 95-100 60-90 80-95 75-95 20-40 30-50 15-50 5-20 10-25 5-25 *Loamy fine sand SM, SP- A-2, A-3 SM, SP A-6 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 95-100 95-100 2-35 75-95 10-20 30-40 NP-5 15-25 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

*Clay loam, Silty clay loam, CL silt loam *Weathered bedrock

*Clay loam, Silty clay loam, CL silt loam *Loam, Silt loam, silty clay CL loam, very fine sandy loam *Weathered bedrock

47-60 3286Paka loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Paka 0-7 7-35 35-47

*Loam

CL

A-6, A-4 A-7, A-6 A-6, A-4, A-7

0 0 0

0 0 0

100 100 100

100 100 100

95-100 95-100 95-100

60-90 80-95 75-95

20-40 30-50 15-50

5-20 10-25 5-25

*Clay loam, Silty clay loam, CL silt loam *Loam, Silt loam, silty clay CL loam, very fine sandy loam *Weathered bedrock

47-60

82

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 4178Longford complex, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-18 18-34 34-41 41-60 4179Longford loam, 1 to 7 percent slopes Longford 0-11 11-41 41-60 4240Ord fine sandy loam, rarely flooded Ord, rarely flooded 0-10 10-21 21-60 *Fine sandy loam *Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, loamy fine sand *Fine sand, Loamy fine sand ML, SM SM, ML A-2, A-4 A-2, A-4 0 0 0 0 0 0 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 70-98 70-100 50-100 30-90 30-85 5-30 20-35 20-35 15-20 NP-10 NP-10 NP-5 *Loam CL A-7, A-6 A-7-6 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 95-100 95-100 95-100 85-95 90-100 85-100 65-75 75-95 70-95 30-45 50-60 35-50 15-25 30-40 15-30 *Loamy fine sand *Silty clay *Silty clay loam *Silt loam SM, SPSM CL, CH CL CL A-2, A-4 A-7 A-7, A-6 A-6, A-4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 80-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 10-50 85-100 75-95 70-95 10-20 45-60 35-50 25-40 NP-5 20-35 11-25 8-20 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

*Silty clay, Silty clay loam, CH clay loam *Silt loam, Clay loam, loam, silty clay loam CL

A-6, A-7-6 0

SC-SM, A-2, A-3 SP-SM, SM

4786Valentine fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 *Fine sand *Fine sand, Sand SP, SPA-2, A-3 SM, SM SP, SPA-3, A-2 SM, SM 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 70-100 70-100 2-25 2-25 0-21 0-20 NP-3 NP-3

83

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 4807Valentine fine sand, rolling Valentine 0-5 5-60 4876Valentine-Simeon complex, 0 to 3 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 4878Valentine-Simeon complex, 3 to 6 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 *Fine sand *Fine sand, Sand *Loamy sand *Sand, Coarse sand, loamy sand SP, SPA-3, A-2 SM, SM SM, SP, SP-SM SM, SPSM A-3, A-2 A-3, A-2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 95-100 90-100 100 100 90-100 80-100 70-100 70-100 51-95 35-95 2-25 2-25 5-35 0-30 0-21 0-20 10-20 10-20 NP-3 NP-3 NP-5 NP-5 *Fine sand *Fine sand, Sand *Loamy sand *Sand, Loamy sand, coarse sand SP, SPA-2, A-3 SM, SM SP, SPA-2, A-3 SM, SM SP-SM, SM A-2, A-3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 95-100 90-100 100 100 90-100 80-100 70-100 70-100 51-95 35-95 2-25 2-25 5-35 0-30 0-21 0-20 10-20 10-20 NP-3 NP-3 NP-5 NP-5 *Fine sand *Fine sand, Sand SM, SP, SP-SM SM, SP, SP-SM A-2, A-3 A-2, A-3 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 70-100 70-100 2-25 2-25 0-21 0-20 NP-3 NP-3 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

SM, SP- A-1, A-3, SM, SP A-2

SP, SPA-2, A-1, SM, SM A-3

84

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 4879Valentine-Simeon complex, 6 to 11 percent slopes Valentine 0-5 5-60 Simeon 0-7 7-60 *Fine sand *Fine sand, Sand *Loamy sand *Sand, Loamy sand, coarse sand SP-SM, A-2, A-3 SM, SP SM, SP, SP-SM SM, SPSM A-2, A-3 A-2, A-3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 95-100 90-100 100 100 90-100 80-100 70-100 70-100 51-95 35-95 2-25 2-25 5-35 0-30 0-21 0-20 10-20 10-20 NP-3 NP-3 NP-5 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

SP, SPA-1, A-3, SM, SM A-2

85

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6320Barney-BoelCalamus complex, channeled Barney, channeled, frequently flooded 0-7 7-18 *Loam *Stratified fine sand to loamy fine sand, Sand, loamy sand, loamy fine sand *Sand, Coarse sand, fine sand, gravelly coarse sand *Loamy sand *Loamy sand, Fine sandy loam, loamy fine sand CL-ML, A-6, A-4 ML, CL SM, SP, SP-SM A-1, A-2, A-3 0 0 0 0 90-100 90-100 90-100 90-100 85-95 30-70 60-95 3-15 20-35 0-10 3-15 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

18-80

SM, SP, SP-SM

A-1, A-2, A-3

90-100

75-95

30-70

3-15

0-10

NP-5

Boel, channeled, occasionally flooded

0-7 7-10 10-80

SM, SP, A-2, A-3, SC-SM A-2-4 SC-SM, A-2, A-3, SM, SP A-2-4

0 0 0

0 0 0

100 100 100

95-100 95-100 95-100

85-95 85-95 85-95

0-35 0-25 0-25

5-21 5-30 0-20

NP-4 NP-11 NP-3

*Stratified sand to sandy SC-SM, A-2, A-3 loam to loamy sand, Fine SM, SP sand, loamy fine sand, coarse sand *Sand SC-SM, A-2, A-3, SP-SM, A-2-4 SM SM, SP, SP-SM A-2, A-3

Calamus

0-4

100

90-100

65-80

5-35

0-24

NP-6

4-6 6-48

*Sand, Fine sand, loamy fine sand

0 0

0 0

100 95-100

90-100 75-100

65-80 30-90

3-35 3-35

0-24 0-23

NP-6 NP-6

*Stratified sand to sandy SM, SP- A-1, A-2, loam to loamy sand, SM, SP A-3 Stratified coarse sand to loamy sand *Stratified sand to sandy SM, SP- A-1, A-2, loam to loamy sand, SM, SP A-3 Stratified coarse sand to gravelly coarse sand

48-80

95-100

60-90

20-80

3-15

0-21

NP-4

86

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6578Ortello fine sandy loam, 0 to 1 percent slopes Ortello 0-14 14-32 32-60 6635Boelus fine sand, 0 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 *Fine sand SC-SM, SM, SP-SM SC-SM, SM, SP-SM A-3, A-2 0 0 100 100 50-100 5-30 15-20 NP-5 *Fine sandy loam *Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam *Loamy fine sand, Fine sand, loamy sand SM, ML ML, SM SM, SPSM A-4 A-4 A-3, A-2 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 70-95 70-95 50-70 40-55 40-55 5-35 15-20 15-20 NP-5 NP-5 NP AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

10-29

*Loamy fine sand, Sand, loamy sand

A-2

100

100

50-100

10-35

15-20

NP-5

29-48 48-60

*Silt loam, Loam, silty clay CL loam *Silt loam, Silty clay loam, loam CL

A-4, A-6 A-4, A-6

0 0

0 0

100 100

100 100

90-100 90-100

80-100 80-100

30-40 30-40

8-18 8-18

87

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6636Boelus loamy fine sand, 0 to 3 percent slopes Boelus 0-10 *Loamy fine sand SC-SM, A-2 SP-SM, SM SC-SM, A-2 SP-SM, SM A-4, A-6 A-4, A-6 0 0 100 100 50-100 10-35 15-20 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

10-29

*Loamy fine sand, Sand, loamy sand

100

100

50-100

10-35

15-20

NP-5

29-48 48-60 6637Boelus loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Boelus 0-10

*Silt loam, Loam, silty clay CL loam *Silt loam, Silty clay loam, loam CL

0 0

0 0

100 100

100 100

90-100 90-100

80-100 80-100

30-40 30-40

8-18 8-18

*Loamy fine sand

SC-SM, SM, SP-SM SC-SM, SM, SP-SM

A-2

100

100

50-100

10-35

15-20

NP-5

10-29

*Loamy fine sand, Sand, loamy sand

A-2

100

100

50-100

10-35

15-20

NP-5

29-48 48-60

*Silt loam, Loam, silty clay CL loam *Silt loam, Silty clay loam, loam CL

A-4, A-6 A-4, A-6

0 0

0 0

100 100

100 100

90-100 90-100

80-100 80-100

30-40 30-40

8-18 8-18

88

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6660Brunswick-Paka complex, 11 to 30 percent slopes Brunswick 0-4 4-17 *Fine sandy loam *Fine sandy loam, Loam, loamy very fine sand CL, SC, A-4 SM, ML ML, SCA-4, A-2 SM, CL-ML, SM SM CL A-4, A-2 A-6, A-4 A-7, A-6 A-6, A-4, A-7 0 0 0 0 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 70-95 65-95 40-55 30-65 0-25 18-35 NP-10 NP-10 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

17-23 23-60 Paka 0-7 7-30 30-42 42-60 6700Thurman loamy fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60

*Loamy fine sand, Fine sand, fine sandy loam *Weathered bedrock *Loam

0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0

95-100 100 100 100

95-100 100 100 100

65-90 95-100 95-100 95-100

20-50 60-90 80-95 75-95

0-14 20-40 30-50 15-50

NP 5-20 10-25 5-25

*Clay loam, Silty clay loam, CL silt loam *Silt loam, Very fine sandy CL loam, silty clay loam *Weathered bedrock

*Loamy fine sand *Loamy fine sand, Loamy sand

SP-SM, SM SM, SPSM

A-3, A-2, A-4 A-2, A-4, A-3 A-2, A-3

0 0 0

0 0 0

100 100 100

100 100 100

90-100 90-100 50-95

5-40 5-40 5-35

15-20 15-20 15-20

NP-5 NP-5 NP-5

*Fine sand, Very fine sand, SM, SPsand SM

89

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6703Thurman loamy fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6723Thurman fine sand, 0 to 2 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6724Thurman fine sand, 2 to 6 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 *Fine sand *Loamy fine sand, Loamy sand SM, SPSM SM, SPSM A-3, A-2 A-3, A-2, A-4 A-2, A-3 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 50-95 90-100 50-95 5-35 5-40 5-35 15-20 15-20 15-20 NP-5 NP-5 NP-5 *Fine sand *Loamy fine sand, Loamy sand SP-SM, SM SP-SM, SM A-2, A-3 A-2, A-4, A-3 A-3, A-2 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 50-95 90-100 50-95 5-35 5-40 5-35 15-20 15-20 15-20 NP-5 NP-5 NP-5 *Loamy fine sand *Loamy fine sand, Loamy sand SP-SM, SM SM, SPSM A-3, A-2, A-4 A-2, A-4, A-3 A-3, A-2 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 90-100 90-100 50-95 5-40 5-40 5-35 15-20 15-20 15-20 NP-5 NP-5 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

*Fine sand, Very fine sand, SM, SPsand SM

*Fine sand, Very fine sand, SM, SPsand SM

*Fine sand, Very fine sand, SM, SPsand SM

90

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6725Thurman fine sand, 6 to 11 percent slopes Thurman 0-16 16-24 24-60 6753Nora silt loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Nora 0-7 7-21 21-60 6791Loretto loam, 0 to 2 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 *Loam CL, CLML A-6, A-4 A-7, A-6 A-6, A-4, A-7 A-4, A-7, A-6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 85-100 85-100 80-100 80-100 60-90 80-100 80-100 80-100 25-40 30-45 30-47 30-47 5-15 11-25 8-25 8-25 *Silt loam *Silty clay loam, Silt loam *Silt loam, Silty clay loam ML, CL CL, ML A-6, A-4, A-7 A-6, A-7 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 95-100 95-100 100 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 95-100 85-100 85-100 85-100 30-46 35-50 27-50 7-23 11-20 6-20 *Fine sand *Loamy fine sand, Loamy sand SP-SM, SM SM, SPSM A-2, A-3 A-2, A-4, A-3 A-3, A-2 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 50-95 90-100 50-95 5-35 5-40 5-35 15-20 15-20 15-20 NP-5 NP-5 NP-5 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

*Fine sand, Very fine sand, SM, SPsand SM

CL, CLA-4, A-7, ML, ML A-6

*Loam, Silty clay loam, silt CL loam *Loam, Silt loam, silty clay CL loam *Loam, Silty clay loam, silt CL loam

91

Custom Soil Resource Report

Engineering Properties Antelope County, Nebraska Map unit symbol and soil name Depth USDA texture Classification Unified In 6792Loretto loam, 2 to 6 percent slopes Loretto 0-10 10-28 28-50 50-60 9999Water Water *Loam CL-ML, CL A-6, A-4 A-7, A-6 A-6, A-4, A-7 A-4, A-7, A-6 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 85-100 85-100 80-100 80-100 60-90 80-100 80-100 80-100 25-40 30-45 30-47 30-47 5-15 11-25 8-25 8-25 AASHTO Fragments >10 inches Pct 3-10 inches Pct Percentage passing sieve number 4 10 40 200 Liquid limit Plasticity index

Pct

*Loam, Silty clay loam, silt CL loam *Loam, Silt loam, silty clay CL loam *Loam, Silty clay loam, silt CL loam

92

References
American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO). 2004. Standard specifications for transportation materials and methods of sampling and testing. 24th edition. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). 2005. Standard classification of soils for engineering purposes. ASTM Standard D2487-00. Cowardin, L.M., V. Carter, F.C. Golet, and E.T. LaRoe. 1979. Classification of wetlands and deep-water habitats of the United States. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service FWS/OBS-79/31. Federal Register. July 13, 1994. Changes in hydric soils of the United States. Federal Register. September 18, 2002. Hydric soils of the United States. Hurt, G.W., and L.M. Vasilas, editors. Version 6.0, 2006. Field indicators of hydric soils in the United States. National Research Council. 1995. Wetlands: Characteristics and boundaries. Soil Survey Division Staff. 1993. Soil survey manual. Soil Conservation Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 18. http://soils.usda.gov/ Soil Survey Staff. 1999. Soil taxonomy: A basic system of soil classification for making and interpreting soil surveys. 2nd edition. Natural Resources Conservation Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 436. http://soils.usda.gov/ Soil Survey Staff. 2006. Keys to soil taxonomy. 10th edition. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. http://soils.usda.gov/ Tiner, R.W., Jr. 1985. Wetlands of Delaware. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Delaware Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Control, Wetlands Section. United States Army Corps of Engineers, Environmental Laboratory. 1987. Corps of Engineers wetlands delineation manual. Waterways Experiment Station Technical Report Y-87-1. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. National forestry manual. http://soils.usda.gov/ United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. National range and pasture handbook. http://www.glti.nrcs.usda.gov/ United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. National soil survey handbook, title 430-VI. http://soils.usda.gov/ United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2006. Land resource regions and major land resource areas of the United States, the Caribbean, and the Pacific Basin. U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 296. http://soils.usda.gov/

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Custom Soil Resource Report United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1961. Land capability classification. U.S. Department of Agriculture Handbook 210.

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