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102

84

Last Report of China Rivers


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4

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and human wellbeing: Wetlands and water, Synthesis. Available
online: http://www.millenniumassessment.org//proxy/Document.358.aspx
5 http://climate-l.iisd.org/news/global-network-of-river-basins-workshop-discusses-climate-change-adaptation/
6 472009 Water, Wetlands and
Forests: A Review of Ecological, Economic and Policy Linkages
http://www.cbd.int/doc/publications/cbd-ts-47-en.pdf
7 Margaret A. Palmer, Dennis P. Lettenmaier, N. LeRoy Poff, Sandra L. Postel, Brian Richter, Richard Warner Climate Change
and River Ecosystems: Protection and Adaptation OptionsEnvironmental ManagementDecember 2009, Volume 44, Issue 6,
pp 1053-1068
8 Declan Conway From Headwater Tributaries to International River: Observing and Adapting to Climate Variability and
Change in the Nile Basin, Global Environmental ChangeVolume 15, Issue 2, July 2005, Pages 99114

11

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Lewis Mumford

9 TNC20109
10 Stiassny, M.L. 1996. An overview of freshwater biodiversity: With some lessons learned from African fishes. Fisheries

21(9): 7-13

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Brauman et al, The Nature and Value of Ecosystem Services: An Overview Highlighting Hydrologic Services Annual Review
Environmental Resources 2007.32:67-98

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16.2%

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)

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17 , 2005256
18 ,,,[C]. 2008
.2008. http://ir.ihb.ac.cn/handle/342005/14570

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November 2000, Earthscan Publications Ltd
25
20126
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26 , 200626(3):1-6

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30
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39 ,3-25 2011041819
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40

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The report of the World Commission on Dams, DAMS AND DEVELOPMENT - A NEW FRAMEWORK FOR DECISION-MAKING,
November 2000,Earthscan Publications Ltd
44 2010-01-15
http://www.mzzjw.cn/zgmzb/html/2010-01/15/content_65728.htm

28
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46 <>2013

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49 Patrick McCully, Silenced Rivers: The Ecology and Politics of Large Dams, Zed Books, 2001
50 2013-12-17
http://news.163.com/13/1217/09/9G9NA93S0001124J.html
51 2008

http://wenku.baidu.com/view/cebd0b1455270722192ef7b9.html
52

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55 ,,1999
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58 20105
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61 1
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Nestler, J.M., Goodwin, R.A., Cole, T.M., Degan, D., Dennerline, D., 2002 simulating movement patterns of blueback herring in
a stratified southern impoundment. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 131 (1), 5569
63 ,, ,20121217,
https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/ch/5572-Expert-calls-for-1-year-fishing-moratorium-on-Yangtze-River
64 200712246
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66
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30245.3

35

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67

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<http://www.chinawater.net.cn/Journal/Three_Gorges/200212/12.html> [accessed 5 August 2013].
69 , , 2011
<http://finance.ifeng.com/news/20110531/4090032.shtml> [accessed 5 August 2013].

36
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38
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2009
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77

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River, China, Water Resour. Res., 49, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20243.
75 ,, ,20121217,
https://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/ch/5572-Expert-calls-for-1-year-fishing-moratorium-on-Yangtze-River
76
200956http://env.people.com.cn/GB/9249907.html
77 2012181798
http://www.capitalweek.com.cn/2013-03-25/1837034860.html
78
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79 (2008)
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82 2009525
83 20080602
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84
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91 http://sh.sina.com.cn/news/o/2012-06-28/1740222482.html
92 5112002-08-17
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93 2010-08-17
http://news.dili360.com/zhdl/dzzh/2010/0817/28549.shtml
94
95 Andrew WALKER,Damned Chinese: mighty Mekong a memory,24 FEBRUARY 2010
http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/newmandala/2010/02/24/damned-chinese-mighty-mekong-a-memory/

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98

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201001
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106 ,20120611
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108 2050 100 WWF,ECOFYS,OMA AMO, 2011
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109 Nina Zheng, Nan Zhou and David Fridley, 2010, Comparative Analysis of Modeling Studies on Chinas Future Energy
and Emissions Outlook, China Energy Group Energy Analysis Department Environmental Energy Technologies DivisionLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

53

60%

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2005

2012

200546575

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3.3

111

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131
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11
19

Hydropower and the Worlds Energy Future -The role of hydropower in bringing clean, renewable, energy to the world,
2000, International Energy Agency
http://www.ieahydro.org/reports/Hydrofut.pdf
114 Hydro in Europe: Powering Renewables The Union of the Electricity IndustryEURELECTRIC
http://www.eurelectric.org/media/26690/hydro_report_final-2011-160-0011-01-e.pdf
115
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/statistics_explained/images/6/6b/Primary_production_of_renewable_energy%2C_2000_
and_2010.png
116 A North American Energy Plan for 2030: Hydro-electricity the forgotten renewable energy resource Neil Howes accessed on December 16, 2013
http://www.olino.org/us/articles/2009/06/15/a-north-american-energy-plan-for-2030-hydro-electricity-the-forgotten-renewable-energy-resource
117 http://www.eia.gov/electricity/monthly/index.cfm
118 Feasibility Assessment of the Water Energy Resources of the United States for New Low Power and Small Hydro Classes
of Hydroelectric Plants, Douglas G. Hall, INL, Kelly S. Reeves, NPS, Julie Brizzee, INL, Randy D. Lee, INL, Gregory R. Carroll, BNI,
Garold L. Sommers, INL, retired IDAHO NATIONAL LABORATORY
http://www.olino.org/us/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/main_report_appendix_a_final.pdf
119 http://zfxxgk.nea.gov.cn/auto87/201209/P020120912536329466033.pdf
120 http://guangfubbs.bjx.com.cn/thread-270321-1-1.html
121 http://money.163.com/13/0911/16/98GNDJ1E00254VF3.html

55
7 122

()

()


()

()

1990
4,069
2000 10,875
2005 28,122
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2011 65,843
2012 76,017
2012 18.7
1990

()

()

15,580
24,867
19,576
20,446
17,674
21,200
1.4

71

221
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Bhme, Dieter (February 2013). Entwicklung der erneuerbaren Energien in Deutschland im Jahr 2012 (PDF). Federal
Ministry for Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety. Retrieved 20 April 2013. 2012

56

57

1970

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WEC
IEA

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121.8 TWh59
22

123
97
WEC

123

73

124

125

205070

20

20

Envisioning Permanent River Protection Strategies for China, 2010, A Group Project submitted in partial satisfaction of
the requirement for the degree of Masters in Environmental Science and Management Group Participants: Matt Freiberg,
Hanna Jacobsen, Lydia Leclair, Carly Wilburton, Faculty Advisor: Robert Wilkinson, Clients: Kristen McDonald: China Rivers
Project and Michael Gheleta, Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck, LLP
124 200487
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,

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127

201195 2012
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1763

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127

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dead zone

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1991
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128
129
130
131
132

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132

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133

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http://www.hydroreform.org/node/3646
http://www.nwf.org/Wildlife/Wild-Places/Mississippi-River-Delta.aspx
http://blogcritics.org/katrina-could-alter-louisiana-geography-mississippi/

http://www.ferc.gov/industries/hydropower/gen-info/licensing.asp
133 20098

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1998Rabbitt

2004
135
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30001362004
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1968

134
135
136
137

138
139

1.2.
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12

20098
http://hydropower.inel.gov/resourceassessment/pdfs/03-11111.pdf
http://hydropower.inel.gov/resourceassessment/pdfs/doeid-10430.pdf

http://www.rivers.gov/
138 http://www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/mt/field_offices/butte/draft_rmp.Par.31162.File.dat/appi.pdf
139
2005

61

198030
1992200
200986

252
30

Rio Grande53

20124
39203
125980.4%
75000
600000
17140

30
300GW90GW

American Rivers141

142

1988
15000
3000000143
2.

140
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1998
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