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Company Name
Design of Structural Steel W Shapes
Subject to Biaxial Flexure
Rev #
1
2
3
4
5
Revision Description Revised By Date
Notes
1
2
3
4
5
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Design of Structural Steel W Shapes
Subject to Biaxial Flexure
Description:
This worksheet will choose a hot rolled steel wide flange shape in biaxial flexure based on input loads
and parameters.The capacity is calculated using AISC 36005, Sections F2, F3, F6, G2, G7, and H1.
The user can input loading as uniformly distributed and point loads with an inclination angle, separate
uniformly distributed and point loads for each axis, or separate ultimate shear and moment in the
beam when an outside analysis program has been used. This worksheet allows to user to choose
between flange loading and loading through the shear center of the member. This worksheet checks
shear and moment capacities of each axis as well as combined loading effects.
Notes:
According to AISC 36005
Only valid for Steel Wide Flange Shapes with a yield strength of 50 ksi
Annotation Guide (Open to View)
Worksheet Instructions (Open to View)
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Inputs
Beam Properties
C
b
1 := Lateral Torsional Buckling Modification Factor
(A value of 1 can be used for a conservat ive design)
L 20 ft := Length of Beam
L
bx
5 ft := Strong Axi s Laterally Unbraced Length
L
by
10 ft := Weak Axis Laterally Unbraced Length
Depth
max
40 in := Maximum Allowable Beam Dept h
Loading
Factor 5 % := Minimum Desired Factor Between M
u
and
b
M
n
Choose How to Input
Beam Loading
Loading Case Diagrams (Open to View)
Choose the Loading Case (View Above Diagrams for Clarification)
Case 1: Both components of load applied through shear center of member.
Case 2: Only vertical component of load is applied through shear center of member.
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Inputs (continued)
Loading (continued)
Input Loads With Inclination Angle (Open to View)
Loads on Beam
Factored Uniformly
Distributed Loads
Factored Point Loads Distance to Point Loads
From Beam End
w
ui
3.6
2
1

\



klf := P
i
3.5
2
0

\



kip := C
i
3
17
0

\



ft :=
20 := Angle Between Loading Plane and Web Plane (Open Load Case Diagrams to View)
Input Loads With Inclination Angle (Open to View)
Input Separate Loads for Each Axis (Open to View)
Internal Moment and Shear (Open to View)
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Calculations
Loading Calculations
V
ux
65 kip = Max Shear Force in Strong Axis
V
uy
24 kip = Max Shear Force in Weak Axis
M
ux
318 kip ft = Max Moment in Strong Axis
M
uy
116 kip ft = Max Moment in Weak Axis
Beam Property Calculations
Beam "W36X160" =
Notes "" =
A 47 in
2
= Area of Beam I
x
9760 in
4
= Strong Axi s Moment of Inertia
d 36 in = Depth of Beam
Z
x
624 in
3
= Strong Axi s Plastic Sect ion Modul us
b
f
12 in = Width of Flange
S
x
542 in
3
= Strong Axi s Elastic Sect ion Modul us
t
w
0.65 in = Thickness of Web
r
x
14.4 in = Strong Axi s Radius of Gyration
t
f
1.02 in = Thickness of Flange
C
w
90200 in
6
= Warping Constant I
y
295 in
4
= Weak Axis Moment of Inertia
J 12.4 in
4
= Torsi onal Moment of Inert ia
Z
y
77.3 in
3
= Weak Axis Plastic Section Modulus
ratio
bf2tf
5.88 = Ratio
b
f
2 t
f
S
y
49.1 in
3
= Weak Axis Elastic Section Modulus
ratio
htw
49.9 = Ratio
h
t
w
r
y
2.5 in = Weak Axis Radius of Gyration
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Calculations (continued)
Compactness Check (AISC Section B4)
Check for flange compactness, Table B4.1 Case 1
flan
ratio
bf2tf
5.88 = := Width Thickness Ratio
pflan
0.38
E
F
y
9.152 = := Limiting Width Thickness Ratio for Compact
rflan
1.0
E
F
y
24.083 = := Limiting Width Thickness Ratio for Noncompact
Check for web compactness, Table B4.1 Case 9
web
ratio
htw
49.9 = := Width Thickness Ratio
pweb
3.76
E
F
y
90.553 = := Limiting Width Thickness Ratio for Compact
rweb
5.70
E
F
y
137.274 = := Limiting Width Thickness Ratio for Noncompact
Check
1
"Flange is compact" = Check for Flange Compactness
Check
2
"Web is compact" = Check for Web Compactness
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Calculations (continued)
Limiting Lengths (AISC Section F2)
c 1 := AISC 36005 Eq F28a
h
o
d t
f
34.98 in = := Distance Between the Flange Centroids
r
ts
I
y
C
w
S
x
3.085 in = := Effective Radius of Gyration (AISC 36005 Eq F27)
L
p
1.76 r
y
E
F
y
8.831 ft = := Limiting Laterally Unbraced Length for Yielding
(AISC 36005 Eq F25)
Limiting Laterally Unbraced
Length for Inelastic Lateral
Torsi onal Buckli ng
(AISC 36005 Eq F26)
L
r
1.95 r
ts
E
0.7 F
y
J c
S
x
h
o
1 1 6.76
0.7 F
y
E
S
x
h
o
J c
\


2
+ + 25.805 ft = :=
L
p
8.8 ft = Limiting Laterally Unbraced Length for Yielding
L
r
25.8ft = Limiting Laterally Unbraced Length for Inelastic Lateral Torsional Buckling
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Strong Axis Calculations
Compact Flange Moment Capacity (AISC Section F2)
F2.1 Yielding
M
px
F
y
Z
x
:= Flexural Yielding Moment Capacity (AISC 36005 Eq F21)
M
n2.1
M
px
2600 kip ft = :=
F2.2b Inelastic LTB
Inelastic Lateral Torsional Buckling
Moment Capacity (AISC 36005
Eq F22)
M
n2.2b
min C
b
M
px
M
px
0.7 F
y
S
x
( )
L
bx
L
p
L
r
L
p
\


(
(
(
(
M
px
,
(
(
:=
M
n2.2b
2600 kip ft =
F2.2c Elastic LTB
F
cr
C
b
2
E
L
bx
r
ts

\


2
1 0.078
J c
S
x
h
o
\


L
bx
r
ts

\


2
+ 764 ksi = := Critical Stress (AISC 36005 Eq F24)
M
n2.2c
min F
cr
S
x
M
px
,
( )
:= Elastic Lateral Torsional Buckling Moment Capacity
(AISC 36005 Eq F23)
M
n2.2c
2600 kip ft =
Resulting Compact Flange Moment Capacity
M
ncom
M
n2.1
L
bx
L
p
if
M
n2.2b
L
bx
L
p
> L
bx
L
r
if
M
n2.2c
L
bx
L
r
> if
0 Check
1
"Flange is compact" Check
2
"Web is compact" if
:=
Determination of Compact Moment Capacity,
0 if Flange or Web is Not Compact
M
ncom
2600 kip ft =
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Strong Axis Calculations (continued)
Noncompact and Slender Flange Moment Capacity (AISC Section F3)
F3.1 LTB
Note: Section F2.2 Appl ies f or Lateral Torsional Buckling
 F2.2b Inelastic LTB
Inelastic Lateral Torsional Buckling
Moment Capacity (AISC 36005
Eq F22)
M
n2.2b
min C
b
M
px
M
px
0.7 F
y
S
x
( )
L
bx
L
p
L
r
L
p
\


(
(
(
(
M
px
,
(
(
:=
M
n2.2b
2600 kip ft =
 F2.2c Elastic LTB
F
cr
C
b
2
E
L
bx
r
ts

\


2
1 0.078
J c
S
x
h
o
\


L
bx
r
ts

\


2
+ 764 ksi = := Critical Stress (AISC 36005 Eq F24)
M
n2.2c
min F
cr
S
x
M
px
,
( )
:= Elastic Lateral Torsional Buckling Moment Capacity
(AISC 36005 Eq F23)
M
n2.2c
2600 kip ft =
M
n3.1
M
n2.2b
L
bx
L
p
> L
bx
L
r
if
M
n2.2c
L
bx
L
r
> if
0 otherwise
:=
Determination of LTB failure, 0 if LTB Doesn't Apply
M
n3.1
0 kip ft =
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Strong Axis Calculations (continued)
Noncompact and Slender Flange Moment Capacity (AISC Section F3)
F3.2a Compression Flange Local Buckling with Noncompact Flanges
M
n3.2a
M
px
M
px
0.7 F
y
S
x
( )
flan
pflan
rflan
pflan
\


flan
2
:= AISC 36005 Eq F32
M
n3.2b
19307 kip ft =
M
n3.2
M
n3.2a
Check
1
"Flange is noncompact" = if
M
n3.2b
Check
1
"Flange is slender" = if
0 otherwise
:=
Determination of FLB, 0 if FLB doesn't apply
M
n3.2
0 kip ft =
Resulting Noncompact and Slender Flange Moment Capacity
Determination of
Noncompact and Slender
Moment Capacity, 0 if
Flange is Compact or Web
is Not Compact
M
nncs
min M
n3.1
M
n3.2
,
( )
M
n3.1
0 M
n3.2
0 if
0 Check
1
"Flange is compact" = Check
2
"Web is compact" if
max M
n3.1
M
n3.2
,
( )
otherwise
:=
M
nncs
0 kip ft =
10 of 14
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Strong Axis Calculations (continued)
Strong Axis Moment Capacity
M
nx
2600 kip ft = Nominal Strong Axis Moment Capacit y
b
M
nx
2340 kip ft = Design Strong Axis Moment Capacity for Selected Beam
M
ux
318 kip ft = Maximum Applied Strong Axis Moment
Check if Beam is Adequate in Strong Axis Flexure
Must Not Exceed 100%
Check
bx
M
ux
b
M
nx
13.6 % = :=
Shear Capacity Calculations (AISC Section G2)
G2.1 Nominal Shear Strength
v
1.0 ratio
htw
2.24
E
F
y
if
0.9 otherwise
:= AISC 36005 Section G2.1a
v
1.0 =
C
v
1 := AISC 36005 Eq G22
A
w
d t
w
23.4 in
2
= := Web Area
V
nx
0.6 F
y
A
w
C
v
:= Nominal Strong Axis Shear Capacity (AISC 36005 Eq G21)
V
nx
702 kip =
Strong Axis Shear Capacity
V
nx
702 kip = Nominal Strong Axis Shear Capacity
v
V
nx
702 kip = Design Strong Axis Shear Capacity for Selected Beam
V
ux
65 kip = Maximum Applied Strong Axis Shear
Check if Beam is Adequate in Strong Axis Shear
Must Not Exceed 100%
Check
vx
V
ux
v
V
nx
9.3 % = :=
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Weak Axis Calculations
Compact, Noncompact, and Slender Flange Moment Capacity (AISC Section F6)
F6.1 Yielding
M
py
min F
y
Z
y
1.6 F
y
S
y
,
( )
:= Weak Axis Flexural Yielding Moment Capacity
(AISC 36005 Eq F61)
M
n6.1
M
py
322 kip ft = :=
F6.2 Flange Local Buckling
F6.2a Compact Flanges
For Compact Flange Shapes, the Limit State of Yielding Applies.
F6.2b Noncompact Flanges
Noncompact Flange FLB Moment
Capacity (AISC 36005 Eq F62) M
n6.2b
M
py
M
py
0.7 F
y
S
y
( )
flan
pflan
rflan
pflan
\


(
(
:=
M
n6.2b
361 kip ft =
F6.2c Slender Flanges
F
cr
0.69 E
b
f
2 t
f
\


2
578 ksi = := Critical Stress (AISC 36005 Eq F64)
M
n6.2c
F
cr
S
y
:= Slender Flange FLB Moment Capacity (AISC 36005 Eq F63)
M
n6.2c
2 10
3
kip ft =
Resulting Weak Axis Moment Capacity
M
ny
M
n6.1
Check
1
"Flange is compact" = if
min M
n6.1
M
n6.2b
,
( )
Check
1
"Flange is noncompact" = if
min M
n6.1
M
n6.2c
,
( )
Check
1
"Flange is slender" = if
:=
Determination of Weak Axis
Moment Capacity Based on
Flange Slenderness
M
ny
322 kip ft =
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Weak Axis Calculations (continued)
Weak Axis Moment Capacity
M
ny
322 kip ft = Nominal Weak Axis Moment Capacity
b
M
ny
290 kip ft = Design Weak Axis Moment Capacity for Selected Beam
M
uy
116 kip ft = Maximum Applied Weak Axi s Moment
Check if Beam is Adequate in Weak Axis Flexure
Must Not Exceed 100%
Check
by
M
uy
b
M
ny
39.9 % = :=
Shear Capacity Calculations (AISC Section G7)
k
v
1.2 := AISc 36005 Section G7
C
v
1.0
b
f
t
f
1.10
k
v
E
F
y
if
1.10
k
v
E
F
y
b
f
t
f

\


b
f
t
f
1.10
k
v
E
F
y
>
b
f
t
f
1.37
k
v
E
F
y
if
1.51 E k
v
b
f
t
f

\


2
F
y
b
f
t
f
1.37
k
v
E
F
y
> if
:=
Web Shear Coefficient
(AISC Eqs G23, G24, and G25)
C
v
1.00 =
A
w
2 b
f
t
f
:= Shear Area (AISC 36005 Section G7)
A
w
24.48 in
2
=
V
ny
0.6 F
y
A
w
C
v
:= Nominal Weak Axis Shear Capacity (AISC 36005 Eq G21)
V
ny
734 kip =
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Date:_______
Weak Axis Calculations (continued)
Weak Axis Shear Capacity
V
ny
734 kip = Nominal Weak Axis Shear Capacity
v
V
ny
734 kip = Design Weak Axis Shear Capacity for Selected Beam
V
uy
24 kip = Maximum Applied Weak Axi s Shear
Check if Beam is Adequate in Weak Axis Shear
Must Not Exceed 100%
Check
vy
V
uy
v
V
ny
3.2 % = :=
Interaction Calculations
Force Interaction Check (AISC Section H1)
b
M
nx
2340 kip ft = Design Moment Capacity About Strong Axis
b
M
ny
290 kip ft = Design Moment Capacity About Weak Axi s
M
ux
318 kip ft = Ultimate Moment About Strong Axis
M
uy
116 kip ft = Ultimate Moment About Weak Axis
Check
M
ux
b
M
nx
M
uy
b
M
ny
+

\


Case 1 = if
M
ux
b
M
nx
M
uy
0.5
b
M
ny
( )
(
(
Case 2 = if
:=
Check of Force Interactions Based on
Loading Conditions (AISC 36005 Eq H11)
Check 0.93 =
Check if Beam is Adequate for Combined Forces
Must Not Exceed 100%
Check
i
Check
1.00
93.4 % = :=
Final Results
Beam "W36X160" =
Results "Selected Beam is Adequate for Given Parameters" =
14 of 14