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TOPIC CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

Part 1: Subjective Questions



1. Discuss the continuity of f(x) = |tan
-1
x], where [.] denotes the greatest integer function.
Ans. f(x) is discontinuous when x e {-tan 1, u, tan1]

2. Let y = f(x) be defined parametrically as y = t
2
+t |t|, x = 2t -|t|, t e R. Then, at x = 0, find f(x) and
discuss continuity.
Ans. f(x) = 2x
2
, x 0
= 0 , x < 0
f(x) is continuous for all real x

3. Discuss the continuity of the function

F(x) = lim
n-
Iog(2 + x)- x
2n
sInx
1 + x
2n
at x = 1
Ans. F(x) is discontinuous at x = 1

4. Let f(x) = (1 +|sinx|)
a
|snx|
,
-
6
< x < u


= b , x = 0
= e
(tan 2x) (tan3x)
, 0 < x <

6


Determine a and b such that f(x) is continuous at x=0.
Ans. a=
2
3
and b=e
23


5. Let f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y) v x, yeR. If f(x) is continuous at x =0, show that f(x) is continuous for all real x.

6. Find the points of discontinuity of y =
1
u
2
+ u - 2
, where u =
1
x - 1
.
Ans. Discontinuous at x =
1
2
, 1, 2

7. Let f(x) = 1 + x, 0 x 2
= 3 x, 2 < x 3
Determine the function g(x) = f( f(x) ) and hence find the points of discontinuity of g, if any.
Ans. g(x) = 2+x , 0 x < 1
= 2x, 1 < x 2
= 4x , 2< x 3
g(x) is continuous in [0, 3] {1, 2}

8. Find the left hand derivative of f(x) = [x] sin (x) at x = k, where k is an integer and [.] denotes the
greatest integer function.
Ans. LHD (x=k) = (1)
k
(k1)

9. If f(x) = x3, x<0
= x
2
3x+2, x 0 and let
g(x) = f(|x|) + |f(x)|. Discuss the continuity and differentiability of g(x).
Ans. g(x) is continuous in R-{0} and differentiable in R {0, 1, 2}.

10. Let f(x) = ||x| -1|, find fof (x) and discuss its continuity and differentiability. Also, find derivative of
(fof)
2
at x =
3
2

Ans. fof(x) = x 2 , x < 2
= x + 2 , 2 x < 1
= x , 1 x < 0
= x , 0 x < 1
= 2 x , 1 x < 2
= x 2 , x > 2
fof(x) is continuous v x e R and differentiable in R {2, 1, 0, 1, 2}.
d
dx
(fof)
2
x =
3
2
= -1

11. Find the number of points of non differentiability of f(x) = max { sin x, cos x, 0} in (0, 2n )
Ans. 3n

12. If f(x) = x
2
- 2|x| and
g(x) = min { f(t) : 2 t x, 2 x 0}
= max {f(t) : 0 t x, 0 x 3}
(i) Draw the graph of f(x) and discuss its continuity and differentiability.
(ii) Find and draw the graph of g(x). Also, discuss its continuity and differentiability.
Ans. f(x) is continuous vxeR and differentiable in R-{0}
g(x) = x
2
+2x, 2 x 1
= 1 , 1 x < 0
= 0 , 0 x < 2
= x
2
+2x, x 2
g(x) is continuous in R {0} and differentiable in R {0, 2}.

13. Let f(x) = max {4, 1 + x
2
, x
2
- 1}, v x e R. Find the points where f(x) is not differentiable
Ans. x = _ S

14. Find a and b so that the function
f(x) = x + a2 sin x, 0 x <

4


= 2x cot x + b ,

4
x

2


= a cos2 x b sinx,

2
< x
is continuous v x e [0, ].
Ans. a =

6
, b =
-
12


15. Let f[
x + y
2
=
I(x) + I(y)
2
v x, y e 8. lf f(0) exists and is equal to 1 and f(0) = 1, flnd f(x).
Ans. f(x) = 1
16. If f(x) + f(y) = f[
x + y
1 - xy
v x, y e R (xy = 1) and
lim
x - u

I (x)
x
=2. Find f[
1
3
and f(1)
Ans. f[
1
3
=

2
and f(1) = 1

17. Let f(x) = x
4
-8x
3
+22x
2
-24x and
g(x) = min f(x) ; x t x + 1, 1 x 1
= x 10 ; x 1
Discuss the continuity and differentiability of g(x) in [1, ).
Ans. g(x) is continuous v x e [1, )
g(x) is differentiable v x e [1, ) {1}.

18. If g(x) =
lim
m -

x
m
I(1) + h(x)+ 1
2x
m
+ 3x + 3
is continuous at x = 1 and g(1) =
lim
x - 1
( ln(ex))
2
Inx
, then find the
value of 2g(1) + 2f(1) h(1). Assume that f(x) and h(x) are continuous at x = 1.
Ans. 2g(1) + 2f(1) h(1) = 1

19. Let u e R. Prove that a function f: R - R is differentiable at x = u, if and only if there is a function g:
R - R which is continuous at x = u and satisfies
f(x) f(u) = g(x) (x u) v x e R.

20. Let f be a function such that f(xy) = f(x) f(y) v x, y e R and f(1 + x) = 1 + x (1 + g(x) ), where
lim
x - u
g(x)
= 0. Find the value of
2
]
1

I (x)
I
|
x
.
1
1 + x
2
ux
Ans.
1
2
log [
5
2



TOPIC CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

Part 2: Objective Questions Level 1

1. If
lim
x - u
f(x) exists where f(x) =
sIn(3p - 1)x
3x
, x < 0

=
tan(3p + 1)x
2x
, x > 0,
Then P equals
(a) -
2
3
(b) -
4
3
(c) -
5
3
(d) -
7
3


2. If f(x) = jtan
2
[x -

4
[, where [.] denotes the greatest integer function, then
(a) f(x) is continuous at x = 0 (b) f(x) is differentiable at x =

2

(c) f(x) is continuous in [u,

2
(d) f(x) is differentiable in [u,

2


3. Let f(x) =
In (1 + ax) - In (1 - bx)
x
, x = u.
The value to be assigned to f(x) at x = 0 so that f(x) is continuous at x = 0, is
(a) a b (b) a + b (c) ln(ab) (d) None of these

4. The function f(x) =
tan ( |x - ])
1 + |x]
2
, where [x] is the greatest integer function,
(a) is discontinuous at some x
(b) f(x) exlsLs for all x
(c) f(x) exlsLs for all x buL f(x) does noL exlsL
(d) ls conLlnuous for all x buL f(x) does noL exlsL for some x.

5. If f(x) = x (x -x +1), then
(a) f(x) is continuous but not differentiable at x=0 (b) f(0) exlsLs
(c) f(x) is non-differentiable at x=0 (d) None of these

6. The set of points where f(x) = [
x
4 + |x|
is differentiable, is
(a) (, ) (b) (0, ) (c) (, 0) U (0, ) (d) None of these

7. If f(x) = x
p
cos[
1
x
, x =0 and f(0)=0, then f(x) will be continuous and differentiable at x=0 if
(a) p>0 (b) p>1 (c) 0<p<1 (d) p>
1
2


8. The values of a, b and c which make the function f(x) =
sIn(a+1)x + sInx
x
, x < 0

= c , x = 0

=
x+ bx
2
- x
b x x
, x > 0
continuous at x = 0, are
(a) a = -
3
2
, b = 0, c =
1
2
(b) a =
3
2
, b = 0, c =
1
2


(c) a =
- 3
2
, b = 0, c =
1
2
(d) None of these

9. The set of points of discontinuity of the function f(x) =
lim
n -

(2sInx )
2n
3
n
- (2cos x)
2n
is given by

(a) n _

4
, n e I (b) n _

3
, n e I

(c) n _

6
, n e I (d) n _

2
, n e I

10. Let f(x) = [3 + 2cos x], x e [
-
2
,

2
, where [.] denotes the greatest integer function. The number of
points of discontinuity of f(x) is
(a) 3 (b) 2 (c) 5 (d) None of these

11. If f(x) =
x
1 + |x|
, |x| 1 , then f(x) is

=
x
1 - |x|
, |x| < 1
(a) discontinuous and non differentiable at x = 1, 0, 1
(b) discontinuous and non differentiable at x = 1, whereas continuous and differentiable at x = 0 and
x = 1
(c) discontinuous and non differentiable at x = 1 and x = 1, whereas continuous and differentiable at
x = 0
(d) None of these

12. If f(x) =

1 -1 -x
2
, then at x = 0
(a) f(x) is continuous as well as differentiable (b) f(x) is differentiable but not continuous
(c) f(x) is continuous but not differentiable (d) f(x) is neither continuous nor differentiable

13. If f(x) = x[x], 0 x < 2,
= (x1) [2], 2 x 3
where [.] denotes the greatest integer function, then
(a) boLh f(1) and f(2) do not exist (b) f(1) exlsLs buL f(2) does noL exlsL
(c) f(2) exlsLs buL f(1) does noL exlsL (d) boLh f(1) and f(2) exlsLs

14. Let f(x +y) = f(x) f(y) v x,y where f(0) =0. lf f(3) = 2 and f(0) = 3, Lhen f(3) equals
(a) 6 (b) 0 (c) 1 (d) 3

15. Let f(x) = [x] and g(x) = 0, x e I
, where
= x
2
, x e I
[.] denotes the greatest integer function. Then,
(a) gof is continuous v x e R (b) gof is differentiable v x e R
(c) fog is continuous v x e R (d) fog is differentiable at all x except x = _n, n e N

16. Which of the following functions is differentiable at x = 0?
(a) cos (|x|) +|x| (b) cos (|x|) -|x|
(c) sin (|x|) +|x| (d) sin (|x|) -|x|

17. If f(x) =
sIn{cos x]
x -

2
, x =

2
,

= 1 , x =

2

where {.} denotes the fractional part function, then
(a) f(x) is continuous at x =

2
(b)
lim
x -

2
f(x) exists, but f(x) is not continuous at x =

2


(c)
lim
x -

2
f(x) does not exist (d)
lim
x -

2
f(x) = 1

18. If u, (u < ) are the points of discontinuity of the function f( f(x) ), where f(x) =
1
1 - x
, then the set of
values of a for which the points (u, ) and (a, a
2
) lie on the same side of the line x + 2y 3 = 0, is
(a) [
-3
2
, 1 (b) [
-5
2
, -2 (c) (1, ) (d) [ ,
3
2


19. If f(x) = x + tan x and g(x) is the inverse of f(x), then g(x) ls equal Lo

(a)
1
1 + (g (x) - x)
2
(b)
1
2 + (g (x)+ x)
2

(c)
1
2 + (g (x) - x)
2
(d)
1
1 + (g (x)+ x)
2


20. The function f(x) = tan
-1
(tanx) is
(a) continuous in R
(b) discontinuous at x =
n
2
, n e Z
(c) non differentiable at x = (2n +1)

2
, n e l such LhaL f(x)=1 vx e R -](2n +1)

2
, n e I
(d) conLlnuous and dlfferenLlable ln 8 such LhaL f(x)=1 v x.


TOPIC CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

Part 3: Objective Questions Level II

1. The function y=f(x), defined parametrically, x=2t |t -1| and y = 2t
2
+t|t| is non differentiable at x=
(a) 0 (b) 1 (c) 2 (d) 3

2. Let f: R - R is a function which satisfies f(x +y
3
) =f(x) + (f (y))
3
v x, y e 8. lf f(0) 0, then f(10)
equals
(a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 20 (d) 10

3. Let f(x) = x
3
-x
2
+x +1 and g(x) = max f(t), 0 t x & 0 x 1
= 3 x , 1 < x 2
Then g(x) is non differentiable at x =
(a)
1
2
(b)
3
4
(c) 1 (d)
3
2


4. Let y = f(x) be a differentiable function v x e R and satisfies f(x) = x +
1
]
u
x
2
z f(z) dz +
1
]
u
xz
2
f(z) dz. Then
f(119) equals
(a) 9,500 (b) 9,700 (c) 9,800 (d) 9,900

5. Let f be a differentiable function such that f(x) = x
2
+
x
]
u
e
-t
f(x t)dt. Then f(x) equals
(a)
x
3
3
+x
2
(b)
2x
3
3
+x
2
(c) x
3
+x
2
(d) x + x
2


6. Let g(x) = ln f(x), where f(x) is a twice differentiable positive function on (0, ) such that f(x+1) = xf(x).
1hen, for n=1, 2, 3, g[N +
1
2
- g [
1
2
is equal to
(a) 4 ]1 +
1
9
+
1
25
++
1
(2N - 1)
2
(b) 4 ]1 +
1
9
+
1
25
++
1
(2N - 1)
2


(c) 4 ]1 +
1
9
+
1
25
++
1
(2N + 1)
2
(d) 4 ]1 +
1
9
+
1
25
++
1
(2N + 1)
2



7. Let f be a real valued function defined on the interval (0, ), by f(x) = lnx +
x
]
u
1 +sin t dt. Then,
which of the following statements is/are true?
(a) f(x) exlsLs for all x e (0 , )
(b) f(x) exlsLs for all x e (0 , ) and f ls conLlnuous on (0 , ) but not differentiable in (0 , )
(c) There exists u > 1 such that |f'(x)| < |f'(x)| for all x e (0 , )
(d) There exists > u such that |f(x)| +|f'(x)| vxe (0 , )

8. If f(x) = max (|S -x|, S -x
3
), then
(a) f(x) is continuous v xeR (b) f(x) is differentiable v xeR
(c) f(x) is non-differentiable at three points only (d) f(x) is non-differentiable at four points only.

9. If f:R-R be a one-one, onto and differentiable function and the graph of y=f(x) is symmetrical about
the point (4,0), then
(a) f
-1
(2010) + f
-1
(-2010) = 8 (b)
2u18
]
-2u1u
f(x) dx = 0

(c) lf f(100)>0, then roots of x
2
-f
i
(1u)x -f
i
(1u) = u may be non-real

(d) lf f(10)=20, Lhen f(2) = 20

10. If f(x) = sin
-1
|e
x
] +sin
-1
|e
-x
], where [.] represents the greatest integer function, then
(a) domain of f(x) = (ln2, ln2) (b) range of f(x) = {}
(c) f(x) has a removable discontinuity at x = 0 (d) f(x) = cos
-1
x has only one solution

11. Let f: R - R be a differentiable function satisfying f(x) = f(y) f(xy) v x, yeR and f(0) =
4
]
u
{2x] dx, where
[.} denoLes Lhe fracLlonal parL funcLlon and f(3) = u e

. Then |u +| is equal to
(a) 1 (b) 2 (c) 3 (d) 4

12. Let f(x) = max||x
2
-2 |x||, |x|| and g(x) = min||x
2
-2 |x||, |x||, then
(a)both f(x) and g(x) are non-differentiable at 5 points
(b) f(x) is not differentiable at 5 points whereas g(x) is non-differentiable at 7 points.
(c) number of points of non-differentiability for f(x) and g(x) are 7 and 5 respectively.
(d) both f(x) and g(x) are non-differentiable at 3 and 5 points respectively.

13. Let f(x) be continuous and differentiable for all xe R and f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y) 3xy. If
lim
h - u

I(h)
h
= 7,
Lhen f(x) equals
(a) 3x (b) 7 (c) 3x + 7 (d) 2f(x) + 7

14. Let f(x) = x
n
sin [
1
x
2
, x = 0
, n e I, then
= 0 , x = 0
(a)
lim
x - u
f(x) exists for every n > 1 (b) f is continuous at x = 0 for n > 1
(c) f is differentiable at x = 0 for n > 1 (d) None of these

15. Let f(x) =
x
]
-2
|t +1| dt, then
(a) f(x) is continuous in [1, 1] (b) f(x) is differentiable in [1, 1]
(c) f(x) ls conLlnuous ln [1, 1] (d) f(x) ls dlfferenLlable ln [1, 1]

16. A function f(x) satisfies the relation f(x+y) = f(x) + f(y) + xy(x+y) v x, ye8. lf f(0) = 1, then
(a) f(x) is a polynomial function (b) f(x) is an exponential function
(c) f(x) is twice differentiable v xeR (d) f (3) = 8

17.If f(x) =0 be a real valued function satisfying f(x +y
n
) = f(x) +(f(y))
n
v x, y e R and n 2 is a
naLural number. lf f (0) 0 then f(5) + f(10) equals
(a) 5 (b) 6 (c) 7 (d) 8

18. Let f(x) be a function satisfying f(x+y) = f(x) f(y) v x, yeR. If f(x) = 1+x(x) + x
2
(x)(x) where
lim
x - u
(x) = a and
lim
x - u
(x) = b, Lhen f(x) ls equal Lo

(a) (a+b) f(x) (b) af(x) (c) bf (x) (d) None of these

19. If f(x) = ax
2
+bx +c is such that |f(u)| 1, |f(1)| 1 and |f( 1)| 1, then least value of K, such
that |f(x)| K v x e |-1, 1] is
(a)
1
2
(b) 1 (c)
5
4
(d)
7
4


20. If
lim
x -
f(x
2
) = a (a is a finite number), then which of the following is/are true?

(a)
lim
x -
x
2
f (x
2
) = u (b)
lim
x -
x
2
f (x
2
) = 2a

(c)
lim
x -
x
4
f (x
2
) = u (d)
lim
x -
x
4
f (x
2
) = a


ANSWER KEYS

TOPIC CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

Part 2: Objective Questions Level 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
c c,d b b b a b c c a c c a a a ,b, d d b a c c



TOPIC CONTINUITY AND DIFFERENTIABILITY

Part 3: Objective Questions Level 2

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
c b c b a a b,c a,d a,b,d a,c d b c a,b,c a,b,c,d a,c,d b b c a,c