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# Faraday's Law of Induction and Lenz' Law

Faradays law of induction states that the EMF induced by a change in magnetic flux is EMF = - dI!dt " when flux changes by #\$ in a time #t%

Lenz' Law
(a) When this bar magnet is thrust into the coil, the strength of the magnetic field increases in the coil. The current induced in the coil creates another field, in the opposite direction of the bar magnets to oppose the increase. This is one aspect of Lenzs lawinduction opposes any change in flu . (b) and (c) are two other situations. !erify for yourself that the direction of the induced "coil shown indeed opposes the change in flu and that the current direction shown is consistent with the right hand rule.

&ey 'oints

The minus in the #araday\$s law means that the %&# creates a current ' and magnetic field " that oppose the change in flu ()this is *nown as Lenz law. #araday\$s law of induction is the fundamental operating principle of transformers, inductors, and many types of electrical motors, generators, and solenoids. #aradays law states that the %&# induced by a change in magnetic flu depends on the change in flu (), time (t, and number of turns of coils.

(erms

electromoti+e force (%&#)The +oltage generated by a battery or by the magnetic force according to #araday\$s Law. 't is measured in units of +olts, not newtons, and thus, is not actually a force.

solenoid , coil of wire that acts as a magnet when an electric current flows through it.

flu The rate of transfer of energy (or another physical -uantity) through a gi+en surface, specifically electric flu or magnetic flu .