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# LECTURE 15 TESTING FOR EQUALITY OF VARIANCES FROM 2 INDEPENDENT POPULATIONS: Why is this test important?

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Test statistic:____________________________ where s12 is the larger of the two the hypotheses are: _________________ _________________ ariances

## the ! "istri#\$tion loo%s li%e:

so the "ecision r\$le is always: __________________________ __________________________ To fin" the critical al\$e:

1& !in" n\$merator "egrees of free"om: n1'1 2& !in" "enominator "egrees of free"om: n2'1 (& Loo% \$p the critical al\$e on Ta#le )*+ page ,-( .ass\$ming */5 le el of significance which m\$st #e "i i"e" #y two #eca\$se this is a two'taile" test&

## 0R1CE22 !1R 31456 T'TE2T2 1! TW1 010UL)T4152: 1&__________________________________ 2&__________________________________

flow chart

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e7ample 1: ) professor in the )cco\$ntancy "epartment of a #\$siness school claims that there is "ifferent aria#ility in the final e7am scores of st\$"ents ta%ing the intro"\$ctory acco\$nting co\$rse as a a re8\$irement than for st\$"ents ta%ing the co\$rse as part of their ma9or: Ran"om samples of 1( non'acco\$nting ma9ors an" 1/ acco\$nting ma9ors were ta%en from the professor;s class roster in his large lect\$re an" the following res\$lts were comp\$te" #ase" on the final e7am scores: n5)<1( s25)<21/*2 n)<1/ s2)<(=:5

## pg -12 ta#le 1/*?

Minitab Instructi ns: To test equality of variances: Data must be in one column with the code for groups in a second column. Choose stat Choose ANOVA Choose Homogeneity of Variance Select data variable in "response" Select code variable in "factors" Click OK ASSIGNMENT: Rea" in yo\$r te7t#oo%: pages -/,'-1(

Written assignment: #y han": pg -1( @1/*5( #y comp\$ter: 1& pg -1( @1/*5= 2& Using the pro#lem written #elow or on the ne7t page: "o the complete in"epen"ent t'test process* 3o not ma%e any ass\$mptions a#o\$t the ariances'yo\$ m\$st test to "etermine whether the ariances are e8\$al or not then choose an" "o the appropriate t'testA

0ro#lem: The "irector of training for a company man\$fact\$ring electronic e8\$ipment is intereste" in "etermining whether "ifferent training metho"s ha e an effect on the pro"\$cti ity of assem#ly line employees* 2he ran"omly assigne" -2recently hire" employees into two gro\$ps of 21 each* The first gro\$p recei e" comp\$ter'assiste": in"i i"\$al'#ase" training an" the secon" gro\$p recei e" team'#ase" training* Upon completion of training: the employees were e al\$ate" on time .in secon"s& it too% to assem#le a part* The res\$lts are as follows: Comp\$terBin"i i"\$al training 1,*2/*+ 21*? 1-*1 1=*1 1=*? 1-*+ 1=*+ 1,*( 1=*? 1+*+ 1,*? 1,*( 1=*/ 1+*+ Team'#ase" training 22*1?*+ 1,*( 15*= 1?*/ 21*+ (/*+ 2(*+ 1(*? 1?*/ 2/*? 1+*1 2?*2 2/*? 2-*+ 1+*-

16.5

1=*2 1=*-

1+*1=*?

18.5

## 2(*2 12*( 1=*/

2/*1 15*2

Using a */5 le el of significance: is there e i"ence of a "ifference in the a erage assem#ly times .in secon"s& #etween employees traine" in a comp\$ter' assiste": in"i i"\$al'#ase" program an" those traine" in a team'#ase" program?