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# Class XII

Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Exercise 7.1 Question 1: sin 2x Answer The anti derivative of sin 2x is a function of x whose derivative is sin 2x.It is known that,

## Therefore, the anti derivative of

Question 2: Cos 3x Answer The anti derivative of cos 3x is a function of x whose derivative is cos 3x. It is known that,

## Therefore, the anti derivative of

Question 3: e2x Answer The anti derivative of e2x is the function of x whose derivative is e2x. It is known that,
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Maths

Question 4:

## Answer The anti derivative of

It is known that,

Question 5:

## Answer The anti derivative of

. It is known that,

## is the function of x whose derivative is

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Maths

## Therefore, the anti derivative of

is

Question 6:

Question 7:

Question 8:

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Question 9:

Question 10:

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Question 11:

Question 12:

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Question 13:

On dividing, we obtain

Question 14:

Question 15:

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Question 16:

Question 17:

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Question 18:

Question 19:

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Question 20:

Question 21:

## The anti derivative of

equals

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

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Question 22:

If

## such that f(2) = 0, then f(x) is

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Anti derivative of

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Also,

## Hence, the correct Answer is A.

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Exercise 7.2

Question 1:

=t

2x dx = dt

Question 2:

## Answer Let log |x| = t

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Question 3:

Let 1 + log x = t

Question 4:

## sin x sin (cos x)

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Maths

## sin x sin (cos x)

Let cos x = t

sin x dx = dt

Question 5:

Let

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 6:

Answer Let ax + b = t

Question 7:

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dx = dt

Question 8:

## Answer Let 1 + 2x2 = t

4xdx = dt

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Question 9:

(2x + 1)dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 10:

Let

Question 11:

dx = dt

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Question 12:

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Question 13:

9x2 dx = dt

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Question 14:

## Answer Let log x = t

Question 15:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Let

8x dx = dt

Question 16:

2dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 17:

2xdx = dt

Question 18:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 19:

## Dividing numerator and denominator by ex, we obtain

Let

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 20:

Question 21:

Let 2x 3 = t

2dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 22:

Answer Let 7 4x = t

4dx = dt

Question 23:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 24:

Let

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 25:

Let

Question 26:

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Question 27:

## Answer Let sin 2x = t

Question 28:

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cos x dx = dt

Question 30:

## Answer Let 1 + cos x = t

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sin x dx = dt

Question 31:

## Answer Let 1 + cos x = t

sin x dx = dt

Question 32:

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## Let sin x + cos x = t (cos x sin x) dx = dt

Question 33:

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## Put cos x sin x = t (sin x cos x) dx = dt

Question 34:

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Question 35:

## Answer Let 1 + log x = t

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Question 36:

Let

Question 37:

4x3 dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Let

## From (1), we obtain

Question 38:

equals

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Maths

Question 39:

equals A.
B.
C.
D.

## Hence, the correct Answer is B.

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Maths

Exercise 7.3

Question 1:

Question 2:

It is known that,

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## Question 3: cos 2x cos 4x cos 6x Answer

It is known that,

## Question 4: sin3 (2x + 1) Answer Let

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## Question 6: sin x sin 2x sin 3x Answer

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It is known that,

## Question 7: sin 4x sin 8x Answer

It is known that,

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Question 8:

Question 9:

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## Question 10: sin4 x Answer

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## Question 11: cos4 2x Answer

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Question 12:

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Question 13:

Question 14:

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Question 15:

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## From equation (1), we obtain

Question 17:

Question 18:

Question 19:

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Question 20:

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## Question 21: sin1 (cos x) Answer

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It is known that,

## Substituting in equation (1), we obtain

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Question 22:

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Question 23:

is equal to A. tan x + cot x + C B. tan x + cosec x + C C. tan x + cot x + C D. tan x + sec x + C Answer

## Hence, the correct Answer is A.

Question 24:

equals A. cot (ex ) + C B. tan (xex) + C C. tan (ex) + C D. cot (ex) + C Answer
x

Let exx = t

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## Hence, the correct Answer is B.

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Exercise 7.4

Question 1:

3x2 dx = dt

Question 2:

2dx = dt

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Question 3:

Answer Let 2 x = t

dx = dt

Question 4:

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5dx = dt

Question 5:

Question 6:

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3x2 dx = dt

Question 7:

## From (1), we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 8:

3x2 dx = dt

Question 9:

## Answer Let tan x = t

sec2x dx = dt

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Question 10:

Question 11:

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Question 12:

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Question 13:

Question 14:

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Question 15:

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Question 16:

## Equating the coefficients of x and constant term on both sides, we obtain

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4A = 4 A = 1

A+B=1B=0

Let 2x2 + x 3 = t

(4x + 1) dx = dt

Question 17:

## From (1), we obtain

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Maths

Question 18:

## Equating the coefficient of x and constant term on both sides, we obtain

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Maths

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## Substituting equations (2) and (3) in equation (1), we obtain

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Maths

Question 19:

## Equating the coefficients of x and constant term, we obtain

2A = 6 A = 3

9A + B = 7 B = 34

6x + 7 = 3 (2x 9) + 34

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Question 20:

## Equating the coefficients of x and constant term on both sides, we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Using equations (2) and (3) in (1), we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 21:

Let x2 + 2x +3 = t

(2x + 2) dx =dt

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Question 22:

## Equating the coefficients of x and constant term on both sides, we obtain

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## Substituting (2) and (3) in (1), we obtain

Question 23:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Using equations (2) and (3) in (1), we obtain

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Question 24:

1

(x + 1) + C

(x + 1) + C

## Hence, the correct Answer is B.

Question 25:

equals

A.

B.

C.

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D.

## Hence, the correct Answer is B.

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Maths

Exercise 7.5

Question 1:

Let

Equating the coefficients of x and constant term, we obtain A+B=1 2A + B = 0 On solving, we obtain A = 1 and B = 2

Question 2:

Let

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Equating the coefficients of x and constant term, we obtain A+B=0 3A + 3B = 1 On solving, we obtain

Question 3:

Let

## Substituting x = 1, 2, and 3 respectively in equation (1), we obtain A = 1, B = 5, and C = 4

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 4:

Let

Question 5:

Let

## Substituting x = 1 and 2 in equation (1), we obtain A = 2 and B = 4

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Maths

Question 6:

Answer It can be seen that the given integrand is not a proper fraction. Therefore, on dividing (1 x2) by x(1 2x), we obtain

Let

Substituting x = 0 and
A = 2 and B = 3

## Substituting in equation (1), we obtain

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Maths

Question 7:

Let

Equating the coefficients of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+C=0 A + B = 1 B + C = 0 On solving these equations, we obtain

## From equation (1), we obtain

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Maths

Question 8:

Let

Substituting x = 1, we obtain

Equating the coefficients of x2 and constant term, we obtain A+C=0 2A + 2B + C = 0 On solving, we obtain

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Question 9:

Let

Substituting x = 1 in equation (1), we obtain B=4 Equating the coefficients of x2 and x, we obtain A+C=0 B 2C = 3 On solving, we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 10:

Let

## Equating the coefficients of x2 and x, we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 11:

Let

## Substituting x = 1, 2, and 2 respectively in equation (1), we obtain

Question 12:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Answer It can be seen that the given integrand is not a proper fraction. Therefore, on dividing (x3 + x + 1) by x2 1, we obtain

Let

## Substituting x = 1 and 1 in equation (1), we obtain

Question 13:

Equating the coefficient of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain AB=0 BC=0 A+C=2

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Question 14:

## Equating the coefficient of x and constant term, we obtain A=3

2A + B = 1 B = 7

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 15:

## On solving these equations, we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 16:

## Substituting t = 0, 1 in equation (1), we obtain A = 1 and B = 1

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 17:

## Substituting t = 2 and then t = 1 in equation (1), we obtain A = 1 and B = 1

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Question 18:

Equating the coefficients of x3, x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+C=0 B+D=4 4A + 3 C = 0 4B + 3D = 10 On solving these equations, we obtain A = 0, B = 2, C = 0, and D = 6

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Question 19:

Let x2 = t 2x dx = dt

## Substituting t = 3 and t = 1 in equation (1), we obtain

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 20:

## Multiplying numerator and denominator by x3, we obtain

Let x4 = t 4x3dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 21:

## [Hint: Put ex = t] Answer

Let ex = t ex dx = dt

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 22:

A.

B.

C.
D.

## Substituting x = 1 and 2 in (1), we obtain A = 1 and B = 2

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## Hence, the correct Answer is B.

Question 23:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Equating the coefficients of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+B=0 C=0 A=1 On solving these equations, we obtain A = 1, B = 1, and C = 0

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## Page 100 of 216

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Exercise 7.6

## Question 1: x sin x Answer Let I =

Taking x as first function and sin x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

Question 2:

Taking x as first function and sin 3x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

Question 3:

## Page 101 of 216

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Taking x2 as first function and ex as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Question 4: x logx Answer Let

Taking log x as first function and x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Page 102 of 216

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## Question 5: x log 2x Answer Let

Taking log 2x as first function and x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Question 6: x2 log x Answer Let

Taking log x as first function and x2 as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Page 103 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 7:

Taking

obtain

Question 8:

## Page 104 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Taking

## as first function and x as second function and integrating by parts, we

obtain

Question 9:

Taking cos1 x as first function and x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Page 105 of 216

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## Page 106 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 10:

Taking
obtain as first function and 1 as second function and integrating by parts, we

Question 11:

Let

## Page 107 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Taking

## as second function and integrating by parts,

we obtain

Question 12:

Taking x as first function and sec2x as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

Question 13:

## Page 108 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Let

Taking

obtain

Question 14:

Taking

obtain

## Page 109 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

Maths

Question 15:

## Let I = I1 + I2 (1) Where,

and

Taking log x as first function and x2 as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

Taking log x as first function and 1 as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

## Page 110 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Using equations (2) and (3) in (1), we obtain

Question 16:

Let

It is known that,

Question 17:

## Page 111 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Let

Let

It is known that,

Question 18:

## Page 112 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Let

It is known that,

Question 19:

## Page 113 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Also, let
It is known that,

Question 20:

Let

It is known that,

Question 21:

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Let

Question 22:

## Page 115 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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= 2

Question 23:
equals

Also, let

## Page 116 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Hence, the correct Answer is A.

Question 24:
equals

Let

Also, let
It is known that,

## Page 117 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Exercise 7.7

Question 1:

Question 2:

## Page 118 of 216

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Question 3:

Question 4:

Question 5:
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Question 6:

Question 7:

## Page 120 of 216

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Question 8:

## Page 121 of 216

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Question 9:

Question 10:

is equal to

A.

B.

C.
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D.

Question 11:

is equal to

A.

B.

C.

D.

## Hence, the correct Answer is D.

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## Page 124 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 2:

It is known that,

Question 3:

## Page 125 of 216

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## Page 126 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 4:

It is known that,

## Page 127 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Page 128 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 5:

It is known that,

## Page 129 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 6:

## Page 130 of 216

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## Page 131 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Exercise 7.9

Question 1:

Question 2:

Question 3:

## Page 132 of 216

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Question 4:

## Page 133 of 216

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Question 5:

Question 6:

## Page 134 of 216

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Question 7:

Question 8:

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Question 9:

Question 10:

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Question 11:

Question 12:

## Page 137 of 216

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Question 13:

## Page 138 of 216

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Question 14:

Question 15:

## Page 139 of 216

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Question 16:

Let

## Page 140 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Page 141 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 17:

Question 18:

## Page 142 of 216

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Question 19:

## Page 143 of 216

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Question 20:

## Page 144 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 21:

equals

A.

B.

C.

D.

## Page 145 of 216

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Question 22:

equals

A.

B.

C.

D.

## Page 146 of 216

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## Page 147 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Exercise 7.10

Question 1:

Question 2:

Also, let

## Page 148 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 3:

## Page 149 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Takingas first function and sec2 as second function and integrating by parts, we obtain

Question 4:

## Let x + 2 = t2 dx = 2tdt When x = 0,

and when x = 2, t = 2

## Page 150 of 216

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Question 5:

## Page 151 of 216

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Question 6:

Let

dx = dt

## Page 152 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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## Page 153 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 7:

Question 8:

## Page 154 of 216

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Question 9:

## The value of the integral

is

A. 6 B. 0 C. 3 D. 4 Answer

## Page 155 of 216

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## Page 156 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 10: If

## Page 157 of 216

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## Page 158 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Exercise 7.11

Question 1:

Question 2:

## Page 159 of 216

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Question 3:

## Page 160 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 4:

## Page 161 of 216

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Question 5:

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Question 6:

Question 7:

## Page 163 of 216

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Question 8:

## Page 164 of 216

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Question 9:

## Page 165 of 216

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Question 10:

## Page 166 of 216

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## Adding (1) and (2), we obtain

Question 11:

As sin2 (x) = (sin (x))2 = (sin x)2 = sin2x, therefore, sin2x is an even function.

## Page 167 of 216

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Question 12:

## Page 168 of 216

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Question 13:

As sin7 (x) = (sin (x))7 = (sin x)7 = sin7x, therefore, sin2x is an odd function. It is known that, if f(x) is an odd function, then

Question 14:

It is known that,

## Page 169 of 216

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Question 15:

Question 16:

## Page 170 of 216

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sin ( x) = sin x

## Adding (4) and (5), we obtain

Let 2x = t 2dx = dt

## Page 171 of 216

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Question 17:

It is known that,

Question 18:

## Page 172 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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and

Question 20:

## Page 173 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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The value of

is

A. 0 B. 2 C. D. 1 Answer

and

Question 21:

The value of

is

A. 2

B.

C. 0 D.

## Page 174 of 216

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## Page 175 of 216

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Miscellaneous Solutions

Question 1:

Equating the coefficients of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A + B C = 0 B+C=0 A=1 On solving these equations, we obtain

## Page 176 of 216

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Question 2:

## Page 177 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Question 3:

[Hint: Put

## Page 178 of 216

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Question 4:

## Page 179 of 216

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## Page 180 of 216

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Question 5:

On dividing, we obtain

Question 6:

## Page 181 of 216

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Equating the coefficients of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+B=0 B+C=5 9A + C = 0 On solving these equations, we obtain

Question 7:

## Page 182 of 216

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Let x a = t dx = dt

Question 8:

Question 9:

## Page 183 of 216

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Question 10:

Question 11:

## Page 184 of 216

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Question 12:

Let x4 = t 4x3 dx = dt

## Page 185 of 216

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Question 13:

Let ex = t ex dx = dt

Question 14:

## Page 186 of 216

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Chapter 7 Integrals

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Equating the coefficients of x3, x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+C=0 B+D=0 4A + C = 0 4B + D = 1 On solving these equations, we obtain

Question 15:

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Question 16:

Question 17:

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Question 18:

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Question 19:

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Question 20:

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Question 21:

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Question 22:

Equating the coefficients of x2, x,and constant term, we obtain A+C=1 3A + B + 2 C = 1 2A + 2 B + C = 1 On solving these equations, we obtain A = 2, B = 1, and C = 3 From equation (1), we obtain

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Question 23:

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Question 24:

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Question 25:

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Question 26:

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When x = 0, t = 0 and

Question 27:

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When

and when

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Question 28:

When

and when

As

, therefore,

is an even function.

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Question 29:

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Question 30:

Question 31:

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Question 32:

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Question 33:

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## From equations (1), (2), (3), and (4), we obtain

Question 34:

Equating the coefficients of x2, x, and constant term, we obtain A+C=0 A+B=0 B=1 On solving these equations, we obtain A = 1, C = 1, and B = 1

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Question 35:

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## Hence, the given result is proved.

Question 36:

Therefore, f (x) is an odd function. It is known that if f(x) is an odd function, then

Question 37:

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Question 38:

Question 39:

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Let 1 x2 = t 2x dx = dt

## Question 40: Evaluate

Answer as a limit of a sum.

It is known that,

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Question 41:

is equal to A.
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B.

C.

D.

Question 42:

is equal to

A.
B.
C.

D.

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Question 43: If
then

is equal to

A.

B.

C.

D.

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Question 44:

The value of
A. 1 B. 0 C. 1

is

D.

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