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MOLECULAR GEOMETRY AND BONDING THEORIES AP CHEMISTRY Chapter 9 Outline

9A Write Lewis structures and descri e !th the electr!n and "!lecular #e!"etr$ !% che"ical species& Readin#' 9&() 9&* H!"ew!r+' 9&(,) 9&(Write the "!lecular and electr!n #e!"etr$ !% the %!ll!win# .draw /SEPR "!dels0'

P1r2 Se1r, I1r5 4e3*


Electr!n 7e!"etr$ Predicted 1!nd An#les Linear Tri#!nal Planar

Se34e3, PO,56

Tetrahedral

Tri#!nal6 ip$ra"idal

Octahedral

Predict the !nd an#les %!r the %!ll!win# "!lecules' CH,6

8H56

H*O6

Predict the H6C6H and C6C6C !nd an#les in the %!ll!win# "!lecule called propyne'

91

Predict "!lecular p!larit$&

Readin#' 9&5 H!"ew!r+' 9&**) 9&*,) 9&*E9plain the relati!nship !% the %!ll!win# t! "!lecular p!larit$' :ip!le "!"ent6

1!nd An#les6

/ect!r su" .resultant06

Predict the p!larit$ !% the %!ll!win# "!lecules&

CO*

8H5

HCCl5

1Cl5

HC35

H*S

H*O

CCl,

CH5CH*OH

C!"pare the p!larities !% CCl,) CHCl5) CH*Cl*) CH5Cl and CH,&

9C

:escri e h$ ridi;ed !r itals used in c!<alent !ndin#&

Readin#' 9&2) 9&H!"ew!r+L 9&5=) 9&5*) 9&5,) 9&>5 E9plain the %!ll!win#' /alence 1!nd The!r$6 H$ rid Or itals6

Pr!<ide the /SEPR #e!"etries %!r h$ rid "!lecular !r ital e?ui<alent'

sp 1eCl* sp* 1Cl5 sp5 SiH, 8H5 H*O sp5d S Cl2 sp5d* Se3-

PRACTICE PRO1LEMS @uesti!ns (65 re%er t! the %!ll!win# diat!"ic species& .A0 Li* .10 1* .C0 8* .:0 O* .E0 3* (& Has the lar#est !nd6diss!ciati!n ener#$ AAAAA *& Has a !nd !rder !% * AAAAAA 5& C!ntains ( si#"a and * pi !nds AAAAAAA ,& M!lecules that ha<e planar c!n%i#urati!ns include which !% the %!ll!win#B I& 1Cl5 II& CHCl5 III& 8Cl5 .A0 I !nl$ .10 III !nl$ .C0 I and II !nl$ .:0 II and III !nl$ .E0 I) II) and III 2& O% the %!ll!win# "!lecules) which has the lar#est dip!le "!"entB .A0 CO .10 CO* .C0 O* .:0 H3 .E0 3* -& Which !% the %!ll!win# "!lecules has a dip!le "!"ent !% ;er!B .A0 C-H- . en;ene0 .10 8O .C0 SO* .:0 8H5 .E0 H*S >& T$pes !% h$ ridi;ati!n e9hi ited $ the C at!"s in CH5CHCH* include which !% the %!ll!win#B I& II& sp* sp5

III&

sp

.A0 I !nl$ .10 II !nl$ .C0 I and II !nl$ .:0 II and III !nl$ .E0 I) II) and III C& The S Cl2 "!lecule has tri#!nal ip$ra"id structure& There%!re) the h$ ridi;ati!n !% sp !r itals sh!uld e' .A0 sp* .10 sp5 .C0 sp*d .:0 sp5d .E0 sp5d* 9& Which !% the %!ll!win# c!"p!unds is i!nic and c!ntains !th si#"a and pi c!<alent !ndsB .A0 3e.OH05 .10 HClO .C0 H*S .:0 8O* .E0 8aC8 (=& Pi !ndin# !ccurs in each !% the %!ll!win# species E4CEPT .A0 CO* .10 C*H, .C0 C86 .:0 C-H.E0 CH, ((& Which !% the %!ll!win# has a ;er! dip!le "!"entB .A0 HC8 .10 8H5 .C0 SO* .:0 8O* .E0 P32 (*& The #e!"etr$ !% the SO5 "!lecule is est descri ed as .A0 tri#!nal planar .10 tri#!nal p$ra"idal .C0 s?uare p$ra"idal

.:0 ent .E0 tetrahedral