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How many drops of mysterious liquid is equivalent to 1 milliliter?

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Purpose: %o find the amount of drops of mysterious liquid needed to equal one milliliter.

Research/Background Information: &olume is the amount of space an o#'ect ta(es up or contains. )t can #e liquid or solid. *iquid volume is e+pressed usin$ liters. %his can #e found usin$ a $raduated cylinder or a #ea(er. ,olid volume is measured in cu#ic meters -m3.. /e$ular solids0 such as a cu#es0 can #e measured #y multiplyin$ the dimensions. -len$th + width + hei$ht.. %o find the volume of an irre$ular solid0 such as a roc(0 you can measure the amount of liquid the o#'ect displaces usin$ the displacement method. *iquids are a #i$ part in findin$ volume. 1ater is one of the many liquids used to find volume. )t is the only natural su#stance found on 2arth that can ta(e all three physical forms -liquid0 $as0 solid.. 1ater free3es at 32 de$rees 4ahrenheit -5 de$rees 6elsius. and #oils at 212 de$rees 4ahrenheit -155 de$rees 6elsius.. )t is a liquid su#stance which means when put into a container0 there will #e a meniscus. 7 meniscus is a curve in the surface of a liquid caused #y adhesion and cohesion. 7dhesion is the force that attracts molecules to the surface they are in contact with. 6ohesion is the act of unitin$ or stic(in$ to$ether. 1hen adhesion occurs0 drops of the liquid will stic( to the side of the surface. 6ohesion will cause more drops of liquid to #e attracted to the liquid on the surface0 causin$ the meniscus. Sources: "81ater 9roperties 4acts and 4i$ures 7#out 1ater.8 USGS Water-Science School. :.p.0 13 ;ay 2513. 1e#. 2< =ct. 2513. "81ater ;eniscus.8 Meniscus, USGS Water Science School. :.p.0 15 ,ept. 2513. 1e#. 2 =ct. 2513. " 8%ools of *ife ,cientists.8 Life Science. 7ustin0 %>: Holt0 /inehart and 1inston0 255?. 2?"2@. 9rint.

Hypothesis: )f the mysterious liquid were to #e added drop #y drop to a $raduated cylinder previously filled with 15 milliliters of mysterious liquid0 then 1< drops would #e added to raise the volume #y one milliliter.

Experiment: Materials: Araduated cylinder Bea(er /uler Cropper ;ysterious liquid

Procedure: 1. 4ill a small $raduated cylinder with 15 m* of mysterious liquid.

2. 6ount the num#er of drops it ta(es to raise the mysterious liquid to 11 m*. /ecord the num#er in the chart. 3. *eave the mysterious liquid in the $raduated cylinder and count the num#er of drops it ta(es to raise the mysterious liquid to 12 m*. /ecord the num#er in the chart. ?. *eave the mysterious liquid in the $raduated cylinder and count the num#er of drops it ta(es to raise the level to 13 m*. /ecord the num#er in the chart. <. 6alculate your avera$e and round to the nearest tenth. @. /epeat steps 1"< for a second trial to increase the accuracy of the e+periment.

!ser"ations/data/results:

#rial $
Reached &olume 'm() * of drops 23 2< 2?

#rial %
Reached &olume 'm() 11 12 13 * of drops 2< 22 25

11
12 13

+"erage: %,-. drops

+"erage: %%-/ drops

#otal +"erage: %/-% drops

0onclusion: 7ccordin$ to the results0 to raise the volume #y one milliliter0 it requires an avera$e of 23.2 drops of mysterious liquid. ;y hypothesis was incorrect #ecause ) estimated that to raise the volume #y one milliliter0 1< drops of mysterious liquid had to #e added. %he results show that my hypothesis was off #y !.2 drops. %o measure the amount of drops needed to raise the volume #y one milliliter0 ) used a dropper. %he tool ) chose to use did not provide the most precise answer #ecause when ) applied a little #it more pressure on the dropper0 e+tra drops would come out and ) would lose count of the amount of drops that were added into the $raduated cylinder. %he dropper also did not provide the most precise answer #ecause dependin$ on the amount of pressure applied to the dropper0 the si3es of the drops may have varied. %he dropper did not provide a standard measure. %his e+periment does not provide enou$h data to provide an accurate result #ecause there were only 2 trials done. %he avera$es of the 2 trials were 1. drops away from each other. %he num#ers -D of drops. in the first trial were pretty close to each other #ut the num#ers -D of drops. in the second trial were farther apart. 4rom the e+periment0 ) learned that it ta(es appro+imately 22 drops of mysterious liquid to raise the liquid volume #y one milliliter and that when readin$ volume in a container0 you read the volume from the #ottom of the meniscus at eye level. 4rom the e+periment0 ) also learned the definitions of adhesion and cohesion. 4rom writin$ the #ac($round information for this la# report0 ) also learned some properties of water that ) did not (now and also how adhesion and cohesion causes the meniscus. %his e+periment did not provide enou$h data to provide an accurate result #ecause of many reasons. =ne reason this e+periment did not provide enou$h data to provide an accurate result is #ecause the tool used -dropper. was not a very accurate tool. %he dropper was not accurate #ecause the drops varied in si3e due to the different amount of force applied to the tu#e. 7nother reason why this e+periment did not provide enou$h data to provide an accurate result is #ecause there were only 2 trials done and the difference in the avera$e of the two trials was 1. drops. %his difference is not too #i$ that it showed

one of the trials had #een done incorrectly #ut it was not small enou$h to say that there was no errors in the trials. 1hile conductin$ the e+periment0 many factors could have affected the results. =ne factor that could have affected the results is the tool used in the e+periment0 which in this case is the dropper. %he dropper could have affected the results in many different ways. =ne way the dropper could have affected the results was that it was not very accurate in measurin$ the amount of drops. )t was easy to squee3e e+tra drops in without (nowin$ #y pressin$ on the tu#e with 'ust a little #it more ener$y. 7nother way the dropper would affects the results of the e+periment is that the drops varied in si3e. Esin$ the dropper0 applyin$ more ener$y on the dropper would chan$e the si3e of the drops. 7nother factor that could have affected the results of the e+periment is the person conductin$ the e+periment. %he first and second trials in my e+periment were conducted #y two different people. %wo different people mi$ht have applied different amounts of ener$y on the dropper which could have chan$ed the si3es of the drops. %he smaller the drops0 the more drops needed to raise the volume #y one milliliter. %his could have resulted in the difference in the amount of drops squee3ed in. %he third factor that could have affected the results is cohesion and adhesion. 1hen preparin$ for the second trial0 ) emptied out all the mysterious liquid #ac( into the #ea(er. 7dhesion caused some drops of water to stay inside the $raduated cylinder. Curin$ the second trial0 cohesion mi$ht have caused drops of mysterious liquid to drop from the side of the $raduated cylinder #ac( into the rest of the liquid. 1e mi$ht not have counted these drops which mi$ht #e the reason why the second trial showed fewer drops of mysterious liquid needed to raise the volume #y one milliliter than the first trial.