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Name: ................................................................. Class:............................ LATIH TUBI 1: HEAT QUEST. 1. A substance X with mass 0.

5 kg is heated by using a heater 100 W. Diagram shows graph temperature against mass for the substance. (a). What is the time taken by substance X to achieve melting point ? ..[1 mark] 1/5 2/8 3/8 4/20 TOTAL/41 MARKS

(b) Based on information on graph, find specific latent heat for the substance X.

[2 marks] (c) By using kinetic theory, explain why there is no increase in temperature at QR. ........................................................................................................................................................... ........................................................................................................................................................... [2 marks] 2. Diagram 5.1(a) is an experimental set-up and 5.1(b) is a control set-up. When the power supply is switch on, water will drips out of the filter funnels. As soon as water is dripping out at a constant rate, beaker A and beaker B are placed under the filter funnels and a stop watch is started simultaneously.

(a) What is the purpose of having a a control set-up? .[1 mark] 1

After 5 minutes, the mass of water collected in beaker A and B are measured. Table 5.1 below shows the data collected from the experiment. Mass of water collected in beaker A, / g 180 Mass of water collected in beaker B, / g 12 Amount of heat supplied, Q / kJ 56.8 (b) What is the mass of ice melted by the energy supplied by the power supply? ..[1 mark] (c) Name the heat energy required to melt the ice in this experiment. ...[1 mark] (d) Calculate the heat energy in (c) that is specific for one kg of ice.

[3 marks] (e) Value calculated in (d) is higher than the actual value. Explain why? ......[1 mark] (f) Suggest one way to get a more accurate value. ..[1 mark ] 3. Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2 show an experiment is carried out to investigate a law of gas. A column of air is trapped in the capillary tube and is heated for a period of time.

(a) What is meant by heat? ............................................................................................................................................ [1 mark] (b) (i) Compare the length of the air trapped in the capillary tube in Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. [1 mark] (ii) Compare the temperature of the air trapped in the capillary tube in Diagram 6.1 and Diagram 6.2. [1 mark] (iii) Name the physical quantity represented by the length of the air trapped. . [1 mark] (iv) What is the relationship between the physical quantity in (b)(iii) and the temperature? . [1 mark] 2

(c) Name the physics law involved in (a)(iv). ...............................[1 mark] (d) Diagram 6.3 shows a graph obtained from the experiment. The temperature, is -273oC when it is extrapolated and intersect x-axis.

diagram 6.3 (i) What is the name given to the temperature, ? .... [1 mark] (ii) State one characteristic of the gas at temperature ? ...........................[1 mark] 4. Diagram 9.1 shows an ice cube melting when heat is absorbed from the surrounding. Diagram 9.2 shows a kettle of water boiling when heat is absorbed from the fire.

DIAGRAM 9.1

DIAGRAM 9.2

(a) What is meant by heat?


[1 mark] (b) Using Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2, compare the processes that take place in both situations and the type of heat needed for both processes to occur. Relate the processes with the type of heat needed to deduce a relevant physics concept. Name the physics concept involved. [5 marks]

(c) (i) Your body sweats when you are feeling hot. How does sweating helps to cool
down your body?

[ 2 marks ] (ii) Explain why a scald from steam is more serious than the one from boiling water?

[ 2 marks ]

(d) Diagram 9.3 shows a simple solar waterheating system. Energy from the
Sun falls on the solar panel. Water is pumped around the system so that a store of hot water is made available in the tank.

Using suitable physics concepts, explain the required modification needed in designing an efficient solar water-heating system. The modification should include the following aspects: (i) pipes design (ii) material used (iii) heat absorption [10 marks]

Diagram 9.3

JAWAPAN No 1 Answer (a) 300 s (b) Pt = ml 100 x ( 1050 300) = 0.5 l l = 150 000 J kg-1m(with unit) (c) Heat supplied is used to break up bonds between molecules Heat is not used to increase kinetic energy Total a) Measure mass of ice melted by heat from surrounding b) 168 g c) Latent Heat d) l = Ql/m = 56800/0.168 = 338 095 Jkg-1 e) Heat loss to surrounding f) Wrap filter funnel with wool Total (a) Heat is a form of energy (b)(i) Diagram 6.2 is higher // vice versa (b)(ii) The temperature in Diagram 6.2 is higher // vice versa (b)(iii) Volume (b)(iv) When volume is higher, the temperature is higher (c) Charles Law (d)(i) = absolute zero (d)(ii) Volume of air is zero // the air molecules is at rest //kinetic energy is zero Total Heat is the quantity of energy that is transformed from one hot object to a cold object. 1-Figure 9.1 shows a situation where a solid changes into liquid / Figure 9.2 shows a situation where a liquid change into gas 2-Both processes have a change in the state of matter. 3-Both processes require heat. 4-The heat absorbed is not to raise the temperature, to overcome the force between the molecule particles during the physical change. 5-Concept involved is Latent Heat 1-Water evaporates from the skin when we sweat. 2-for water to evaporate it use heat from the body 1-Steam condenses to form water so, 2-latent heat of vaporization of steam is let out more heat. Mark 1 1 1 1 1 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8 1

9 (a)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

(b)

(c) (i) (ii)

(d) Suggestion Use insulator behind the absorber panel Use an absorber panel which is painted black. The pipe inside the plate must be made of metal Pipe embedded in Explanation To prevent the loss of heat energy A black surface is a good absorber of radiation so it will absorb heat faster Metal is a good heat conductor, so it will transmit heat to water easily Longer pipe will enlarge

2 2

plate must be long A storage tank must be place at a higher level Use glass cover on the top of the panel

surface area will absorbs heat faster To give higher pressure

To trap heat energy. (energy is radiated in, but cannot radiate out again). Any five suggestions and explanation[ 10 marks ] Total 20