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Original Title: Quiz1 Hydro

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Water is flowing through a 600mm diameter horizontal pipe n = 0.013 and 1000m in length. A gage pressure downstream has a reading of 16 kPa and another gage in between the ends of the pipe reads 20 kPa while on the upstream side reads 30 kPa. 1. Determine the total head loss of the pipe a. 1.43m b. 2.56m c. 3.25m d. 2.65m 2. Determine the velocity of flow in m/s. a. 0.23m3/s b. 2.43m/s c. 0.82ms d. 0.43m/s 3. Determine the rate of discharge in liter per second. a. 22.99 b. 223 c.73 d. 279 Benzene flows through a 100mm diameter pipe at a mean velocity of 3m/s 4. Find the volume flow rate in liter per minute a. 1.416 b. 141.1 c. 1416 d. 14.16 5. Find the weight flow rate in kN/s a. 0.302 b.0.203 c. 2.30 d. 20.3 6. Find the mass flow rate in kg/s a. 20.7 b. 7.02 c. 2.07 d. 70.2 A discharge of 600li/sec flows through a pipe having a diameter of 400mm length of 40m long. Compute the head loss of the pipeline using: 7. Using Mannings equation with n = 0.013 a. 2.23m b. 3.32m c. 1.13m d. 4.42m 8. Using Darcy;s Weishback formula with f = 0.012 a. 2.19m b. 3.19m c. 0.29m d. 1.39m 9. Using Hazen Williams formula with C = 100 a. 0.48m b. 2.48m c. 4.28m d. 1.48m A liquid of specific gravity is 1.75 flows in a 6cm horizontal pipe. The total energy at a certain point in the flow is 80J/N. the elevation of the pipe above a fixed datum is 2.6m. if the pressure at the specified point is 75kPa. 10. Determine the velocity of flow a. 58.37m/s b. 73.85m/s c. 37.85m/s d. 15.87m/s

11. Determine the discharge a. 0.107li/s b. 0.107m/s c. 0.107m/s d. 0.107m/s 12. Determine the power available at the specified points in watts. a. 83974 b. 38974 c. 70421 d. 97438 An iceberg ( = 9kN/m) floats in ocean water ( = 10kN/m) with 3,000m of the iceberg protruding above the free surface. 13. What is the volume of the iceberg below the free surface? a. 4,000m b. 7,000m c. 27,000m d. 30,000m 14. What is the total volume of the iceberg? a. 4,000m b. 33,000m c. 27,000m d. 30,000m 15. What is the weight of the iceberg? a. 36,000kN b. 270,000kN c. 63,000kN d. 54,000kN 16. Flow which has gradual and regular variations over time and space, with little mixing occurring between fluid elements a. Turbulent b. laminar flow c. streamline d. Bernoulli 17. Flow that is unsteady, with rapid and seemingly random instantaneous variations in flow variables such as velocity and pressures, over time and space. a. Turbulent flow b. Brownian c. vortices d. gust 18. The quantity V/2g where V is the magnitude of the velocity at any point on the streamline and g is the gravitational acceleration is known.

a. Piezometric head b. potential head c. pressure head d. velocity head 19. Is a measure of the relative importance of inertia forces to viscous forces. At sufficient high values, flows become turbulent. a. Froude number b. Reynolds Number c. weber number d. moody number 20. Fluid in which the fluid travels parallel to the adjacent layers and the paths of the individual particles do not cross, the flow is said to be: a. Turbulent b. critical c. uniform d. laminar flow An open tank 1.8m x 1.8m and 1.30m deep contains water at a depth of 0.90m. the weight of the tank is 3500N. The tank is acted by an unbalanced force of 12000N parallel to a pair of sides. 21. Determine the acceleration of the tank. a. 6.37m/s b. 3.67m/s c. 7.34m/s d. 3.67m/s 22. Determine the pressure at the bottom of the tank. a. 11.26kPa b. 15.36kPa c. 16.26kPa d. 12.16kPa 23. Determine the force acting of the side of wall with greatest height of water. a. 15.75kN b. 13.57kN c. 13.57kPa d.15.75kPa 24. It is the increased pressure developed on impact with a pitot tube as a result of localized kinetic energy reduction to zero a. Critical pressure b. hydraulic pressure c. stagnation pressure d. critical depth 25. Absolute viscosity of a fluid varies with pressure and temperature and is defined as a function of: a. Density and shear stress c. density and angular deformation rate b. Shear stress and angular deformation rate d. shear stress and density 26. The locus of the elevations to which water will rise in a piezometer tube: a. Hydraulic gradient b. energy gradient c. friction gradient d. velocity gradient 27. The ratio of the change in pressure to the relative change in density and measures the compressibility of a material is known in fluid mechanics as: a. Compression ratio c. compression index b. Bulk modulus of elasticity d. modulus of volume 28. The interface between immiscible fluids acts like an infinite thin membrane that supports a tensile force. The magnitude of this force per unit length of a line on this surface. a. Capillary action b. hydrostatic c. viscosity d. surface tension A rectangular car tank 20m long, 4m wide and 3 m deep is completely open at the top. If it is initially filled to the top, 29. How much liquid will be spilled if it is given a horizontal acceleration of 0.3g. in the direction of its length. a. 180m b. 200m c. 240 m d. 300m 30. What is the max. force acting on the side opposite to the direction of the acceleration? a. 310.41kN b. 260.25kN c. 210.23kN d. 176.58kN

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