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T R AN SF OR M E R E XP L OSI O N P R E V E N T I ON AN D F I R E E XT I N GU I SH I N G S YST E M

CTR
I NCREDIB LE SOLU TI ONS

CTR M ANUFA CTUR ING I NDUS TRIES LTD

FOR TRANSFORMER TANK PROTECTION

FOR TRANSFORMER TANK, OLTC / CABLE BOX PROTECTION

FOR HIGHER RATING TRANSFORMER TANK PROTECTION WITH PLC, MIMIC AND SCADA

TYPICAL INSTALLATION

l l l l l l l

Reliable l Dedicated system l Saved over 4000 MVA of transformers from explosion System can be installed on existing transformers at site with minimal outage period. System can be tested on energised transformers, unlike the other systems. Multi signal activation, eliminates possibility of mal-operationl Patented in over 80 countries. Low investment compared to other systems. l Minimal post-fire and no secondary damage. Low maintenance and running cost compared to other systems. Fool proof design to avoid ingress of nitrogen due to climatic changes into energised transformer.

Suitable for indoor,outdoor and unmanned substations.l Models available to protect OLTC and cable box. l Extinguishes external fire in bushing and/or radiator also.

l l l

Back up provision ensures nitrogen injection for fail safe operation. Suitable for oil filled generator / furnace / rectifier / power transformers and reactors. Approved by leading transformer manufacturers and utilities worldwide.

On receipt of required activating signals, depressurizing commences by draining of a predetermined quantity of oil. Simultaneously Nitrogen is injected under pressure at a predetemined flow rate to create a stirring action thereby bringing the temperature of top oil surface below ignition point. Additionally in case of fire, extinguishes within 30 seconds maximum. Nitrogen gas occupies the space created by oil drain and acts as an insulating layer between the top layer of oil in the transformer tank and oxygen in the atmosphere. Transformer Conservator Isolation Valve blocks the passage of oil and isolates conservator oil thereby preventing escalation of fire.

AUTO EXPLOSION PREVENTION MODE

DIFFERENTIAL RELAY

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY

BUCHHOLZ / OIL SURGE RELAY

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

MASTER TRIP / HV+LV CB TRIP CONSERVATOR OIL ISOLATION BY TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)

OIL DRAIN

NITROGEN INJECTION

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)


BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN CONTROL BOX OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR)

TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE

QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK
COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

EXHIBIT 1A
I nternal arcing results in insulation failure and consequent imbalance of input and output currents leading to operation of differential relay. Decomposition of oil due to arcing results in generation of gases and consequent oil surge / turbulance in transformer tank leading to operation of Rapid pressure rise relay and/or buchholz relay and / or pressure release valve (PRV). Immediate reduction of pressure is achieved by partially draining oil from the top side of transformer tank. Conservator oil is isolated simultaneously due to operation of TCIV. The drained oil is collected in

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV) BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN CONTROL BOX OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR)

TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK
COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

EXHIBIT 1B
Simultaneous with oil drain injection of nitrogen gas at a predetermined flow rate and pressure from the bottom side valves of the transformer tank. Stirring action by the nitrogen gas of the transformer oil reduces the temperature of the top layer of the oil eliminating the possibility of fire on the top surface of the oil. Continuous nitrogen injection for upto 45 minutes cools the oil to ambient temperature. Refer to exhibit 1B.

AUTO EXTINCTION MODE


CONSERVATOR OIL ISOLATION BY TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)

FIRE DETECTOR

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY

BUCHHOLZ / OIL SURGE RELAY

PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

MASTER TRIP / HV+LV CB TRIP

OIL DRAIN

NITROGEN INJECTION

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)


BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR) CONTROL BOX OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK
COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

EXHIBIT 2A
System will also operate in case of bushing failure or transformer tank rupture, since oil from conservator will flow at an abnormal rate resulting in operation of TCIV, which isolates the conservator oil preventing aggravation and spread of fire. Consequently buchholz relay operates due to non availability of oil in the relay. Refer to exhibit 2A.

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)


BUCHHOLZ RELAY

TYPICAL LOGIC 1
FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN CONTROL BOX

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR) TRANSFORMER

OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK
COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

EXHIBIT 2B
Upon receipt of system activation signals, immediate draining of top layer of oil in the transformer tank commences reducing any p ressure in the transformer tank, the t op layer of oil being drained and collected ina covered oil pit / tank . Refer to exhibit 2B.

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)


BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN CONTROL BOX OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR) TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK

COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

EXHIBIT 2C
Simultaneous with oil drain, nitrogen gas is injected at a predetermined flow rate and pressure from the bottom side valves of the transformer tank. Stirring action by the nitrogen gas of the transformer oil reduces the temperature of the top layer of the oil extinguishing any fire on the top surface of the oil. Continuous nitrogen injection for upto 45 minutes cools the oil to ambient temperature. Refer to exhibit 2C.

REMOTE MANUAL MODE


In case of an emergency, the system can also be operated in remote manual mode by breaking the glass window provided on the control box and by turning on extinguishing release switch to 'ON' position.
CONSERVATOR OIL ISOLATION BY TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)

MASTER TRIP / HV+LV CB TRIP

EXTINGUISHING RELEASE SWITCH ON

OIL DRAIN

NITROGEN INJECTION

LOCAL MANUAL MODE


In case of an unlikely event of failure of power source, the system can be still be operated manually from the cubicle.

CONSERVATOR OIL ISOLATION BY TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV)

OPERATE FIRST LEVER FOR OIL DRAIN

OPERATE ANOTHER LEVER FOR NITROGEN INJECTION

TYPICAL LAYOUT OPTIONAL FOR OLTC PROTECTION

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV) BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN
OLTC

CONTROL BOX

OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR)

TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2

CUBICLE
QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK

COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

TYPICAL LAYOUT FOR OPTIONAL CABLE BOX

TRANSFORMER CONSERVATOR ISOLATION VALVE (TCIV) BUCHHOLZ RELAY FIRE DETECTOR PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE (PRV) OIL DRAIN CONTROL BOX

OPERATING SIGNALS FROM CONTROL ROOM / RELAY PANEL

RAPID PRESSURE RISE RELAY (RPRR)

TRANSFORMER

N2 RELEASE DEVICE
N2 N2

CUBICLE
QUICK DEPRESSURISATION VALVE ASSEMBLY

NITROGEN INJECTION

CIVIL WORK

COVERED OIL PIT/TANK

INSTALLATION AND COMMISSIONING

Service engineers are available for supervision of system installation, commissioning and training. CTR warranty is valid, if system is commissioned by CTR representative

authorised in writing. Worldwide representatives are available for spares and service. Marketing enquiry questionnaire form PTFS 1005 should be entered completely for prompt response and offering of most appropriate model. Operation and maintenance manual is supplied in English language, unless specifically requested for otherwise. Please also specify number of copies required both in digital and hard format and to whom these should be delivered.

TESTIMONIALS

SOME INTERNATIONAL PATENTS

TECHNICAL HIGHLIGHTS

Depressurisation

Commences before pressure build up and consequent explosion

Fire Extinguishing period

Maximum 30 seconds from commencement of N2 injection

Fire detector heat sensing temperature Transformer conservator isolation valve

1410C

Settable between 60 and 100 litre per minute, depending upon transformer and conservator size.

Control Box Cubicle

: :

110 V DC / 125V DC/220 V DC and 110 V AC/230 V AC 110 V AC / 230 V AC

Transformer rating Cubicle

Weight in Kgs

Dimensions in mm L 250 MVA and above 10 MVA to 249 MVA 2 MVA to 10 MVA Below 2 MVA Types Control Box : Dimensions in mm L B H 1600 1200 1200 1200 B 600 500 500 500 H 1900 1900 1700 1200 600 500 450 350 Weight in Kgs

Height includes 100 mm for Base

CTR FIRE SYSTEMS DIVISION POONA SR.NR. MK ENQUIRY QUESTIONAIRE FORM Customer : Work Order Nr/Tender Nr : End User : Manufacturer : Rating : MVA/MVAR Trs. Sr. Nr. Voltage Ratio : : Enquiry Ref : Quantity :

G.A. Drg Nr. : (Enclosed) Oil Qty in tank : Lts Oil Qty in Cable box : 220 V

Top cover Drg Nr.: (Enclosed) Lts Oil Qty in Conservator : 110 V 110 V 110 V
Tank Cable box

Lts 24 V 60 Hz 60 Hz

D.C. Supply available in Control Room : A.C. Supply available near Transformer : A.C. Supply available in Control Room : Confirm availability of Tank Differential relay trip Cable box 1 Nr. NO potential free Winding temp. indicator trip 1 Nr. NO potential free OLTC oil surge relay trip 1 Nr. NO potential free

125 V 230 V 230 V

48 V 50 Hz 50 Hz

spare contacts in relay panel : Tank PRV Trip Buchholz Trip 1 Nr. NO 1 Nr. NO Cable box potential free potential free Master relay (86) Trip 1 Nr. NO potential free
Tank Cable box

Restricted Earth fault relay trip 1 Nr. No potential free HV circuit breakers & LV circuit breaker trip, 1 Nr Each, NC potential free

Oil temp. indicator trip 1 Nr. NO potential free

Rapid Pressure rise relay trip Cable box 1 Nr. NO potential free
Tank Cable box Tank Cable box

Tank

If numeric relay for Differential relay : Remarks : Main Dimensions of tank : L = mm Type A

Self reset

Manual reset

B =

mm

H =

mm c a

a =

mm

Type B

c =

mm

Builtin onload Tapchanger : If yes : Arrangement d = Dimension : g = mm mm

Yes Type C

No Type D g d d=0 g=0

Conservator pipe dia :

mm

Conservator pipe angle :

Degree

PTFS.1005.D.0412.R2 DMJ:fp

TURNOVER

Arrangement of Bushing : a) HV LV p TV others p = mm TV others p = mm b) HV LV p TV others c) HV LV

d)

HV LV p TV others

e) p

HV LV TV others

p =

mm

p =

mm

f)

HV LV p TV

g)

HV LV TV others

h)

HV LV TV others

p =

mm

others

Cooling details : if OF type, NR. OF PUMPS : KW/HP : Installation : New Post

HEAD : FLOW :

Dist. from Trs. to Control Room through Cable Trench : Dist. from Relay panel to Control Room through Cable Trench : Valve Schedule Drawing to be attached : Availability of valves : Between Conservator and Buchholz Relay : Between Buchhloz Relay and Transformer : Drg. Nr :
Tank Cable box

mtrs mtrs

Tank Cable box

Available
Tank Cable box

Not Available Not Available

** **

** **

Available

Tank Cable box

** If valve not available enclose detailed pipe drawing for Tank and conservator along with buchholz valve flange details. Oil pit/tank : Available Dimensions ( L X B X D ) mm : Size of pipe connecting Trs. to Oil pit : Site Details : Sub-station layout drawing to be attached Sub-station foundation drawing to be attached Sub-station cable trence drawing to be attached Manuals : Packing : Qty Export Nrs. Drg. Nr. Drg. Nr. Drg. Nr. Language : English Domestic Other ............ Not Available Dist from Trs : Capacity : mm mtrs Lts

Instructions required for packing : STAMP OR DESIGNATION : FOR CTR USE Quotation Nr. : PTFS.1005.D.0412.R2 DMJ:fp DATE : SEAL

NAME :

SIGNATURE :

SCOPE OF SUPPLY / WORK

CTR :

System

Cubicle / Depressurisation Equipment

: :

Control box Transformer conservator isolation valve (TCIV)

Required number of fire detectors

Signal box

Other

: :

Fire survival cable Fire resistant low smoke (FRLS) cables

Pipe connections between Transformer and Cubicle

Pipe connections between cubicle and oil pit

TRANSFORMER MANUFACTURER / BUYER :

On transformer

: : :

Oil drain opening. Nitrogen injection openings Brackets for Fire detector fixing : : TCIV fixing arrangement. Signal box fixing arrangement.

USER :

Other

Civil work for plinth for Cubicle and supports. Oil pit/OGST

Potential free contacts in relay panel.

: :

Power supply. Topping up of transformer oil if

WORLDWIDE MARKETING NETWORK AND INSTALLATIONS

INDIA

ECUADOR

CTR Pune

INSTALLATIONS

CTR Pune

FIRE SYSTEMS DIVISION


CTR MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES LTD NAGAR ROAD, PUNE 411014, INDIA.
PM FS.1005 APRIL 2012

PHONE : 91 20 26633402/3/4/5. FAX : 91 20 26633425 exports@ctr.in / firesystems@ctr.in

CTR