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UNCLASSIFIED

AD 261,676
ARMED SERVICES TECHNICAL INFORMATION AGENCY

ARLINGTON HALL STATION ARLINGTON 12, VIRGINIA

UNCLASSIFIED

NOTICE: 'When government or other drawings., specifications or other data are used for any purpose other than in connection with a definitely related government procurement operation., the U. S. Government thereby incurs no responsibility, nor any obligation whatsoever;*and the fact that the Governmerit may have formulated., furnished, or in any way supplied the said drawings, specifications, or other data is not to be regarded by implication or otherwise as in any manner licensing the holder or any other person or corporation, or conveying any rights or permission to manufacture, use or sell any patented invention that may in any way be related thereto.

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Lake City Arsenal PRODUCT ENGINEERING DESIGN STUDY OF CARTRIDGE, 37MM, SPOTTING, XM415 - 4I. E.D. REPORT NR.61412

-ASTIA

PROJECT: 56-32 4010.15.0106.1.O1.62

A'ob,

JULY 1961

Best Avail*able Copy

INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING DIVISION LAKE CITY ARSENAL INDEPENDENCE, MISSOURI


00 0

PRODUCT ENGONEERING DESIGN STUDY OF CARTRIDGE, 37MM, SPOTTING, XM415


0

Industrial Engineering Report 61-12

Project Number: 4010.15.0106.1 01. 62 JULY 1961

Prepared by:

Approved by:

FRANK W. LITTLEFORD

JO N PISKORSKI,

Acting Chief,

IED

4GEORa E. RUPPf-

"ARTHUR

W. AN Maj, OrdC Command i ng

o0

TABLE OF CONTENTS Page I. II. II. IV. V. VI.


Vil.

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION PROCEDURE RESULTS OF STUDY CONCLUSIONS RECOMMENDATIONS


APPENDICES A. B. C. Sketches References Distribution List

2 4" 4 9 9

(" LNAL rODOCUMENT WAS OF POOR 0QU1ALITY. B23 pOSSIBLE P.IJODUCTIONI FO:OM COPY IEN$}D ASTIA

4-

I.

'

ABSTRACT:

This report covers the Industrial Engineering Division, Lake City Arsenal, 37mm, product engineering design study of Cartridge,

spotting, XM4f15, which is a sub-caliber component of the XM29 Experience gained at Lake City Arsenal in the

Weapons System.

production engineering and initial manufacturing phase of Cartridge, 0 20mm, spotting, XMIOl, was fully utilized and applied. some twenty-one (21) Altogether

completely dimensioned and annotated component but no actual metal parts were made or

drawings were generated, tested.

The modified cartridge case is similar in basic design to the 20mm XM154. Two 'case plugs of different internal volume fit

the case body to provide the two ranges required of the spotter round. The case wall thickness is the minimum which will safely withstand ant-icipated excess chamber pressure requirements without additional heat-treatment. The projectile was simplified and improved by changing to a conventional one-piece body with a male threaded fuze intruding into the mouth. The external configuration closely resembles the XMIOI

projectile but for size; weight and c.g. are unchanged from the Picatinny Arsenal XM1415 projectile. Several internal changes were

made for simplification of manufacture, assembly, or both, and several

components were eliminated thereby.

The counterweight was changed

from lead to D-38 which was a major factor in the increase of the
(71

payload by 23% over the Picatinny Arsenal projectile. No assembly drawings other than a sectioned layout were generated during this project, and if desired, will require additional funding. A study to modify the T336E7 fuze to the XM415 projectile is in progress and will be reported Separately. The subject study was completed in time that changes can be incorporated by Picatinny Arsenal into the R&D and ET-UT quantities if desired. II. INTRODUCTION: Because of the experience gained by the Industrial Engineering Division, Lake City Arsenal, in the production engineering and 20mm, spotting, XMIOI, ORDBB-TW4, to conduct

initial production phase of the Cartridge,

this arsenal was funded by Picatinny Arsenal,

a production engineering design study of the subject cartridge, and supply Picatinny Arsenal with a set of engineering drawings. The function of the XM415 cartridge is to provide spotting (i.e., direct range determination) information for the XM29 Weapons System. To accomplish this a "Dial-the.Zone" cartridge case was

originally designed by Picatinny Arsenal to cover the two ranges of

the major weapon.

However,

by the time IED began the subject engineering

study this "dual-zone" case had been droppqd in favor of two separate cartridges, one for each zone. The XM415 projectile differs from the XMlOl in that the spotting mix is ejected rearward and upward, thereby substantially increasing

the probability of visual observation under all conditions of weather and terrain. The rear ogive of the XM415 projectile body is opened by

a small PETN charge in the front of the tail boom. After completion of this study, drawings were received from Picatinny Arsenal showing a cartridge case (Drawing AA-44-1666) similar in external configuration to the LCA case generated in this study. wall section is much thinner and heat-treatment necessary strength. A case mouth anneal is required for the Two case The

is not indicated.

plugs, metering disc and metering disc cover incorporating LCA redesign features, were then made up for the PA case, theorizing that the gun chamber configuration may have been frozen. Experience with the XM154 case and similar items indicates that warpage caused by heat-treating will substantially increase the inspection rejection rate. The PA case (Drawing AA-44-1666) is 1.6"1

longer than the LCA case which increases material cost by 15%, plus the alloy costs. The taper of the PA case is substantially less than

the LCA design, and increased extraction problems are anticipated thereby.

Illi.

PROCEDURE: All Picatinny Arsenal component and 'assembly drawings were

studied in detail as to materials used, methods of manufacture required, functioning of each item and assembly, special assembly and inspection techniques required, and general over-all practicality. During the entire study and subsequent redesign, parameters

established by Picatinny Arsenal were closely adhered to. No actual components were fabricated, the entire operation being a paper study. Completed component drawings were delivered to Picatinny Arsenal, Messrs. E. Roof and D. Trevarrow, on 13 July 1961, and the

various recommended changes from the Picatinny Arsenalr design thoroughly discussed. IV. RESULTS OF STUDY: A brief resume of changes made, with reasons, components follows: a. Change Increased taper Standard threading No heat-treatment Carbon steel Reduced over-all length Rimless configuration used 4 Case Body, Drawing LCA-SK-423 Reason Better extraction Lower tooling cost Lower processing cost and rejection rate Lower material cost to the major

Material & machining costs reduced Savings in material and processing realized.

b. n

Case Plug, Drawing LCA-SK-421 (long range) LCA-SK-422 (short range) Reason Improved ignition and decreased velocity dispersion at less cost.

Igniter tube eliminated


0

Carbon steel No heat-treatment Firing Plug (Dwg. eliminated 74-2-78M)

Lower cost Lower processing cost & rejection rate. Firing pin impinges directly on primer. Less cost & more positive action. Positive night identification

Four (4) torque holes are used on the long range plug, two (2) only on the short range plug. Counterbore removed from torque hole c. Change Single size & same number of holes No trepanning Fool-proof assembly d. n Thickness increased to .005 from .003 used by Picatinny Arsenal One cover for both ranges

Simplified tooling,

&lower

cost.

Metering Disc, Drawing LCA-SK-424 Reason Reduced tooling & production costs Lower costs Same disc used for both ranges,, no chance, of mistake in loading.

Metering Disc Cover, Drawing LCA-SK-420 Reason Improve ignition Simplify production & loading, and reduce costs. 5

e. Change

Projectile Body, Drawing LCA-SK-h46 Reason Concentricity requirements cannot be maintained in production. Adapter (PA Dwg. AA-hh-155h) eliminated. Improved body security. Improve interior ballistics as body 0 .D. can be held to closer limits. Improve exterior ballistics as the thread concentricity problem is eliminated. Reduces length of case as projectile iitrusion is less. Material and machining costs reduced thereby.

Eliminate threaded jincture in center of body

Moved obturating band rearward

Changed material of the counterThe volume saved thereby is weight (P.A. "insert" ) LCA-SK-hh3 added to the payload, increasing it by some 23%. Visual effectiveness increased ayload Volume. l,.67 cu. in. LPlAd* L.C.Ao: 1.919 cu. in. The increased volume (23%) of spotting mix will substantially 'increase the display. Observation of the projectile under adverse weather and terrain conditions, and in the Arctic, should be greatly improved. A conventional double-undercut band seat was. added to assure band security. Obturation is achieved by interference rather than by gas pressure as on the PA projectile. It is believed the PA band will come off causing external ballistic problems. Teflon instead of geon is shown as the banding material. Experience with geon in the XMl1 program indicates that it scuffs off easily in the barrel and is a cause of velocity dispersion. If teflon is unacceptable, a 10/1 Pb/Sn alloy band is recommended. Changed to C-1030-hO steel rather than a "resulphurized" grade, which is subject to seams; causing security problems when fired.

Band seat configuration

Band material

Body material

Change Simplified charging and loading

Reason Encapsulation of ejection :harge eliminated. The black powd.r is directly loaded into the body during projectile charging S, assembly sequence. Ejection char: volume is the same as on the PA projectile and is placed within a steel sleeve which also acts as a support for the counterweight. Much the same as the current X~iQI projectile, which closely matc!.s t-he exterior ballistics of the major round. This configuration Plso. contril butes toward increased "payload''. Removed internal score marks from critical thread area. Simplified machining. Drawing LCA-SK-445 Reason The rear portion of the tube is flanged outward so it will: seat on a shoulder in the tail boom (L'ASK-444). This eliminates one part (PA AA-44-1250)and a silver soldering operation. As the igniter tube is self'-s'Y,.crtin the rettininq nut at. front of i. tube in unr, cas.J:rv. The ;oLfn. .rb'in the counterweight is 5 ,": .'imloatf-.i

External configuration

External scoring

f. Change

Igniter Tube,

Simplified configuration
SORIGINAL

no

RIJALITY. BEST POSIBI' IODUCTIOnI YROnm COFY IONIUM ASTIA.,,,

Threads eliminated

g.

Tai.l Boom

Change
Thread pitch to 24/in External configuration

Reason
Increased strength Changed to conform to rear of projectile body. This will also permit easier entrance of air into fins.

Change Direct charge PETN

Reason Eliminate separate cup and-disc, thereby lowering cost by 0liinat!in of these parts. Facilitates production and eas, Inspection. A.crimp type added to the Igniter tube matic, remote operations. Igniter tube ,

Drill point In PETN cavity Front end configuration

configuration was front end to hold and facilitate autohandling during assemly Security of boom and assembly is Inci-;a::.

h.- Tail, Drawing LCA-SK-447 Change Leading edge radius Leading edge sweepback Thread pitch to 2 4 /in Reduced over-all diameter 6 - Fin Reason Change to a "V" edge to facilitate production and inspection. Leading edge tilted back 30 to enhance aerodynamics. Increased strength To minimize concentricity tolerance build up. Data indicated 6-fin type superior to 4 fins In availability of area to, prevent side--draIt or yaw. Caps act slil-er to a shrou4 wlIthowt as great drat.. 'These changes permitted s-horteninyjof fin lenrth thus decreasing cost of expensive extruded material, but will requireia._tegth of boom as per LCA-SK-444. Shiould 4-fIn tail (LCA-SK-451) be adopted, boom will need be as per

Fin caps

LCA-SK-439.

OVHA OXI~flrL

DMUMIM7! WAS CW

QUTALITY. NEST POSSIBLI HMODUCTIQ .'tRO COPY FURNIiiD. AWXA.1

V.

CONCLUSIONS: It is believed that changes developed by the subject

production engineering design study will improve the ballistic reliability and producibility of Cartridge, 37mm, spotting, XM415,

without significant change in the required military characteristics, and this at a substantially lesser cost per, round. VI. RECOMMENDATIONS: it is recommended that: a. A small test quantity of the LCA modified Cartridge, 37mm,

spotting, XM415 be manufactured for comparative ballistic test at APG. b. Funds remaining on this project be expended on a study

toward modifying the T336 fuze for use with the subject cartridge.

O'pOOTR OwOSUaP ASI-E-pROD-UCTION ,2O[(I'1 DOCU

VII.

APPENDIX A. Sketches

LCA-SK-419 through LCA-SK-428 LCA-SK-.439 L;hrough LCA-SK-451 Unnumbered Sketch (Assembly) AA-44-1666

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VII.

APPENDIX B References

APPENDIX B()
ORDNANCE CORPS

PICATINNY ARSENAL DOVER, NEW JERSEY

5 FT RDecker/vjt/7220 .

IN R1EPLY

A"

17

REFER TO:

ORDBB -TW4
SUB3JtCT: Cartridge, X4415E3.

WAS C WZ M!,DOt BWEST POSSIBLE REMODUG1I0N ,V:.TUY, ~WY MMI1HED A32'IA1 7f;,0,, M

TO"

production engia eading ngesply ichuei leng It is 1 It a conduct Arsenal your that requested 1. s fed any Cartridge and reco neering study of subject unbase, supply of broadening costs, facturing o costs reduction to or reduction of acceptance inspection proving reproducibilityo onthly to design. t reporting of col.foXance with the high assurance required day are 1 5th. the 1961, while maintaining by Arsenal due by 30 June this report, due aat reports, and final period,
n r c m e d a

Commanding Officer Lake City Arsenal ATTN" ORDC-LIE, Mr. j. independence, Missouri

Piskorski

the study.

was covering subject Cartridge prints photo of set A 2. of your Arsenal, on 16 March furnished to MIr. F. W. Littleford, unding of $6,000.00 is being forwarded to your Arsenal for 1961.3 the above Rtudy. FOR TlE COMgANDF-

,-u O:Ord Wpns Cored

3,',,r

ATTN: Major Rodger

ul,

APPENDIX B (2)

WORK ORDER
. rdIansolt Amyno Comnand
2T:3~DT

(take City Arsenal) OUDLI-AM


FROM

11 April 61
FROM: 4, DOCUMENT CONT.
r)NUMBER

ndI

O tomaning

fficr
7. ELEMENTS A. QUANTITY

Piostinny Arsenal, Dover, N.J.


5. OMS CODE AND TITLE B. UNIT

.020O24.010.010.
C. TOTAL

4010.15. 0033.2.00. 54
D428 and XM29 Weapons Sy-te'
PRIOR INCREASE 6. APPROPRIATE ACCOUNTING CLASS. (TO BE) MADE AVAILABLE OF FUNDS DECREASE

UNIT:

PRICE

COST
10,00

6 1,'00

21 X2030
t>
8.

105-3115
s/23-.o12

ofl.

CURRENT
-.... TOLERANCE __ __ _ _

16 ,(00
_ _ __ _ _

PERFORMANCE OF THE FOLLOWING WORK IS AUTHORIZED

(SUBJECT TO AVAILA13ILITY

OF

FUNDS)

The purpose of t1is AOS-20 im to provide ndditional authority for the following. To conduct prolduction enrineoring study on Cartridge XM415E3, Rmference: Subject: letter from FA to TCA dated 7 Apr 61. CLrtridge XFV415E3, signed D. Trovarrow:,

9.

DELIVERY

SCHEDULE AND

INSTRUCTIONS

and all activity must be completed on or before 30 June 1961.

Activity of thti

order must be I.nitleted on or before 17 April 1961

1O. ENCLOSURES

None
FOR USE BY ADDRESSEE
12. CONTRACT ACTIONS A. DATE B. NUMBER
C, AMOUNT

11. AUTHORIZED BY

./

ORDF3-T-2
TYPED NAME

E. Ruben
& TITLE

13 April14
S-N-ATURE AND DATE

0O

FORM AOS.Zo APR 50

REPRODUCIBLE

VII.

APPENDIX C

DISTRIBUTION LIST Copies Chief of Ordnance Department bf the Army ATTN: ORDIM Del lastatious ORDTS Thul in Washington 25, D.C. Commanding Officer Picatinny Arsenal ATTN:' ORDBB-TW4 Roof ORDBB, Trevorrow ORDBB-PC Dover, New Jersey Commanding Officer Ordnance Ammuniition Command ATTN: ORDLY-AIDL, Quality Assurance Library Joliet, Illinois Commanding General Ordnance Weapons Command Rock Island, Illinois Commanding Officer Frankford Arsenal ATTN: Library Services 0270 Philadelphia 37, Pa. Commanding General Aberdeen Proving Ground ATTN: Mr. Goodwin Morrow Technical Library Maryland Bureau of Ordnance Department of the Navy ATTN: RMMO-45 Washington 25, D. C. Commander Naval Ordnance Laboratory ATTN: Technical Library Silver Springs, Maryland

1 1

2 2 2

(7, 2

SU
a

VII.

APPENDIX C

DISTRIBUTION LIST (Continued)

Armed Services Technical TI PCA Arlington Hall Station Arlington 12, Virginia

Information Agency 10

Commanding Officer Lake City Arsenal ATTN: Remington Arms Company, Chief, Oper Rev Div MaSter File

Inc.

2 I 5