You are on page 1of 5

Daftar pustaka: 1. Sinan T, Al-Khawari H, Ismail M, Ben-Nakhi A, Sheikh M: Spinal tuberculosis: ct and MRI feature.

Ann Saudi Med 2003, 24(6):437–441. 2. Agrawal V, Patgaonkar PR, Nagariya SP: Tuberculosis of spine. J Craniovertebral Junction Spine 2010, 1(2):74–85. 3. Rasouli MR, Mirkoohi M, Vaccaro AR, Yarandi KK, Rahimi-Movaghar V: Spinal tuberculosis: diagnosis and management. Asian Spine J 2012, 6(4):294–308. 4. Jain AK, Rajasekaran S: Tuberculosis of the spine. Indian J Orthopaedics 2012, 46(2):127. 5. Schirmer P, Renault CA, Holodniy M: Is spinal tuberculosis contagious? Int J Infect Dis 2010, 14(8):E659–E666. 6. Teo E, Peh W: Imaging of tuberculosis of the spine. Singapore Med J 2004, 45(9):439 –445. 7. Devrajani BR, Ghori RA, Memon N, Memon MA: Pattern of spinal tuberculosis at liaquat university hospital, hyderabad/jamshoro. JLUMHS 2006, 5:33–39. 8. Dass B, Puet T, Watanakunakorn C: Tuberculosis of the spine (pott’s disease) presenting as’ compression fractures’. Spinal Cord 2002, 40(11):604–608 9. Desai S: Early diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis by MRI. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1994, 76(6):863 –869 10. Cormican L, Hammal R, Messenger J, Milburn H: Current difficulties in the diagnosis and management of spinal tuberculosis. Postgrad Med J 2006,82(963):46–51. 11. Khalid M, Siddiqui MA, Qaseem S, Mittal S, Iraqi A, Rizvi S: Role of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of tubercular spondylitis: pattern of disease in 100 patients with review of literature. J Nepal Med Assoc 2011, 51(183):116–121. 12. Wang H, Li C, Wang J, Zhang Z, Zhou Y: Characteristics of patients with spinal tuberculosis: seven-year experience of a teaching hospital in Southwest China. Int Orthop 2012, 36(7):1429 – 1434. 13. Ogle JW, Wilson FC, Mcconnachie CC: Angular kyphosis as an indicator of the prevalence of pott’s disease in transkei. S Afr Med J 1994, 84(9):614–618. 14. Davies PD, Humphries MJ, By®ed SP. Bone and Joint Tuberculosis. A survey of noti®cations in England and Wales. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 1984; 66: 326 ± 330 15. Hayes AJ, Choksey M, Barnes N, Sparrow OCE. Spinal tuberculosis in developed countries; di•culties in diagnosis. J R Coll Surg Edinb 1996; 41: 192 ± 196. 16. Cotton A, Flipo RM, Drouot MH. Spinal tuberculosis: Study of the radiological aspects of 82 cases. J Radiol 1996; 77: 419 ± 426. 17. Brashear HR, Rendleman DA. Pott's paraplegia. South Med J 1978; 71: 1379. 18. Pertuiset E, Johann B, Liote F. Spinal tuberculosis in adults. A study of 103 cases in a developed country, 1980 ± 1994. Medicine 1999; 78: 309 ± 320. 19. Azzam NI, Tammawy M. Tuberculous spondylitis in adults: diagnosis and treatment. Br J Neurosurg 1988; 2: 85 ± 91.--> ada e-booknya di bookmart 20. Perronne C, Saba J, Behloul Z. Pyogenic and tuberculosisspondylodiskitis (vertebral osteomylitis) in 80 adult patients. Clin Infect Dis 1994; 19: 746 ± 750. 21. Jain R, Sawhney S, Berry M. Computed tomography of tuberculosis: patterns of bone destruction. Clin Radiol 1993; 47: 196 ± 199. 22. Naim-ur-Rahman. Atypical forms of spinal tuberculosis. J Bone Joint Surg 1980; 62B: 162 ± 165 23. Monaghan D, Gupta A, Barrington NA. Case report: tuberculosis of spine ± an unusual presentation. Clin Radiol 1991; 43: 360 ± 362. 24. Na Young Jung, Jee WH, Ha KY, Park CK, Byun JY. Discrimination of tuberculous spondylitis from pyogenic spondylitis on MRI. AJR 2004; 182: 1405-1410. 25. Weaver P, Lifeso RM. The radiological diagnosis of tuberculosis of adult spine. Skel Radiol 1984; 12: 178 ± 186. 26. Ridley N, Shaikh MI, Remedios D. Radiology of skeletal tuberculosis. Orthopedics 1998; 21: 1213 ± 1220. 27. Schirmer P, Renault CA, Holodniy M: Is spinal tuberculosis contagious? Int J Infect Dis 2010, 14(8):E659–E666. 28. Teo E, Peh W: Imaging of tuberculosis of the spine. Singapore Med J 2004, 45(9):439 –445.

Yonsei Med J 2000. Posterior listhesis of a lumbar vertebra in spinal tuberculosis.66:239. Multifocal extensive spinal tuberculosis (Pott’s disease) involving cervical.42.(398):67-74. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2006. Kirkaldy-Willis WH.27:275-81. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2002. Liu CL. 32. Ogle JW. 36(7):1429 – 1434. A case report of Pott’s disease with unusual involvement of two separate levels of spine and delayed progressive Kyphosis. Shah JR. Pande KC. Prashad B. Li C. Moorthy S. JAMA 1911. 47. 53. Memon N. Noncontiguous spinal tuberculosis: incidence and management.83:859-63 34.39:54-7. Sinha S. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1960. 35. Bhojraj SY. Eur Spine J 2009.18:1096. Atypical tuberculosis of the spine. 46. Atypical spinal tuberculosis. 54.41:657-61.20:1-5. 5:33–39. 52. Iraqi A. Anterior approaches in the diagnosis and treatment of infections of the vertebral bodies. Lee CH. Turgut M. Tuberculous spondylitis and pyogenic spondylitis: comparative magnetic resonance imaging features. 39.15:142-6. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2002. Mehta JS. Pekindil G. Alatas I. Khalid M. J Neurosurg Spine 2009. Albee FH. JLUMHS 2006. Dhammi IK.76:863-9. J Bone Joint Surg Br 1994. Desai SS. Redefining the indications for surgery. Transplantation of a portion of the tibia into the spine for Pott’s disease: a preliminary report. 49. Int Orthop 1992. Jain AK. Memon MA: Pattern of spinal tuberculosis at liaquat university hospital.101. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2010. Chen TH.16:69-74.47:87-110. hyderabad/jamshoro. Patkar DP. Dunn R. Rahimi-Movaghar V. Tuberculosis of the thoracic spine. thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. 42. Mcconnachie CC: Angular kyphosis as an indicator of the prevalence of pott’s disease in transkei. A classification based on the selection of surgical strategies. Polley P. Mishra P. Clin Orthop Relat Res 2002. Atypical spinal tuberculosis. Jain AK.92:905-13. 36. lumbar and sacral segments: a case report. 45. Simultaneous anterior decompression and posterior instrumentation of the tuberculous spine using an anterolateral extrapleural approach. Pimple MK. Rizvi S: Role of magnetic resonance imaging in evaluation of tubercular spondylitis: pattern of disease in 100 patients with review of literature. Kumar K.11:620-7. S Afr Med J 1994. Hodgson AR. Sankaran-Kutty M. 48. 50.29. 43. thoracic. Babhulkar SS. Nene A. Qaseem S. 38. 33. Prabhu NK. 51. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1965. 51(183):116–121. Emel E.9:147-52. Atypical tuberculous spondylitis.179:979-83. Okada Y.84:530-4. Siddiqui MA. Tayade WB.42:1147–56. Stock FE. 41. Miyamoto H. Wu HT. 30. Yalniz E. Acta Med Iran 2001. Narlawar RS. Eur Spine J 2006. Wang H. Non-contiguous multifocal spinal tuberculosis involving cervical. Sel B. A clinical study and classification of posterior spinal tuberculosis. Bhojraj S. . J Bone Joint Surg Br 1984. Early diagnosis of spinal tuberculosis by MRI. Eur Spine J 2011. J Nepal Med Assoc 2011. Br J Neurosurg 2001. Castillo M. Sridhar K. 84(9):614–618. Chang MC. 40. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2002. 31. Zhang Z. 44. Babhulkar SS. Wang J.90:1477-81.57:885–6. Sumi M. Guzey D. Tuberculosis of the spine: a fresh look at an old disease.31:782-8. Clinical and radiological outcome of surgery for pyogenic and tuberculous spondylitis: comparisons of surgical techniques and disease types. Anterior spinal fusion for the treatment of tuberculosis of the spine. 37. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2001. Bas NS. Kirkman MA.15:1019-24. Guzey FK. Thomas TG. Aktas S. Lumbar and lumbosacral tuberculous spondylodiscitis in adults. Babhulkar SK. Uno K. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2008. Ghori RA. Zhou Y: Characteristics of patients with spinal tuberculosis: seven-year experience of a teaching hospital in Southwest China. Spectrum of MR imaging findings in spinal tuberculosis. Int Orthop 1985. Mittal S. Wilson FC. Patankar T. Int Orthop 2012. Devrajani BR. Isolated tuberculosis of posterior elements of spine: magnetic resonance imaging findings in 33 patients.

Philadelphia: W. Ann Saudi Med 2004. Spinal tuberculosis with circumferential involvement of two noncontiguous isolated vertebral levels: case report. South Med J 1985. De Vuyst D. et al. Problems in distinguishing spinal tuberculosis from neoplasia on MRI. 26th ed. Ismail M. 32: 798-805. 9 Babtiulkar SS. Rahimi-Movaghar V. Suarez ES. Mautner VF. ganglioneuroblastoma and ganglioneuroma: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Rheumatol Int 2004. Ben-Nakhi A. Radiographics 2003. Brant-Zawadzki M. Municchi G. Vanhoenacker F.com online book. 60. Douis H. Med 1983. Cobanoğlu S. 61. 59. Thakkar SD. Neurosurgery 1994. Neuroblastoma. J Comp Assist Tomography 1983. Carlson CL. Gielen J. Cesario TC. Turgut M. Tayade WB. Evaluation of Pott's Disease with computed tomography.35:1154-8. Tuberculous spodylitis. Imaging findings in musculoskeletal complications of AIDS. 22: 911-934. CT MR 1991. Khan A. Lemos DF. Vallome I. Pediatr Radiol 2002. 165: 951-955. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric spine. Chase NE. 12(5): 410-428. wheelessonline. Pediatr Hematol Oncol 2003. Philadelphia: W. 2 Griffiths DL. Paul D. Kumar S. Adv Tuberc Res 1980. Kusske JA. Mautner V-F. Spinal tuberculosis: CT and MRI features. Engin G. 20: 245-251. 62. The radiological diagnosis of tuberculosis of the adult spine. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a child presenting with acute paraplegia. Babhulkar SK. a case report. AJR 1995. multiplicity and variety. Tuberculosis of the spine: a review. 13: 1809-1819. Marconcini S. thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. Tunaci M. Imaging features of musculoskeletal tuberculosis. Lindenau M. Saunders. et al. Tatagiba M. 66. Acuna G. Agawal P. multiplicity and variety.26:429-434. 8 Forrester DM. 65. Radiographics 2000. Jadwat S. 4 Weaver P. Lifeso RM. Acquaviva A. et al. 72. Gordillo H.S. 69. Maidich DP. Wheeless Textbook of Orthopaedics. Pais MJ. Skeletal Radiol 1984. 23: 1491-1508. Prenger E. Kusumoto M. 57. 6 LaBerge J. 1981. Restrepo CS. 20:471-488. 5 Shivaram U. Radiographics 2002. Imaging of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. 58. Eur Radiol 2003. Chest wall tumours: radiologic findings and pathologic correlation.55. Neuroradiology 1999. Spinal tumours in patients with neurofibromatosis type II: MR imaging study of frequency.B. Tuberculous spondylitis: a report of six cases and a review of the literature. Ozyilmaz F. Br J Neurosurg 2001. 41: 635-629. Khanna AJ. 7 Gorse GJ.7(1):25-30. 71. The Radiology of Joint Disease.66(2):239-242. Unusual pott’s disease with involvement of two separate levels of spine and delayed progressive kyphosis: a case report. 24: 9-13 64. 56.410-419. Bernaerts A. 10 Naim-ur-Rahman. Journal of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons 2003. Multifocal extensive spinal tuberculosis (Pott’s disease) involving cer vical. Computed tomography of spinal tuberculosis. Al-Khawari H. Acta Med Iran 2001. Khan F. Patterns of disease on MRI in 53 children with tuberculous spondylitis and the role of gadolinium. Gupta RK. Acuna B. Kulali A. 11: 248-259. Sheikh M.186. 1973. Gladish G. Atypical forms of spinal tuberculosis.39:54-7. J Bone Joint Surg 1980. Schwab CM. Neuroradiology 1996.12:178. Post JD.15:142-6. Lonergan GJ. Semin Ultrasound.62(2):162-165. Feigen U. 70. De Schepper AM. Bruce A. Neuroradiology 1984. .20:92-1 10. Duke University Medical Center. Krishnani N. Kotevoglu N. 24:1029-1049. J Bone Joint Surg 1984. 68. Nesson JW. Palma I. Diagnosing tuberculous spondylitis: patients with back pain referred to a rheumatology outpatient department. Atypical spinal tuberculosis.78(6):681-684. Saunders.62(3):178-193. 63. References 1 Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 38: S97-S104. Wollschlager C. Spinal tuberculosis revisited. Radiographics 2004. http://www. 3 Whelan MA. Andronikou S. Tateishi U. Spinal tumours in neurofibromatosis type I: an MRI study of frequency. Phadke RV. 67. Sinan T. Tasbasi I. 24(6): 437-441. Magnetic resonance imaging of the pediatric spine. Rastogi H.

Radiographics 2007. Conder G. Bradley WG. Vanhoenacker FM.25(6):944-947. 2005 [cited 28 Apr 2012].pjms. JBR–BTR [Internet].full. 1999 [cited 20 Feb 2012].2004.1148/rg.rbrs. 820-75 . [6] Kalita J. 3rd ed.. Elsevier.[1] Stark DD. [4] Garg RK. Available from: http://www.037051.1136/jnnp. 2009 [cited 20 Feb 2012]. Evaluation of the role of MRI in spinal Tuberculosis: A study of 60 cases. [2] Burrill J. [3] De Backer AI.pk/issues/octdec209/pdf/14. Hine AL. Diagnostic Neuroradiology.com. Prognosis of conservatively treated patients with Pott’s paraplegia: logistic regression analysis.75:133–140 Available from: http://pmj. 1e ed. Vanschoubroeck IJ. Postgrad Med J [Internet]. Misra RR. Misra UK. Bain G. [7] Osborn AG. Tuberculosis: A Radiologic Review.article13. Srivastava M.27(5):1255-73. 2005 [cited 20 Feb 2012]. [5] Bajwa GR. Deeren D.com/content/75/881/133. doi: 10.pdf.76:866–68. Pak J Med Sci [Internet].. Tuberculosis of the central nervous system. doi: 10. Tuberculosis of the spine: CT and MR imaging features.88(2):92-97 Available from: http://www. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry [Internet].org/dbfiles/journalarticle_0256.bmj. 1851-82.pdf. Williams CJ. Chapter 20. Thoracic spine 1999. Nonneoplastic disorders of the spine and spinal cord 2009. Mortelé KJ. Mosby. Chapter 86. Magnetic Resonance Imaging.275065176. Mandal SK. et al.

Neurology Asia [Internet].pdf. Amiri MV. . Tuberculosis of the spine: A fresh look at an old disease.Karam M. 2010 [cited 20 Feb 2012]. doi: 10. [11] Jain A K. Available from: http://www.neurology-asia.%20vol%202. Ann Saudi Med [Internet].pdf.2(6):59-65.pdf. Sheikh M. Nagoda MM. Aliyu I. Samaila AA. Available from: http://www. Bakhshayesh.%20No%206/dr%20mir%20 saiedi%206.edu. Clinical and Radiological Presentation of Adult Tuberculous Spondylitis. [10] Owolabi LF.92B7. Tabarsi P.ac.ir/portals/ tanaffosjournal/2003. Mansoori SD. J Bone Joint Surg Br July 2010.620X. Spinal tuberculosis in adults: A study of 87 cases in Northwestern Nigeria.15(3):239-44. Available from: http:// www. Tanaffos [Internet].[8] Sinan T.24(6):437-41.92-B(70): 905-13.1302/0301. Ismail M.sa/annals/articles/24_6/03-359. Ben-Nakhi A. 2003 [cited 29 Apr 2012]. Al-Khawari H.24668. 2004 [Cited 20 May2012].nritld. Masjedi MR et al. [9] Mirsaeidi SM.org/articles/neuroasia2010-15(3)-239.kfshrc.