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XenServer

1.0

<XenServer >

1.0

2010/05/07

<XenServer >

1 .............................................................................................................4
1.1 ............................................................................................................4
1.2 ......................................................................................................5
1.3 ............................................................................................................5
1.4 ............................................................................................................5
2 ........................................................................................................6
3 ..................................................................................................7
3.1 ..............................................................................................7
3.2 ............................................................................................................9
3.3 XenServer .....................................................................11
3.4 XenServer ......................................................................................15
4 ..............................................................................................15
4.1 ................................................................................................................15
4.2 .......................................................................................................16
4.3 .....................................................................................................17
5 ......................................................................................................23
5.1 ..........................................................................................................23
5.2 ..........................................................................................................24
5.3 ..........................................................................................................24
5.4 ..........................................................................................................25
5.5 ..................................................................................................26
6 ........................................................................................26
6.1 ..........................................................................................................26
6.2 .........................................................................................27
6.3 ..................................................................................................27
6.4 .....................................................................................................27

<XenServer >

1
1.1
OA ERP



Citrix

IT

1.

2.

3.

Citrix
Citrix

<XenServer >

1.2
xxx

300-500
IT

1.3
Citrix Xenserver

Internet

XenServer

1.4

<XenServer >

IT

PC IT

IT PC CPU 30%
10%

PC WindowsLinux IT

32
4G 32G
32

IT

IT

<XenServer >

IT
IT IT

3
3.1
3.1.1

XenServer Xen Xen IT


CitrixIntelAMDHPIBMNovelRedhatSun
Xen
XenServer Intel VT AMDAMD-V
XenServer
API

3.1.2

XenServer 64

Xen
Xen x86 XenServer VM

Xen Intel AMD CPU Intel

<XenServer >
Xen Xen

3.1.3

Linux XenServer
HPDellNEC OEM
XenServer Dell HP XenServer
XenServer Xen Linux
Linux Citrix XenServer
Windows
XenServer Microsoft Hyper-V
VHD Microsoft System Center
XenServer
SVVP Windows Server

Windows Server
XenServer SVVP 32
x64 Intel AMD 8 CPU
IDESATASCSI SAS iSCSI NFS
XenServer NetAppDell/EqualLogic IBM Storage N

3.1.4

XenServer 10

XenCenter Windows XenServer


XenCenter
Web 2.0 IT
XenServer IT

<XenServer >

Xen
XenServer 6.1
4

3.1.5

XenServer
100 HA
HA

XenServer Citrix Provisioning

Xen Xen
XenServer

Novell Sun Stratus MarathonEgeneraNeocleus
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud Xen Xen

3.2
XenServer

<XenServer >

A
E
Xen Tool
Stack
D
B

XenServer
A. Control Domain Domain 0 Linux
Control Domain VM I/O Linux

B. Xen HypervisorXen
OS
C. CPU
D. Linux Control Domain
Xen CPU
E. Windows Control Domain Xen
Intel VT AMD-V Windows

XenServer XenServer

<XenServer >

XenServer Enterprise Edition 6.1

XenServer
VM XenMotion
/

XenCenter Client XenServer XenCenter
XenCenter Client

3.3 XenServer
XenServer XenServer

3.3.1

Citrix XenServer

Intel AMD

<XenServer >

I/O Windows Linux

XenServer

64 Xen 32 64

64

Microsoft Exchange Microsoft SQL 64

SMP

8 CPU

XenApp

Citrix XenApp XenServer XenApp

32GB

3.3.2

CD PXE CD
ISO

CD DVDISO Windows Linux

Linux

3.3.3

IDESATASCSI SAS

XenMotion

3.3.4

<XenServer >

NFS
/


XenServer

Linux P2V

Linux XenServer
P2V

XenServer
Microsoft
VMware XenServer

3.3.5

SAN

NIC active/active NIC

3.3.6

iSCSI NFS
NAS

IP

SAN

iSCSI
File-Backed

NFS NAS Microsoft VHD

XenCenter iSCSI I/O


iSCSI

XenServer NetApp Data Ontap Dell EqualLogic

3.3.7

<XenServer >

NIC

IP MAC

VLAN

VLAN

3.3.8

XenCenter

XenCenter

VM

CPU I/O I/O

XenCenter CPU I/O

Windows RDP Windows


XenCenter Linux

XenServer XenCenter

3.3.9

XenAPI

Xen XML-RPC
XenCenter XML-RPC

XenAPI

CPython C#

xe XenServer Windows Linux

<XenServer >

3.4 XenServer
XenServer5.5

64 Xen
Windows Linux
XenAPI
XenCenter
XenConvert

Subscription Advantage

XenMotion
HA

IP

VLAN

stage

1GB128GB

1GB128GB

CPU

32GB

32GB

4
4.1
IT IT

<XenServer >

IT

4.2
xxx

<XenServer >

4.3
XenServer x86 XenServer XenCenter
XenServer VM VM Windows
32 CPU x86 Intel VT AMD-V 64 XenServer
XenCenter Windows

4.3.1

HBA Citrix XenServer


http://hcl.xensource.com
128GB*6=768GB XenServer 2GB*6=12GB
6
HA
1.

XenServer

2-processor, 2.13 GHz, Xeon 3000-Series (1-chip x 2-core)

2.0 GB

Disk 1, SATA, 10,000 RPM, 74 GB


Disk 2, SATA, 10,000 RPM, 74 GB

RAID-1

1 x 1,000 Mb/s

OserveIT

2.

XenSserver

2-processor, 2.13 GHz, Xeon 3000-Series (1-chip x 2-core)

2.0 GB

<XenServer >

Disk 1, SATA, 10,000 RPM, 74 GB

Disk 2, SATA, 10,000 RPM, 74 GB

RAID-1

1 x 1,000 Mb/s

OserveIT

4.3.2

Resource Pool XenMotion


HA Citrix XenServer 5.5

Citrix XenServer 5.5

4.3.3
1.

NIC Bonding

Speed/Duplex

NIC0

1Gigabit/Full-Duplex

NIC1

1Gigabit/Full-Duplex

NIC2

iSCSI

1Gigabit/Full-Duplex

NIC3

XenCenter

1Gigabit/Full-Duplex

NIC3 XenCenter XenServer IP


XenCenter NIC2 iSCSI NFS
IP NIC1
HBA NIC1 NIC0
NIC1 NIC Bonding XenServer5.5

VLAN

<XenServer >

2.

XenCenter

4.3.4

TCP

22

TCP

443

TCP

3389

TCP

5900

XenServer Virtual Disk


Image XenMotion HA

<XenServer >

1.

6 146GB15,000 rpm SAS RAID-1


XenServer MetaData RAID-1 Mirror
XenServer
2.


VDI HBA
iSCSI
C D C 10GB D
XenServer 100GB
20 TB

<XenServer >
3.

ISO
ISO Windows ISO

Windows CIFS XenCenter

4.3.5
1.

PW2
XenServer5.5 Windows P2V XenConvert

XenConvert
Linux P2V
2.

XenCenter
XenServer MetaData

XenCenter XenCenter Windows


IP XenServer
XenCenter

Tags. Tags
XenCenter

Searching. XenCenter Windows

Monitoring server performance. XenServer CPU

15

System Alerts HA
Email

3.

XenCenter Export Import


3.2.5.3 DR
XenCenter Export XenServer XVA Import XVA

<XenServer >
XenServer Export Import

4.

Template
Windows SID Windows
Sysprep NewSID
http://support.microsoft.com/kb/302577
http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb897418.aspx

4.3.6
1.

XenMotion

XenMotion Citrix XenServer Tools


2.

HA
XenServer HA XenCenter Enable HA

HA 3.2.1.1
HA
Protect Restart if Possible
3.

DR
XenServer 5.0 MetaData

VDI Snapshot
XenServer

<XenServer >

MetaData XenServer

5
5.1

DVD

<XenServer >

Xen Server5.5

5.2

XenServer

IP DNS

Citrix

5.3
Citrix

XenServer

1.

BIOS CPU Virtualization Technology

2.

XenServer5.5 Tab

3.

Install or upgrade XenServer Host

4.

XenServer OK

5.

Accept EULA

6.

Local Media

7.

XenServer5.0 Linux Linux


Linux NO

<XenServer >
8.

Skip verification

9.

XenCenter XenServer Root

10. XenServer
11. IP XenCenter IP XenServer XenServer

12. DNS XenCenter XenServer


13. Asia
14. Shanghai ss
15. Manual time entry
16.
17. OK

1.

ISO

2.

3.

4.

5.4

1.

<XenServer >
2.

xencenter

3.

4.

5.5
5.5.1

0.5

Xen

0.5

5.5.2

0.5

0.5

6
6.1

<XenServer >

6.2

6.3

6.4
6.4.1

Citrix

xx

xx Citrix Xenserver

(, ),

()

xx Citrix Xenserver
xx Citrix Xenserver

<XenServer >

xx
xx

Citrix XenServer

XenServer

XenServer

XenServer

XenServer

XenServer

XenServer

6.4.2