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CH516 CHEMICAL & CATALYTIC REACTION ENGINEERING ASSIGNMENT 5

1) The following kinetic data on the reaction A R are obtained in an experimental packed bed reactor using various amounts of catalyst and a fixed feed rate FA0 = 10 kmol/hr. W, kg cat XA 1 0.12 2 0.2 3 0.27 4 0.33 5 0.37 6 0.41 7 0.44

(a) Find the reaction rate at 40% conversion. (b) In designing a large packed bed reactor with feed rate FA0 = 400 kmol/hr how much catalyst would be needed for 40% conversion. (c) How much catalyst would be needed in part (b) if the reactor employed a very large recycle of product stream? 2) A gas containing A (2 mol/m3) is fed (1 m3/hr) to a plug flow reactor with recycle loop (0.02 m3 loop volume, 3 kg of catalyst), and the output composition from the reactor system is measured (0.5 mol A/m3). Find the rate equation for decomposition of A for very large recycle, A 3R , n = 1, 50% A - 50% inerts in feed. Be sure to give the units of rA , CA, and k in your final expression. 3) Gaseous A reacts ( A R ) in an experimental reactor. From the following conversion data at various conditions find a rate equation to represent the reaction. (i)

v0, m3/hr
XA

3 0.2

2 0.3

1.2 0.5

Mixed flow CA0 = 10 mol/m3 W = 4 gm Plug flow CA0 = 60 mol/m3

(ii)

W, gm CA

0.5 30

1 20

2.5 10

v = 3 liter/min

4) How much catalyst is needed in a packed bed reactor for 80% conversion of 1000 m3/hr of pure gaseous A ( CA0 = 100 mol/m3) if the stoichiometry and rate are given by
A R, r ' A = 50C A mol 1 + 0.02C A kg.hr

5) Kinetic experiments on the solid catalyzed reaction A 3R are conducted at 8 atm and
700oC in a basket type mixed reactor 960 cm3 in volume and containing 1 gm of catalyst of diameter dp = 3mm. Feed consisting of pure A is introduced at various rates into the reactor and the partial pressure of A in the exit stream is measured for each feed rate. The results are as follows: Feed rate, liters/hr 100 0.8 22 0.5 4 0.2 1 0.1 0.6 0.05

PAout/PAin

Find a rate equation to represent the rate of reaction on catalyst of this size. 6) A small experimental packed bed reactor (W = 1 kg) using very large recycle of product stream gives the following kinetic data:
AR

CA0

= 10 mol/m3

CA, mol/m3 v0, liter/hr

1 5

2 20

3 65

6 133

9 540

Find the amount of catalyst needed for 75% conversion for a flow rate of 1000 mol A/hr of a CA0 = 8 mol/m3 feed stream (a) In a packed bed reactor with no recycle of exit fluid (b) In a packed bed reactor with very high recycle

7) A reaction A R is to take place on a porous catalyst pellet (dp = 6 mm,

We = 10-6

m3/m cat.s). How much is the rate slowed by pore diffusional resistance if the concentration of reactant bathing the particle is 100 mol/m3 and the diffusion-free kinetics are given by
2 r ''' A = 0.1C A

mol m3cat.s

8) In the absence of pore diffusion resistance a particular first-order gas phase reaction proceeds as reported below.

- r ''' A = 10-6 mol/cm3 cat.s


at

CA = 10-5 mol/cm3,

at 1 atm and 400oC

What size of spherical catalyst pellets (We = 10-3 cm3/cm cat.s) would ensure that pore resistance effects do not intrude to slow the rate of reaction? 9) The first-order decomposition of A is run in an experimental mixed flow reactor. Find the role played by pore diffusion in these runs; in effect determine whether the runs were made under diffusion-free, strong resistance, or intermediate conditions.

dp
3 12

w
1 4

CA0
100 300

v
9 8

XA
0.4 0.6

A R

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