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CATHOLIC JUNIOR COLLEGE


H2 MATHEMATICS
JC2 PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION PAPER 2 SOLUTIONS 2011

Section A: Pure Mathematics

1 Differentiation & Applications
No.
Solution
(i) t x sin 2 = t y cos 3 =
t
t
x
cos 2
d
d
= t
t
y
sin 3
d
d
=
t
t
t
x
y
tan
2
3
cos 2
sin 3
d
d
= =
At
4
t
= t , 2
2
2
= = x and
2
2 3
2
3
= = y

2
3
d
d
=
x
y

Equation of tangent: ( ) 2
2
3
2
2 3
= x y
2 3
2
3
+ = x y
Equation of normal: ( ) 2
3
2
2
2 3
= x y

6
2 5
3
2
+ = x y
When y = 0, ) 0 , 2 2 ( 2 2 2 3
2
3
Q x x = =
When y = 0,
) 0 ,
4
2 5
(
4
2 5

6
2 5
3
2
= = R x x
Area of triangle PQR 2
2
3
2
4
5
2 2
2
1
|
.
|

\
|
+ =

8
39
= units
2
(shown)





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(ii)
1 cos sin
2 2
= + t t
1
9 4
2 2
= +
y x
or 36 4 9
2 2
= + y x
Ellipse centre (0, 0)





































0
y
3
2
2
x
3
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2 Definite Integrals

Solution

(a) 2 2
3 1 3 1 ) 3 1 )( 3 1 (
10 2
x
C Bx
x
A
x x
x
+
+
+
+
=
+ +
+

By cover-up rule, when 1
3
1
= = A x
) 3 1 )( ( ) 3 1 ( 1 10 2
2
x C Bx x x + + + + = +
When x = 0, C = 3
When x = 1, B = 1
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x
d
3 1
3
3 1
1
d
) 3 1 )( 3 1 (
10 2
1
0
2
1
0
2 } }
+
+
+
+
=
+ +
+


( )
( )
3
4 ln
6
1
3 tan 3 4 ln
6
1
4 ln
3
1
3 tan 3 3 1 ln
6
1
3 1 ln
3
1
1
1
0
1 2
t
+ =
+ + =
(

+ + + + =

x x x









(b)
x x
e x e
x
cos cos
) (sin
d
d
=
}
}
= x x x e
x x e
x
x
d ) cos sin 2 (
d 2 sin
cos
cos

}
= x x xe
x
d ) )(cos sin ( 2
cos
| |
c x e
c e e x
x e x e x
x
x x
x x
+ =
+ + =
+ =
}
) cos 1 ( 2
2 ) (cos 2
d ) (sin ) (cos 2
cos
cos cos
cos cos





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3 Arithmetic and Geometric Progressions
No.
Solution
(i) Tower follows a G.P.: 5, 52, 52
2
,
So, S
n
=
a(r
n
1)
r 1
< 2500

5(2
n
1)
2 1
< 2500

2
n
1 < 500
2
n
< 501
n <
ln 501
ln 2
= 8.968666

n 8
Hence, largest number of blocks is 8.

(ii) Total number of blocks used for the towers
= S
8
=
5(2
8
1)
2 1
= 1275
Hence, number of blocks remaining for walls
= 2500 1275
= 1225

Walls follow an A.P.: 4, 4+3, 4+3(2), 4+3(3),
S
n
=
n
2
[2(4) + (n 1)(3)] < 1225

n[8 + 3n 3] < 2450
3n
2
+ 5n 2450 < 0
Using GC graph, 29.42 < n < 27.756

Hence, greatest value of n is 27
No. of blocks used in last wall = T
27
= 4 + (26)(3) = 82

(iii) No. of blocks used for 8 towers
= S
8
=
5(2
8
1)
2 1
= 1275 (from (ii))
No. of blocks needed for 8 4 = 32 walls is
S
32
=
32
2
[2(4) + (32 1)(3)]
= 1616

additional blocks needed = 1275 + 1616 2500
= 391

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4 Complex Numbers
No.
Solution
(a)
(i)
2 , 1 , 0 , 3
243
243
5
2
i
) 2 ( i 5
5
= =
=
=
|
.
|

\
| t + t
t + t
k e z
e z
z
k
k

5
i
0
3
t
= e z ,
5
3
i
1
3
t
= e z ,
5
i
2
3
t

= e z , 3
3
= z ,
5
3
i
4
3
t

= e z



(ii)
The angle between each root is
5
2t
and each root has a
distance of 3 from the origin.










Perimeter of the regular pentagon
5
2
cos 18 18 5
t
=
= 17.6










(b)










w = a + ia by vector addition












Z
0
Z
1
Z
3
Z
4
Z
2
A
B
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Section B: Statistics

5 Sampling Methods
No.
Assessment Objectives Solution Feedback
The boys and girls selected will be proportional to the relative
size of the stratum. Therefore 10 girls and 11 boys will be
selected using simple random sampling.

An advantage is the delegation is representative of the student
population

Quota sampling. An advantage is that it is easier to carry out.



























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6 P&C/ Probability

Assessment Objectives Solution Feedback
(a)
(i)
Arrangement in a row:
9
C
4
x 4! = 3,024
Arrangement in a circle:
5
C
5
x (51)! = 24
No. of ways = 3,024 24 = 72,576



(ii) Case : John & Mary beside each other in a row
No. of ways = (
7
C
2
3! 2!) (
5
C
5
(51)!) = 6,048
Case : John & Mary beside each other in a circle
No. of ways = ((41)!
7
C
3
2!) (4!) = 10,080
Total no. of ways = 16,128

(iii) Arrangement in a circle:
6
C
2
(31)!
3
C
2
2! = 180
Arrangement in a row: 4! = 24
Total no. of ways = 180 24 = 4,320




(b)
(i)
) ( P 1
) ' ( P
) ' ( P
B
B A
B A


=
5
2
1
) ' ( P
3
2

=
B A


5
2
) ' ( P = B A


(ii)
2
1
) ' ( P ) ( P ) ( P = + = B A B A A


(iii)
( ) t. independen not are B and A
2
1
) (
3
2
' A P or
t independen not are B and
10
1
5
1
) ( ) (
10
1
) (
= = =
= =
=
A P B
A B P A P
B A P









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7 Binomial & Poisson Distribution

Assessment Objectives Solution Feedback
(i) Let X be the random variable denoting the number of
suitcases that are slightly damaged out of 10 suitcases.

X ~ B(10, 0.03)

) 2 ( P > X ) 1 ( P 1 s = X
= 0.0345

(ii) Let W be the random variable denoting the number of
suitcases that are damaged out of N suitcases.

W

~ B(N, 0.032)

) 2 ( P s W s 0.85

Using GC,
N ) 2 ( P s W
41 0.85698
42 0.84942
45 0.84174

The least value of N is 42.

(iii) Let S be the random variable denoting the number of
suitcases that are slightly damaged out of 1000 suitcases.

S

~ B(1000, 0.03)

Since n is large, np = 30 (> 5), nq = 970 (> 5)

S

~ N(30, 29.1) appx.

) 32 28 ( P s s S
. .c c
) 5 . 32 5 . 27 ( P s s S
= 0.357






(iv) Let T be the random variable denoting the number of
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suitcases that are badly damaged out of 1000 suitcases.

T

~ B(1000, 0.002)

Since n = 1000 > 50 , np = 2 < 5

T

~ Po(2) approximately

) 4 ( P s T =0.947





























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8 Normal Distribution





































Solution
(i) C ~ N(260, 10
2
) G ~ N( , o
2
)

C + G ~ N(260 + , 10
2
+o
2
)
C G ~ N(260 , 10
2
+o
2
)

075396 . 0 ) 290 ( P = > + G C
924604 . 0 ) 290 ( P = < + G C
924604 . 0
100
260 290
P
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
o +

< Z
4367 . 1
100
30
2
=
o +


30 100 4367 . 1
2
= o + + --- (1)

99168 . 0 ) 270 ( P = < G C
99168 . 0
100
260 270
P
2
=
|
|
.
|

\
|
o +
+
< Z
3946 . 2
100
10
2
=
o +
+

10 100 3946 . 2
2
= o + --- (2)
Solving (1) & (2), =15 and

2
100 o + = 10.440
3 = o














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(ii) Let B be the random variables denoting the weight of the
contents of packet of biscuit type B.

B ~ N(180, 15
2
)

~ 3
5 4 3 2 1
C B B B B B + + + +
N( 5(180) 3(260) , 5(15
2
) + 9(10
2
) ) = N(120, 2025)

( ) 10 3 P
5 4 3 2 1
> + + + + C B B B B B
= 1 ( ) 10 3 B 10 P
5 4 3 2 1
< + + + + < C B B B B
= 0.995




(iii) B ~ N(180, 15
2
)
|
|
.
|

\
|
120
15
, 180 N ~
2
B
072064 . 0 ) 182 ( P
_
= > B 0721 . 0 =




(iv) Expected number of samples to get sample mean
less than 182g = ) 072064 . 0 1 ( 100
= 92.7936 ~93


















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9 Hypothesis Testing

Assessment Objectives Solution Feedback



(a)
Let X be the r.v. the mass, in g, of a gold coin.

: H
0
6 =
: H
1
6 =

Under
0
H , the test statistic is ) 1 , 0 ( ~ N
n
X
Z
o

=
where 6 = , 8 . 0 , 64 . 0
2
= o = o , 100 = n
Level of significance: % 10 = o
We reject
0
H if 645 . 1 > z and
do not reject the claim if 645 . 1 < z


i.e. 645 . 1
100
8 . 0
6
645 . 1 <

<
x

1316 . 6 8684 . 5 < < x
13 . 6 87 . 5 < < x

No assumptions about the population is needed in order
for the test to be valid since n = 100 is large, we use
Central Limit Theorem.












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(b)
4 . 5 4
10
14
4
10
) 4 (
= + = +

= =

x
x


( )
( ) ( )
789 . 0 78889 . 0
4
4
9
1
2
2
~ =
(
(


=


n
x
x s


: H
0
6 =
: H
1
6 <

Under
0
H , the test statistic is ) 1 ( ~

= n t
n
s
X
T
where 6 = , 10 = n


Level of significance: % 5 = o
We reject H
0
if t < 1.833

t =
n s
X
/

= 2.1362 < 1.833

Alternative
Using GC, the 05 . 0 0307 . 0 < = value p


Hence, we reject H
0
and conclude that at 5% significance
level, there is insufficient evidence to justify that the mass
of the gold coins produced by the manufacturer is not less
than 6g.

It means that there is a 0.05 probability of wrongly
concluding that the mean mass of the gold coin is less
than 6g when in fact it is 6g.
P(wrongly rejecting H
0
/H
0
is true) = 0.05








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10 Correlation & Linear Regression

Assessment Objectives Solution Feedback
(i)


In general, the cost of the spa package increases with the
treatment time, but less rapidly with increasing time
(increase at a decreasing rate).
















(ii) (a) y
2
= a + bx r = 0.9663 ~ 0.966
(b) y = c + dx
2
r = 0.8635 ~ 0.864

(iii) The scatter diagram in (i) indicates that the model
y
2
= a + bx is appropriate since y increases less rapidly with
increasing x and in addition since the value of r is closer to
1 for y
2
= a + bx , the model y
2
= a + bx is the better model.

(iv) y
2
= 322.25(240) + 2561.3889
y = 282.6683
x = 240 is outside the range of value in the sample, so the
prediction is not reliable.


(30, 50)
(150, 215)