You are on page 1of 25

Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies

Page 1
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Observing Facial Expression:
Marketing Strategies

By
Kok Yunthye
And
Leow Chee Seng
Published By
Human Behaviour Academy

Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 2
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Published by Human Behaviour Academy Ltd
6 2 Larch Gardens, Manchester
E-mail : info@hbacademy.org.uk
Website : www.hbacademy.org.uk

Copyright 2014 Human Behaviour Academy Ltd
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or used in any form or any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by an information storage or
retrieved system, whatsoever without prior written permission from the publisher.

First Edition October 2014

British Library Cataloguing-in-Publishing Data

Yunthye, Kok,; Chee Seng, Leow


OBSERVING FACIAL EXPRESSION: MARKETING STRATEGIES


1. Body Language 2. Non Verbal 3. Communication 4. Gesture 5. Business
6. Consumer Behaviour

BF 637 N66

Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 3
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


NOTE
Before starting Reading This Article, you should
watch the following Video
Video 1. Ah Wing Malaysias Number 1 Salesman
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5LhzdsdSf0s
Video 2.Charlie and the Chocolate Factory trailer
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jyB4s9eox2o
Video 3.DMX Buying A Lamborghini (Scene From Exit Wounds)
2001
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jOH8BbCe4iU
Video 4.Hannah Montana The Movie-- Shoe Fight Scene with
Tyra Banks
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q5c-vsPcI7k
Video 5.The Ugly Truth - 4 Rules for Women HD
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htyDkxfdaLc


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 4
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Introduction
Facial expressions are one of the nonverbal communications. According to Darwin
(1872/1962), facial expressions of emotion eventually came to convey information not only
about an expresser's affective state, but also about his or her interpersonal intent.
We can observe messages that from a person face. The commentary and illustration about
verbal communications are significant in themselves will be provided. The hidden emotional
and thinking of the inner person, a side which may not be reachable in the way of
verbalizations and related to emotion can reveal part of the feeling side of a person's true
feeling. Therefore, Facial expressions and the ability to understand them are important for
successful interpersonal relations.












Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 5
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk




Application 1

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Lowered Eyebrows
Eyes and eyelids : Glancing
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Licking the lips


Situation Analysis
This short video is recoded in a shopping mall. A Chinese guy lingering outside the
shop and looking for the camera that display in the glass window alone. He stop quite a while
and searching for promoter for more information. It is a camera shop with half body height
glass window without a door entrance.

Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 6
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Interpretation
From the picture, we can see that the customer lowered his eyebrows, glancing the
products and licking his lips. This type of customer is The Revealer Style. He is showing all
his emotion on his face.
It is not only one expression on his face (Affect Blends). He lowered his eyebrows
mean he is concentrating browsing the products in the display. At the same time, he is licking
his lips mean that his lips is dry and he is nervous.
The sales and marketer strategies
First of all, marketer can advertise the products in to a booklet or brochure. It is easier
for customer to read through the feature or the function of the products. Sometimes, some
customer will do research on the website or go to the shop visit before they buy the products.
It is easier for them to compare the price and feature with another shop.
Besides that, marketer may offer 30 minutes free class to teach customer to use the
product after they purchase the produce. The customer might be the beginner of using the
products, after sells service might increase their intention to buy the product.
Furthermore, marketer may create a blog to let the user share the experience or the
comment regarding the products their use. It is helpful for the following potential customer as
reference and promotes the company through words of mouth.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 7
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Application 2

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows pull together
Eyes and eyelids : Narrow eyes
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Lips tighten and disappear

Situation Analysis
After knowing the request of the customer, the promoter explain the benefit the products to
the customer. The customer required for the price. After the promoter showed price to the
customer, the customer requesting the lower price. The price given is RM4950.
Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see that the customer pulls his eyebrows together, his eyes
become narrow and his lips tighten and disappear. This type of customer is The Revealer
Style. He is showing all his emotion on his face.
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 8
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

After the promoter show him the price, he pulls his eyebrows together and narrow
eyes mean him feeling sad or disgust. Besides that, tightened lips mean he have negative
emotion such as anger and annoyance. Those emotional are one of the innate from the day we
are born. He properly unsatisfied with the price given.
The sales and marketer strategies
Marketer can organize or join a camera fair. As humans nature, we like free or
discount item. During the camera fair, the customer may have a lot of chooses and they can
buy the same product with lower price. Besides that, they can received others free accessory
like camera cover, screen protector or memory card.
Second, marketer can organize an online photo contest to public. The picture must be
taken by the contester them self. The prices of the context winner are cameras, camera case,
an extra lens cap or cash voucher. The winners photo will exhibit in the photo xhibition in
the shopping mall and social media webpage. Through the context, the brand or product can
promoted through words of mouths.
Furthermore, the marketer also can use ambassador strategic. Different regions have
different ambassadors. The advertisement that make shall put the right channel for example
social media, the cinema (before the movie start) and YouTube.





Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 9
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Application 3

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows pull together
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes narrow, inner corner going down
toward the nose.
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Scrunched nose, raised cheeks and open
mouth.

Situation Analysis
After noted the actual price form the customer requested discount from the promoter.
However, the promoter only gives RM10 for discount after consideration. The price is RM
4940 after the discount. Finally, the customer rejects to buy the camera and go to another
camera shop.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 10
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see that the customers eyebrows pulled down together, eyes
narrow, inner corner going down toward the nose and scrunched nose, raised cheeks and open
mouth. These expressions show the intensification of anger.
According to the analysis, the customer still unsatisfied after the promoter gives discount to
him. He might anger because the discount given from the promoter only RM10.
The sales and marketer strategies
Marketer can come out an installment plan for the products. Some customer they
would like to buy products with zero interest installment plan because they are unwilling to
pay will full amount (Normally DSLR are more expensive). The same amount but buy with
install or one or two year will let the customer fell more worth and cheaper because they only
pay small amount monthly.
Besides that, marketer can use ambassador in the products. The customer will influent
by the ambassador and buy the products because the ambassador is their idol. The
ambassador represents the brand image. Marketer may invite the ambassador to the launch
event and let the ambassador to share the experience of using the products. For those who
join the event can get the special signature or the limited addition gift from the ambassador.
Sponsorship is one of the marketing strategic for the marketer. For example, sponsor
the concert that organize in Genting or Bukit Jalih, count down event, Jom Heboh!, Hot
balloon event in Putrajaya and etc. It can help to increase exposures of the brand to the public
and at the same time increase brand image as well.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 11
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Application 4

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Furrowed Forehead
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes looking up
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Lips tighten, disappear and use his hand to
cover his mouth.

Situation Analysis
The customer has been to 3 different camera shops to compare the price of the camera.
Before he makes decision to buy the camera, he saw another customer bought the same
camera that he wishes to buy without hesitate. Besides that, the promoter told the customer
the modal he wanted only left one in their shop. Since the price is almost the same after
compare, therefore he decided to buy the camera.
Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see that the furrowed forehead, eyes looking up, lips tighten and he
use his hand to cover his mouth. Furrowed forehead meaning the customer are concentrating,
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 12
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

looking up mean he is thinking or try to recall some fact and information. At the same time,
he use his hand to cover his tighten mouth. From here we can know that he trying to cover his
anxious and tense.
The customer is in the thinking process. However, he doesnt want to let the promoter know
what he is thinking. He is trying to reduce intensity of his face (Deintensification) by
covering his mouth
The sales and marketer strategies
Marketer can give loyalty card to this customer to attract his interest to buy. The
prices that offer by each camera shop are almost the same. With the loyalty, the customer can
get discount when he do the next purchase or buy others accessory in the shop. Besides that,
if purchase more than RM 1000 above, with the loyalty card customer can get the umbrella,
tripod, camera cover and etc.
Besides loyalty card, marketer may give voucher if the customer purchases more than
RM1000. For example, RM 10 for the next purchase item. It can encourage the customer to
come back to purchase for other products as well. The vouchers that given to customers must
be include term and condition and the date line. The vouchers cannot change it to cash.
A lucky draw contest that can win an Apple I-phone or I-pad also may attract the
customer to purchase the products from your shop rather than your competitors. Publish the
winner picture in the website or print it out in the shop to show the validity of the promotion.
Marketer should prints out the contest and put it in notice board in front of the shop.



Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 13
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Application 5

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Raised eyebrows
Eyes and eyelids : Widen Eyes
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Open mouth

Situation Analysis
There are a lot of people buying the chocolate in the shop. All of the customers are
wish to get the entrance ticket to the chocolate factory. A boy went to the shop alone. He is
very lucky, after he bought the chocolate; he saw a golden ticket inside. The staff in the shop
f e l t h a p p y f o r h i m a s w e l l .
Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see the customer open his eye and mouth widely. That mean
the customer are concentrated on the visitor pass that on his hand and full with surprise (open
mouth). Compare with children, adult are better in the masking to control their emotion. This
customer is The Revealer Style because he shows all his emotion on his face.
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 14
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

The sales and marketer strategies
If their target market is children, Marketer can put those chocolate products on the
lower level of the cabinet in the market. Therefore, when the parent brings those children to
shopping, the product is on the children eyes level and easy for them to take. Besides that, put
the chocolate beside the counter also one of the strategic. It can attract the customer to buy
while waiting and line up to pay.
The marketer may associate with Toys Company to come out special toys for kids or
small gift together with the products to attract customers intention to purchase the products.
For example, before the Valentine's Day, for those who purchase the chocolate, they will
receive a rose for their love one.
Furthermore, marketer may organize a contest like giving out flight ticket for the best
winners that give the best reason that why they need the flight ticket. Marketer may record it
as an advertisement and put it in as the TV or the online advertisement. It can increase the
brand image and recall the customer memory regarding this brand.






Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 15
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Application 6


Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : -
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes open and fix on the subject
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Lips relax

Situation Analysis

Two prospect walking in the car shows room, both of them are black guys. There are
two promoters saw them. One of the prospect stop in front of the car and said: The car color
is very nice. One of the promoters voluntary to approached the prospect. There are few
others prospect in the car show room.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 16
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see the customers eyes open and fix on the subject and lips
are relaxed. The customer is showing interest on the car. This type of person tries to use
neutralisation to avoid revealing their emotion. (The Withholder Style). We note that he is
showing interest but doesnt know his exactly feeling regarding the car.
The sales and marketer strategies
Test drive is the one of the marketing strategic to attract customer interest on the
products. It is a traditional and most effective way. Customer would like to touch and try the
function of the car. For example, The best test drive ever campaign. The marketer can
encourage consumers to describe in six words a fantasy test drive of the car.
Besides that, the marketer can create a charity event together with the car show.
Public that wishes to take a ride with the limited addition sport car for 15 minutes; they will
need to pay RM 50 to RM100. The money they paid will donate to the certain NGO. It can
increase the exposure of the products to the public and increase the image of the brand.
Create contest in Social Media also can help to promote the brand. For example, the
user of the car can make a creative advertisement regarding the car and put it into You Tube
or Facebook page.



Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 17
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Application 7

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows going down
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes narrow
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : The buccinators muscle contracts to draw
the lips corner side wards toward the ears.

Situational Analysis

The prospect are excited when saw some of his favor car. The promoter is explaining
the car feature to the prospect. The prospect stop few second to listen, but not wait until the
promoter finish his word, he chance his attention to another car.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 18
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk



Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see the customers eyebrows going down, and eyes narrow.
Besides that, his buccinators mscle contracts to draw the lips corner sideward toward the
ears (The Sneer).
This customer has distinct sign of disrespect or contempt to the sell man because from
the beginning until the end the sell man seem like look down of him. He tries to reduce the
intensity of his facial expression (Deintensification). Besides that, he is the Ever- effect
Expressor type. Which he will responds with a smile in all situations and more revealing
expression appears after a while.
The sales and marketer strategies
Car exhibition or car shows are the one of the strategic that using by marketer. When
launching a car, marketer can advertise the new feature and functions in the big LED screen
in the show room. It can increase the awareness of the potential customer.
Furthermore, the invitation card shall send to the target market that interested and
preregister in the website. Print advertisement shall put in the business magazine or any
related magazine that reach the target customer.
Marketer may advertise the feature to the professional cars magazine. Therefore, the
prospect that interested may read the feature and the design of the car before they visit the
show room.

Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 19
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk



Application 8

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows pull together
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes staring
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Loose Lips, scrunched nose

Situation Analysis

The prospect is interested for the test drive. He sits in the car and asks the promoter
for the key. However the promoter rejected his requested for a reason that their company
policy not allow for test drive.



Interpretation:
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 20
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

From the picture, we can see the customer pull his eyebrows together, eyes staring at
the staff, and his lips is loose. Observed his eyebrows and forehead, eyes and eyelids level,
the customer is showing disgust and contempt. This type of person is The Withholder Style.
He tries to inhibit his expressions and actual feeling. In addition, the customer scrunched nose
and loose lips showing the depressed or sad emotion. The customer may not want to argue
with the staff.
The sales and marketer strategies
The marketer may come out loyalty card strategy. The customer may get additional
maintenance service or free car accessory if they purchase the car. Besides that, the marketer
may associate with a club or golf club. The customer can join the club as member for free (3
months enjoy the services in the club).
Trade in program is another strategic that use by marketer. Some of the customer may
felt that dueling with the change car process is wasting time even though they would like to
change their car. If the company provides this program, the customer can settle all the
procedure in one stop central. Besides that, the previous user of the brand will be invited to
the new car launching.
Besides that, the customer relationship management must be done. For example, get
the customer feedback through calling. Furthermore, the marketer may give birthday card to
the customer. If there are any events for the car launching, the customer must be invited.


Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 21
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk




Application 9

Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows raised
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes open
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Open mouth

Situation Analysis

The prospect is a celebrity, she siting down in the middle of the promoters. Everyone
showing her the products, included shoes, watches, cloths, fashion accessories and etc. The
manager of the shop hope she can buy more, since the prospects said she cant decide. One of
the promoters gives her a cup of tea.
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 22
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk


Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see the customer raised her eyebrows and open her eyes
widely. Thats mean that something get her attention. It is accompanied by a slight smirk.
These expression showing us this customer are surprise and happy. (Mixture of emotional,
Affect Blends). At the same time, we can categories this type of person is The Revealer Style.
She displayed all her emotional on her face.
The sales and marketer strategies
The marketer may market their products at a very high level. Besides that, the
products will not be sold in department stores but in those establishes individual high-end
stores. Their decision to limit its distribution channel is to make consumers feel that this
product is such a valuable product. Buying the products is as same as buying the status.
Besides that, marketer may mainly consist of celebrities. This strategic can be done in
order to target the affective component of consumers behaviour by allowing them to feel an
emotional connection. The customer may fell that they are part of a group of celebrities
through the social reference group perception that insert by marketer.
VVIP may be given to those celebrities as one of the marketing strategic. When these
celebrities come in the shop, the staff shall serves tea in order to let them feel comfortable
and willing to stay longer. With a VVIP card, they might feel themselves are difference with
others.
The marketer may outcome limited additions products in certain festival or period.
This strategic has a positive direct impact on brand profits through the increased willingness
of consumers to pay for these products. When it is only few number of the products, customer
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 23
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

will feel it is special. Furthermore, some of the loyalty fans are willing to line up in front of
the store to purchase it before the store open.
Fashion show is one of the marketing strategic as well. When changing the new
season of the shoe or cloths, a fashion show may attract customer interest to buy the products.
Besides that, the fashion shows products may come out in the magazine and TV show to
increase exposure of the new products. The marketing may sponsor the celebrities when they
have event or in the TV shows.
Application 10


Analysis:
Eyebrows and forehead : Eyebrows going down
Eyes and eyelids : Eyes open and looking to the left
Lower face cheeks, nose, and mouth : Tight-lipped Smile

Situation Analysis
The customer walk in a butik with her friend, her friend is trying to choose some
cloths for her. There is a promoter keep give suggestion to her. There are others customer in
the shop as well. She has tried few dresses and choosing tight jean with her friend.
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 24
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Interpretation:
From the picture, we can see that the customers eyebrows going down, eyes open and
looking to the left, and she having a tight-lipped smile. The customer look sideways is a
negative action. Or she might feel buying a jean is bored Besides that, when she smile when
the lips are stretched without teeth means the person may indicate the harbouring of secrets,
concealment of thoughts and refraining of attitudes. Most of the time, women show this
expression as the signal of rejection.

The sales and marketer strategies
The marketer shall employee promoter that suitable with the product image. For
example, bra companies always employ staffs that look more mature and professional,
because when they giving advice, customer will feel more liable and acceptable.
Besides that, marketer shall ask their own staff to use or wear the company own
products as well. From here, it can increase the confident level of the customer towards a
products or service. For example, during the buying processs conversation, most of the time
the customer would like to hears advice from the promoter itself when they cant make the
decision. If the promoter doesnt use or try the products or service before, they would not
able to convince the customer to buy their products.
Free tailor alteration may be another strategic for the marketer. Sometimes, the cloths
that we bought are not suit with our size. Therefore, we need to take bring to the tailor or we
will just give up and buy others cloths. However, this service may attract the customer to buy
because the cloths adjustment might be small and it is more convenient for customer.
Reference

Leow Chee Seng, Vincent Leong, Atikah Adom. (2013). Body Language Exposed. Find Out
How Your Body Can Betray You. (1
st
Edition). UK
Observing Facial Expression for Marketing Strategies
Page 25
Human Behaviour Academy www.hbacademy.org.uk

Darwin, C. (1962). The expression of the emotions in man and anirnals. London: John
Murray.
David, F (2009). Strategic Management: Concept and Cases (9
th
Edition). New York:
Prentice Hall.