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Launch and Recovery Using the

EMKIT System
G Bellamy, J Watson (MoD), and K Flint Converteam December 2010
Presented by Kathleen Lentijo, PhD
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 2
EMKIT Demo
EMKIT Technology
Components
EMKIT to EMCAT
Wrap-up
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 3
CVT Electromagnetic Launchers
EMKIT EMKIT+ EMCAT
Launch Mass
524 kg 12,000 kg 37,000 kg
End Speed*
51 m/s 50 m/s 78 m/s
Length
15 m 94 m 94 m
Energy
Storage
6.4 MJ 24 MJ 480 MJ
Voltage Level
Low Low Medium
Example
Aircraft
Hermes,
Predator A
Global
Hawk
F35-C
TRL (est.)
6/7 6 4/5
*End speed at max thrust
with given launch mass

EMKIT = Electromagnetic Kinetic Integrated Technology
EMCAT = Electromagnetic Catapult


CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 4
Linear Motor Development
History of linear motor
technologies:
Traditional linear induction
motor (60+ years)
Linear synchronous motors
(~1998)
Advanced linear induction
motors (ALIM) for EMKIT
(2001-2007)
ALIMe (2009+)
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 5
The EMKIT system

CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 6
Topology covered by
UK patent No: 240697
Advanced linear
induction motors
Sine wave filters
for low EMI
Diesel Gen
PWM AFE
converters
Static
switches
High speed induction
motor energy stores
The EMKIT System
Shuttles
reaction plate
Charge/launch
contacts
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 7
The EMKIT Power Converter and Energy Storage
PWM Converter and Controller

Energy Storage
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 8
EMKIT+ and Super Capacitors
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
12 M joule energy stores
EMKIT static switches
EMKIT converters
EMKIT ALIMe stators 44 in total
Super-capacitor energy store
DG
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 9
EMKIT Electromagnetic Arresting System
The proven ability of the
ALIMes to provide
electromagnetic braking
can be used for arresting
of UAVs and aircraft.
Proof of concept proposed.
Energy recovery.
An enabler for recovery of
UAVs on small flight decks at
sea.
Can use same catapult for
launch and recovery.
For aircraft carriers, flight
deck logistics likely to make
this prohibitive for full size
aircraft
Shows how to validate at the EMKIT site

CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 10
The EMKIT Launch And Braking Profile
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 11
EMKIT Measured ALIM Currents
L1 and L2
Switched Off
3-Phase ALIM current
during launch:
shows shuttle
location, and
illustrates effect of
static switches.
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 12
Mature technology since September 2007:
2,500+ successful launches
< 1% error for all speeds
Less than 4.5
o
C temperature rise per launch
Dynamic control of energy stores, ALIMs, and
plant proven
EMI above slot < Def-Stan requirements

EMKIT Key Trial Results
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 13
The EMCAT system

CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 14
Low voltage
technology
Medium voltage
technology
EMKIT And EMCAT Applications
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 15
ALIMs have to be manufactured in sections.
This result in half-filled slots in split zone, reduced
airgap flux and static end effects
Result is thrust perturbations
Linear m
otor w
inding in m
iddle of a section
Linear m
otor w
inding at section joints
Joint
Linear m
otor w
inding in m
iddle of a section
Linear m
otor w
inding at section joints
Joint
Linear Motor End Effects
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 16
Test Results For The ALIMe System
The high speed section of EMKIT has been fitted with the new ALIMe stators to
validate the design, the results are shown below for rated thrust and speed.
The ALIMe design is now proven for high power launch systems
Time in ms
15
10
5
0
- 5
- 10
M
o
v
i
n
g

m
a
s
s

a
c
c
e
l
e
r
a
t
i
o
n

i
n

G

60
50

40

30
S
p
e
e
d

i
n

m
/
s


a
n
d


D
i
s
t
a
n
c
e

i
n

m


20

10
0

500 0
Acceleration
Speed
Distance
ALIM region with increasing end effects
ALIMe region with
no end effects
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 17
EMCAT ALIMes modules designed to fit in a 1.5 m deep trough.
The EMCAT ALIMe Trough Design
De-ionised
water cooled
static switch
Transverse
force support
and deck plates
to allow for
deck bow / sag.
Reaction plate
spray water
cooled
Tandem ALIMe
stators with AN
cooling apart
from start
section with
spray water
cooling
Wheel-less
shuttle guide
Standard
aircraft nose
gear spreader
Shuttle bottom
guide and drain
pan assembly,
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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Slide 18
3 kV Induction pulse generator based on Converteams standard
MGV0 or MGV1 high speed rotor design.
Operates at either 9300 rpm or 11700 rpm with 80 MJoules stored
energy via additional rotor mass.
Peak power of 24 MW with average power of approximately 3 MW.

Detailed design in progress and the main challenges are :
Proving, balancing and cyclic loading.
Bearing design for sea going motion with magnetic bearings.
Ship installation for withstanding gyroscopic forces.
Audible noise levels.
The alternative is the use of static super capacitors.
The EMCAT Rotary Energy Store
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
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MV7000
Slide 19
The EMCAT Power Converters
MV3000
COTS converter used for EMKIT but has also been militarized for
applications such as the aux propulsion on LHD-8 (15,000+)
VDM25000
Military-grade converter used for main propulsion on DDG1000
MV7000*
COTS converter very successful in commercial applications (600+)

Militarized
COTS
Power
MV3000
IPSC,
VDM25000
LV MV
IPSC*
(Integrated Power System
Converter)
Military-grade converter
based on strengths of
MV7000 and VDM25000.

*possible EMCAT converters
CUSTOMISED TECHNOLOGY FOR CUSTOMER SUCCESS Issue B
2010 Converteam UK Ltd. All rights reserved
COMMERCIAL IN CONFIDENCE

Slide 20
The EMKIT.
is a mature technology
has many advanced features
is a derisking platform
has advanced the technology readiness of
EMCAT
Conclusions
Thank you for your attention
Thank you

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