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1. (a) AB = ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(1 4)2 + (2 6)2

3.

= ABBBBB

9 + 16

= 5 units

(1 + 3)2 + (2 4)2

(b) PQ = ABBBBBBBBBBBBB

= ABBBBBB

16 + 36

= ABB

52 units

(c) RS = ABBBBBBBBBBBBB

(3 + 1)2 + (4 2)2

4.

= ABBBB

4+4

8 units

= AB

(2 2)2 + (0 5)2

(e) CD = ABBBBBBBBBBBB

1 + 5 ,

3+7

5. (a) Midpoint of AB =

2

2

= (3, 5)

= ABBBB

9+0

= 3 units

(g) GH =

= ABBBB

34.34

= 5.86 units

2.

+ (5 + 0.3)2

7 2 + (4.7)2

1 + 9 ,

5 1

(b) Midpoint of CD =

2

2

= (4, 2)

ABBBBBBBBBBBBBB

1 2

ABBBBBBBBBB

112 42

(p + 1)2 + 16 = 16 + 9

(p + 1)2 = 9

p + 1 = 3

p = 3 1

= 4, 2

= ABBBBB

0 + 25

= 5 units

(0 3)2 + (4 + 4)2

(f) EF = ABBBBBBBBBBBBB

AC = AB

ABBBBBBBBBBBBB

(p + 1)2 + (2 2)2 = ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(3 + 1)2 + (5 2)2

(d) UW = ABBBBBBBBBBBBB

(1 4)2 + (0 + 5)2

= ABBBBBB

25 + 25

ABB

= 50 units

PQ = ABB

16

ABBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

(a 2)2 + [(a + 1) + 1]2 = ABB

16

(a 2)2 + (a + 2)2 = 16

a2 4a + 4 + a2 + 4a + 4 = 16

2a2 + 8 = 16

a2 = 4

a = 2

2 4 ,

3+5

(c) Midpoint of EF =

2

2

= (3, 4)

8 2 ,

10 6

(d) Midpoint of GH =

2

2

= (5, 8)

AB = ABB

10

BBBBBBBBBBBB

A(2

1)2 + (y 3)2 = ABB

10

1 + (y 3)2 = 10

(y 3)2 = 9

y 3 = 3

y = 3 + 3

y = 0, 6

0 + 8 ,

42

(e) Midpoint of IJ =

2

2

= (4, 1)

1

8

3 ,

0.6 + 6

(f) Midpoint of KL =

2

2

25

= , 3.3

6

1

1

6. Midpoint of AB = (3, 4)

12. (a)

2

2 + r ,

t 4 = (1, 3)

1

2

2

2

2 + r = 1

\

2

2 + r = 2

r = 0

1

1

46

t =

2

= 1

1

1(6) + 2

1(3) + 2(4)

2

(x, y) = ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

1 2

5 11

= ,

3 3

5 11

The coordinates of P are , .

3 3

B(6, 10)

P(x, y)

(x, y) =

,

m+n

m+n

2(2) + 1(6) 2(4) + 1(10)

= ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

10

= , 6

3

10

The coordinates of P are , 6 .

3

P(x, y)

1

A(, 4)

2

2

1

P(x, y)

A(3, 2)

A(2, 4)

1 0)

B( ,

2

(d)

B(6, 3)

2 + y

= 2

2

2 + y = 4

y = 6

11.

(c)

+4

1 +

0.2

2

10. (p, q) = ,

2

2

9

= 0.4,

4

9

Hence, p = 0.4, q =

4

(x, y) = ,

2+3

2+3

13

3

= ,

5 5

3 13

The coordinates of P are , .

5 5

2 + y

1 + x ,

= (4, 2)

1

2

2 2

and

B(3, 1)

P(x, y)

1 + 3 ,

4 6 = (s, t)

1

2

2 2

1 + x = 4

\

2

1 + x = 8

x = 9

A(1, 5)

8. PQ = QR,

that is, Q(s, t) is the midpoint of PR.

and

(x, y) = ,

2 + 1

2 + 1

10

= 3,

3

10

The coordinates of P are 3, .

3

(b)

t 4 = 3

2

t 4 = 6

t = 10

and

1 + 3

\ s =

2

= 1

B(4, 5)

P(x, y)

A(1, 0)

7. Midpoint of PQ = (1, 3)

9.

1 + 5 ,

t + 2 = (3, 4)

2

2

t + 2 = 4

\

2

t + 2 = 8

t = 6

1

1

1

1 + (3) 1(0) + (2)

2

2

2

(x, y) = ,

1

1

+ 1

+ 1

2

2

2

2

= ,

3

3

1

1

2

2

The coordinates of P are , .

3

3

QR

1

=

RS

3

3QR = RS

\ QR : QS = 1 : 2

1 1 4 5 1

=

2 3 2 6 3

1

= (2 + 24 + 15) (12 10 6)

2

1

= 41 + 4

2

45

= unit2

2

13.

2

1

S(2, 5)

Q(x, y)

R(1, 4)

(x, y) = ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

13

= 0,

3

13

The coordinates of Q are 0, .

3

1

1

1 0 4 2 0

=

2 1 3 5 1

1

= (0 20 + 2) (4 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 18 2

2

1

= 20

2

1

= (20)

2

= 10 unit2

1

PS = RS

3

PS

1

=

RS

3

\ PS : PR = 1 : 2

14.

S(0, 8)

1

2

P(x, y)

1

2(0) + 1

2(8) + 1(4)

2

(x, y) = ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

1 2

1

= , 4

6

1

The coordinates of P are , 4 .

6

A(1, 5)

(2, 3) = ,

2 + 1

2 + 1

1 + 2x

\ = 2

3

7

x =

2

B( x, y)

1 0 1 3 0

16. (a) Area of ABC =

2 4 2 5 4

1

= (0 + 5 + 12) (4 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 17 10

2

7

= unit2

2

7

The coordinates of B are , 2 .

2

1 1 4 3 2 1

=

2 2 5 6 3 2

1

= (5 + 24 + 9 + 4) (8 + 15 + 12 + 3)

2

1

= 42 38

2

= 2 unit2

1 1 2 3 2 1

=

2 1 1 5 7 1

1

= (1 + 10 + 21 + 2) (2 3 10 7)

2

1

= 34 + 22

2

= 28 unit2

5 + 2y

= 3

3

y = 2

and

Q(2, 3)

15.

1 1 2 3 1

=

2 2 4 6 2

1

= (4 + 12 + 6) (4 + 12 + 6)

2

= 0 unit2

1 4)

R( ,

2

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 3 4 1 1 3

1

= (0 + 1 + 2 9) (3 8 + 3 0)

2

1

= 6 + 8

2

1

= 2

2

= 1 unit2

21. (a)

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 1 3 5 7 1

1

= (0 + 5 + 14 + 3) (1 + 6 + 15 + 0)

2

1

= 22 22

2

= 0 unit2

3

\ x-intercept = ; y-intercept = 3.

2

3

x =

2

25

(b) Gradient =

43

= 3

4 2

(c) Gradient =

3 (1)

6

=

4

3

=

2

(0 + 15 + 0) (0 + 2x + 0) = 13

15 2x = 13

3 0

(d) Gradient =

4 (5)

= 3

15 2x = 13

or 15 2x = 13

2x = 15 13 or

2x = 15 + 13

x = 1

or

x = 14

y-intercept

23. (a) Gradient =

x-intercept

3

=

2

2

(b) Gradient =

3

2

=

3

4

(c) Gradient =

2

3

3

= 4

2

= 6

1 0 1 2 3 0

=

2 1 4 7 10 1

1

= (0 + 7 + 20 + 3) (1 + 8 + 21 + 0)

2

1

= 30 30

2

= 0 unit2

Since the area is zero, therefore P, Q, R and S are

collinear.

2x y + 3 = 0

When x = 0, 0 y + 3 = 0

y = 3

When y = 0, 2x 0 + 3 = 0

64

22. (a) Gradient =

23

= 2

13

Area of OBC =

2

0 3 x 0

13

1

=

2

2 0 2 5 0

19.

(b)

x

y

(c) + = 2

2

3

x

y

+ = 1

4

6

\ x-intercept = 4; y-intercept = 6

1 1 2 3 1

18. Area of PQR =

2 3 6 9 3

1

= (6 + 18 + 9) (6 + 18 + 9)

2

= 0 unit2

Since the area is zero, therefore the points P, Q and

R are collinear.

y = 2x + 1

When x = 0, y = 2(0) + 1

= 1

When y = 0, 0 = 2x + 1

1

x =

2

1

\ x-intercept = ; y-intercept = 1.

2

x

y

(d) = 2

2

5

x

y

= 1

10

4

y5

2 5

=

x (1)

0 (1)

y5

= 7

x + 1

y 5 = 7(x + 1)

= 7x 7

7x + y + 2 = 0

10

Gradient =

4

5

=

2

x

y

1

+ =

4

3

2

x

y

1

2 + = 2

4

3

2

x

2y

+ = 1

2

3

3

2

Gradient =

2

3

=

4

(e)

1 2

24. (a)

y 2 = 4(x 1)

y = 4x 4 + 2

y = 4x 2

(b)

(c)

y 3 = 4(x + 1)

y = 4x 4 + 3

y = 4x 1

The equation of the straight line is

1

y + 6 = (x 2)

4

1

1

y = x 6

4

2

1

1

y = x 6

4

2

x

y

+ = 1

x-intercept y-intercept

y

x

+ = 1

3

4

y

x

(b) + = 1

1

3

x

y = 1

3

y

x

(c) + = 1

1

2

y

x = 1

2

y

x

(d) + = 1

1

4

2

y

2x = 1

4

y = 3x + 1

Gradient, m = 3

y-intercept = 1

When y = 0, 0 = 3x + 1

1

x =

3

1

\ x-intercept =

3

(b) 2y = 4x 3

3

y = 2x

2

Gradient, m = 2

3

y-intercept =

2

3

When y = 0, 2x =

2

3

x =

4

3

\ x-intercept =

4

(c) 2x + y = 5

y = 2x + 5

Gradient , m = 2

y-intercept = 5

When y = 0, 2x = 5

5

x =

2

5

\ x-intercept =

2

27. (a)

y 1

4 1

=

32

x2

= 3

y 1 = 3(x 2)

= 3x 6

3x y 5 = 0

(b) The equation of line AB is

y (3)

5 (3)

=

1 (2)

x (2)

y+3

= 2

x+2

y + 3 = 2(x + 2)

= 2x 4

2x + y + 7 = 0

y = 4x + 5........................ 2

1

(d) 2y x + 5 = 0

2

1

2y = x 5

2

1

5

y = x

4

2

1

Gradient, m =

4

5

y-intercept =

2

1

5

When y = 0, x =

4

2

x = 10

\ x-intercept = 10

1 = 2, 3x 1 = 4x + 5

4x 3x = 1 5

x = 6

Substitute x = 6 into 1,

y = 3(6) 1

= 19

\ Point of intersection = (6, 19)

(b) x + 2y = 1.................................... 1

x

4 = 3y.................................. 2

2

y

x

(e) + = 1

2

3

3

Gradient , m =

2

x-intercept = 2

y-intercept = 3

2 2, x 8 = 6y

x 6y = 8..................... 3

3 1,

1

1

(f) x y + 4 = 0

2

3

1

1

x y = 4

2

3

1x

1y

4

2

3 =

4

4

4

y

x

+ = 1

12

8

12

Gradient, m =

8

3

=

2

\ x-intercept = 8

y-intercept = 12

y

x

= + 1

2

3

y

x

6 = 6 + 1

2

3

3x = 2y + 6

3x 2y 6 = 0

(b)

1 2

7

y =

8

7

Substitute y = into 1,

8

7

x + 2 = 1

8

7

x = 1 +

4

11

=

4

11

7

\ Point of interception = ,

4

8

(c) 2x + 3y = 5................................... 1

6x 2y = 1................................. 2

28. (a)

2y = 3x 1

3x 2y 1 = 0

8y = 7

y

x + 1

(c)

=

3

4

4(x + 1) = 3y

4x + 4 = 3y

4x 3y + 4 = 0

1 3, 6x + 9y = 15................. 3

3 2,

11y = 16

16

y =

11

16

Substitute y = into 1,

11

16

2x + 3 = 5

11

48

2x = 5

11

7

=

11

7

x =

22

7 16

\ Point of intersection ,

22 11

1 2

30. (a) y = 2x 1

\ Gradient = 2

2y = 4x + 3

3

y = 2x +

2

\ Gradient = 2

Hence, the two lines are parallel.

(b) 3 x y + 4 = 0

y = 3x + 4

\ Gradient = 3

3x + y 5 = 0

y = 3x + 5

\ Gradient = 3

y

x

(c) + = 1

2

3

3

\ Gradient =

2

2y = 3x 5

3

5

y = x

2

2

3

\ Gradient =

2

Hence, the two lines are parallel.

32. (a)

y = kx + 4

\ Gradient = k

\ k = 3

y = 3x 6

\ Gradient = 3

The equation for the parallel line is

y 2 = 3(x 1)

y = 3x 3 + 2

y = 3x 1

(b) 2y = 4x + 3

3

y = 2x +

2

\ Gradient = 2

31. (a) y = 3x 1

\ Gradient = 3

3 y kx 4 = 0

3y = kx + 4

k

4

y = x +

3

3

k

\ Gradient =

3

Since the two lines are parallel,

k

\ = 2

3

k = 6

y 3 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 3

y = 2x + 5

(b) y = 4x + 3

\ Gradient = 4

k

y = x 5

2

k

\ Gradient =

2

Since the two lines are parallel,

k

\ = 4

2

k = 8

(c) 4x y + 1 = 0

y = 4x + 1

\ Gradient = 4

(c) x + 2y = 4

6

\ Gradient =

2

=3

y + 3 = 3(x + 1)

y = 3x + 3 3

y = 3x

y + 2 = 4(x 0)

y = 4x 2

y

x = 1

(d)

2

6

1 x + 2

y =

2

1

\ Gradient =

2

y 2kx + 3 = 0

y = 2kx 3

\ Gradient = 2k

33. (a) y = 4x 1

\ Gradient = 4

1

\ 2k =

2

1

k =

4

y

x

(d) + = 0

2

4

4

\ Gradient =

2

= 2

1 x + 3

y=

4

1

\ Gradient =

4

1

m1 m2 = (4)

4

= 1

\ The two lines are perpendicular.

34. (a) y = kx 1

\ Gradient = k

(b) 2y = 6x + 5

5

y = 3x +

2

\ Gradient = 3

1 x 4

y=

3

1

\ Gradient =

3

m1 m2 = 1

(4)(k) = 1

1

k =

4

(b) 2x + ky = 1

ky = 2x + 1

2

1

y = x +

k

k

2

\ Gradient =

k

1

y = x 1

6

1

\ Gradient =

6

m1 m2 = 1

2 1

= 1

k 6

1

= 1

3k

3k = 1

1

k =

3

(c) 2y + 4kx = 3

2y = 4kx + 3

3

y = 2kx +

2

\ Gradient = 2k

1

m1 m2 = (3)

3

= 1

\ The two lines are perpendicular.

1 2

(c) x + 2y = 5

2y = x + 5

1

5

y = x +

2

2

1

\ Gradient =

2

2y 4x = 7

2y = 4x + 7

7

y = 2x +

2

\ Gradient = 2

1 (2)

m1 m2 =

2

= 1

\ The two lines are perpendicular.

y = 4x + 3

\ Gradient = 4

(d) x y = 8

y = x 8

\ Gradient = 1

21 2

2x + y = 1

y = 2x + 1

\ Gradient = 2

m1 m2 = (1)(2)

= 2

\ The two lines are not perpendicular.

y

x + = 1

2

6

6

\ Gradient =

2

= 3

m1 m2 = 1

(2k)(3) = 1

6k = 1

y

x = 1

(e)

2

4

4

\ Gradient =

2

=2

1

(d) kx + 2y = 5

2

1

2y = kx +

2

1

y = kx +

4

1

\ Gradient = k

4

4x + 3y = 6

3y = 4x + 6

4

y = x + 2

3

4

\ Gradient =

3

3y = x + 6

1

y = x + 2

3

1

\ Gradient =

3

1

m1 m2 = (2)

3

2

=

3

\ The two lines are not perpendicular.

1

k =

6

5

5

m1 m2 = 1

1 14 k21 43 2 = 1

y + 5 = 3(x + 2)

y = 3x + 6 5

y = 3x + 1

k = 1

3

k = 3

37. 2x y = 4

y = 2x 4

\ Gradient = 2

35. (a) y = 4x 1

\ Gradient = 4

y 2 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 2

y = 2x + 4

1

y 3 = (x 1)

4

1

1

y = x + + 3

4

4

1

13

y = x +

4

4

6 (3)

38. Gradient of AB =

5 (1)

9

=

6

3

=

2

2

Gradient of PQ =

3

1 x + 4

(b) y =

2

1

\ Gradient =

2

The equation of the perpendicular line is

y 2 = 2(x + 1)

y = 2x + 2 + 2

y = 2x + 4

2

y 6 = (x 5)

3

2

10

y = x + + 6

3

3

2

28

y = x +

3

3

(c) 2x y = 2

y = 2x 2

\ Gradient = 2

1

y + 3 = (x 0)

2

1

y = x 3

2

y

x

(d) + = 1

3

4

4

\ Gradient =

3

The equation of the perpendicular line is

3

y + 2 = (x + 1)

4

3

3

y = x + 2

4

4

3

5

y = x

4

4

39. (a)

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 0)2 + (y 0)2 = 2

x2 + y2 = 4

x2 + y2 4 = 0

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 3

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 9

x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 9 = 0

x2 + y2 2x 4y 4 = 0

36. y = 2x 1............................................. 1

y = 4x + 3............................................ 2

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 1)2 + (y 3)2 = 4

(x + 1)2 + (y 3)2 = 16

2

x + 2x + 1 + y2 6y + 9 16 = 0

x2 + y2 + 2x 6y 6 = 0

40. (a)

1 = 2, 2x 1 = 4x + 3

2x = 4

x = 2

Substitute x = 2 into 1,

y = 2(2) 1

= 5

\ Point of intersection = (2, 5)

PA

= 1

PB

PA = PB

(x 2)2 + (y 3)2

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

x2 + (y 1)2 = (x 2)2 + (y 3)2

x2 + y2 2y + 1 = x2 4x + 4 + y2 6y + 9

4x + 4y 12 = 0

x + y 3 = 0

Hence, the equation of locus is x + y 3 = 0.

ABBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 2)2 + (y 3)2 = 2ABBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2

2

2

(x + 2) + (y 3) = 4[(x 1)2 + (y 2)2]

2

x + 4x + 4 + y2 6y + 9 = 4(x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4)

= 4x2 8x + 4 + 4y2 16y + 16

3x2 + 3y2 12x 10y + 7 = 0

Substitute x = 10 into 3,

y = 10

1

PA

=

PB 2

PB = 2PA

(b)

44.

5 units

0

3x2 + 3y2 12x 10y + 7 = 0.

2

PA =

PB 3

3PA = 2PB

3ABBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 1)2 + (y 4)2 = 2 ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 2)2 + (y + 3)2

9[(x + 1)2 + (y 4)2] = 4[(x + 2)2 + (y + 3)2]

9(x2 + 2x + 1 + y2 8y + 16)

= 16(x2 + 4x + 4 + y2 + 6y + 9)

= 16x2 + 64x + 64 + 16y2 + 96y + 144

7x + 7y + 46x + 168y + 55 = 0

The equation of locus is

7x2 + 7y2 + 46x + 168y + 55 = 0.

(c)

5 units

45.

P(x, y)

A(1, 2)

x

PA = y

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = y

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = y2

2

x 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 y2 = 0

x2 2x 4y + 5 = 0

The equation of the locus of P is x2 2x 4y + 5 = 0.

x2 = 4

x = 2

The points of intersection are (2, 0) and (2, 0).

42.

PA = PO

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = ABBBBB

x2 + y2

(x 1)2 + (y 2)2 = x2 + y2

x2 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 = x2 + y2

2x + 4y 5 = 0

The equation of locus P is 2x + 4y 5 = 0.

1.

2

3

R(t, 2t)

Q(r, s)

P(2r, 5s)

2(2r) + 3(t)

2(5s) + 3(2t)

+

(r, s) =

3+2

3+2

When x = 0, 4y 5 = 0

5

y =

4

5

\ y-intercept =

4

When y = 0, 2x 5 = 0

5

x =

2

5

\ x-intercept =

2

4r + 3t 10s + 6t

= ,

5

5

4r + 3t

\ r =

5

5r = 4r + 3t

r = 3t.............................................. 1

10s + 6t

and s =

5

5s = 10s + 6t

6t = 5s

5

t = s.................................... 2

6

Substitute 2 into 1,

5

r = 3 s

6

5

r = s

2

y x = 0.................................. 2

From 2, y = x..................................... 3

Substitute 3 into 1,

x2 + x2 200 = 0

2x2 = 200

x2 = 100

x = 10

10

2. y = mx c

\ Gradient = m

y = (3 c)x + m

\ Gradient = 3 c

2

Substitute x = into 2,

5

2

y = 2 + 1

5

9

=

5

1

m

c = 3 +

9

2 ,

The coordinates of Q are

.

5 5

3. 2x + 4y 1 = 0

4y = 2x + 1

1

1

y = x +

2

4

1

\ Gradient =

2

y

x

= 1

6

3

y

x

+ = 1

6

3

6

\ Gradient =

3

=2

1

m1 m2 = (2)

2

= 1

The two straight lines are perpendicular to each

other.

2

x =

5

m1 m2 = 1

(m)(3 c) = 1

1

3 c =

m

5 x = 1

PA

3

=

2

PB

2PA = 3PB

2ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 3)2 + (y 5)2

(x 2)2 + (y + 1)2 = 3ABBBBBBBBBBBB

2

2

4[(x 2) + (y + 1) = 9[(x 3)2 + (y 5)2]

6.

4[(x2 4x + 4 + y2 + 2y + 1]

= 9[x2 6x + 9 + y2 10y + 25]

4x2 16x + 16 + 4y2 + 8y + 4

= 9x2 54x + 81 + 9y2 90y + 225

5x2 + 5y2 38x 98y + 286 = 0

The equation of the locus of P is

5x2 + 5y2 38x 98y + 286 = 0.

y

x + = 1.

7. (a) The equation of PQ is

4

8

(b)

1

y

x + = 1

4.

4

5

5

\ Gradient =

4

5

=

4

Coordinates of P = (4, 0)

1 2

S(x, y)

Q(0, 8)

P(4, 0)

4

y 0 = (x + 4)

5

4

16

y = x

5

5

(x, y) = , )

3 + 1

3 + 1

= (1, 6)

The coordinates of S are (1, 6).

y

x + = 1

(c)

4

8

8

\ Gradient of PQ =

4

=2

1

\ Gradient of RS =

2

Let the coordinates of R be (x1, 0).

06

1

=

x1 (1)

2

6

1

=

x1 (1)

2

x1 + 1 = 12

x1 = 11

5. y = 2x + 1

\ Gradient of QR = 2

1

Gradient of PQ =

2

The equation of line PQ is

1

y = x + 2....................................1

2

y = 2x + 1....................................2

1

1 = 2, x + 2 = 2x + 1

2

1

x + 2x = 1 2

2

11

8. (a) (i)

(6 3)2 + (0 2)2

= ABBBB

9+4

= ABB

13 units

PB = ABB

13

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 3)2 + (y 2)2 = ABB

13

(x 3)2 + (y 2)2 = 13

x2 6x + 9 + y2 4y + 4 13 = 0

x2 + y2 6x 4y = 0

x2 + y2 6x 4y = 0.

locus,

t2 + 42 6t 4(4) = 0

t2 6t = 0

t(t 6) = 0

t = 0 or t 6 = 0

t = 6

(b)

(ii)

y = 2x 5................... 1

x + 2y 6 = 0............................ 2

Substitute 1 into 2,

x + 2(2x 5) 6 = 0

x + 4x 10 6 = 0

5x = 16

16

x =

5

16

Substitute x = into 1,

5

16

y = 2 5

5

7

=

5

16 7

The coordinates of Q are , .

5 5

1 2

(b)

S(x, y)

3

y

B(3, 2)

O

2

C(6, 0)

20

Gradient of BC =

36

2

=

3

3

\ Gradient of CE =

2

x + 2y 6 = 0

2y = x + 6

1

y = x + 3

2

1

\ Gradient of PQ =

2

Gradient of RQ = 2

y + 3 = 2(x 1)

y = 2x 2 3

y = 2x 5

16 7

3(1) + 2x

, 2 = 1 , 2

1

2+3

5 5

2+3

1 6 9

Area of COE =

2

= 27 unit2

3(3) + 2y

y1 0

3

=

2

06

3

y1 = (6)

2

y1 = 9

9. (a) (i)

16 )

7

Q(,

5 5

R(1, 3)

E(0, y1)

3 + 2x 2y 9

= ,

5

5

2y 9

16

3 + 2x

7

\

= and

=

5

5

5

5

3 + 2x = 16

2y 9 = 7

y = 8

13

x =

2

13

The coordinates of S are , 8 .

2

(c)

RM = 3

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y + 3)2 = 3

(x 1)2 + (y + 3)2 = 9

x2 2x + 1 + y2 + 6y + 9 = 9

x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 1 = 0

x2 + y2 2x + 6y + 1 = 0.

1 0 2 2 0

=

2 3 1 4 3

1

= (0 + 8 + 6) (6 + 2 + 0)

2

1

= 14 + 4

2

= 9 unit2

12

(b) D = ,

1 + 3

1 + 3

11

= 1,

4

1

1

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 2)2 + (y 4)2 = 2ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 2)2 + (y + 1)2

x2 + 4x + 4 + y2 8y + 16

= 4[x2 4x + 4 + y2 + 2y + 1]

= 4x2 16x + 16 + 4y2 + 8y + 4

3x2 + 3y2 20x + 16y = 0.

substitute y = 0 into the equation of locus.

3x2 20x = 0

x(3x 20) = 0

20

x = 0, x =

3

Hence, the locus intersects the x-axis at two

points.

1

1

7.

Area of ABC = 16

1

0 k 1

1

= 16

2 2 3 4 2

(3 + 0 + 2k) (0 + 3k 4) = 32

1 k = 32

1 k = 32 or 1 k = 32

k = 31 or

k = 33

1 + 7 ,

2+6

E =

2

2

= (4, 4)

5 (1)

8. (a) Gradient =

3 (3)

= 1

2

A(2, 0)

1 0 5 2 1 0

=

2 3 2 6 1 3

1

= (0 + 30 + 2 + 3) (15 4 6 + 0)

2

1

= 35 + 25

2

= 30 unit2

2.

AB = 16

BBBBBBBBBBBB

A(k

+ 1)2 + (4 3)2 = 16

(k + 1)2 + 1 = 256

(k + 1)2 = 255

k + 1 = ABBB

255

k = ABBB

255 1

= ABBB

255 1, ABBB

255 1

0 5 3 0

1

Area of BCD =

2 3 2 6 3

1

= (0 + 30 + 9) (15 + 6 + 0)

2

1

= 39 21

2

= 9 unit2

= ABBBBB

16 + 9

= 5 units

AB = 2BC

5

BC = units

2

4.

Gradient CD = Gradient AC

y6

6 1

=

03

3 (2)

y 6 = 3(1)

y = 3

1. AB = ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(5 1)2 + (5 2)2

AB : AC = 1 : 3

\ AB : BC = 1 : 2

2(2) + 1(x) 2(0) + 1(y)

(0, 4) = ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

y

x 4 ,

=

3

3

y

x

4

\ = 0 and = 4

3

3

x = 4

y = 12

The coordinates of C are (4, 12).

PA = 2PC

(c) (i)

C(x, y)

B(0, 4)

13

y 5 = 1(x 3)

y = x 3 + 5

y = x + 2

(b)

y-intercept = 2

When y = 0, 0 = x + 2

x = 2

\ x-intercept = 2

(b)

9. (a) Gradient of RQ = 2

1

\ Gradient of PQ =

2

The equation of PQ is

1

y + 1 = (x + 4)

2

1

y = x + 2 1

2

1

y = x + 1

2

12.

= 4x2 24x + 36 + 4y2 + 16y + 16

5x2 + 5y2 + 6x 88y + 101 = 0

The equation of locus of point P is

5x2 + 5y2 + 6x 88y + 101 = 0.

13. (a)

y 5 = 2(x 2)

y = 2x 4 + 5

y = 2x + 1

1 2

1

Gradient of tangent at A =

AB3

The equation of tangent at A is

1

y AB

3 = (x 1)

AB3

1

1

y = x + + AB

3

AB3

AB3

1

4

y = x +

AB3

AB3

2 + x 2 + y

(4, 0) = ,

2

2

2 + y

2+x

\ = 4 and = 0

2

2

x = 6

y = 2

The coordinates of C are (6, 2).

8

2 ,

.

The coordinates of D are

3

3

11. (a)

PA = 5

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x + 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 5

(x + 1)2 + (y 2)2 = 25

2

x + 2x + 1 + y2 4y + 4 25 = 0

x2 + y2 + 2x 4y 20 = 0

1 + k2 = 4

k2 = 3

k = AB

3

AB3 0

(b) Gradient of OA =

1 0

AB

= 3

(b)

y = x 2............................. 1

2x y = 4..................................... 2

2:3

2

3

2PB

9(x2 2x + 1 + y2 8y + 16)

= 4(x2 6x + 9 + y2 + 4y + 4)

2 x y = 4

y = 2x 4

Gradient of CD = 2

\ Gradient of AB = 2

Substitute 1 into 2,

2x (x 2) = 4

2x + x + 2 = 4

3x = 2

2

x =

3

2

Substitute x = into 1,

3

2

y = 2

3

8

=

3

AP : PB =

AP

=

PB

3AP =

3ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 1)2 + (y 4)2 = 2ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 3)2 + (y + 2)2

2

2

9[(x 1) + (y 4) ] = 4[(x 3)2 + (y + 2)2]

(b) For y = 2x + 1,

when y = 0, 0 = 2x + 1

1

x =

2

1

The x-intercept of RQ is .

2

10. (a)

4 + k2 + 2(2) 4k 20 = 0

k2 4k 12 = 0

(k 6)(k + 2) = 0

k 6 = 0 or k + 2 = 0

k = 6 or

k = 2

0 (2)

(b) Gradient of BC =

42

= 1

\ Gradient of AD = 1

x2 + y2 + 2x 4y 20 = 0.

14

y 0 = 1(x 4)

y = x + 4

be E(0, y).

Gradient of BD = Gradient of BE

y (2)

1 =

02

2 = y + 2

y = 4

The y-intercept of line BC is 4.

4 (8)

=

3 (1)

=3

3 + (1) 6 + (8)

3+x 4+y

, = ,

2

2

2

2

= (2, 1)

1 3 2 6 3

=

2 5 3 1 5

1

= (9 2 + 30) (10 + 18 + 3)

2

1

= 37 11

2

= 13 unit2

(x, y) = ,

1 + 2

1 + 2

7

2 ,

The coordinates of M are

.

3 3

7

2 ,

=

3 3

2

1

16. (a) Let the intersection of the line BC and the y-axis

be E(0, y).

Gradient of BE = Gradient BC

4 (8)

y4

=

03

3 (1)

12

y 4 = 3

= 9 4

Substitute 1 into 2,

x 2(x 2) + 4 = 0

x + 8 = 0

x = 8

Substitute x = 8 into 1,

y = 8 2

=6

(b)

B(8, 6)

3

2

1 2

0 (3)

=

2 (1)

= 1

The equation of line BC is

y 0 = 1(x 2)

y = x 2..........1

Equation of AB, x 2y + 4 = 0................2

R(6, 1)

1 3 3 7 1 3

=

2 4 6 6 8 4

1

= (18 + 18 + 56 4) (12 42 + 6 24)

2

1

= 88 + 72

2

= 80 unit2

1

M(x, y)

2 1

4+y

3+x

\ = 2 and = 1

2

2

x = 7

4 + y = 2

y = 6

be S(0, y1).

Gradient of PS = Gradient of PQ

y1 5

53

=

3

(2)

03

2

y1 5 = (3)

5

6

y1 = + 5

5

19

=

5

19

The y-intercept of line PQ is .

5

1

(c)

QM = MR

2

\ QM : MR = 1 : 2

Q(2, 3)

y 6 = 3(x + 3)

= 3x + 9

y = 3x + 15

E(x, y)

y = 5

The y-intercept of line BC is 5.

15

C(1, 3)

Use y-coordinate,

3x + 2(8) 3y + 2(6)

(1, 3) = ,

2+3

2+3

3y

+ 12

3x + 16

= ,

5

5

3y + 12

3x + 16

\ = 1 and = 3

5

5

3x = 21

3y = 27

x = 7

y = 9

(c)

x 2y + 4 = 0

When x = 0, 2y + 4 = 0

y = 2

\ F(0, 2)

Area of BCF

1 0 1 8 0

=

2 2 3 6 2

1

= (0 6 + 16) (2 24 + 0)

2

1

= 10 + 26

2

= 18 unit2

0 1 2 0

1

(d) Area of BOC =

2 0 3 2 0

1

= (0 + 2 + 0) (0 6 + 0)

2

1

= 2 + 6

2

= 4 unit2

Gradient of CE = Gradient of BC

0 (3) 2 (3)

=

p 1

2 1

3 = 5(p 1)

3

p 1 =

5

8

p =

5

(c)

(c)

B(2, 2)

PA : PB = 1 : 2

1

PA

=

2

PB

PB = 2PA

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 2)2 + (y 0)2 = 2ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 0)2 + (y 1)2

(x 2)2 + y2 = 4[x2 + (y 1)2]

x2 4x + 4 + y2 = 4(x2 + y2 2y + 1)

= 4x2 + 4y2 8y + 4

3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y = 0

4 and y = 0 into

(b) Substitute x =

3

3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y = 0,

LHS = 3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y

4 2

4

= 3 + 3(0) + 4 8(0)

3

3

16

16

=

3

3

=0

= RHS

4

Hence, the point , 0 lies on the locus of P.

3

y + 3 = 2(x 1)

= 2x + 2

y = 2x 1

k = 2(2) + 6

k = 2

19. (a)

18. (a) y = 2x + 6

Gradient of AB = 2

\ Gradient of CD = 2

(3)n + 2m

= 0

m+n

2m 3n = 0

2m = 3n

m

3

n = 2

\ CE : EB = 3 : 2

8 0)

E(,

5

(d)

C(1, 3)

16

3x2 + 4x = 0

x(3x + 4) = 0

x = 0 or 3x + 4 = 0

4

x =

3

4

The points of intersection are (0, 0) and ( , 0).

3

Substitute x = 0 into 3x2 + 3y2 + 4x 8y = 0,

3y2 8y = 0

y(3y 8) = 0

y = 0 or 3y 8 = 0

8

y =

3

Since there are values for y-coordinate, then the

locus intersects the y-axis.

Area of ABC = 20

1

82 = 20

d ABB

2

40

d =

ABB

82

= 4.417 units

P(1, 3)

1 + h ,

3 + k

Midpoint of PQ =

2

2

Since the midpoint of PQ lies on the perpendicular

1 + h and

bisector, so we substitute x =

2

3 + k into 3x + 5y 16 = 0,

y =

2

2 1

1

PA

=

2

PB

PB = 2PA

21. (a)

Q(h, k)

Substitute h = 5 into 1,

3(5) + 5k = 50

k = 7

AC.

[(8 (1)]2 + (3 2)2

Distance of AC = ABBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

= ABBBBB

81 + 1

= ABB

82 units

(b)

5

4

k = h . ............................... 2

3

3

Substitute 2 into 1,

5

4

3h + 5 h = 50

3

3

25

20

3h + h = 50

3

3

25

20

3 3h + h = 3(50)

3

3

9h + 25h 20 = 150

34h = 170

h = 5

1 1 8 4 1

=

2 2 3 7 2

1

= (3 + 56 + 8) (16 + 12 7)

2

1

= 61 21

2

= 20 unit2

1 + h + 5

3 + k 16 = 0

3

2

2

3

+

3h

15

+ 5k 16 = 0

+

2

2

3 + 3h 15 + 5k 32 = 0

3h + 5k = 50..........1

3x + 5y 16 = 0

5y = 3x + 16

16

3

y = x +

5

5

3

Gradient of perpendicular bisector =

5

5

\ Gradient of line PQ =

3

The equation of line PQ is

5

y + 3 = (x + 1)

3

5

5

= x +

3

3

5

4

y = x

3

3

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 0)2 + (y + 2)2 = 2ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(x 0)2 + (y 1)2

x2 + (y + 2)2 = 4[x2 + (y 1)2]

x2 + y2 + 4y + 4 = 4(x2 + y2 2y + 1)

= 4x2 + 4y2 8y + 4

2

2

3x + 3y 12y = 0

x2 + y2 4y = 0

x2 + y2 4y = 0.

(b)

LHS = x2 + y2 4y

= 22 + 22 4(2)

=0

= RHS

Hence, C(2, 2) lies on the locus of point P.

2 1

(c) Gradient of AC =

20

1

=

2

17

1 x + 1...................1

Equation of AC, y =

2

Equation of locus, x2 + y2 4y = 0...........2

Substitute 1 into 2,

2

1

1

x2 + x + 1 4 x + 1 = 0

2

2

1

2

2

x + x + x + 1 2x 4 = 0

4

5 2

x x 3 = 0

4

2

5x 4x 12 = 0

(5x + 6)(x 2) = 0

5x + 6 = 0

or

x 2 = 0

6

x =

x = 2

5

6 into 1,

Substitute x =

5

1

6

y = + 1

2

5

3

= + 1

5

2

=

5

2

6 ,

The coordinates of D are

.

5 5

1

(d) Gradient of AC =

2

2

(2)

5

Gradient of BD =

6

0

5

12

5

=

6

5

=2

1 21

PQ = 10

RQ = 3PR

\ PR : RQ = 1 : 3

Q(0, q)

P(p, 0)

R(x, y)

3p + 0 0 + q

(x, y) = ,

1 + 3 1 + 3

3p q

= ,

4 4

3p

q

\ = x

and = y

4

4

q = 4y

4x

p =

3

1

1

16

(ii) Substitute y = 0 into x2 + 16y2 100 = 0,

9

16

x2 100 = 0

9

9

x2 = 100

16

900

x =

16

30

=

4

15

=

2

15

The x-coordinate of R is .

2

1 2

ABBBB

ABBBBBBBBBBBB

(q 0)2 + (0 p)2 = 10

p2 + q2 = 100

other.

(b) (i)

52 t2

= 1

1 4 r 4

t2

(1) = 1

r4

t 2 = r 4

t = r 2

(b) Area of PQR

1 1 r 4 1

=

2 5 t 2 5

1

= (t + 2r + 20) (5r + 4t + 2)

2

1

= (t + 2r + 20 5r 4t 2)

2

1

= (3t 3r + 18)

2

3

3

= t r + 9

2

2

3

= 9 (r + t)

2

(c) Given area of rectangle PQRS = 30 unit2

\ Area of PQR = 15 unit2

3

9 (r + t) = 15

2

3

(r + t) = 6

2

r + t = 4................. 1

From (a),

t = r 2............. 2

1 (2)

Gradient of AC Gradient of BD =

2

= 1

22. (a)

16

x2 + 16y2 100 = 0.

9

4x

Substitute p = and q = 4y into

3

q2 + p2 = 100,

4x 2

(4y)2 + = 100

3

16

16y2 + x2 = 100

9

16 2

x + 16y2 100 = 0

9

1 2

18

21

1

2

2

Substitute 2 into 1,

r + r 2 = 4

2r = 2

r = 1

Substitute r = 1 into 2,

t = 1 2

= 3

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